digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Scituate Reservoir
Scituate.jpg
shoreline in early autumn
Location Scituate, Providence County, Rhode Island, United States
Coordinates 41°45′N 71°35′W / 41.750°N 71.583°W / 41.750; -71.583Coordinates: 41°45′N 71°35′W / 41.750°N 71.583°W / 41.750; -71.583
Type Reservoir
Primary inflows North Branch Pawtuxet River
Moswansicut River
Ponaganset River
Primary outflows North Branch Pawtuxet River
Catchment area 94 sq mi (240 km2)
Basin countries United States
Max. length 7 mi (11 km)
Max. width 2.5 mi (4.0 km)
Surface area 5.3 sq mi (14 km2)
Average depth 32 ft (9.8 m)
Max. depth 87 ft (27 m)
Water volume 39×10^9 US gal (150,000,000 m3).
Shore length1 66 mi (106 km)
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

The Scituate Reservoir is the largest inland body of water in the state of Rhode Island. It has an aggregate capacity of 39 billion US gallons (150,000,000 m3) and a surface area of 5.3 square miles (13.7 km²). It and its six tributary reservoirs—which make up a total surface area of 7.2 square miles (18.6 km²)—supply drinking water to more than 60 percent of the state population, including Providence.

The surrounding drainage basin that provides water to the reservoir system covers an area of about 94 square miles (243.5 km²), which includes most of the town of Scituate and parts of Foster, Glocester, Johnston, and Cranston. The Scituate Reservoir is operated by Providence Water Supply Board.

Water supply system[edit]

The reservoir is formed by an earth-filled dam spanning the North Branch Pawtuxet River, about 3200 feet (975 m) long by 100 feet (30 m) high. An aqueduct from the dam carries water to a nearby treatment plant, which filters the water. Two major aqueducts carry the water from the plant into the distribution system. The original 90-inch (2,300 mm) aqueduct is 4.5 miles (7.2 km) long and ends at the siphon chamber in Cranston, where it splits into a series of smaller and smaller conduits that supply the water delivery system. The other 78- and 102-inch (2,600 mm) aqueduct is 9.5 miles (15.3 km) long and was built in the 1970s to supplement the original aqueduct. 75% of distribution is by gravity and 25% by pumping. The system consists of 870 miles (1400 km) of water mains.

History[edit]

Scituate Reservoir drainage basin

Providence's original public water supply came from the Pawtuxet River at Pettaconsett in Cranston. The plan was approved in 1869 and the first service pipe opened on December 1, 1871. By 1910, with Providence's heavy industry growing and the supply system being expanded to surrounding communities, people realized that the flow from Pettaconsett would soon fall short of the rising demands. For some years, extremely dry weather caused water consumption to exceed the natural flow of the river, and water had to be supplied by small reservoirs owned by mill companies further upstream.

In January 1913, the Providence City Council appointed a Water Supply Board to locate a larger water supply for the city. They found a potential source at the head of the North Branch Pawtuxet River and its two main tributaries, the Moswansicut and Ponaganset Rivers. A new Water Supply Board was appointed in 1915 with powers to enacted the legislation that cleared the way for construction of the reservoir.

Construction was well under way by 1921. At that time, it was the largest project ever undertaken in Rhode Island, and workers were housed in a temporary village established nearby. The reservoir was created by the construction of an earth-filled dam across the Pawtuxet River near the former village of Kent. The reservoir began storing water on November 10, 1925. The treatment plant began operation on September 30, 1926. At the official opening ceremonies that day, Providence Mayor Joseph H. Gainer called the $21,000,000 project the "City's Greatest" and said ".. the man to whom most of the credit for this undertaking belongs is Frank E. Winsor, the man who has been in charge of the work since 1915."[1] The dam is known today as the Gainer Memorial Dam in honor of the mayor.[2]

The plant was one of the most technologically advanced of its day and the only one of its kind in New England. It was renovated in the 1940s and again in the 1960s. It remains the largest treatment facility in New England today,[citation needed] with a maximum capacity of 144 million US gallons (550,000 m3) of water per day.

Consequences[edit]

The creation of the reservoir flooded much of the town of Scituate, including the villages of Ashland, Kent, South Scituate, Richmond, and the western part of North Scituate. Other parts of town were destroyed as Providence acquired land surrounding the reservoir. In total, Providence acquired 23.1 square miles (59.8 km²) of land. Most residents of this area were forced to move out of Scituate and received compensation from the city for the property they lost. Some individuals such as businessman and farmer Arthur Steere sold hundreds of acres for the creation of the Reservoir.[1]

Between 1920 and 1930, the town's population decreased by 24 percent to 2,292, the lowest number since the 1780s. 1,195 buildings were demolished, which included 375 homes, 233 barns, 7 schools, and 6 mills. The loss of 30 dairy farms limited agricultural activity in town. The Providence and Danielson Railroad, an electric railway line that carried farm produce, granite, and lumber to Providence, was abandoned due to the project. 26.4 miles (42.5 km) of new roads had to be built to make up for the 36 miles (58 km) of roads that were also abandoned.

