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This article is about the mythical bird. For the boat, see Sarimanok (vinta).
Sarimanok
0045MuseumFilipinojf 08.JPG
Title Sarimanok
Description The Legendary Bird of the Maranao people
Gender Male/female
Region Mindanao
Equivalent Víðópnir
Simurgh

The Sarimanok is a legendary bird of the Maranao people who originate from Mindanao, a major island in the Philippines. It comes from the words "sari" and "manok." "Sari" means cloth or garment, which is generally of assorted colors.[1] Manòk means "bird".

Description[edit]

It is the legendary bird that has become a ubiquitous symbol of Maranao art. It is depicted as a fowl with colorful wings and feathered tail, holding a fish on its beak or talons. The head is profusely decorated with scroll, leaf, and spiral motifs. It is said to be a symbol of good fortune.[2][3][4]

Origin[edit]

The Sarimanok is derived from a totem bird of the Maranao people, called Itotoro. According to the Maranao people, the Itotoro is a medium to the spirit world via its unseen twin spirit bird called Inikadowa.

The Sarimanok is also believed to have originated from the Garuda of Hindu epic Ramayana[5] adopted into Maharadia Lawana [6] of Maranao people, which in turn was later adopted to an Islamic legend after Southern Philippines converted to Islam.

According to the later Islamic legend, Muhammad found a rooster in the first of the seven heavens. The bird was so large its crest touched the second heaven. Its crow roused every living creature except man. Judgement day would come once this celestial rooster ceased to crow.[7]

A Maranao legend also says of a Sultan's daughter being swept by a colorful rooster that became a handsome young man and they were never seen ever again. The Sultan then created replicas of the bird to remember his daughter by.[8]

Cultural Significance[edit]

According to the tradition, the sarimanok is never displayed by itself. It must be displayed with the set of flags, standards and vexilloids. At present, this is not totally true; sarimanok may be placed on the top of the umbrella of a Sultan or dignitary, and also, the Mindanao State University has adopted it for the graduation exercises following a non-traditional use.[9][10]

Philippine National Artist Abdulmari Asia Imao uses the Sarimanok as a motif for some of his artworks which helped popularize the creature.[11]

The Far Eastern University seal bears the FEU Coat of Arms and the sarimanok motif. The FEU Coat of arms consists of eight-pointed golden star that represents the first eight main disciplines of FEU. The sarimanok is a legendary bird in full color that project the nationalistic spirit upon which the university is founded. The university wanted to have a Filipino touch in everything because they were one of the first universities in the Philippines to be founded by a pure-blooded Filipino, Dr. Nicanor Reyes, Sr..[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Sarimanok". The Pinoy Warrior. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Philippine Arts and Culture: Sarimanok. Accessed August 28, 2008.
  3. ^ Geocities: Sarimanok. Accessed August 28, 2008.
  4. ^ Kipas: Kulintang Ensemble. Accessed August 28, 2008.
  5. ^ http://theberntraveler.wordpress.com/2013/12/02/hudhud-and-darangen-voices-from-pre-colonial-philippines/
  6. ^ https://openlibrary.org/books/OL3279931M/Maharadia_Lawana
  7. ^ The Manila Times Internet Edition: Adorning the Sarimanok. Accessed July 29, 2007
  8. ^ Philippine Culture: Sarimanok
  9. ^ Royal Sultanates of Lake Lanao. Accessed August 28, 2008.
  10. ^ ABC: Under the Crescent Moon. Accessed August 28, 2008.
  11. ^ "Abdulmari Asia Imao". National Commission for Culture and the Arts. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  12. ^ Tambayan, The Official Magazine of the FEU Advocate, March 2012, Vol.8

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarimanok — Please support Wikipedia.
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22997 videos foundNext > 

NDDU Sarimanok Pep Squad - PRISAA Gensan 2013 CDC Champion

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ABS CBN STATION ID SARIMANOK

ABS CBN STATION ID SARIMANOK ENJOY.

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Notre Dame of Dadiangas University Sarimanok Pep Squad The 8-time Cheerdance Champion. (copyright video: Philip Filipinas Dolera)

sarimanok

St. Louis University's Filipino Student Association Performs the Sarimanok Dance

St. Louis University's Filipino Student Association performed the "Sarimanok Dance." According to a Lanao legend, the beautiful daughter of the Sultan of Lanao ...

Paper Craft: Woven Bird (Sarimanok) and Dragon

Weave a bird or dragon from scraps of scrapbook paper. Based on the Sarimanok legend of the Maranao people (Philippines). In this tutorial I am using strips pf ...

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6th Place - 262 points.

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Sarimanok, the dance-musical, inspired by the M'ranao pseudo-bird icon of wealth and prestige narrates of a legendary bird whose responsibility is to feed the ...

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134 news items

 
The Manila Times
Thu, 03 Sep 2015 08:00:00 -0700

MARAWI CITY: Four people onboard a tricycle were killed in a riding-in-tandem attack early morning on Thursday near Al Khwarizmi International College in Barangay Sarimanok, Marawi City in Lanao del Sur. The fatalities were identified as Baldwin ...
 
InterAksyon
Thu, 03 Sep 2015 02:11:15 -0700

Junard Macababayao, 27, and his brother Junil were gunned down at the junction of Barangays Luksadatu and Sarimanok at around 7:30 a.m. Thursday, initial reports quoted bystanders, commuters and motorists as saying. A follow-up report provided by ...

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Sun, 28 Dec 2014 07:56:15 -0800

Master of sarimanok: In the necrological service and tributes, “Pagdadalamhati ng Bayan,” at the Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP), the remains of the National Artist Abdulmari Asia Imao were surrounded by the multi-colored, mythical birds ...

AsiaOne

AsiaOne
Fri, 21 Aug 2015 10:37:30 -0700

These same groups are behind the "The Good Egg" campaign, together with primary advocate Sarimanok Poultry and its mother company Univet Nutrition and Animal Healthcare Co., the Philippine Egg Board, and the Bureau of Animal Industry, which is ...
 
Tempo
Fri, 21 Aug 2015 20:07:34 -0700

... of cousins Junaid Bancola alias “Malik”, 35; Samerah Bancola alias “Samirah”, 23, both residents of Pasir, Malabang, Lanao del Sur; Moncao Bancola alias “Mongkao”, 35; and Sarah Bancola, 38, of Sarimanok, Sabala Manao, Marawi City, Lanao del Sur.
 
Inquirer.net
Thu, 20 Feb 2014 09:46:44 -0800

Tourists and Ermita souvenir vendors will recognize a sarimanok as sold in versions of wood, bone, or metal. It resembles a rooster in flight with a fish hanging from its beak or sometimes from its claws, as a bird of prey would clutch its victim. The ...
 
ABS CBN News
Thu, 03 Sep 2015 20:32:24 -0700

Three vendors were shot dead by unidentified persons Thursday morning at the junction of barangays Luksadatu and Sarimanok in Poblacion, Marawi City. Victims Baldwin Romano, Junard Calague and Juniel Calague were riding a motorcycle on their way ...
 
Sun.Star
Mon, 21 Jan 2013 06:55:17 -0800

THE province of Lanao del Norte, now known as 'Tribu Sarimanok,' bagged its fourth win in the recently concluded Sinulog Festival in Cebu City. The province showcased the colorful and culturally-rich Sarimanok Festival of one of its coastal town, ...
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