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Schefflera arboricola
Schefflera arboricola, vrugte, a, Pretoria.jpg
Schefflera arboricola in cultivation
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Araliaceae
Subfamily: Aralioideae
Genus: Schefflera
Species: S. arboricola
Binomial name
Schefflera arboricola
(Hayata) Kanehira

Schefflera arboricola (syn. Heptapleurum arboricolum) is a flowering plant in the family Araliaceae, native to Taiwan as well as Hainan.[1][2] Its common name is Dwarf Umbrella Tree, as it appears to be a smaller version of the Umbrella Tree Schefflera actinophylla.


It is an evergreen shrub growing to 8-9 m tall, free-standing, or clinging to the trunks of other trees. The leaves are palmately compound, with 7-9 leaflets, the leaflets 9-20 cm long and 4-10 cm broad (though often smaller in cultivation). The flowers are produced in a 20 cm panicle of small umbels, each umbel 7-10 mm diameter with 5-10 flowers.[1][2]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

It is commonly grown as a houseplant, popular for its tolerance of neglect and poor growing conditions. It is also grown as a landscape plant in milder climates where frosts are not severe. Numerous cultivars have been selected for variations in leaf colour and pattern, often variegated with creamy-white to yellow edges or centres, and dwarf forms. The cultivar 'Gold Capella' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3]

The umbrella plant lends itself easily to the bonsai form and is popular as an indoor bonsai.


The plant prefers higher light if possible, but can adapt to a wide variety of light levels. As a tropical plant it likes moisture, but avoid letting the plant sit in water after you water it. It likes to be moist but not wet.

Aerial roots[edit]

Under the right conditions, this plant will produce aerial roots that, when they reach the ground, will convert to fully functional roots. They give the plant an unusual and interesting appearance. Three conditions must be maintained for the plant to produce them: a high growth rate, insufficient trunk roots (the plant is root bound or these roots are pruned) and constant, very high humidity.

Photo gallery[edit]


  1. ^ a b Ohashi, Hiroyoshi (1993). "Araliaceae". In Huang, Tseng-chieng. Flora of Taiwan 3 (2nd ed.). Taipei, Taiwan: Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition. p. 1002. ISBN 957-9019-41-X. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Qibai Xiang & Porter P. Lowry. "Schefflera arboricola". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  3. ^ http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=4118

External links[edit]

  • Fukubonsai, information about Schefflera arboricola as indoor bonsai.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schefflera_arboricola — Please support Wikipedia.
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44 news items

The Killeen Daily Herald

The Killeen Daily Herald
Sat, 01 Aug 2015 02:31:03 -0700

A begonia, left, and schefflera arboricola hang inside Flowers & Weeds, a new nursery under renovation on May 20, 2015, in St. Louis. The plants are presented as Kokedama, a Japanese string garden. Posted: Saturday, August 1, 2015 4:30 am. All strings ...


Fri, 29 May 2015 06:00:49 -0700

A begonia (left) and schefflera arboricola hang inside Flowers & Weeds, a new nursery under renovation at 3201 Cherokee Street on Wednesday, May 20, 2015. The plants are presented as Kokedama, a Japanese string garden. Photo by Robert Cohen, ...

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 04:00:00 -0800

Umbrella tree, Schefflera arboricola 'Gold Capella'. Yellow and green-leaved evergreen tree. Can be pruned to desired size. Mid-sized or small, bold foliage; Rex-cultorum begonias. Large range of plants with shapely, textured leaves marked with fine ...
Small Business Trends
Sat, 01 Nov 2014 09:06:04 -0700

Whether for a home or business office, plants can do a lot. Choose them for everything from improving the mood in your office to actually cleaning the air quality. Below are plants that you might want to consider for your business and a little more ...

The Mass Media

The Mass Media
Wed, 19 Nov 2014 14:07:34 -0800

Huebner says that he recommends Schefflera Arboricola, a Dwarf Umbrella Tree, or a Portulacaria, a Dwarf Jade Tree, for people who are just starting because those trees require less water and sunlight than others. “The thing with trees is, if you look ...

The Guardian (blog)

The Guardian (blog)
Thu, 12 Dec 2013 07:28:03 -0800

Admittedly, Scheffleras aren't all hardy. There are well over 500 species worldwide, and I certainly wouldn't recommend someone go and buy a little variegated Schefflera arboricola (umbrella plant) from the supermarket or DIY store and plant it in ...

The San Luis Obispo Tribune

The San Luis Obispo Tribune
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 08:00:00 -0700

An enormous white “Iceberg” floribunda rose covered in buds shows why it is a hardy and rewarding Central Coast favorite. Behind it a yellow and green variegated Schefflera arboricola (umbrella plant) clambers up a porch post. Boulders from the family ...
Thu, 28 Jul 2011 13:09:59 -0700

Its full name is Schefflera arboricola "Trinette" or variegated dwarf schefflera. And indeed it is a cousin to the larger umbrella tree, Schefflera actinophylla. Both are native to the Southern Pacific Islands, the umbrella tree to the forest of ...

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