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Sainthia is located in West Bengal
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°57′N 87°40′E / 23.95°N 87.67°E / 23.95; 87.67Coordinates: 23°57′N 87°40′E / 23.95°N 87.67°E / 23.95; 87.67
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Birbhum
 • Total 10 km2 (4 sq mi)
Elevation 53 m (174 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 44,601
 • Density 4,400/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Lok Sabha constituency Birbhum
Vidhan Sabha constituency Sainthia. Labpur
Website birbhum.nic.in

Sainthia is a town and a municipality in Suri Sadar subdivision of Birbhum district in the Indian state of West Bengal. The town is famous for Nandikeshwari Temple, one of the Shakti Peethas in India.

Urbanization of this area gained momentum in the recent past, when construction work of the Sahibganj loop line and a bridge over the Mayurakshi River started. Construction of the Khana-Rajmahal section of Sahibganj Loop was completed in October 1859. The first train ran from Howrah to Rajmahal via Khana Junction on 4 July 1860. Construction of the Sainthia railway station was done as part of building the entire line. This large project brought people from different corners of this country to assemble and settle here. With the effort of the inhabitants of this urban locality, Sainthia has been turned into a commercial hub of the district. Now it is growing rapidly through all the development and service avenues to be a model municipality by taking good care of its inhabitants and the nature surrounding it. Sainthia Municipality has an area of 10 square kilometres.


The name Sainthia is derived from 'Sain', a Bengali term used to refer to an Islamic priest. Sainthia is also known as 'Nandipur', after the famous temple of Nandikeshwari.


On July 19, 2010, the Sainthia train collision occurred at the train station here, when Bananchal express was crashed by Uttarbanga express at Sainthia Station.



Sainthia is located at 23°34′N 87°24′E / 23.57°N 87.40°E / 23.57; 87.40.[3] It has an average elevation of 53 metres (173 feet). The town is situated in the bank of Mayurakshi River. The soil is generally alluvial and fertile. There was a rich reservoir of groundwater but this stands somewhat depleted due to overuse. The temperature goes very high and it is terribly humid in summer and quite cold in winter.


Census India 2001[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[4] Sainthia had a population of 39,244. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Sainthia has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 59%. In Sainthia, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Census India 2011[edit]

As of 2011, the Sainthia Municipality has a population of 44,601, of which 22,856 are males while 21,745 are females, as per the report released by Census India 2011. The population of children under age 6 is 4511, which is 10.11 % of the total population of Sainthia. In Sainthia, the female sex ratio is 951, against the state average of 950. The child sex ratio is around 880, compared to the West Bengal state average of 956. The literacy rate of Sainthia is 79.50%, higher than state average of 76.26%. Male literacy is around 84.70% while female literacy is 74.08%. Out of the total population, 16,485 were engaged in work or business activity. Of this, 13,481 were males while 3,004 were females. In the census survey, a worker is defined as a person who does business, job, service, cultivator, or labour activity. Of the total 16,485 working population, 92.97% were engaged in main work while 7.03% were engaged in marginal work. Sainthia has over 10,229 houses.


Sainthia is one of the busiest business hubs in the middle part of West Bengal. The economy of Sainthia Municipal area is the central place of Birbhum district. The economy is based on agricultural products and their allied businesses. Rice mills, mastered oil mills, bran oil mills, fried rice mills, galvanized wire product units and other businesses run here. The hinterland of business of Sainthia spreads up to the district of Jharkhand in the west and Kandi of Murshidabad district in the east. The town is well connected to Baharampur, Siuri, Rampurhat, Bolpur, Andal, Asansol and Durgapur through high roads and railroads. That makes the town the business center of all sorts of goods distribution and transportation. Its socio-economical status is quite strong and education ratio is steadily increasing.

Nandikeshwari Temple[edit]

Sainthia is famous for its temple of Goddess Nandikeshwari.[5] One of the 51 Shakti Peethas, the temple attracts a vast array of visitors and devotees from all over the region. The temple rests on an elevated platform, and contains many additional smaller shrines to many gods and goddesses of the Hindu pantheon. Statuettes of the Mahavidyaas are carved on the walls overlooking the main temple. Puja is offered daily to the Goddess. The name of the Goddess is derived from 'Nandi', the mascot and follower of Lord Shiva, and 'Ishwari' (Goddess), meaning 'one who is worshiped by Nandi, the divine bull'. Wife to Lord Shiva, the Goddess is one of the many aspects of Goddess Sati or Parvati.

Situated about 179 km from Howrah and close to the Sainthia railway station, the temple is also a famous pilgrimage for visitors from Kolkata. Usually, a circular journey for the pilgrimage is undertaken by visitors and devotees from Kolkata and other major cities in the Birbhum District, starting from Shantiniketan, through Tara Pith and Nandikeshwari, and finally to Fullara Mahapith of Labhpur. Daily 'Prasad' is offered to the devotees in the temple. An annual festival is held during autumn.



