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Coordinates: 53°33′N 2°00′W / 53.55°N 2°W / 53.55; -2

Saddleworth
The Obelisk on Alderman's Hill.jpg
The Obelisk on Alderman's Hill overlooking Greenfield towards Oldham
Saddleworth Greater Manchester location map.svg
Saddleworth shown within Greater Manchester
Area  29.4 sq mi (76 km2)
Population 24,351  (2001 Census)
    - Density  828 /sq mi (320 /km2)
OS grid reference SD995061
    - London  161 mi (259 km) SSE 
Metropolitan borough Oldham
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town OLDHAM
Postcode district OL3
Dialling code 01457
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Oldham East and Saddleworth
Website Saddleworth Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Saddleworth is a civil parish of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham in Greater Manchester, England.[1][2] It comprises several villages and hamlets amongst the west side of the Pennine hills: Austerlands, Delph, Denshaw, Diggle, Dobcross, Friezland, Grasscroft, Greenfield, Grotton, Lydgate, Scouthead, Springhead, Uppermill.[3]

Saddleworth, which lies east of the large town of Oldham and 11 miles (17.7 km) east-northeast of the city of Manchester, is broadly rural, has a scattered population of 24,351,[4] making it one of the larger civil parishes in the United Kingdom.

Historically a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, for centuries Saddleworth was a centre of woollen cloth production in the domestic system. Following the Industrial Revolution, Saddleworth became a centre for cotton spinning and weaving during the 18th and 19th centuries, so much so that by the end of Queen Victoria's reign, mechanized textile production had become a vital part of the local economy. The boom in industry called for greater transport links, including the Huddersfield Narrow Canal and several railways.

Following the Great Depression Saddleworth's textile sector declined. Much of Saddleworth's architecture and infrastructure dates from its textile processing days however, notably the Saddleworth Viaduct and several cottages and terraces.

For centuries Saddleworth was linked, ecclesiastically, with the parish of Rochdale and was long talked of as the part of Yorkshire where Lancastrians lived.[5] The former Saddleworth Urban District was the only part of the West Riding to have been amalgamated into Greater Manchester in 1974.[1] However, strong cultural links with Yorkshire remain amongst its communities.[2][6] There are several brass bands in the parish.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The first documentary evidence of Saddleworth appears in the Domesday Book in which it is referred to as "Quick", spelt "Thoac"; where it is described as "Land of the King in Eurvicsire (Yorkshire), Agbrigg Wapentake."[7]

The history of the region clearly dates further back than the Domesday Book however. Place names derived from Celtic and Anglian dialects, along with the discovery of flint arrowheads and gold Viking rings all point to a much earlier Saddleworth, possibly as old as the Stone Age. Furthermore, there is a Roman road running through the area and Castleshaw Roman fort. Also present in the Saddleworth area is a possible Bronze Age bowl barrow (grid reference SD98010746). Despite excavations, no grave goods or human remains have been found associated with the barrow.[8]

Industrial history[edit]

Saddleworth Viaduct was built originally to aid the transporting of goods during the Industrial Revolution, as was the Huddersfield Narrow Canal, which passes under it.

The steep slopes of the Saddleworth area and the acidic soils of the region have never been particularly conducive to intensive farming; meaning that long before the Victorian era, Saddleworth already had a long established, albeit domestic, textile tradition. Small, basic mills had been existent in Saddleworth before the industrial revolution, but these were increasingly replaced by larger more intensive establishments. So much so that by the end of Queen Victoria's reign, mechanized textile production had become a vital part of the local economy.

The boom in industry that had occurred in Saddleworth during the Industrial Revolution called for greater transport links. The Huddersfield Narrow Canal was begun in 1794 at the height of Canal Mania, connecting Huddersfield to Stalybridge via Saddleworth and completed seventeen years later in 1811; when the Standedge Canal Tunnel at Diggle was finally opened. The decline of canals and the rise of steam powered locomotives left the canal falling behind the competition, and so it was decided that a railway tunnel would be built parallel to the canal, which was completed in 1848. The rise in traffic demanded a second tunnel be built, completed in 1871. Both of these were single line tunnels and eventually superseded by the 1894 tunnel, a double line tunnel, which is the only one of the three still regularly carrying passengers.

Unlike the majority of the Oldham Metropolitan Borough, where the industrial architecture was generally constructed from Accrington redbrick, Saddleworth's textiles mills and supporting infrastructure was made from stone.[9] This is in keeping with other settlements amongst the southwest Pennines, such as Milnrow near Rochdale.