Most people complied as they were forced to settle elsewhere, but some families were unwilling to part with the houses they had inhabited for generations. The Joslin family, which owned large mills in the doomed villages, fought a long legal battle, which they eventually lost. After moving out, the family built an opulent rural estate on Field Hill. The Knight family, while selling their property, set fire to their house as they were reluctant to leave. A few residents even committed suicide. [2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Article in Providence Journal, October 1, 1930, as reproduced in http://www.provwater.com/75th.htm
  2. ^ Structurae listing for Gainer Memorial Dam

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scituate_Reservoir — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
172 videos foundNext > 

https://youtube.com/devicesupport

Ghosts R N.E.A.R. S8 E107 - Haunted North Scituate

In this episode of Ghosts R N.E.A.R., the team continues their research of Haunted Scituate, RI. They visit more locations of claimed hauntings, and discuss some of the history of the locations,...

Ghosts R N.E.A.R. S7 E106 - Road Tripping Haunted Scituate, Rhode Island

In this episode of Ghosts R N.E.A.R., the team goes road tripping through many locations of Scituate, Rhode Island which has many claims of paranormal activity, history and unusual occurrences....

SCITUATE RESERVOIR

Gainer Dam Study

University of Rhode Island civil engineering Assistant Professor Aaron Bradshaw and his students conducted a study in 2014 on the Gainer Dam in Rhode Island. The dam holds back the Scituate...

Somewhere over the Scituate Reservoir.

Flying over Scituate Reservoir in a Piper Warrior, Scituate Rhode Island.

New England Sportbike - Scituate Reservoir III Tangled Hair

by NavyCFL.

Scituate Reservoir Jumping

Look Ma - No Hands -- Scituate Reservoir 6-09-13

US 6 - Rhode Island (Scituate to Foster) westbound

In the absence of the I-84 extension, US 6 serves as the primary east-west highway across western Rhode Island for traffic between Hartford and Providence. Highlights: Scituate Reservoir ...

172 videos foundNext > 

41 news items

 
Valley Breeze
Wed, 01 Apr 2015 22:29:48 -0700

For starters, the 9.3-mile course, which includes a scenic stretch that takes runners through a road trail near the Scituate Reservoir, had to be modified because, no thanks to the remnants of the past winter's weather, the trail was not conducive to ...

ecoRI news

ecoRI news
Thu, 29 Jan 2015 09:05:49 -0800

A water test performed last March at the Scituate Reservoir — the drinking-water supply for 60 percent of Rhode Islanders — revealed trace amounts of a synthetic steroid found in performance-enhancing drugs and pharmaceuticals. The synthetic hormone ...

The Providence Journal

The Providence Journal
Thu, 02 Oct 2014 13:03:45 -0700

SOUTH KINGSTOWN – With chaotic scenes of natural disasters destroying manmade structures in Hollywood movies and news broadcasts, one might well wonder how the large dam at the Scituate Reservoir would handle an earthquake. At 109 feet tall and ...

The Providence Journal

The Providence Journal
Sun, 29 Mar 2015 20:33:45 -0700

Though the bald eagle population has been rebounding across the country, no nests had been discovered in Rhode Island since a pair of eagles settled at the Scituate Reservoir at least 10 years ago. That was decades after DDT, habitat loss, hunting and ...
 
Turn to 10
Wed, 15 May 2013 15:42:50 -0700

The Scituate Reservoir holds the gift of life for hundreds of thousands of Rhode Island families and businesses. David Nickerson of the Providence Water Supply Board said the security of the water supply is the top priority. "There's a lot to keep in ...
 
The Patriot Ledger
Tue, 24 Jul 2012 06:52:38 -0700

The brownish-red mat covering part of Scituate's town reservoir off Route 3A may look like algae, but officials says it's a plant called duckweed. email print. The Patriot Ledger, Quincy, MA. Writer. Posted Jul. 24, 2012 at 12:01 AM Updated Jul 24 ...
 
CBS Local
Mon, 26 Nov 2012 09:54:04 -0800

Salem police say based on a band on the eagle's leg, biologists say the bird was hatched from a nest in Scituate Reservoir in Rhode Island in 2005. The distance from the nest to where it was found in Salem is about 70 miles. The eagle was freed from ...

Rhode Island Monthly (blog)

Rhode Island Monthly (blog)
Fri, 12 Dec 2014 11:18:59 -0800

Need an escape from the holiday hustle? There's a wide world of goods — retro postcards, alphabetized vinyl, vintage jewelry and clothing — perched atop a flight of stairs in Providence, and it's not going to explore itself. What Cheer Records and ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight