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Location in Somalia.
Location in Somalia.
Country  Somalia
Capital Erigavo
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Sanaag (Somali: Sanaag, Arabic: سناج‎ ) is an administrative region (gobol) in northern Somalia.[1] Its capital city is Erigavo. Sanaag has a long coastline facing the Gulf of Aden to the north, and is bordered by the Somali regions of Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sool and Bari.

The most important towns in the region are Erigavo, Badhan, Las Khorey, Dhahar, Laako, El Afweyn, Buraan, Kulmiye, Yufle, Hadaftimo, Mindigale, Hingalol, Heis, Yubbe, El Buh, Damale Hagare, Maydh, El Ayo, Armale and Gar Adag.

Local control of Sanaag is disputed between Somaliland, Puntland, and Khatumo State, a newly formed administration which also lays claim to the southern part of the region.[2]


Main article: Warsangali Sultanate

The Sanaag region and northern Somalia in general is home to numerous archaeological sites, with ancient ruins, buildings and cairns found at Haylaan, Qa’ableh, Qombo'ul, Maydh and Elaayo, among other places. However, many of these old structures have yet to be properly explored, a process which would help shed further light on local history and facilitate their preservation for posterity.[3]

The Warsangali Sultanate was an imperial ruling house centered in northeastern and in some parts of southeastern Somalia. It was one of the largest sultanates ever established in the territory, and, at the height of its power, included the Sanaag region and parts of the northeastern Bari region of the country, an area historically known as Maakhir or the Maakhir Coast. The Sultanate was founded in the late 13th century in northern Somalia by a group of Somalis from the Warsangali branch of the Darod clan, and was ruled by the descendants of the Gerad Dhidhin.


The Sanaag region is mainly inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group, The four major population groups in the Sanaag region were respectively the Harti clans Warsangeli and Dhulbahante and the Isaaq clans Habr Je'llo and Habr Yonis, all of which were roughly the same size.[4]


Camel in Almadow Forest, Somalia


Sanaag has four zones: the coastal area, the mountain range, the gypsum karsts plateau and the Sool Haud plateau. The latter is rich in pasture and has better water quality. Except for the elevated area of Erigavo district where rainfall records indicate an annual average of up to 800 mm(see "Cal Madow" topic), rainfall generally does not exceed 150 mm in most of the region.


A severe drought in the region in the early part of the 21st century caused an 80% or greater loss of livestock, though two good rainy seasons in 2004–2005 helped restore the area. Over a 15-year period of analysis, from 1988–2003, there was a 52% loss of forest and a 40% loss of grassland, and a 370% increase in bare land. Soil erosion due to weather and human activities and clearing of wood and brush for such uses as charcoal and fuel are issues leading to a degradation of the environment.[5]


In recent history, the Sanaag region normally maintained a diverse economy, producing and then exporting to other regions, it produced livestock, frankincense, and leather for export, this was happening while the region lacked basic infrastructure, but sadly, after the outbreak of civil war the region’s economy collapsed from loss of markets and dilapidated infrastructure has never helped, and lack of investment. Now the region only supports one main economy, livestock rearing. The Somali livestock ban imposed by Gulf countries in which was Sanaag’s largest market has virtually destroyed the economy in the region, reducing purchasing power and forcing pastoralists in the region to survive on subsistence activities.[6]

Territorial dispute[edit]

Somaliland border dispute with Puntland. As of July 1, 2007, 2/3 of the disputed territory declared the state of Maakhir.

Sanaag is a disputed region, claimed as sovereign territory by the two autonomous Somaliland and Puntland macro-regions of Somalia.

The dispute between Somaliland and Puntland stems from 1998, when Puntland formed and declared the region as part of its territory.[7] Prior to that, it had been claimed but with no control over the region by Somaliland since the 1991 events of the Somali Civil War. In 1994, the historic USP political party was reinstated by Awad Ahmed Asharo, former party Chairmain of the main Warsangeli clan. With the support of Sanaag pro-union civil society, local admin and politicians, USP was subsequently recognized by UNISOM as the legitimate representative of Sanaag.[8]

Beginning in 1998, after Puntland was formed, Sanaag was one of the regions of Puntland, with Sanaag elected politician given the Speaker of the House position in a power sharing agreement. Thus, both the police and army of Puntland were already established in the region based on the desires of the local population for their security and the territorial integrity of Somalia. The separatist Somaliland administration, however, still claimed the territory as part of the original but colonial boundary of British Somaliland. Fighting between the two forces led to casualties and captured prisoners, who were later exchanged.

The dispute with the TFG stems from the passage of the new Charter in November 2004. However, this was not a pragmatic issue until the military successes of the government in the 2006–2007 war in Somalia. Assertions of sovereignty in January 2007 by the TFG leadership sparked riots in Somaliland for reunification with the south.[9]

On July 1, 2007, the state of Maakhir was declared in the area. It claimed autonomy from both Puntland and Somaliland,[10] but was eventually incorporated into Puntland in January 2009.[11]

Recently the elders from this region and nearby region of Sool which is also disputed have issued joint statement submitted to various agencies declaring their position on unity of Somalia and rejecting notion of Somaliland secessionist agenda, however some of native to both regions are in Somaliland administration. [12]


Uniquely designed house in Badhan, Somalia

According to the federal government of Somalia, prior 1991, Sanaag was divided into 5 Districts which are as follows:[13]

Overview of Erigavo.

According to the Puntland administration, the Sanaag region consists of 10 districts with Badhan being the Capital of the region. The Transitional Federal government also recognizes Puntland as an official state so as its regions and districts. The Districts of Sanaag are:

Hadaaftimo, Somalia

According to the Somaliland administration, as of July 2002, Sanaag was formally divided into 10 districts, rated "A" through "D" in terms; districts graded "D" were limited, because "their district councils shall not be elected at first local government elections as their borders have not yet been delineated."[14] Thus, under the 2005 elections for the lower house of Parliament, Sanaag was described as only having six districts.[15] Here is the list of districts of Sanaag and their "Grade":

Hadaaftimo, Somalia

Notable Sanaagians[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Regions of Somalia
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Michael Hodd, East African Handbook, (Trade & Travel Publications: 1994), p.640.
  4. ^ World, Ref. "Report on the Fact-finding Mission to Somalia and Kenya (27 October - 7 November 1997)". Ref World. Danish Immigration Service. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  5. ^ "Environmental Study of Degradation in the Sool Plateau and Gebi Valley: Sanaag Region of Northern Somalia" (PDF). Horn Relief. February 2006. Retrieved 6 February 2007. 
  6. ^ http://www.mbali.info/doc179.htm
  7. ^ "Remarks on the 1998 Charter of Puntland State of Somalia". Somalia Watch. 12 August 2000. Retrieved 18 January 2007. 
  8. ^ "USP and the means of its political weight - Historical Understanding". Somalia Watch. February 1994. Retrieved 19 February 2009. 
  9. ^ "Pro-government rally take place in northwest Somalia". Shabelle Media Network. 17 January 2007. Retrieved 19 January 2007. [dead link]
  10. ^ The Formation of The Maakhir State of Somalia
  11. ^ Worldstatesmen - Maakhir
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ Gwillim Law, "Districts of Somalia ", Statoids, December 31, 1990
  14. ^ "Republic of Somaliland: Regions and Districts Law (Law No: 23/2002)". Translation of Republic of Somaliland government document. 29 July 2002. Archived from the original on 26 November 2006. Retrieved 22 February 2007. 
  15. ^ "Somaliland: Elections for the Lower House of Parliament September 2005" (PDF). Norwegian Centre for Human Rights/NORDEM. September 2005. Retrieved 22 February 2007. [dead link]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 10°46′45″N 48°11′9″E / 10.77917°N 48.18583°E / 10.77917; 48.18583

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanaag — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
13710 videos foundNext > 


Taariikhda Gobolka Sanaag

Horumarka Badhan Sanaag


Sool - Sanaag Song Lyrics (Gulled Ahmed)

Waa Hees Casri Ah Laguna Magcaabo (Sool-Sanaag), Oo Uu Ereyadeeda Hal Abuuray Abwaanka Da'da Yar ee Soomaaliyeed Abwaan Salah Noor Salah ...

ceerigaabo sanaag Somaliland.wmv by xuseen cali

waa sawiro ku laga soo qaday ceerigabo iyo sanaag Ceerigaabo sanaag somaliland!

