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This article is about the mythical bird. For the boat, see Sarimanok (vinta).
0045MuseumFilipinojf 08.JPG
Title Sarimanok
Description The Legendary Bird of the Maranao people
Gender Male/female
Region Mindanao
Equivalent Víðópnir

The Sarimanok is a legendary bird of the Maranao people who originate from Mindanao, a major island in the Philippines. It comes from the words "sari" and "manok." "Sari" means cloth or garment, which is generally of assorted colors.[1] Manòk means "bird".


It is the legendary bird that has become a ubiquitous symbol of Maranao art. It is depicted as a fowl with colorful wings and feathered tail, holding a fish on its beak or talons. The head is profusely decorated with scroll, leaf, and spiral motifs. It is said to be a symbol of good fortune.[2][3][4]


The Sarimanok is derived from a totem bird of the Maranao people, called Itotoro. According to the Maranao people, the Itotoro is a medium to the spirit world via its unseen twin spirit bird called Inikadowa.

The Sarimanok is also believed to have originated from the Garuda of Hindu epic Ramayana[5] adopted into Maharadia Lawana [6] of Maranao people, which in turn was later adopted to an Islamic legend after Southern Philippines converted to Islam.

According to the later Islamic legend, Muhammad found a rooster in the first of the seven heavens. The bird was so large its crest touched the second heaven. Its crow roused every living creature except man. Judgement day would come once this celestial rooster ceased to crow.[7]

A Maranao legend also says of a Sultan's daughter being swept by a colorful rooster that became a handsome young man and they were never seen ever again. The Sultan then created replicas of the bird to remember his daughter by.[8]

Cultural Significance[edit]

According to the tradition, the sarimanok is never displayed by itself. It must be displayed with the set of flags, standards and vexilloids. At present, this is not totally true; sarimanok may be placed on the top of the umbrella of a Sultan or dignitary, and also, the Mindanao State University has adopted it for the graduation exercises following a non-traditional use.[9][10]

Philippine National Artist Abdulmari Asia Imao uses the Sarimanok as a motif for some of his artworks which helped popularize the creature.[11]

The Far Eastern University seal bears the FEU Coat of Arms and the sarimanok motif. The FEU Coat of arms consists of eight-pointed golden star that represents the first eight main disciplines of FEU. The sarimanok is a legendary bird in full color that project the nationalistic spirit upon which the university is founded. The university wanted to have a Filipino touch in everything because they were one of the first universities in the Philippines to be founded by a pure-blooded Filipino, Dr. Nicanor Reyes, Sr..[12]


  1. ^ "The Sarimanok". The Pinoy Warrior. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Philippine Arts and Culture: Sarimanok. Accessed August 28, 2008.
  3. ^ Geocities: Sarimanok. Accessed August 28, 2008.
  4. ^ Kipas: Kulintang Ensemble. Accessed August 28, 2008.
  5. ^ http://theberntraveler.wordpress.com/2013/12/02/hudhud-and-darangen-voices-from-pre-colonial-philippines/
  6. ^ https://openlibrary.org/books/OL3279931M/Maharadia_Lawana
  7. ^ The Manila Times Internet Edition: Adorning the Sarimanok. Accessed July 29, 2007
  8. ^ Philippine Culture: Sarimanok
  9. ^ Royal Sultanates of Lake Lanao. Accessed August 28, 2008.
  10. ^ ABC: Under the Crescent Moon. Accessed August 28, 2008.
  11. ^ "Abdulmari Asia Imao". National Commission for Culture and the Arts. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  12. ^ Tambayan, The Official Magazine of the FEU Advocate, March 2012, Vol.8

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarimanok — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
25378 videos foundNext > 

Paper Craft: Woven Bird (Sarimanok) and Dragon

Weave a bird or dragon from scraps of scrapbook paper. Based on the Sarimanok legend of the Maranao people (Philippines). In this tutorial I am using strips pf ...

NDDU Sarimanok Pep Squad - PRISAA Gensan 2013 CDC Champion

PRISAA Gensan 2013 CheerDance Competition champion - NDDU Sarimanok Pep Squad 1st - HTC Wildcats Pep Squad 2nd - RMMC Bluefins Pep Squad.

NDDU Sarimanok Pep Squad (CHAMPION) - 9th PRISAA Cheerdance Competition 2014

Notre Dame of Dadiangas University Sarimanok Pep Squad The 8-time Cheerdance Champion. (copyright video: Philip Filipinas Dolera)




Linggo linggo ang Sarimanok Broiler Feeds may hatid na mga impormasyong pagmamanukan Agritv Sunday 7.30 am ABS-CBN SPORTS + ACTION Ch 23 ...

St. Louis University's Filipino Student Association Performs the Sarimanok Dance

St. Louis University's Filipino Student Association performed the "Sarimanok Dance." According to a Lanao legend, the beautiful daughter of the Sultan of Lanao ...



Leo Martinez Arnell Ignacio Gelli de Belen Joji Isla Donita Rose.

NCC Finals 2015 - NDDU Sarimanok Pep Squad

6th Place - 262 points.

Sinulog Festival Queen 2013 (2nd Runner-up) - Sarimanok Festival of Lanao del Norte

Taken on January 18, 2013 at Cebu City Sports Center as part of the celebration of Sinulog 2013 in honor of the Child Jesus, Señor Santo Niño. Viva Pit Señor!

25378 videos foundNext > 

135 news items


Wed, 30 Sep 2015 10:52:07 -0700

From the traditions of the Babogo Tagabawa people comes “Sinab'badan,” the tale of a stolen gong that calls down sickness upon a village, and the “Legend of Sarimanok” recounts the adventures of a prince who captures the mythical Sarimanok bird.


Fri, 02 Oct 2015 10:37:30 -0700

SAN FRANCISCO — Members of the diplomatic corps and special guests attended the opening of The Hinabi Project, a unique and special initiative of the Philippine American Writers & Artists, Inc (PAWA) Thursday, September 24 at the Asian Art Museum at ...


Wed, 16 Sep 2015 21:15:44 -0700

However, research work started in 2011 with the Bagobo-Tagabawa, then Ga'dang, Kalinga, Tboli (as well as a workshop in Leyte with Leyte Dance Theatre for The Legend of Sarimanok) in 2014. Parangal has also made strides during their seventh year.

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Sun, 28 Dec 2014 07:56:15 -0800

Master of sarimanok: In the necrological service and tributes, “Pagdadalamhati ng Bayan,” at the Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP), the remains of the National Artist Abdulmari Asia Imao were surrounded by the multi-colored, mythical birds ...
Tue, 29 Sep 2015 06:41:15 -0700

It was already passed three in the afternoon and though I did not hear a single word said during the lecture, I was able to see Kuntz Vice President and artist Aris Bagtas painted Sarimanok out of numbers and lines while using oil pastels and a ...

BusinessWorld Online Edition

BusinessWorld Online Edition
Sun, 13 Sep 2015 20:12:22 -0700

The sarimanok, a colorful chicken design, is also a common feature at the roof of a torogan. Ms. Dazo said there is a legend that the strength of the torogan is usually tested by allowing two carabaos to fight inside the house. Ms. Dy said the torogan ...
Thu, 20 Feb 2014 09:46:44 -0800

The sarimanok drew my attention because you can date a Pinoy based on what he associates with it. Some Pinoy children today will mistake it for a chicken (manok) or a peacock; some people associate it with the logo of a cable TV channel; martial law ...
Mon, 21 Jan 2013 06:55:17 -0800

THE province of Lanao del Norte, now known as 'Tribu Sarimanok,' bagged its fourth win in the recently concluded Sinulog Festival in Cebu City. The province showcased the colorful and culturally-rich Sarimanok Festival of one of its coastal town, ...

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