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This article is about the mythical bird. For the boat, see Sarimanok (vinta).
Sarimanok
Title Sarimanok
Description The Legendary Bird of the Maranao people
Gender Male/female
Region Mindanao
Equivalent Víðópnir
Simurgh

The Sarimanok is a legendary bird of the Maranao people who originate from Mindanao, a major island in the Philippines. It comes from the words "sari" and "manok." "Sari" means cloth or garment, which is generally of assorted colors.[1] Manòk means "bird".

Description[edit]

It is the legendary bird that has become a ubiquitous symbol of Maranao art. It is depicted as a fowl with colorful wings and feathered tail, holding a fish on its beak or talons. The head is profusely decorated with scroll, leaf, and spiral motifs. It is said to be a symbol of good fortune.[2][3][4]

Origin[edit]

The Sarimanok is derived from a totem bird of the Maranao people, called Itotoro. According to the Maranao people, the Itotoro is a medium to the spirit world via its unseen twin spirit bird called Inikadowa.

The Sarimanok is also believed to have originated from the Garuda of Hindu epic Ramayana[5] adopted into Maharadia Lawana [6] of Maranao people, which in turn was later adopted to an Islamic legend after Southern Philippines converted to Islam.

According to the later Islamic legend, Muhammad found a rooster in the first of the seven heavens. The bird was so large its crest touched the second heaven. Its crow roused every living creature except man. Judgement day would come once this celestial rooster ceased to crow.[7]

A Maranao legend also says of a Sultan's daughter being swept by a colorful rooster that became a handsome young man and they were never seen ever again. The Sultan then created replicas of the bird to remember his daughter by.[8]

Cultural Significance[edit]

According to the tradition, the sarimanok is never displayed by itself. It must be displayed with the set of flags, standards and vexilloids. At present, this is not totally true; sarimanok may be placed on the top of the umbrella of a Sultan or dignitary, and also, the Mindanao State University has adopted it for the graduation exercises following a non-traditional use.[9][10]

Philippine National Artist Abdulmari Asia Imao uses the Sarimanok as a motif for some of his artworks which helped popularize the creature.[11]

The Far Eastern University seal bears the FEU Coat of Arms and the sarimanok motif. The FEU Coat of arms consists of eight-pointed golden star that represents the first eight main disciplines of FEU. The sarimanok is a legendary bird in full color that project the nationalistic spirit upon which the university is founded. The university wanted to have a Filipino touch in everything because they were one of the first universities in the Philippines to be founded by a pure-blooded Filipino, Dr. Nicanor Reyes, Sr..[12]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarimanok — Please support Wikipedia.
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134 news items

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Sun, 28 Dec 2014 07:56:15 -0800

Master of sarimanok: In the necrological service and tributes, “Pagdadalamhati ng Bayan,” at the Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP), the remains of the National Artist Abdulmari Asia Imao were surrounded by the multi-colored, mythical birds ...
 
Inquirer.net
Thu, 20 Feb 2014 09:46:44 -0800

Tourists and Ermita souvenir vendors will recognize a sarimanok as sold in versions of wood, bone, or metal. It resembles a rooster in flight with a fish hanging from its beak or sometimes from its claws, as a bird of prey would clutch its victim. The ...
 
Sun.Star
Mon, 21 Jan 2013 06:55:17 -0800

THE province of Lanao del Norte, now known as 'Tribu Sarimanok,' bagged its fourth win in the recently concluded Sinulog Festival in Cebu City. The province showcased the colorful and culturally-rich Sarimanok Festival of one of its coastal town, ...
 
Philippine Star
Sat, 02 Feb 2013 08:07:30 -0800

MANILA, Philippines - The Lanao del Norte contingent, now known as Tribu Sarimanok, captured its fourth win in the recently-concluded Sinulog Festival. The province is showcasing the colorful and culturally-rich festival of coastal town Kolambugan, the ...

Inquirer.net

Inquirer.net
Sun, 22 Sep 2013 09:35:17 -0700

Leon Gallery will hold the Magnificent September Auction on Sept. 28, 2 p.m., at the AIM Conference Center, JV del Rosario Foundation Bldg., Benavidez Street, Legaspi Village, Makati City. The auction will feature highly important Philippine art from ...
 
Inquirer.net
Thu, 06 Nov 2014 18:03:45 -0800

The three designs he created reference the riotous colors of the jeepney, Bacolod's Masskara festival and the legendary bird of the Maranao, the sarimanok. “Whenever I design something, I think of long-term details, not just a specific piece. I tend to ...
 
GMA News
Sun, 21 Dec 2014 03:35:58 -0800

Beneath hundreds of sarimanok cascading from the ceiling of the Cultural Center of the Philippines' Main Theater, the remains of sculptor and painter Abdulmari Asia Imao lay in state Sunday for the traditional state necrological service and tributes ...

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Sun, 19 Apr 2015 09:30:00 -0700

MANILA, Philippines - An exhibit honoring National Artist for Sculpture Abdulmari Asia Imao titled “Celebrating Imao” opens today at the North Court of Power Plant Mall in Rockwell. The opening reception is on April 22, Wednesday, 6 p.m.. Imao, who ...
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