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Saintonge
Flag of Saintonge
Flag
Coat of arms of Saintonge
Coat of arms
Modern map showing the extent ofthe historical Saintonge province
Modern map showing the extent of
the historical Saintonge province
Location of Saintonge in France
Location of Saintonge in France
Country France
Time zone CET

Saintonge (French pronunciation: ​[sɛ̃tɔ̃ʒ]), historically spelled Xaintonge and Xainctonge, is a former province of France located on the west central Atlantic coast. The capital city was Saintes (Xaintes, Xainctes). Other principal towns include Saint-Jean-d'Angély, Jonzac, Frontenay-Rohan-Rohan, Royan, Marennes, Pons, and Barbezieux-Saint-Hilaire. The borders of the province slightly shifted through history, and some mapmakers, such as Nicolas Sanson (1650), Johannes Blaeu (1662), and Bernard Antoine Jaillot (1733), show it extending into Cognac, traditionally part of Angoumois, and to the parishes of Braud-et-Saint-Louis and Étauliers, part of the Pays Gabay on the right bank of the Gironde River.

Today, 4/5 of the historical Saintonge province occupies the modern département of Charente-Maritime, 1/5 lies in Charente, and a small section extends north into Deux-Sèvres, all within the administrative region of Poitou-Charentes.

History[edit]

The province derives its name from the Santones, an ancient Gallic tribe of that once inhabited the area. During antiquity, Saintonge was part of the Roman province of Gallia Aquitania, and Saintes became its first capital. The region fell under the control of the kings and dukes of Aquitaine, the counts of Anjou, then the counts of Poitiers, before becoming integrated in the new Duchy of Aquitaine for centuries. Occupying the frontier between Capetian and Plantagenet controlled areas during the late Middle Ages, between 1152 and 1451, it was the site of constant struggles between lords torn between their allegiance to Anglo-Aquitaine and those linked to Paris. Saintonge was primarily attached to Anglo-Aquitaine until the mid-fourteenth century. However, errors by Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster and the Edward, the Black Prince gradually contributed to weakening English power, and the province ultimately came under the control of the King of France, Charles VII, "the Victorious", in 1451.

Saintonge was the birthplace of French explorer Jean Allefonsce (or Alfonse) in 1484, and the founder of Quebec, Samuel de Champlain, in 1574.[1] It also was one of the centers for followers of the French Huguenots.

The distinctive Saintongeais dialect (patouê saintonjhouê, jhabrail) was once spoken throughout Saintonge, as well as the provinces of Aunis and Angoumois.

The region is famous for its grapes, which are used to produce cognac and Pineau des Charentes.

Pottery[edit]

Saintonge jug (1275–1350) exported to London. Now in the Tower of London.

This area is also famous for its widely exported medieval pottery, sherds of which are found in large quantities on medieval excavations throughout Ireland and other European countries. These shards are from vessels made and exported as a by-product of the Bordeaux wine trade (Deroeux and Dufournier, 1991). They consist of an off-white micaceous fabric with moderate amounts of quartz and sparse inclusions of haematite. They are glazed on the external surface only, with a clear lead glaze. In Saintonge Green wares the addition of copper filings produces a mottled mid-green colouring. Many forms of Saintonge wares were produced, including Saintonge Polychrome, Saintonge Green, and in some cases unglazed wares.

Saintonge polychrome dish in the style of Bernard Palissy, mid-1500s, excavated in London. London Museum.

The most common forms of vessel produced in this ware were wine jugs. These were characteristically tall, with slightly ovoid bodies, flat bases, parrot-beak spouts and strap handles.

This ware has been found on Irish excavations from the later 12th century but it is most commonly uncovered in 13th century contexts.

Saintonge was exported well through the 17th century. Acadians and French colonialists in Quebec and Eastern Canada imported many Saintonge ceramics, including bowls, plates, mugs and other types. Many Saintonge ceramic fragments have been found in context with 17th century colonialists and are often used as evidence of pre-British occupation of these areas. Slipped Saintonge is more consistent in colour and appearance than unslipped, having the benefit of an undercoating to regulate the process. The green colour of Saintonge comes from Copper oxide, added to the clear lead glaze finish.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

Derœux, D. & Dufournier, D. 1991. Réflexions sur la diffusion de la céramique très decorée d’origine française en Europe du nord-ouest XIII-XIVe siècles, Archéologie médiévale 21, p. 163-77.