Governance[edit]

Although on the western side of the Pennine watershed, Saddleworth, or Quick as it was once known, has lain within the historic county boundaries of Yorkshire since the middle ages. From a very ancient time, the area formed part of the Agbrigg Wapentake, in the "Land of the King in Eurvicsire" (Yorkshire).[7]

For a time, during the 17th century, Saddleworth constituted a chapelry within the ancient parish of Rochdale in Salfordshire, which was otherwise entirely in the ancient county of Lancashire.[1]

In 1866 it became a civil parish in its own right and in 1889 became part of the administrative county of the West Riding of Yorkshire. In 1894 the parish's boundaries were altered somewhat, with the parts in Quickmere Middle Division (Springhead), Mossley and Uppermill becoming Urban Districts. The residue became a single-parish rural district.

In 1872, Saddleworth was recorded to be "a hamlet, a chapelry, a township, and a district, in Rochdale parish and West Riding of Yorkshire".[10] At this time, a post office for the area was found under the name of Uppermill which was under Manchester.

In 1900 the boundaries were changed again with the inclusion of Uppermill, and the single-parish rural district being instead replaced by the "Saddleworth Urban District".[11] In 1937 it incorporated Springhead Urban District.[11]

Under the Local Government Act 1972, the West Riding of Yorkshire was abolished[12] and Saddleworth was incorporated into the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham in the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester.[1]

Unlike neighbouring Shaw and Crompton, Saddleworth is a Successor parish, and thus was automatically granted civil parish status in 1974 when its urban district status was abolished.

Up until 1996, Saddleworth's official postal county was Lancashire, due to it forming part of the Oldham post town. Postal counties were abolished in 1996 however.

Parliamentary representation[edit]

Saddleworth forms part of the Oldham East and Saddleworth parliamentary constituency, of which the Member of Parliament is Debbie Abrahams.

It is split into three electoral wards; Saddleworth North, Saddleworth South and Saddleworth West and Lees

Geography[edit]

Saddleworth makes up around 52% (29.4 square miles (76.1 km²)) of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham in terms of area, and remains largely rural. Saddleworth Moor in the Dark Peak area of the Peak District National Park is a moorland plateau that straddles the boundary with West Yorkshire.

Bounded directly to the west by Oldham, Lees and Shaw and Crompton, Saddleworth is twelve miles (19.3 km) southwest of Huddersfield.

Settlements[edit]

Saddleworth contains a collection of villages and hamlets, including:

Settlement Population OS Grid reference Image
Austerlands c. 350
Castleshaw c. 350
Delph c. 2,000 grid reference SD984080 Delph.jpg
Denshaw c. 500 grid reference SD974106 Denshaw.jpg
Diggle c. 1,500 grid reference SE017083
Dobcross c. 1,000 Dobcross from a distance.jpg
Friezland c. 350
Grasscroft c. 900
Greenfield c. 5,000 grid reference SD995061
Grotton c. 3,000
Heights c. 10 grid reference SD981089
Lydgate c. 350
Scouthead c. 750
Springhead c.2,000 grid reference SD963052
Uppermill 7,475 grid reference SD938090 Uppermill and Railway.jpg

Demography[edit]

As of the 2001 UK census, Saddleworth had a total population of 24,351. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males.[4] The average household size was 2.39.[13] Of those aged 16–74 in Saddleworth, 45.3% had no academic qualifications or one GCSE, lower than the figures for all of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham (55.2%) and about the same for England (45.5%).[14][15] According to the census, 1.9% were unemployed and 28.2% were economically inactive.[14] 18.5% of the population were under the age of 16 and 7.3% were aged 75 and over; the mean age of the people of Saddleworth was 40.92. 71.5% of residents described their health as 'good'.[16]

Population change[edit]

Population growth in Saddleworth since 1901
Year 1901 1911 1921 1931 1939 1951 1961 1971 2001
Population 12,320 12,603 12,562 12,574 17,064 16,761 17,024 20,575 24,351
Source: A Vision of Britain through Time

Culture[edit]

Identity[edit]

Since the local government reforms of 1974, some of the people of Saddleworth have been uneasy about their primary geographic reference frame, with parts of the local community feeling aggrieved at Saddleworth forming part of Greater Manchester. Saddleworth, where the local architecture of stone cottages is of the Yorkshire type, is the only part of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham to come from the historic county boundaries of Yorkshire, the rest being from Lancashire. It is also the only part of the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester which lay within those borders. Greater Manchester is based on the conurbation of towns surrounding the city of Manchester with relatively few villages in between. However, Saddleworth is highly rural, and, for the purposes of the Office for National Statistics, most of the parish's territory does not form part of the Greater Manchester Urban Area.[17]

The Saddleworth White Rose Society organises events every Yorkshire Day (1 August) to promote its contention that Saddleworth remains part of the West Riding of Yorkshire. The Prince of Wales referred to Saddleworth's continuing Yorkshire status when he visited the area in 2001 saying "The fact that Saddleworth is still part of the historic West Riding is extremely important".[18]

