digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















For other uses, see Sarfaraz Khan (disambiguation).
Sarfaraz Khan
Mīrzā royal
Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa (Nawab of Bengal)
Motamul-ul-mulk (Guardian of the country)
Ala ud-Daulah (Promoter of the state)
Haidar Jang (Lion in War)
Sarfaraz Khan.jpg
Reign 1727 and 1739–1740
Coronation 1 July 1727 and 13 March 1739
Predecessor Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan
Successor Alivardi Khan

Sons: Mirza Hafizullah Khan (d. November 1771)
Mirza Mughal
Mirza Amani
Mirza Burhan (d. April 1795)
Shukrullah Khan (Mirza Aga Baba) (b. April 29, 1740)

5 Daughters.
Dynasty Nasiri
Father Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan
Mother Zainab un-nisa Begum (Azim-un-nisa Begum)
Born Probably after 1700
Died April 29, 1740
Burial Naginabag, Murshidabad
Religion Islam

Sarfaraz Khan, born Mirza Asadullah (d. April 29, 1740) was a Nawab of Bengal. Sarfaraz Khan's maternal grandfather, Nawab Murshid Quli Khan of Bengal (Bengal, Bihar and Orissa) nominated him as the direct heir to him as there was no direct heir. After Murshid Quli's death in 1727, Sarfaraz ascended to the Masnad (throne) of the Nawab. Sarfaraz's father, Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan, then the Subahdar of Orissa, getting to know it arrive at Murshidabad, the capital of the Nawabs of Bengal with a huge army. To avoid a conflict in the family the dowager Begum of the Nawab asked Shuja-ud-Din to ascend to the Masnad after Sarfaraz abdicated in favour of his father. However, circumstances led Shuja-ud-Din to nominate Sarfaraz as his heir and after Shuja-us-Din's death in 1739, Sarfaraz Khan again ascended to the Masnad as the Nawab of Bengal (Bengal, Bihar and Orissa).

Early life and succession[edit]

Born Mirza Asadullah, sometime after 1700, Sarfaraz Khan was the son of Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan by his wife Zainab-un-nisa Begum (alias: Azim-un-nisa Begum; d/o Nawab Murshid Quli Khan of Bengal). Sarfaraz Khan was the grandson of Nawab Murshid Quli Khan of Bengal who died on June 30, 1727. In absence of a direct heir, Murshid Khan nominated Sarfaraz Khan to succeed him. Thus, Sarfaraz Khan ascended to the Masnad (throne) as the Nawab in 1727 before abdicating in favour of his father Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan in the same year.. On hearing of Sarfaraz's accession to the Masnad, Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan, the Diwan Nazim of Orissa, marched at the head of a large army towards Murshidabad. To avoid a conflict in the family, the dowager Begum of Murshid Quli Khan intervened; and her son-in-law Shuja-ud-Din ascended to the Masnad of Bengal. By August 1727, Shuja-ud-Din was firmly established and recognised as the second Nawab of Bengal.

But as fate had, circumstances lead Shuja-ud-Din to nominate his son, Sarfaraz again as his heir and successor and after Shuja-ud-Din died on August 26, 1739 Sarfaraz Khan again ascended to the Masnad as the Nawab of Bengal on 13 March 1739 with the title of Ala-ud-Din Haidar Jang.


Known to be an extremely pious, religious and moderate ruler he left the administration into the hands of his Nazims and Naib Nazims. Religious matters was his priority. This neglect in administrative matters resulted the gradual rise of Alivardi Khan the Nazim of Azimabad (Patna).

Sarfaraz Khan became the Diwan of Bengal for sometime early into the reign of his father Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan and later became the Nazim of Jahangir Nagar (Dhaka). Sarfaraz, however,did never live in Dhaka and administered it by his adviser Syed Galib Ali Khan. This was because of his disinterest in administrative and economic matters. Such negligence would cost him dearly towards the end of his life.

Sarfaraz Khan was a pious man, full of the outward forms of devotion, and extremely regular in his stated prayers and ablutions. He moreover fasted three full months besides the blessed month of Ramzan, and was scrupulous in the discharge of the several forms of worship to be attended to at different periods throughout the year. He was, however, totally deficient in those great qualities of mind, so indispensably necessary in sovereigns. Wholly engrossed in the little forms of religion, he neglected the affairs of state, and paid no attention to the observance of those duties requisite in a man of his high station and rank. It is true, he offered no injury to the persons of Ray-Rayan, Alam Chand, the Dewan of his father, nor to Jagat Seth or Haji Ahmed, his two other ministers, the latter, men of great abilities and influence, who, together with the Ray-Rayan, had had the absolute direction of affairs in the late reign ; but he resigned the reins of government into the hands of a few interested men, who had personal wrongs to revenge.