Wareysi Guddomiyaha Gobolka Sanaag

Copyright Laws and Treaties. Any unauthorized copy or re-upload of this video is prohibited. No part of this video may be reproduced, or used in any form or by ...


Waa hees cusub oo uu tiriyay abwaan Nuuradiin ahmed Dhaadheere Music by Abdisalaan Jiimi ( london Walaalaha Sanaag Band.

Hees Cusub (Sool Sanaag & Ceyn) 2015

Sanaag region--Somalia

Scenes of Sanaag region of Somalia, the beauty of this region is well documented,, Enjoy watching.

13710 videos foundNext > 

1399 news items

Chandigarh Tribune

Chandigarh Tribune
Mon, 17 Aug 2015 11:56:15 -0700

... Manali Hoteliers' Association, Vyapar Mandal, Luxury Coach Owners Association, Him-Aanchal Taxi Operators Union and village panchayats Palchan and Sanaag, opposed the ban on petrol and diesel vehicles going to the Rohtang Pass without providing ...
Inner City Press
Tue, 18 Aug 2015 13:03:45 -0700

The meeting provided a good opportunity for Minister Yonis to brief Under-Secretary General Feltman about Somaliland's relations with Puntland, progress with relations in Sool and Sanaag and the “Khatumo” rebel movement, the status of the Dialogue ...

Horseed Media

Horseed Media
Sun, 09 Aug 2015 06:52:30 -0700

... taliyaha taraafikada gobolada Bari, Karkaar iyo Sanaag Maxamed Finiin Yuusuf iyo taliyaha qaybta C/qaadir Axmed khayr Bashka waxayna dhamaantood ka wada shanqariyeen inay guulo ka gaareen xaga amaanka iyo kicinta canshuuraha gobolka.
The Somaliland Globe
Sun, 23 Aug 2015 13:28:26 -0700

What of the road network in the country, obviously on the blind has failed to notice the improvements mostly asphalt all over the country but more so the now ongoing construction of the 370 kms Erigavo- Burao road to link Sanaag region to the rest of ...
Inner City Press
Sat, 08 Aug 2015 11:22:30 -0700

The meeting provided a good opportunity for Minister Yonis to brief Under-Secretary General Feltman about Somaliland's relations with Puntland, progress with relations in Sool and Sanaag and the “Khatumo” rebel movement, the status of the Dialogue ...

Horseed Media

Horseed Media
Mon, 20 Oct 2014 05:19:44 -0700

Boqorka Beelaha Daarood Boqor Burhaan Boqor Muuse iyo wafdi uu hogaaminayo ayaa lagu soo dhaweeyey magaalada Baran oo Puntland Xarun ugu ah Gobolka Sanaag, Wafdi boqorka ayaa si weyn loogu soo dhaweeyey afaafka hore ee Magaalada ...

Horseed Media

Horseed Media
Sun, 26 Oct 2014 04:57:47 -0700

Boqor Burhaan Boqor Muuse ayaa ka mahadceliyey Casuumaadda oo u sameeyey Suldaan Siciid Suldaan C/salaan iyo sida loogu soo dhaweeyey Gobolka Sanaag oo labaatanka Bishaan ay booqasho Taariikhi ah ay ku gaareen Boqorka iyo wefdi ...

Raxanreeb Online

Raxanreeb Online
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 01:12:06 -0700

Mr Galeyr said the attack on Saah Dheer was bare aggression against the people in Sool and Sanaag regions and that his new administration will not accept imposed administration which is against their will. “W want peace and we want good neighborhood ...

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