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Accordeon 100.jpg

The Schwyzeroergeli is a type of diatonic button accordion used in Swiss folk music. The name derives from the town/canton of Schwyz where it was developed. Oergeli is the diminutive form of the word Orgel (organ). Outside of Switzerland the instrument is not well known and hard to find.

History[edit]

The accordion was brought to Switzerland in the 1830s, soon after its invention in Vienna. The earliest accordions were the typically one- or two-row diatonic button accordions, which carried on in Switzerland as the Langnauerli, named for Langnau in canton Bern. The Langnauerli usually has one treble row of buttons and two bass/chord buttons on the left hand end, much like the accordion used in Cajun music (minus the stops), but is sometimes seen with 2 or 3 rows on a stepped keyboard. The Schwyzerörgeli was a further development from the 1880s, with changes in the treble fingering and a flat keyboard (not stepped), and unisonoric basses.

The early makers including Eichhorn (Schwyz) and Nussbaumer (Bachenbülach) experimented with different arrangements and numbers of buttons. The typical Schwyzerörgeli today has 18 bass buttons arranged in two rows (one for bass notes and one for major chords), and 31 treble buttons on the RH arranged in 3 rows with a fingering similar to the 'club' system. The basses progress in 4ths like the Stradella system seen on chromatic and piano accordions, but in the opposite direction. Some Schwyzerörgelis have fewer buttons in the upper/inside row on the RH much like the club models, or more buttons - sometimes an extra row on the outside - and fewer or more basses. Since Swiss music rarely uses minor chords, even Örgelis with 4 bass rows usually have no minor chords but majors and 7ths instead. The only other variety still being made in substantial numbers today is the Schwyzerörgeli with chromatic fingering - usually with a C system (C-Griff) treble side and Stradella bass fingering.

Tuning[edit]

As most diatonic accordions are centered around certain keys, the Schwyzerörgeli is usually tuned in 'flat' keys to fit with the clarinet, with the outer row giving a B scale, the next row E, and the next giving a mixture of notes allowing music to be played in A, D and G when fingered across the rows. Of course this means each key has a different fingering. This instrument is labelled a 'B-Oergeli' or 'B/Es' (B/E). Less common keys are A/D, C/F and B/E.

The Schwyzerörgeli has a unique tuning (tone, voicing), called Schwyzerton. On the treble side, each button has 3 sets of reeds, with one main set and two other sets an octave higher than the first, each tuned slightly apart to give a somewhat tremolo sound. The reeds are arranged around one big reed block with a tone chamber inside, rather than a separate reed block for each row like most accordions. Some Örgelis only have 2 sets of reeds tuned an octave apart, Bandonion-style. The Örgeli with 2 sets of treble reeds of the same octave, tuned slightly apart (tremolo or 'wet'), is called a Wienerörgeli (Viennese Örgeli) because of the 'Viennese' tuning which is widespread among button accordions around the world such as those made by Hohner and the Steirische Harmonika. The internal construction (RH reed blocks) of this Örgeli also is not like the others but more like other accordions, but the fingering and the appearance is of the typical Schwyzerörgeli. In Canton Bern, there is a variety of Schwyzerörgeli called the Bernerörgeli, pioneered by Ernst Salvisberg, distinguished primarily by a beveled bass end and usually dry tuning (no tremolo).


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schwyzerörgeli — Please support Wikipedia.
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26 news items

Der Landbote

Der Landbote
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 00:48:37 -0700

Bis 12.45 Uhr Musik mit den Schwyzerörgeli-Fründe Rüti. 13 Uhr Begrüssung durch Gemeindepräsident Bernhard Haas. 13.15 Uhr Festansprache von Regierungsrat Markus Kägi, anschliessend Singen der Landeshymne mit den Stoffelmusikanten Hittnau.
 
suedostschweiz.ch
Mon, 28 Jul 2014 18:30:06 -0700

Ganz besonders in Graubünden gab es mehrere ausgezeichnete und berühmte fahrende Musiker-familien. Zu nennen sind die «Fränzlis», deren Stammvater Franz-Josef Waser (1858–1895) aus Tschlin zu den Musikern gehörte, die das Schwyzerörgeli in ...
 
BauernZeitung Online
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 22:03:45 -0700

Früher habe sie Schwyzerörgeli gespielt. Momentan bleibe dafür aber keine Zeit, doch später möchte sie wieder damit anfangen. «Alles zu seiner Zeit», sagt die aufgestellte junge Frau, die gerne backt und Ländlermusik hört. «Momentan ist die Familie ...
 
Berner Zeitung
Sat, 26 Jul 2014 00:08:15 -0700

Der 63-Jährige spielt bei der Schwyzerörgeli-Grossformation Thörigen und deren Untergruppe Altache. Als grösste Entlastung empfindet er jedoch die kommende Zeit ohne Pikettdienst. «Ich muss nicht ständig im Hinterkopf haben, eventuell zu einem Einsatz ...

Jungfrau Zeitung

Jungfrau Zeitung
Thu, 17 Jul 2014 06:37:30 -0700

Der Verein «Gegen die masslose Überbauung Grindelwald» diskutierte an seiner Mitgliederversammlung verschiedene Bauprojekte. Präsident Adi Bohren appellierte an den gesunden Menschenverstand bei der Anpassung von Bauten an das ...
 
az Solothurner Zeitung
Mon, 14 Jul 2014 02:14:21 -0700

Denn wenn Badewetter herrsche, gingen die tendenziell lieber ans Wasser. Der zweite Tag der Chilbi startete um 11.00 Uhr mit der Blaskapelle der «Konkordia» Mümliswil. Danach übernahm das Schwyzerörgeli-Quartett Schenkenberg aus Schinznach die ...
 
az Solothurner Zeitung
Sat, 12 Jul 2014 05:22:02 -0700

Zusammen mit ihrer Bekannten, der Alphornistin Ruth Hammer aus Matzendorf, machte sie sich mit ihrem Schwyzerörgeli und einer Schweizer Delegation auf die Reise. «Der Flug dauerte 9 1/2 Stunden und etwa so gross ist die Zeitverschiebung beträgt plus ...

BLICK.CH

BLICK.CH
Sat, 05 Jul 2014 03:49:39 -0700

Geige? Verboten! Diese würden es verbieten, sich beim Jodeln auf der Geige zu begleiten, so wie sie es gerne mache, sagt die Bernerin. Nur solo, in der Gruppe oder mit Schwyzerörgeli-Begleitung sei erlaubt. «Zudem muss man Mitglied im Verband sein.
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