Among these were Haji Lutfullah, Mardan Ali Khan, Mir Murtaza, and others, who, long incensed against Haji Ahmed, depreciated his character everywhere, and insulted him with taunting expressions. These incensed noblemen, intent on giving vent to their enmity and hatred against Haji Ahmed, caused caricatures to be drawn of him, and eventually effected in Sarfaraz Khan's mind a total alienation of regard towards him. Haji Ahmed was accordingly removed from the office of Dewan, which he had held ever since Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan]'s accession ; and the office was now bestowed on Mir Murtaza. The viceroy wanted also to deprive Ataullah Khan, son-in-law of the Haji, of the military command of Rajmahal, in order to give it to his own son-in-law Hassan Muhammad Khan.

Intrigues in his Durbar[edit]

Haji Ahmed dreading the influence of his numerous enemies, endeavoured to gain strength to oppose them; he therefore wrote every thing to his brother Alivardi Khan, magnifying trifles exceedingly in the representation. Haji Ahmed had the art, too, to persuade the new viceroy to disband great part of his forces, and otherwise to retrench his expenses. Advice so consonant to his feelings was adopted without hesitation ; but while he listened to the counsel of Haji Ahmed to effect reduction, he allowed the arrest of Haji Ahmed's two sons Zain-ud-Din Ahmed Khan, who was on the road from Patna (Azimabad), and Ahmed Khan, who had just arrived from his command of Rangpur.

Sarfaraz Khan now set on foot an inquiry into the management of the public revenue of Azimabad (Patna), and recalled the troops that had been placed by his father under Alivardi Khan, and for whom during many years they had conceived an attachment. On their seeming to hesitate about being removed, he resumed the grant of land which his father Shuja bestowed on them. All these acts were minutely reported by Haji Ahmed, and assiduously trans mitted to his brother Alivardi Khan with the usual exaggeration ; and to give more weight to his own assertions, he used to superadd the testimony of his son Ahmed Khan, who on such occasions submitted to the influence of paternal authority.

Conspiracy of Alivardi Khan[edit]

Alivardi Khan daily informed of these events, resolved to avail himself of his acquaintance and connection with his friend Ishaq Khan, at the court of Dehli, a nobleman who was now in complete possession of the Mughal Emperor's ear. He wrote him a secret letter, in which he requested to have the patents of the three provinces transferred to himself, under promise of sending to court a present of a crore (ten million) of rupees, besides the whole of Sarfaraz Khan's wealth. To effect this, he required an imperial commission directed to himself, empowering him to wrest the three provinces out of the hands of the present viceroy, Sarfaraz Khan. After having dispatched these letters, he gave out that he intended marching against the zamindars of Bhojpur, and under that pretence he mustered his troops, which he always kept in constant readiness. At the same time, he had the art to give Sarfaraz Khan public notice of his project, though he in reality waited ready to avail himself of the first opportunity to effect his true purpose.

At length, ten months after Nadir-shah's departure for Persia, and just thirteen months after Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan's decease, he received the imperial commission, drawn up in the style he had requested. Being now resolved on marching against Sarfaraz Khan, he wrote secretly to Jagat Seth and Fateh Chand, that on a certain day he would commence his march. In March, 1740; Alivardi Khan, set out for Murshidabad, on the context of expedition to Bhojpur, and encamped at some distance from the city of Patna.

Alivardi Khan in a message to Sarfaraz Khan suggested that he was not marching on him but was arriving to pay homage to the Nawab. Initially satisfied, Sarfaraz Khan eventually decided to march on the head of his army and arrived at the town of Comrah on the 9 April 1740. Alivardi in the interim, secured the Teliagarhi pass and camped at Rajmahal. The Nawab's army was being led by a seasoned general, Ghaus Khan and Ray-Rayan, Alam Chand also accompanied. The rebel army was being led by Alivardi Khan with Nandalal and Nawazish Muhammad Khan as his deputys.

They opposing armies marched on to Giria (Battle of Giria), a village on the banks of the river Bhagirathi for a showdown on the 26th of April, 1740.

Defeat, death and succession[edit]

Main article: Battle of Giria

Sarfaraz was stark unlucky to have an opponent like Alivardi who besides being an excellent leader even at the age of 70, knew Sarfaraz's weaknesses. Sarfaraz Khan was defeated and killed in the Battle of Giria on the banks of the river Bhagirathi.The incumbent Alivardi Khan, the Nazim of Azimabad (Patna) defeated him in a direct conflict. The battle was short but bloody and intense given the "loyalty standards" of the time. The outcome was decided early by Sarfaraz Khan falling to a bullet. The remnants of his army continued to put up a brave resistance but Alivardi Khan was too good a general for them.

The primary cause for this debacle was that Sarfaraz never saw what was coming in the form of Alivardi Khan and did not take precautionary measures in time. Besides, Alivardi did not give him much time to settle down. Sarfaraz was more concerned of the "bigger threat" Nadir Shah who was vandalizing Delhi and Punjab. Nadir had in fact written to Sarfaraz which aggravated matters further. He can be best described as mild mannered person who neither had the opportunity nor the exceptional merit required to leave a "mark" on history on such troubled times and was consigned to the footnotes of history.

