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Schefflera arboricola
Schefflera arboricola, vrugte, a, Pretoria.jpg
Schefflera arboricola in cultivation
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Araliaceae
Subfamily: Aralioideae
Genus: Schefflera
Species: S. arboricola
Binomial name
Schefflera arboricola
(Hayata) Kanehira

Schefflera arboricola (syn. Heptapleurum arboricolum) is a flowering plant in the family Araliaceae, native to Taiwan as well as Hainan.[1][2] Its common name is dwarf umbrella tree, as it appears to be a smaller version of the umbrella tree Schefflera actinophylla.


It is an evergreen shrub growing to 8–9 m tall, free-standing, or clinging to the trunks of other trees. The leaves are palmately compound, with 7–9 leaflets, the leaflets 9–20 cm long and 4–10 cm broad (though often smaller in cultivation). The flowers are produced in a 20 cm panicle of small umbels, each umbel 7–10 mm diameter with 5–10 flowers.[1][2]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

It is commonly grown as a houseplant, popular for its tolerance of neglect and poor growing conditions. It is also grown as a landscape plant in milder climates where frosts are not severe. Numerous cultivars have been selected for variations in leaf colour and pattern, often variegated with creamy-white to yellow edges or centres, and dwarf forms. The cultivar 'Gold Capella' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3]

The umbrella plant lends itself easily to the bonsai form and is popular as an indoor bonsai.


The plant prefers higher light if possible, but can adapt to a wide variety of light levels. As a tropical plant it likes moisture, but avoid letting the plant sit in water after you water it. It likes to be moist but not wet.

Aerial roots[edit]

Under the right conditions, this plant will produce aerial roots that, when they reach the ground, will convert to fully functional roots. They give the plant an unusual and interesting appearance. Three conditions must be maintained for the plant to produce them: a high growth rate, insufficient trunk roots (the plant is root bound or these roots are pruned) and constant, very high humidity.

Photo gallery[edit]


  1. ^ a b Ohashi, Hiroyoshi (1993). "Araliaceae". In Huang, Tseng-chieng. Flora of Taiwan 3 (2nd ed.). Taipei, Taiwan: Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition. p. 1002. ISBN 957-9019-41-X. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Qibai Xiang & Porter P. Lowry. "Schefflera arboricola". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  3. ^ http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=4118

External links[edit]

  • Fukubonsai, information about Schefflera arboricola as indoor bonsai.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schefflera_arboricola — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

54 news items

The Tracy Press

The Tracy Press
Fri, 15 Jan 2016 13:58:17 -0800

Schefflera, arboricola and philodendrons like heart-leafed, selloum and split-leafed, pothos, Chinese evergreen, peace lily and ferns look good even in dreary conditions. They come from the understory of jungles and grow naturally in low-light areas.
Corpus Christi Caller-Times
Fri, 07 Aug 2015 22:11:56 -0700

Although that is a viable option for smaller plants such as ti plants (Cordyline terminalis), dwarf or hawaiian schefflera (Schefflera arboricola) and crotons (Codiaum variegatum), it can be a big problem for larger ones. Our favorite patio plants are ...

Cose di Casa

Cose di Casa
Tue, 19 Jan 2016 21:37:30 -0800

Vogliono luce diffusa (500-400 lux), quella misurabile a circa due metri dalla stessa finestra: Anthurium scherzerianum; Monstera deliciosa;Scindapsus aureus; Ficus benjamina; Schefflera arboricola; Hedera helix; Pilea cadierei; Dieffenbachia spp.; ...


Fri, 29 May 2015 06:00:49 -0700

A begonia (left) and schefflera arboricola hang inside Flowers & Weeds, a new nursery under renovation at 3201 Cherokee Street on Wednesday, May 20, 2015. The plants are presented as Kokedama, a Japanese string garden. Photo by Robert Cohen, ...

Naples Daily News

Naples Daily News
Thu, 28 May 2015 13:04:10 -0700

Start with arboricola (Schefflera arboricola). While the variegated version of this versatile plant is quite commonly overused around town, the green variety is useful without the brassy coloration. Arboricola will perform nicely in blazing sun or ...

The Guardian (blog)

The Guardian (blog)
Thu, 12 Dec 2013 07:28:03 -0800

Admittedly, Scheffleras aren't all hardy. There are well over 500 species worldwide, and I certainly wouldn't recommend someone go and buy a little variegated Schefflera arboricola (umbrella plant) from the supermarket or DIY store and plant it in ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 04:00:00 -0800

Umbrella tree, Schefflera arboricola 'Gold Capella'. Yellow and green-leaved evergreen tree. Can be pruned to desired size. Mid-sized or small, bold foliage; Rex-cultorum begonias. Large range of plants with shapely, textured leaves marked with fine ...

Small Business Trends

Small Business Trends
Sat, 01 Nov 2014 09:06:04 -0700

They can even create helpful separations between workplaces — and a source of peaceful contemplation during your hectic day. Here's a list of 20 indoor plants to consider for your office environment. Be sure to choose one that fulfills the needs of ...

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