There are two colleges in Sainthia:

Abhedananda Mahavidyalaya is a general stream college under the University of Burdwan. It was established in 1964. With advice from Sri Sri Thakur Satyanandadev, the spiritual disciple of Swami Abhedananda, his disciple Dr. Krishna Das Ray [Dr. K. D. Ray]

Dr. K. D. Ray

founded the college under the affiliation of the University of Burdwan in the sacred memory of his spiritual guide. The college was established to fill the needs of higher education of the students of Sainthia and the vast rural areas. Dr. Ray built the college building and its two hostels, and was the first principal of the college.

  • Birbhum Vivekananda Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital is a homeopathic medical college. On 10 April 1972, on their way back after attending a convention on homeopathic science at Suri, Birbhum, a few enthusiastic homeopathic and social workers of Sainthia decided to form an organization. Their aim was to establish an ideal homeopathic institution to teach the educated youths and to propagate the laws of homeopathic science at a low cost.

Within a month, the organisation came into existence. To fulfill its object, while they were in search of land, and at its eventual moment the late Pradyut Kumar Ghoshal came forward and donated 0.67 acres of land. Unconditionally at sanitary site on the bank of the river Mayuraskhi, more acres of land were essentially required to build a medical college and hospital. The patrons then made an ardent and fervent appeal to Manish Gupta, the District Magistrate, Birbhum. Then the new D.M., Mr. Goswami, kindly offered 2.67 acres of land to the association, adjacent to the first plot, for establishing a homeopathic medical college.

The mission of Birbhum Vivekananda Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital is to extend facilities and offer humanitarian activities to ailing people in the remote rural areas of West Bengal through homeopathic medicine. The idea and ideology of trueness, the honest attempt to fulfill the desire of the great scientist Dr. Samuel Hahnemann who emphasized the need of carrying out the light of homeopathic education to serve the needy ailing humanity and uplifting the followers from the abyss of quackery.


  • Sainthia High School is the oldest high school of Sainthia. It was started as a boys' high school but now it is co-educational in the 11th and 12th classes. It was founded by Panchanan Ghosh, among the leading personalities of Sainthia, who belonged to the famous Ghosh family.
  • Sainthia Town High School is a boys' only high school.
  • Shashibhushan Dutta Girls' High School was founded by the Dutta family of Sainthia in the memory of their father.
  • Jogeshwari Dutta Girls' High School was started by Sainthia Municipality as "Municipal Girls' Junior High School" up to 8th class. The Dutta family sponsored it to a high school in memory of their mother Jogeshwari Dutta. Now it is up to the 10th class.
  • Paharhi Baba Vidyapth is not situated inside Sainthia, but it enrolls many students from Sainthia. It is a co-ed school.


There is one government-sponsored public library in Sainthia. It is situated beside Sainthia Town High School.


External links[edit]

Sainthia travel guide from Wikivoyage

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sainthia — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

181 news items

Times of India
Sun, 11 Mar 2012 13:48:45 -0700

KOLKATA: The CID is likely to file a closure report in the Sainthia train disaster case. Sixty-five people were killed in the accident on July 19, 2010. The then railway minister Mamata Banerjee had called the disaster an act of sabotage, drawing ...

Calcutta Telegraph

Calcutta Telegraph
Mon, 19 Jul 2010 03:19:33 -0700

Sainthia (WB), July 19 (PTI) : The train accident in West Bengal's Birbhum district on Monday in which at least 60 people were killed is the sixth major one in the past one year and the second in less than two months in the state. 60 people were killed ...
Times of India
Fri, 25 Sep 2015 07:43:40 -0700

KOLKATA: A man from Sainthia in Birbhum told the Calcutta high court on Thursday that he will leave home with his wife after his parents lodged a complaint of torture against the woman. Amit Agarwala's two minor children from his first wife, who were ...
Daily News & Analysis
Mon, 13 Sep 2010 05:46:48 -0700

The accident involving two trains which claimed 66 lives in West Bengal's Sainthia station July this year, was caused by the "failure" of railway staff, according to a preliminary inquiry report by the commissioner of railway safety. The inquiry ...

The Hindu

The Hindu
Wed, 21 Jul 2010 01:41:26 -0700

The air was heavy with anguish at the Suri Hospital mortuary on Tuesday, as relatives and friends of those killed in the Vananchal Express-Uttarbanga Express collision at Sainthia junction waited to go through the task of identifying bodies for cremation.
Times of India
Wed, 21 Jul 2010 14:56:17 -0700

SAINTHIA: The drivers of the Vananchal Express — Mohammed Nayeem and Ravi Kumar — on Wednesday admitted to overstaying at Sainthia station. It's this crucial six-minute delay that may have resulted in the Uttar Banga Express ramming it from behind.
The Hindu
Mon, 19 Jul 2010 02:04:21 -0700

Railways today cancelled three trains from Howrah and diverted as many in view of the train accident in Sainthia, which has claimed 60 lives. The cancelled trains include the Howrah-Amritsar and Howrah-Rampurhat-Howrah passenger, according to the ...


Sun, 18 Jul 2010 22:47:12 -0700

Kolkata: The Army today sent a 167-member team of doctors, engineers and technical specialists to help rescue operations at Sainthia where two express trains collided leaving 60 dead. Defence sources here said that a team of seven Army officers and 170 ...

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