Sarfaraz Khan's reign was for a little over 13 months. The Nasiri Dynasty of Murshid Quli Khan ended with the death of Sarfaraz Khan. Sarfaraz Khan had five sons and five daughters who never made it to the doors of power thus Alivardi Khan toppled the Nasiri Nawabs and became the new Nawab of Bengal. Alivardi Khan also founded the Afshar Dynasty. He lies buried at Naginabag in Murshidabad.

External links[edit]

Sarfaraz Khan
Born: Before 1700 Died: April 29, 1740
Preceded by
Murshid Quli Khan (before 1727) and Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan (before 1739)
Nawab of Bengal
1727 and 1739 - 1740
Succeeded by
Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan (after 1727) and Alivardi Khan (after 1740)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarfaraz_Khan — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
54991 videos foundNext > 

Sarfaraz Khan - Under 19 World Cup Profiles

The ICC Under-19 World Cup begins on 14th February! Only on Star Sports 2, HD 2 and www.starsports.com!

Meet India U19 player Sarfaraz Khan's coach, his father Naushad Khan

An interview with rising cricket star Sarfaraz Khan

DNA's Tauz Rizi interviews Sarfaraz Khan.

India vs Pakistan Highlights World Cup U 19 2014

India vs Pakistan Highlights World Cup U 19 2014.

Meet the wonder kid of IPL, Sarfaraz Khan

Sarfaraz Khan already has a plan in place for the Rs. 50 lakh paycheque that will come his way after he was bought for that whopping sum by Royal Challengers Bangalore at the Indian Premier...

IPL Auction Sarfaraz Khan, 17, on How He will Use the Cash

MUMBAI: Sarfaraz Khan already has a plan in place for the Rs. 50 lakh paycheque that will come his way after he was bought for that whopping sum by Royal Challengers Bangalore at the Indian...

Sarfaraz Khan with Sunil Gavaskar and Zaheer Khan

Record Score in Harris Shield ... Scored 439 Runs.

Sarfaraz Khan: Our new batting hero

The 12-year-old boy recently made a quadruple century during a Harris Shield match in Mumbai.

Sarfaraz New Tapaezi 2014 - Ashnaye

Sarfaraz New Tapaezi 2014 - Ashnaye.

sarfaraz khan afridi new songs +afridi doha qatar +97477095499

54991 videos foundNext > 

12397 news items


Tue, 14 Apr 2015 04:26:23 -0700

Kolkata: Rallying behind teammate Robin Uthappa on his reported altercation with Royal Challengers Bangalore's Sarfaraz Khan, Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) skipper Gautam Gambhir said on Tuesday that such incidents can happen in the 'heat of things'.

Cricket Country

Cricket Country
Thu, 09 Apr 2015 17:52:33 -0700

Sarfaraz Khan made a name for himself with his batting exploits for India under-19s. He was one of their impressive performers at the ICC under-19 World Cup 2014 at UAE. He then played for Mumbai in Ranji Trophy. The 17-year-old Sarfaraz is one of the ...

Cricket Country

Times of India
Tue, 24 Mar 2015 21:58:07 -0700

PUNE: Mumbai batsman Sarfaraz Khan did not se New Zealander Grant Elliott's semifinal-wining six against South Africa but the youngster gave his team a similar finish to beat Baroda by six wickets in their Inter-zonal T20 opener on Tuesday. At the MCA ...

The Indian Express

Mumbai Mirror
Thu, 16 Apr 2015 15:07:30 -0700

The managing committee of the Mumbai Cricket Association (MCA) has decided to hold back the payment to Suraykumar Yadav and Sarfaraz Khan for their recent conduct of indiscipline. The two Mumbai players were involved in unruly behaviour in two ...


Mon, 06 Apr 2015 03:49:10 -0700

Sarfaraz Khan is only 17, but he's already used to controversy. What cannot be disputed, however, is his range of strokes and six-hitting power. He gave a glimpse of it during India's 2014 Under-19 World Cup campaign, scoring 211 runs at an average of ...


Mon, 16 Feb 2015 21:43:59 -0800

Mumbai: Sarfaraz Khan already has a plan in place for the Rs 50 lakh paycheque that will come his way after he was bought for that whopping sum by Royal Challengers Bangalore at the Indian Premier League (IPL) auction yesterday. Sarfaraz (17), who was ...

Cricket Country

Cricket Country
Fri, 17 Apr 2015 22:48:45 -0700

... Nic Maddinson, Ashok Dinda, Manvinder Bisla, Varun Aaron, Vijay Zol, Sarfaraz Khan, Jalaj Saxena, Shishir Bhavane, Iqbal Abdullah, David Wiese, Rilee Rossouw, Abu Nechim, Harshal Patel, Yuzvendra Chahal, Sandeep Warrier, Yogesh Takawale, Jalaj ...

दैनिक जागरण

दैनिक भास्कर
Mon, 13 Apr 2015 21:58:12 -0700

खेल डेस्क. कोलकाता नाइटराइडर्स के खिलाड़ी रॉबिन उथप्पा विवाद में फंसते नजर आ रहे हैं। मीडिया रिपोर्ट्स के अनुसार, शनिवार को कोलकाता में हुए केकेआर और आरसीबी के बीच मैच में रॉबिन उथप्पा ...

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight