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Accordeon 100.jpg

The Schwyzeroergeli is a type of diatonic button accordion used in Swiss folk music. The name derives from the town/canton of Schwyz where it was developed. Oergeli is the diminutive form of the word Orgel (organ). Outside of Switzerland the instrument is not well known and hard to find.

History[edit]

The accordion was brought to Switzerland in the 1830s, soon after its invention in Vienna. The earliest accordions were the typically one- or two-row diatonic button accordions, which carried on in Switzerland as the Langnauerli, named for Langnau in canton Bern. The Langnauerli usually has one treble row of buttons and two bass/chord buttons on the left hand end, much like the accordion used in Cajun music (minus the stops), but is sometimes seen with 2 or 3 rows on a stepped keyboard. The Schwyzerörgeli was a further development from the 1880s, with changes in the treble fingering and a flat keyboard (not stepped), and unisonoric basses.

The early makers including Eichhorn (Schwyz) and Nussbaumer (Bachenbülach) experimented with different arrangements and numbers of buttons. The typical Schwyzerörgeli today has 18 bass buttons arranged in two rows (one for bass notes and one for major chords), and 31 treble buttons on the RH arranged in 3 rows with a fingering similar to the 'club' system. The basses progress in 4ths like the Stradella system seen on chromatic and piano accordions, but in the opposite direction. Some Schwyzerörgelis have fewer buttons in the upper/inside row on the RH much like the club models, or more buttons - sometimes an extra row on the outside - and fewer or more basses. Since Swiss music rarely uses minor chords, even Örgelis with 4 bass rows usually have no minor chords but majors and 7ths instead. The only other variety still being made in substantial numbers today is the Schwyzerörgeli with chromatic fingering - usually with a C system (C-Griff) treble side and Stradella bass fingering.

Tuning[edit]

As most diatonic accordions are centered on certain keys, the Schwyzerörgeli is usually tuned in 'flat' keys to fit with the clarinet, with the outer row giving a B scale, the next row E, and the next giving a mixture of notes allowing music to be played in A, D and G when fingered across the rows. Of course this means each key has a different fingering. This instrument is labelled a 'B-Oergeli' or 'B/Es' (B/E). Less common keys are A/D, C/F and B/E.

The Schwyzerörgeli has a unique tuning (tone, voicing), called Schwyzerton. On the treble side, each button has 3 sets of reeds, with one main set and two other sets an octave higher than the first, each tuned slightly apart to give a somewhat tremolo sound. The reeds are arranged around one big reed block with a tone chamber inside, rather than a separate reed block for each row like most accordions. Some Örgelis only have 2 sets of reeds tuned an octave apart, Bandonion-style. The Örgeli with 2 sets of treble reeds of the same octave, tuned slightly apart (tremolo or 'wet'), is called a Wienerörgeli (Viennese Örgeli) because of the 'Viennese' tuning which is widespread among button accordions around the world such as those made by Hohner and the Steirische Harmonika. The internal construction (RH reed blocks) of this Örgeli also is not like the others but more like other accordions, but the fingering and the appearance is of the typical Schwyzerörgeli. In Canton Bern, there is a variety of Schwyzerörgeli called the Bernerörgeli, pioneered by Ernst Salvisberg, distinguished primarily by a beveled bass end and usually dry tuning (no tremolo).


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schwyzerörgeli — Please support Wikipedia.
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1042 news items

az Limmattaler Zeitung

az Limmattaler Zeitung
Sun, 10 Apr 2016 07:33:15 -0700

Eines Tages begeisterte sie sich dann für die Örgelimusik. Jedes Jahr kommt Winteler an die Stubete, sofern sie kann, und geniesst die mit Örgeli, Klarinette und Kontrabass gespielten Volkslieder. Ob in gemischter Formation oder nur mit dem ...

az Solothurner Zeitung

az Solothurner Zeitung
Sun, 24 Apr 2016 08:00:00 -0700

Bravourös begleitete die fünfköpfige Kapelle «Echo vom Napf» aus dem Emmental alle Tänze live mit Schwyzerörgeli, Bass und Klarinette. Film- und Fotoporträts von Markus Arn und Thomas Meyer verschafften Einblick ins Alltagsleben von verschiedenen ...

az Limmattaler Zeitung

az Limmattaler Zeitung
Sun, 24 Apr 2016 11:21:22 -0700

... Musik untermalt wurde. Gerade die Musik spielt eine bedeutende Rolle im Leben von Eckert. Nicht nur ist er leidenschaftlicher Schwyzerörgeli-Spieler, auch komponiert er Stücke. Man habe ihn bei ihrer Recherche als «grosses Tier» beschrieben, so Arnet.

ot Oltner Tagblatt (Blog)

ot Oltner Tagblatt (Blog)
Mon, 18 Apr 2016 03:07:30 -0700

Anschliessend spielte das Schwyzerörgeli-Trio Zmoos zum Tanze auf. Mit dem Unterhaltungsabend am Samstag fanden die Feierlichkeiten ihren Abschluss. Zu Gast waren der Jodlerklub Gäu aus Egerkingen und die Geschwister Weber aus Reigoldswil.

Aargauer Zeitung

Aargauer Zeitung
Sun, 13 Sep 2015 02:56:33 -0700

340 Wasserfahrer aus den Regionen Bern, Zürich, Basel und dem Aargau nahmen am Samstag am nationalen Paarwettfahren an der Aare teil und trotzten dem Volksmusikfest oben in der Altstadt.

St. Galler Tagblatt

St. Galler Tagblatt
Thu, 14 Apr 2016 07:45:35 -0700

UNTEREGGEN. Die Primarschüler nehmen Platz. Im Hintergrund erklingt Schwyzerörgeli-Musik. «Grüezi, Salut, Ciao, Bun di». Yathira Amarathaas begrüsst ihre Mitschülerinnen und Mitschüler in allen vier Landessprachen zu ihrem Vortrag. Im Rahmen der ...

Jungfrau Zeitung

Jungfrau Zeitung
Mon, 23 Nov 2015 07:28:35 -0800

Mit dem Schwyzerörgeli gekommen, mit einer Ehrung gegangen. Zur Gemeindeehrung waren mehr als 30 Grindelwalder gekommen, um die Leistungen einiger Mitbürger zu würdigen – darunter Sportler, Veranstaltungsorganisatoren, Hüttenwarte und ein ...

kath.ch (Pressemitteilung)

kath.ch (Pressemitteilung)
Tue, 12 Apr 2016 07:26:15 -0700

Untereggen SG, 12.4.16 (kath.ch) Mutter Uma turnt zusammen mit den Unteregger Frauen, Vater Soundias fotografiert für die Pfarrei. Und an Dorffesten nimmt die ganze Familie teil. Die sri lankische Flüchtlingsfamilie Amarathaas ist ein gutes Beispiel ...
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