|• Total||10 km2 (4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||53 m (174 ft)|
|• Density||4,400/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Birbhum|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Sainthia. Labpur|
Sainthia is a town and a municipality in Suri Sadar subdivision of Birbhum district in the Indian state of West Bengal. The town is famous for Nandikeshwari Temple, one of the Shakti Peethas in India.
Urbanization of this area gained momentum in the recent past, when construction work of the Sahibganj loop line and a bridge over the Mayurakshi River started. Construction of the Khana-Rajmahal section of Sahibganj Loop was completed in October 1859. The first train ran from Howrah to Rajmahal via Khana on 4 July 1860. Construction of the Sainthia railway station was done as part of building the entire line. This large project brought people from different corners of this country to assemble and settle here. With the effort of the inhabitants of this urban locality, Sainthia has been turned into a commercial hub of the district. Now it is growing rapidly through all the development and service avenues to be a model municipality by taking good care of its inhabitants and the nature surrounding it. Sainthia Municipality has an area of 10 square kilometres.
The name Sainthia is derived from 'Sain', a Bengali term used to refer to an Islamic priest. Sainthia is also known as 'Nandipur', after the famous temple of Nandikeshwari.
On July 19, 2010, the Sainthia train collision occurred at the train station here, when Bananchal express was crashed by Uttarbanga express at Sainthia Station.
Sainthia is located at  It has an average elevation of 53 metres (173 feet). The town is situated in the bank of Mayurakshi river. The soil is generally alluvial and fertile. There was a rich reservoir of groundwater but this stands somewhat depleted due to overuse. The temperature goes very high and it is terribly humid in summer and quite cold in winter..
Census India 2001
As of 2001[update] India census, Sainthia had a population of 39,244. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Sainthia has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 59%. In Sainthia, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Census India 2011
As of 2011, the Sainthia Municipality has a population of 44,601, of which 22,856 are males while 21,745 are females, as per the report released by Census India 2011. The population of children under age 6 is 4511, which is 10.11 % of the total population of Sainthia. In Sainthia, the female sex ratio is 951, against the state average of 950. The child sex ratio is around 880, compared to the West Bengal state average of 956. The literacy rate of Sainthia is 79.50%, higher than state average of 76.26%. Male literacy is around 84.70% while female literacy is 74.08%. Out of the total population, 16,485 were engaged in work or business activity. Of this, 13,481 were males while 3,004 were females. In the census survey, a worker is defined as a person who does business, job, service, cultivator, or labour activity. Of the total 16,485 working population, 92.97% were engaged in main work while 7.03% were engaged in marginal work. Sainthia has over 10,229 houses.
Sainthia is one of the busiest business hubs in the middle part of West Bengal. The economy of Sainthia Municipal area is the central place of Birbhum district. The economy is based on agricultural products and their allied businesses. Rice mills, mastered oil mills, bran oil mills, fried rice mills, galvanized wire product units and other businesses run here. The hinterland of business of Sainthia spreads up to the district of Jharkhand in the west and Kandi of Murshidabad district in the east. The town is well connected to Baharampur, Siuri, Rampurhat, Bolpur, Andal, Asansol and Durgapur through high roads and railroads. That makes the town the business center of all sorts of goods distribution and transportation. Its socio-economical status is quite strong and education ratio is steadily increasing.
Sainthia is famous for its temple of Goddess Nandikeshwari. One of the 51 Shakti Peethas, the temple attracts a vast array of visitors and devotees from all over the region. The temple rests on an elevated platform, and contains many additional smaller shrines to many gods and goddesses of the Hindu pantheon. Statuettes of the Mahavidyaas are carved on the walls overlooking the main temple. Puja is offered daily to the Goddess. The name of the Goddess is derived from 'Nandi', the mascot and follower of Lord Shiva, and 'Ishwari' (Goddess), meaning 'one who is worshiped by Nandi, the divine bull'. Wife to Lord Shiva, the Goddess is one of the many aspects of Goddess Sati or Parvati.
Situated about 179 km from Howrah and close to the Sainthia railway station, the temple is also a famous pilgrimage for visitors from Kolkata. Usually, a circular journey for the pilgrimage is undertaken by visitors and devotees from Kolkata and other major cities in the Birbhum District, starting from Shantiniketan, through Tara Pith and Nandikeshwari, and finally to Fullara Mahapith of Labhpur. Daily 'Prasad' is offered to the devotees in the temple. An annual festival is held during autumn.
There are two colleges in Sainthia:
- Abhedananda Mahavidyalaya is a general stream college under the University of Burdwan. It was established in 1964. With advice from Sri Sri Thakur Satyanandadev, the spiritual disciple of Swami Abhedananda, his disciple Dr. Krishna Das Ray [Dr. K. D. Ray]
- Birbhum Vivekananda Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital is a homeopathic medical college. On 10 April 1972, on their way back after attending a convention on homeopathic science at Suri, Birbhum, a few enthusiastic homeopathic and social workers of Sainthia decided to form an organization. Their aim was to establish an ideal homeopathic institution to teach the educated youths and to propagate the laws of homeopathic science at a low cost.
Within a month, the organisation came into existence. To fulfill its object, while they were in search of land, and at its eventual moment the late Pradyut Kumar Ghoshal came forward and donated 0.67 acres of land. Unconditionally at sanitary site on the bank of the river Mayuraskhi, more acres of land were essentially required to build a medical college and hospital. The patrons then made an ardent and fervent appeal to Manish Gupta, the District Magistrate, Birbhum. Then the new D.M., Mr. Goswami, kindly offered 2.67 acres of land to the association, adjacent to the first plot, for establishing a homeopathic medical college.
The mission of Birbhum Vivekananda Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital is to extend facilities and offer humanitarian activities to ailing people in the remote rural areas of West Bengal through homeopathic medicine. The idea and ideology of trueness, the honest attempt to fulfill the desire of the great scientist Dr. Samuel Hahnemann who emphasized the need of carrying out the light of homeopathic education to serve the needy ailing humanity and uplifting the followers from the abyss of quackery.
- Sainthia High School is the oldest high school of Sainthia. It was started as a boys' high school but now it is co-educational in the 11th and 12th classes. It was founded by Panchanan Ghosh, among the leading personalities of Sainthia, who belonged to the famous Ghosh family.
- Sainthia Town High School is a boys' only high school.
- Shashibhushan Dutta Girls' High School was founded by the Dutta family of Sainthia in the memory of their father.
- Jogeshwari Dutta Girls' High School was started by Sainthia Municipality as "Municipal Girls' Junior High School" up to 8th class. The Dutta family sponsored it to a high school in memory of their mother Jogeshwari Dutta. Now it is up to the 10th class.
- Paharhi Baba Vidyapth is not situated inside Sainthia, but it enrolls many students from Sainthia. It is a co-ed school.
There is one government-sponsored public library in Sainthia. It is situated beside Sainthia Town High School.
- "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "The Telegraph".
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Sainthia
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
Sainthia travel guide from Wikivoyage