digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Two antique sai: an Okinawan octagonal sai and a smaller Indonesian chabang or tjabang.[1]
For other uses, see Sai (disambiguation).

The sai () is a traditional weapon used in the Okinawan martial arts. The basic form of the weapon is that of a pointed, prong shaped metal baton, with two curved prongs (yoku) projecting from the handle (tsuka). There are many types of sai with varying prongs for trapping and blocking.

History[edit]

Before its arrival in Okinawa, the sai was already being used in other Asian countries including India, Thailand, China, Vietnam, Malaysia, and Indonesia.[1] It may have been brought to Okinawa from one or several of these places simultaneously.[1] Silat practitioners typically refer to the sai either as chabang (Dutch spelling: tjabang) in Indonesian[1] or tekpi in Malay. Based on the Indian trisula, early evidence in the form of Japanese art shows that the chabang predates[when?] the sai's use in Okinawa and China.[1] The word trisula itself can refer to both a long or short-handled trident. Because the trisula was created in South Asia, it is possible that the sai originated in India and spread along with Hinduism and Buddhism. This is supported by the fact that the trisula is important as a Hindu-Buddhist symbol.

In Okinawa the sai was used by domestic police (ufuchiku) to arrest criminals and for crowd control. Use of the sai was perfected in 1668 by Moto Chohei, an Okinawan prince.[2]

The sai eventually reached Japan in the form of the jitte, which usually has only a single prong although some jitte have two prongs like a sai. Both are truncheon-like weapons, used for striking, bludgeoning.and also for multiple punctures over different positions on the body.

Parts of the sai[edit]

Tsuka of the Okinawan sai
  • Monouchi, the shaft of the sai, this can be round or faceted.
  • Yoku, the prong like side guards which are usually symmetrical but the manji design developed by Taira Shinken employs oppositely-facing yoku resembling the swastika (manji) from which it takes its name.
  • Tsume, the tip of the side guard (yoku).
  • Moto, the actual center point between the two side guards.
  • Tsuka, the handle of the sai. The tsuka can be wrapped with different materials such as cord or ray skin (same) to provide a grip.
  • Tsukagashira, the butt end of the handle (tsuka).
  • Saki, the tip or point of the sai which is usually blunt and not pointed.[3]

Technique[edit]

Manji design sai

The sai is typically used in pairs, with one in each hand.[1] Five kata are commonly taught, including two kihon kata. The style includes a variety of blocks, parries, strikes, and captures against attackers from all directions and height levels. Use of the point, knuckle and central bar is emphasized, as well as rapid grip changes for multiple strikes and blocks.

The utility of the sai as a weapon is reflected in its distinctive shape. It is primarily used as a striking weapon for short jabs into the solar plexus but it also has many defensive techniques.

There are several different ways of wielding the sai, which give it the versatility to be used both lethally and non-lethally. One way to hold it is by gripping the handle with all of the fingers and pinching the thumb against the joint between the handle bar and the shaft. This allows one to manipulate the sai so that it can be pressed against the forearm and also help avoid getting the thumb caught in the handle when blocking an attack. The change is made by putting pressure on the thumbs and rotating the sai around until it is facing backwards and the index finger is aligned with the handle.

The knuckle end is good for concentrating the force of a punch, while the long shaft can be wielded to thrust at enemies, to serve as a protection for a blow to the forearm, or to stab as one would use a common dagger. In practice, some prefer to keep the index finger extended in alignment with the center shaft regardless of whether the knuckle end or the middle prong is exposed. The finger may be straight or slightly curled. Used in this way, the other fingers are kept on the main shaft, with the thumb supporting the handle.

The grips described above leverage the versatility of this implement as both an offensive and a defensive weapon. Both grips facilitate flipping between the point and the knuckle being exposed while the sai is held in strong grip positions.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Fumio Demura, Sai: Karate Weapon of Self-Defense

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sai_(weapon) — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
130558 videos foundNext > 

Sai techniques of Nintaijutsu - video #164

For more Martial Arts weapon playlist of NINTAIJUTSU (Korean Ninjutsu) DISCLAIMER: These videos are for entertainment purposes only. The videos are not ...

The Sai ... A Chinese Weapon Also!

The Sai, Kung Fu Weapon! Called the Cha in Chinese! This was originally a gardeners tool! This Lesson Brought To You By: www.OrderTaiChi.com Please ...

Sai - The Best Video on the secret Deadly Weapon

Sai, or also named Tit Chek 鐵尺 (Iron Ruler) in Chinese is a deadly weapon while said to be "non-lethal" because it doesn't have a pointy tip or a cutting edge.

Sais Tribute - Famous Characters using the Sai Weapon

Sai é uma arma de origem Okinawa e acredita-se que era usada como ferramenta agricultural já que os camponeses eram proibidos de usar armas. Apesar da ...

Silat Suffian Bela Diri - Tekpi (Sai Weapon) in Silat

http://www.silatsuffian.net Visit our website for more info on future seminars and events. TEKPI, also known as SAI TRISULA, TJABANG, JITTE Before its arrival ...

Raphael's Sais (Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles) - MAN AT ARMS

Which weapon will be next? ▻ Subscribe! http://bit.ly/AWEsub Every other Monday, master swordsmith Tony Swatton forges your favorite weapons from video ...

Sai & Shotokan Karate Techniques : How to Use a Sai Weapon

A sai can be used in conjunction with basic karate stances and techniques, such as straight punches. Find out how to strike and block another weapon with a sai ...

Martial Arts Weapons Training : Martial Arts Weapon Sai Techniques

Learn sai ninjutsu weapons techniques and become a real ninja warrior in this free weapon fighting video from our Marital Arts expert. Expert: Michael Lewis ...

Sai & Shotokan Karate Techniques : How to Spin a Sai

In order to do a basic flip out spin of a sai weapon, bring the fingers over, straight out and back. Move everything outside-in when doing advanced sai spins with ...

Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles - FOR REAL - Bo Staff, Nunchucks, Double Sword, Sai

Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles - FOR REAL - Bo Staff, Nunchucks, Double Sword, Sai. I love the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles! They are one of the main ...

130558 videos foundNext > 

4 news items

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Fri, 01 May 2015 03:09:12 -0700

She's been modelling a number of different looks as she reprises her role as April O'Neil for Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 2. But during night shoots on Thursday, Megan Fox was back to her character's signature style. The 28-year-old actress was back ...

CBS Local

CBS Local
Tue, 05 Aug 2014 21:07:30 -0700

Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: proof that you can make millions of dollars by throwing darts at a dictionary, as long as you cross out all the unradical words and replace darts with ninja stars. In fact, almost any problem can be solved by replacing ...

Mirror.co.uk

Mirror.co.uk
Sat, 01 Nov 2014 07:55:32 -0700

Dressed as Raphael, the singer was rocking a red mask, which she wore with green gloves, leggings, green gloves, and gladiator sandals - she even had the character's twin sai weapon. Rih was joined by a group of pals, including BFF Melissa Forde, who ...

Gamespy.com

Gamespy.com
Mon, 04 Jun 2012 11:56:15 -0700

Publisher THQ also announced pre-order exclusives for Stick of Truth. Pick the game up early and you'll receive the Good Times With Weapons Pack, which includes: the Bulrog Chicken Attack power, Cartman's Kick-Ass Sai weapon, and a Samurai Costume.
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight