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Title Sarimanok
Description The Legendary Bird of the Maranao people
Gender Male/female
Region Mindanao
Equivalent Víðópnir

The Sarimanok is a legendary bird of the Maranao people who originate from Mindanao, a major island in the Philippines. It comes from the words "sari" and "manok." "Sari" means cloth or garment, which is generally of assorted colors.[1] Manòk means "bird".


It is the legendary bird that has become a ubiquitous symbol of Maranao art. It is depicted as a fowl with colorful wings and feathered tail, holding a fish on its beak or talons. The head is profusely decorated with scroll, leaf, and spiral motifs. It is said to be a symbol of good fortune.[2][3][4]


Far Eastern University Logo.

The Sarimanok is derived from a totem bird of the Maranao people, called Itotoro. According to the Maranao people, the Itotoro is a medium to the spirit world via its unseen twin spirit bird called Inikadowa.

The Sarimanok is also believed to have originated from the Garuda of Hindu epic Ramayana[5] adopted into Maharadia Lawana [6] of Maranao people, which in turn was later adopted to an Islamic legend after Southern Philippines converted to Islam.

According to the later Islamic legend, Muhammad found a rooster in the first of the seven heavens. The bird was so large its crest touched the second heaven. Its crow roused every living creature except man. Judgement day would come once this celestial rooster ceased to crow.[7]

A Maranao legend also says of a Sultan's daughter being swept by a colorful rooster that became a handsome young man and they were never seen ever again. The Sultan then created replicas of the bird to remember his daughter by.[8]

Cultural Significance[edit]

According to the tradition, the sarimanok is never displayed by itself. It must be displayed with the set of flags, standards and vexilloids. At present, this is not totally true; sarimanok may be placed on the top of the umbrella of a Sultan or dignitary, and also, the Mindanao State University has adopted it for the graduation exercises following a non-traditional use.[9][10]

The Far Eastern University seal bears the FEU Coat of Arms and the sarimanok motif. The FEU Coat of arms consists of eight-pointed golden star that represents the first eight main disciplines of FEU. The sarimanok is a legendary bird in full color that project the nationalistic spirit upon which the university is founded. The university wanted to have a Filipino touch in everything because they were one of the first universities in the Philippines to be founded by a pure-blooded Filipino, Dr. Nicanor Reyes, Sr..[11]


External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarimanok — Please support Wikipedia.
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144 news items

GMA News
Sun, 21 Dec 2014 03:26:15 -0800

Beneath hundreds of sarimanok cascading from the ceiling of the Cultural Center of the Philippines' Main Theater, the remains of sculptor and painter Abdulmari Asia Imao lay in state Sunday for the traditional state necrological service and tributes ...
BusinessWorld Online Edition
Thu, 18 Dec 2014 08:01:54 -0800

“The sarimanok is a stunning, multicolored bird emerging from the folk legends of the Maranao people in Mindanao. Akin to the phoenix in its mythical and elusive qualities, there are many stories surrounding this captivating creature. A symbol of ...


Tue, 16 Dec 2014 01:40:08 -0800

NCCA described Imao as not only a sculptor but also a painter, photographer, ceramist, documentary film maker, cultural researcher, writer, and articulator of Philippine Muslim art and culture. Through his works, the indigenous ukkil, sarimanok and ...
Sat, 20 Dec 2014 03:15:00 -0800

Libiran, currently one of the young celebrated designers in the country today, collaborated with the Brazilian brand and came up with a vibrantly colored collection of printed flip flops featuring Pinoy culture icons, the Masskara, sarimanok & jeepney ...
Gulf Today
Fri, 19 Dec 2014 12:37:30 -0800

Imao was declared a national artist for visual arts in 2006 for adopting the mythical “sarimanok” of Maranao legends in his paintings and sculptures as a visual metaphor for the depth and richness of his native Mindanao, particularly the Sulu ...


Mon, 15 Dec 2014 17:30:00 -0800

Other floats that attracted the crowd include the skull lantern of the Archeological Studies, which are made from disposed DVDs and CDs; the glittering Sarimanok float of Islamic Studies, and the balangay-themed float of the College of Architecture ...

Business Mirror

Business Mirror
Mon, 15 Dec 2014 03:15:00 -0800

“This is a sarimanok-inspired idea,” says Kim about his work titled “Sari-Jeepney.” “It symbolizes Filipino culture with deep appreciation of hard work and creativity. The concept is created to solve problems like traffic, economy, education and basic ...
Thu, 20 Feb 2014 09:46:44 -0800

Tourists and Ermita souvenir vendors will recognize a sarimanok as sold in versions of wood, bone, or metal. It resembles a rooster in flight with a fish hanging from its beak or sometimes from its claws, as a bird of prey would clutch its victim. The ...

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