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Tortoise-shell and silver salakot.
A silver-inlaid salakot fit for a Gobernadorcillo or a Cabeza de baranggay.

A salakót is a traditional wide-brimmed hat from the Philippines. It is often made of either rattan or reeds, and is a traditional headdress besides the iconic conical Asian hat found in neighbouring Southeast and East Asian countries.


Ancient tradition recounts that the first Malay settlers in the archipelago purchased the valleys and plains of Panay Island from the native Aetas in exchange for a golden salakót and a very long pearl necklace called a manangyad, which touched the ground when worn by the wife of the Aeta chieftain.

The custom of embellishing the salakót developed during the Spanish Era. Though normally worn by farmers, wealthy and landed Christian Filipinos and mestizos (especially the members of the nobility called the Principalía) would also wear the salakót. It would be adorned with embossed silver, and sometimes silver coins and pendants were hung from the hat's brim. Many depictions of gobernadorcillos and cabezas de barangay would portray these colonial public functionaries as wearing ornate salakots. It was not uncommon for this class to wear salakót made of more prized materials, such as tortoiseshell and precious metals.[1]

Cultural significance[edit]

The salakot is a common symbol for Filipino identity, often worn by the National personification Juan dela Cruz.


  1. ^ Alfredo R. Roces, et al., eds., Ethnic Headgear in Filipino Heritage: the Making of a Nation, Philippines: Lahing Pilipino Publishing, Inc., 1977, Vol. VI, pp. 1106-1107.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salakot — Please support Wikipedia.
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5 news items

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 09:41:15 -0700

At first, they didn't want to show the collection to Loren but she was able to convince them and there she saw Rizal's collection from the 1880s: a salakot made from carabao horns, a pina barong, an Ycat cloth, a barot' saya and a brass belt. Loren ...


Fri, 29 Aug 2014 06:52:30 -0700

“Amazing, he has a salakot made out of carabao. He has a pinya ba, he has a barong and saya…amazing… and that was 1887,” she exclaimed. She learned from the curator that Rizal gave the collection to his friend, who later became the founder of the ...


Sun, 24 Aug 2014 10:34:30 -0700

The Cultural Center of the Philippines opened in 1969 with Lamberto Avellana's “Golden Salakot: Isang Dularawan.” Back then my only exposure to classical music was limited to DZFE broadcast and free listening at the Thomas Jefferson Library in Sta. Mesa.
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 11:33:38 -0700

While it is true that most history books portray Diego Silang with his trademark salakot, there's much more to him than that. What most people know is that Diego Silang revolted against the Spanish, and that he was betrayed and assassinated, after ...
China Radio International
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 04:03:45 -0700

HANDA ang Pamahalaang Panglalawigan ng Albay at Lungsod ng Legazpi sa oras na lumala ang kalagayan ng bulkang Mayon, ang tanyag na mala-salakot na bundok na may taas na 2,462 metro mula sa karagatan. Sa panayam kay Dr. Cedric Daep, ang ...

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