Coordinates: 45°45′00″N 0°38′00″W / 45.75°N 0.633333°W / 45.75; -0.633333


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saintonge — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
26901 videos foundNext > 

Laszlo - Saintonge - Solo Piano Instrumental Live ( Lydian Label Sessions ) HD

Aaron 'Laszlo' Wheeler performs a solo piano arrangement of "Saintonge" from his album Radial Nerve, now available to buy on iTunes: http://itunes.apple.com/...

Haute Saintonge VIP 7/8 juillet 2012

Organisateur Vitesse Performance - 750 GSXR K1.

Circuit de Haute Saintonge Chasse aux CAYMAN

Circuit Haute Saintonge le 8 juin 2013 993 4s contre 2 cayman.

Rallye de Saintonge 2014

26ème Rallye national de Saintonge, le 19 juillet 2014.

Stéphane Pagani - Vitesse Performance 3 mai 2014 - Circuit de Haute Saintonge

Stéphane Pagani pilote en France Suberbike, FSBK. Nous fait une petite démonstration de pilotage sur le circuit de Haute Saintonge. Il détient actuellement l...

RALLYE DE SAINTONGE 2014 [SHOW - GLISSES]

RALLYE DE SAINTONGE 2014 VICTOIRE DE M.FAUCHER ET RAGNOTTI EN VHC.

Rallye de Saintonge 2014

Retrouvez le classement final du Rallye sur http://www.rallyefrance.com/classement-rallye-de-saintonge-2014 Pour plus d'informations, rendez-vous sur mon sit...

rallye de saintonge 2014

Après les abandons rapides de Terrière et De Sousa, Mickaël Faucher s'est retrouvé seul pour s'imposer une première fois au Saintonge devant Samuel Bezinaud ...

Rallye de Saintonge 2013

25ème rallye national de Saintonge, le 20 juillet 2013.

Circuit de Haute Saintonge 21 & 22/09/2013 - session confirmé par Cédric

Roulage du Charentais Racing Team avec le Moto Club de Haute Saintonge le 21 et 22 Septembre 2013.

26901 videos foundNext > 

186 news items

Charente Libre

Charente Libre
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 23:45:00 -0700

Mais l'emballement des clients, face à des modèles étrangers à moindre coût, n'a duré qu'un temps. Depuis quelques années, le fabricant artisanal de Saintonge a repris du poil de la bête. "Les clients se sont rendu compte que la qualité n'était pas la ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 22:04:47 -0700

lus de créativité que d'épouvante en perspective pour la fête de la Saint-Louis, ce week-end à Saint-Genis de Saintonge. Pour la première fois, le comité des loisirs organise un concours d'épouvantails, demain après-midi, sur le champ de foire. Pour ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 20:35:35 -0700

Chaque mardi d'août, portrait d'un viticulteur de Haute-Saintonge et de son animation. Aujourd'hui, Jacqueline et Richard Gyl, à Échebrune. Haute Saintonge : suivez le guide sur le sentier vigneron Richard Gyl sur le sentier pédestre à travers vignes ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Thu, 07 Aug 2014 22:13:07 -0700

ne petite équipe - dont six membres de l'association Amitiés Saintonge-Banfora - s'est réunie jeudi 31 juillet, avec un invité surprise et de marque : le précédent maire de Banfora, actuel dirigeant d'une grande entreprise de communication à Ouagadougou.
 
Seacoastonline.com
Sat, 09 Aug 2014 16:48:45 -0700

Another woman who was with the 85th Regiment de Saintonge, Jessica Reardon of Boxborough, Mass., said she was invited to her first re-enactment years ago when she moved from Troy, N.Y., do an internship at Cisco Systems. “My boss at Cisco, Dana ...
 
Troy Media
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 08:19:48 -0700

Professor Fischer points out that Champlain and the majority of Acadians came from the seaport of Brouage, the surrounding district of Saintonge and adjacent area of France south of the Loire River. This region had in the 17th century distinct cultural ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 22:15:00 -0700

ans le cadre des Estivales de Haute Saintonge, la municipalité a organisé dans l'église, un concert de flûte et guitare, vendredi 29 septembre en soirée, qui a rassemblé près de 150 personnes. Marylène Borneman, adjointe au maire, a présenté Laura ...

Sud Ouest

Sud Ouest
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 20:25:38 -0700

Après ce match, on sait désormais, en Saintonge, que les Bretons disposent de trois excellents arrières, Alcindor, Leblais et Chauvin. Il faudra les surveiller en championnat. Dans l'autre demi-finale, Saintes et Caen sont longtemps restés au coude à ...
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