digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Secondary articulation refers to co-articulated consonants where the two articulations are not of the same manner. The approximant-like secondary articulation is weaker than the primary, and colors it rather than obscuring it. For example, the voiceless labialized velar plosive [kʷ] has only a single stop articulation, velar [k], with a simultaneous [w]-like rounding of the lips, and is usually heard as a kind of [k]. This is in contrast to the doubly articulated labial-velar consonant [k͡p], which has two equal stop articulations at the velum and lips.

Richard Maledo (2011) further defines secondary articulation as the superimposition of lesser stricture upon a primary articulation. These sounds are affected by the environment in which they occur and it is largely anticipatory of the preceding or succeeding sound. Secondary articulation according to him is largely potent in English among other languages, e.g., Arabic. There are a number of secondary articulations. The most frequently encountered are labialization (such as [kʷ]), palatalization (such as the Russian “soft” consonant [pʲ]), velarization (such as the English “dark” L [lˠ]), nasalization, and pharyngealization (such as the Arabic “emphatic” consonant [tˤ]).

Although the symbol for secondary articulation is a superscript written after the primary consonant, this is misleading, as they are pronounced simultaneously. Since secondary articulation has a strong effect on surrounding vowels, it will often seem that it precedes the consonant, or both precedes and follows it. For this reason, the IPA symbols for labialization and palatalization were for a time placed directly under the consonant (as [k̫] and [ƫ]), and there is still an alternate symbol for velarization or pharyngealizaton that is superposed across the consonant (as in [ɫ] for dark L).

See also[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secondary_articulation — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
736 videos foundNext > 

Linguistic Micro-Lectures: Secondary Articulation

Within just 2 minutes Prof. Handke explains and exemplifies the central types of secondary articulation, and, furthermore, distinguishes secondary from co-ar...

Phonetics - Suprasegmental Features

This E-Lecture provides a phonetic description of the main suprasegmental features: loudness, pitch and length. In addition to these main suprasegmental feat...

Video Resume 2011

I own my own promotional filming service. My strongest assets are time management, planning and organizing, and multi-tasking. I have made videos for differe...

Phonetics - Basic Segments of Speech (Vowels I)

The focus of this E-Lecture is the system of Cardinal Vowels. Jürgen Handke not only discusses the phonetic description of vowel articulation, he also shows ...

HOW TO EFFECTIVELY PARTNER WITH INDUSTRY TO ADVANCE WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT

This presentation demonstrates how effective partnerships can develop to produce a visible program of study in STEM areas of study such as database administr...

All things flow constantly from God as water flows from a spring, tending ever to return.

consonant phonemes with palatal secondary articulation.

Linguistic Micro-Lectures: Co-Articulation

What is Co-Articulation? Within less than two minutes Prof. Handke explains and exemplifies several examples of co-articulation including examples from West-...

Speech Graphics' Simone Articulation System

This video by Speech Graphics came with his tutorial in issue 177 of 3D World magazine. Buy a digital edition for iPhone & iPad: http://bit.ly/3dworld-app Bu...

DFS Algorithm and Finding Articulation Points

DFS Algorithm to find articulation points.

Psycholinguistics - Articulation and Control I

This e-lecture discusses the central aspects of converting a phonetic plan into an articulatory output. This includes a discussion of the physiology of speec...

736 videos foundNext > 

2 news items

Ferris State Torch

Ferris State Torch
Wed, 22 May 2013 23:56:15 -0700

Secondary articulation agreements are formal pacts between secondary and postsecondary institutions designed to help students pursue higher education. The MDE notes that articulation agreements “provide a systematic, seamless transition process from ...
 
Ghana News
Wed, 23 Jul 2008 00:00:00 -0700

The organization headed by Dr. George Copa has developed a model for the integration of academic and technical education curriculums. The New Designs model also emphasizes service learning, strong parent participation, post-secondary articulation and ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight