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Samotlor field
Samotlor Field is located in Russia
Samotlor Field
Location of Samotlor field
Country Russia
Region Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Tyumen Oblast
Location Lake Samotlor, Nizhnevartovsk district,
Offshore/onshore onshore
Coordinates 61°7′N 76°45′E / 61.117°N 76.750°E / 61.117; 76.750Coordinates: 61°7′N 76°45′E / 61.117°N 76.750°E / 61.117; 76.750
Operator Samotlorneftegaz
Partner TNK-BP
Field history
Discovery 1965
Start of development 1967
Start of production 1969
Peak year 1980
Production
Current production of oil 750,000 barrels per day (~3.7×10^7 t/a)
Year of current production of oil 2008
Estimated oil in place 4,000 million barrels (~5.5×10^8 t)
Producing formations Cretaceous ages

Samotlor Field is the largest oil field of Russia and the sixth largest in the world,[1] owned and operated by TNK-BP. The field is located at Lake Samotlor in Nizhnevartovsk district, Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Tyumen Oblast. It covers 1,752 square kilometres (676 sq mi).[2]

History[edit]

The field was discovered in 1965. Development started in 1967 and first oil was produced in 1969.[1][2] Discovery of this field had changed Nizhnevartovsk from a small nearby village into a busy oil city as Samotlor used to be the most important oil production base of the Soviet Union. Before forming TNK-BP, the field was developed by Samotlorneftgaz and TNK-Nizhnevartovsk.[3] After creation of TNK-BP, these companies became subsidiaries of TNK-BP.

Over the all development period a total of 2,086 well clusters (containing more than 17,000 wells) have been built and about 2.6 billion tons of oil has been produced.[1][2] The peak production occurred in 1980 when Samotlor produced 158.9 million tons of oil (7 Mbbl/d or 1.1×10^6 m3/d).[2] The production has been in decline ever since, although according to TNK-BP the field production has stabilized over the past last years after.[1]

Reserves[edit]

The in-place oil reserves of the Samotlor field were equal to 55 billion barrels (8.7×10^9 m3) and as of 2009 estimated at 1 billion barrels (160×10^6 m3). The proven reserves are approximately 44 billion barrels (7.0×10^9 m3).[4] The field is 80% depleted with water-cut exceeding 90%.[1]

At the end of the 1990s, production rate dropped to 300,000 barrels per day (48,000 m3/d).[5] However, through an aggressive exploration program and application of cutting-edge technologies TNK-BP had raised production up to 750,000 barrels per day (119,000 m3/d).[1] Up to 2012, TNK-BP plans to invest US$1 billion per year for maintaining oil production in it at the level of 30 million tons per year.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "TNK-BP's Samotlor Field Declared the World's Sixth Biggest". OilVoice. 2009-08-22. Retrieved 2010-06-14. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Samotlor". TNK-BP. Retrieved 2010-06-14. 
  3. ^ Lynch, Michael (2009-04-13). TNK-BP planning to produce Samotlor for another 90 years. Gerson Lehrman Group. Retrieved 2010-06-14. 
  4. ^ a b "TNK-BP to Invest $1 bln in Samatolor Field". Oil & Gas Eurasia; TNK-BP (Eurasia Press, Inc.). 2001-05-28. Retrieved 2010-06-14. 
  5. ^ "TNK to revive Samotlor oil field". The PMA Online Power Report (Alexander's Gas & Oil Connections). 2001-05-28. Retrieved 2010-06-14. 

Sources[edit]

  • Kramer, Andrew E. "Mapmakers and Mythmakers: Russian Disinformation Practices Obscure Even Today's Oil Fields," New York Times (1 December 2005): C1.

External links[edit]


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