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Satguru (Sanskrit: सदगुरू), or sadguru, means the true guru. However the term is distinguished from other forms of gurus, such as musical instructors, scriptural teachers, parents, and so on. The satguru is a title given specifically only to an enlightened rishi/sant whose life's purpose is to guide initiated shishya along the spiritual path, the summation of which is the realization of the Self through realization of God, who is omnipresent. A Satguru has some special characteristics that are not found in any other types of Spiritual Guru.

Types of Satguru[edit]

There are 4 types of Satguru:

  1. Nitya Anadi Satguru - He is the Eternal Satguru and has been addressed as Anadi (without birth/death), Jnani (enlightened) and Sanatan (eternal/indestructible) in the Vedas. He has also been mentioned in the Upanishads as Amanava Purusha (Superhuman being). He can take a human form at his will.
  2. Swayamsiddha Satguru - Existent through himself (rest in oneself, happy in oneself, creating oneself)
  3. Abhayassiddha Satguru - With the quality of fearlessness.
  4. Parampara Satguru - With a Guru lineage.

Ancient and traditional sources[edit]

The recommendation says that the first and the foremost qualification of the True Master (Satguru) is that he must have known the True Lord (God) himself.[1]

In one of Kabir's songs[2] the satguru is described as the real sadhu:

He is the real Sadhu, who can reveal the form of the Formless to the vision of these eyes;
Who teaches the simple way of attaining Him, that is other than rites or ceremonies;
Who does not make you close the doors, and hold the breath, and renounce the world;
Who makes you perceive the Supreme Spirit wherever the mind attaches itself;
Who teaches you to be still in the midst of all your activities.
Ever immersed in bliss, having no fear in his mind, he keeps the spirit of union in the midst of all enjoyments.
The infinite dwelling of the Infinite Being is everywhere: in earth, water, sky, and air;
Firm as the thunderbolt, the seat of the seeker is established above the void.
He who is within is without: I see Him and none else.[3]

Vasistha, Rama's guru, was the satguru in the Treta yuga. Swami Shankar Purushottam Tirtha quotes the Yoga Vasistha:

A real preceptor is one who can produce blissful sensation in the body of the disciple by their sight, touch, or instructions.[4]

According to Sivaya Subramuniyaswami, a Hindu satguru is always a sannyasin, an unmarried renunciate,[5] but not all writers include this stricture.[6] Tukaram, a Hindu satguru, is known to have had a family, and Moinuddin Chishti also had children. Satguru Kabir had a son, Kamal, who was very devout.[7]

In Sant Mat and Advait Mat, the living Satguru is considered the path to God-realization.[8]

Meher Baba equated worship of the Satguru with worship of God: "Consciously or unconsciously, directly or indirectly, each and every creature, each and every human being — in one form or the other — strives to assert individuality. But when eventually man consciously experiences that he is Infinite, Eternal and Indivisible, then he is fully conscious of his individuality as God, and as such experiences Infinite Knowledge, Infinite Power and Infinite Bliss. Thus Man becomes God, and is recognized as a Perfect Master, Satguru, or Kutub. To worship this Man is to worship God."[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Adi Granth: 286
  2. ^ LVI I. 68. bhâi kôî satguru sant kahâwaî
  3. ^ Songs of Kabir LVI, I. 68 - Translated by Rabindranath Tagore New York, The Macmillan Company (1915)
  4. ^ Tirtha, Swami Shankar Purushottam (1992). Yoga Vani: Instructions for the Attainment of Siddhayoga. New York: Sat Yuga Press. p. 27. 
  5. ^ Subramuniyaswami, Satguru Sivaya. Living with Siva, glossary. Himalayan Academy Publications. ISBN 0-945497-98-9
  6. ^ God Speaks, Meher Baba, PUB Dodd Meade, 1955, 2nd Ed. pp. 150,158,196, 291
  7. ^ Meher Prabhu, Bhau Kalchuri, Manifestation, Inc. 1986. p.92 - Footnote 1
  8. ^ Lewis, James R. Seeking the Light, p.62. Mandeville Press, ISBN 0-914829-42-4
  9. ^ Baba, Meher (2000). The Path of Love. Myrtle Beach: Sheriar Foundation. pp. 28 - 29. ISBN 1-880619-23-7.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satguru — Please support Wikipedia.
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19 news items

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 04:15:00 -0700

On a cloudy Sunday morning, I head to Anna Nagar in Chennai, to meet the veena vidushi Padmavathy Ananthagopalan. She is sitting on a chair, a huge portrait of Goddess Kamakshi adorning the wall behind her. She has just completed teaching the Abhogi ...
 
Chandigarh Tribune
Sun, 20 Jul 2014 13:48:45 -0700

ASI attacked in Sunam:The Sunam police have registered a case against Naranjan Singh of Kalicharan Basti for allegedly attacking Assistant Sub-Inspector (ASI) Satguru Singh and "tearing" his uniform. The incident took place when the police official had ...

2merkato - Ethiopian Business Portal

2merkato - Ethiopian Business Portal
Fri, 18 Jul 2014 01:26:15 -0700

JSK Travels is a branch of Satguru travels which is based in Dubai. Established in 1989 in Kigali(Rwanda, East Africa) and now our network consists 50 branches all over the worlds and we have an excellent corporate with different of company's all over ...
 
Lasentinel
Wed, 02 Jul 2014 22:57:50 -0700

Daughters of Faith Women's Ministry presents 'The Curse is Broken Conference 2014' on July 10-12, at the Holiday Inn Long Beach Airport Hotel, 2640 North Lakewood Boulevard in Long Beach, said Prophetess Fannette Douglas, host. The theme is ...
 
Boone Mountain Times
Thu, 10 Jul 2014 13:26:15 -0700

In the presence of your Satguru (spiritual master), knowledge flourishes, sorrow diminishes, joy wells up, lack diminishes, abundance dawns and all talents manifest. 6. The unique union of the hearts of the guru and student on this day manifests ...
 
The Hindu
Tue, 15 Jul 2014 11:08:11 -0700

The Nrithya Vaisakhi is being organised with the blessings of Satguru Sivananda Murthy with an aim to introduce the rich cultural heritage of the nation to the youth of the city, for the purpose through the week there would be Lec-Dem by exponents on ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Thu, 10 Jul 2014 03:17:50 -0700

She has trained a few thousand students over 25 years since she started the Sri Satguru Sangita Vidyalaya in Anna Nagar. Students are guided through a course spanning seven years that includes theory too. Today, the veteran's disciples are spread all ...

BoldSky

BoldSky
Fri, 11 Jul 2014 15:49:49 -0700

Flowers and symbolic gifts are given away in his honour and that of the cosmic satguru. The festivities are usually followed by feast for the disciples, where the prasad and charnamrita, the symbolic wash of Guru's feet, which represents his grace ...
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