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Traditional Sami Knife produced by Kainuun Puukko. However a traditional knife would have a smooth transition between the handle and the blade without a guard and a sharper edge to the silver or tin plate normally placed at the but.

The Sami knife (Sami: Stuorraniibi = "big knife", Finnish: Lapinleuku or Leuku), is a large knife traditionally used by the Sami people.

The Sami knife has a long, wide, and strong blade that is suited for light chopping tasks such as de-limbing, cutting small trees for shelter poles (See Lavvu), brush clearing, bone breaking and butchering tasks, and is sometimes used as a substitute for an axe for chopping and splitting small amounts of firewood from standing dead trees- an essential ability when all dead and fallen wood is buried underneath many layers of snow. Typical Sami knives have a blade length ranging from 200 to 450 mm.[1] The largest knives can be considered as machetes[2] or short swords.

The handle is generally made from birch for better grip when used in snowy conditions. This also provides good control over the blade, particularly when using draw strokes, which are preferred when handling the knife with gloves, or while the hands are numb.[3] The tang runs through the handle. The handle has no crossguard. Traditional material for the sheath is reindeer leather.

The blade's edge often has a Scandinavian (or Scandi) grind, i.e. a single flat bevel. The blade should be strong enough to split (reindeer) bones, and tempered to sustain low temperatures. Some Sami knives have fullers.

The Sami people typically use two knives; the smaller one can be called a buiku, puukko or unna niibaš ( "small knife" ), while the larger "Sami knife" is called stuorra niibi ( "big knife" ). An even larger version known as a Väkipuukko is similar to a Seax.

See also[edit]

References[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sami_knife — Please support Wikipedia.
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3 news items

 
Dexigner
Sun, 11 Oct 2009 16:19:36 -0700

Global design and local Finnish design and production meet at The Sami Knife II exhibition at Design Forum Finland. 22 designers have searched for a new form for the traditional Sami Knife. In addition to top designers from the Nordic countries, the ...
 
Forez.info
Sun, 28 Nov 2010 12:44:04 -0800

Simo Heikkila, commissaire de l'exposition "Sami Knife II" était à Saint-Etienne le 22 novembre. " Si les designers luttaient plutôt que de produire des produits sexy, on verrait moins d'objets idiots ", dit-il. Le peuple samí (lapon) vit dans la ...
 
Telegraph.co.uk
Mon, 21 Mar 2011 08:17:50 -0700

One woman in our group who rode as a passenger behind Goran, a clean-cut hunter who can skin a reindeer with his Sami knife and cook a fish fresh-caught through the ice, returned breathlessly confirming they have a definite caveman appeal. In fact, the ...
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