In 2004, public meetings were held to discuss the feasibility of splitting Saddleworth from the Borough of Oldham. Some residents at the time said they would prefer to become part of the metropolitan county of West Yorkshire or a new South Pennine authority, connecting rural towns and villages on both sides of the border. Even though such a move could involve merging with the neighbouring Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees, Oldham councillors maintained the split was not feasible as Saddleworth does not have sufficient hospital provision, civic buildings, transport, schooling nor other infrastructure in its own right. Councillor Ken Hulme arranged a meeting for the matter to be discussed. One councillor remarked "They [Saddleworth] want a bigger slice of the pie than the rest of the borough. The people of the rest of Oldham are not going to subsidise Saddleworth, and Saddleworth can't go it alone. It couldn't afford to provide the services it needs."[19]

In 2010, Oldham Metropolitan Borough Council erected new signs along its boundaries. Those marking the boundary of Saddleworth say 'in the historic County of York' at the top, alongside a white rose.[20] Later in the year, signs were unveiled by local dignitaries at Grains Bar marking the historic border between Lancashire and Yorkshire.[21]

Whit Friday[edit]

Saddleworth has a large number of annual customs and traditions, many of which are held during Whitsuntide. On Whit Friday morning, congregations from the churches of all of the Saddleworth villages hold their Walk of Witness and congregate in Uppermill to take part in a religious service. Later in the evening, the Whit Friday brass band contests take place. The band contests originated in Saddleworth and the nearby towns of Mossley and Stalybridge and are still centred on the local area. Bands from around the country, and indeed the world, travel to the area annually to compete. Due to the huge popularity of the event, Whit Friday band contests are now held in others of Saddleworth's surrounding villages. In the village of Dobcross a Henry Livings memorial prize is open to bands who play on any of the morning's walks on Whit Friday.

Beer Walk[edit]

On the following Saturday, the Saddleworth Beer Walk is held. This is a fundraising event where participants walk around Saddleworth in fancy dress, stopping off at many of Saddleworth's pubs along the way for a pint of beer. Spectators are encouraged to give money to the participants for charity. It is organised by the Saddleworth branch of the Round Table. The walk starts at Greenfield, taking a small loop round a side street. After walking through Carr Lane, it reaches Uppermill. Dobcross is the next village, before heading into Delph. Then it approaches a very steep hill, Lark Hill, before heading into Diggle then along a back road back to Uppermill.

Rushcart[edit]

Each year, on the second Saturday and Sunday after 12 August (the old Saddleworth "Wakes Week"), the Saddleworth Rushcart takes place. In 1975 a team of local lads formed the Saddleworth Morris Men and the first modern Rushcart was built for the first festival. The 2013 Festival was dedicated to PC Nicola Hughes. [22]

Sport[edit]

Saddleworth Rangers are an amateur rugby league club who play home matches at Greenfield.[23]

Saddleworth Clarion is the area's cycling club, catering for on and off-road club cyclist.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names – S. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2007. 
  2. ^ a b Dyckhoff, Tom (9 December 2011). "Let's move to: Saddleworth, Greater Manchester". The Guardian (London). 
  3. ^ Saddleworth Parish Council. "Reference Map of Saddleworth". Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  4. ^ a b United Kingdom Census 2001. "Saddleworth CP (Parish)". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 5 April 2007. 
  5. ^ Hardy, Clive (2000). Greater Manchester: Photographic Memories. Francis Frith Collection. p. 60. ISBN 1-85937-108-6. "Though within the parish of Rochdale, Saddleworth lay within the extreme south-west of the West Riding of Yorkshire and was long talked of as the part of Yorkshire where Lancastrians lived" 
  6. ^ Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service (2002). "Borough Profile: Oldham". Retrieved 5 April 2007. [dead link]
  7. ^ a b Various authors (1994). The Saddleworth Story (5th ed.). p. 10. 
  8. ^ "Bowl Barrow". Pastscape.org.uk. Retrieved 30 December 2007. 
  9. ^ Saddleworth Villages[dead link], visitoldham.co.uk. URL accessed 26 March 2007.
  10. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS Project (2004). "Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for Saddleworth". A vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 23 April 2007. 
  11. ^ a b Great Britain Historical GIS Project (2004). "Saddleworth UD through time. Census tables with data for the Local Government District". A vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 5 April 2007. 
  12. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS Project (2004). "West Riding through time. Census tables with data for the Administrative County". A vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 5 April 2007. 
  13. ^ "Saddleworth CP household data". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 1 May 2008. 
  14. ^ a b "Saddleworth CP and qualifications". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 1 May 2008. 
  15. ^ "Oldham metropolitan borough qualifications". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 1 May 2008. 
  16. ^ "Little Bollington civil parish census data". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 24 September 2007. 
  17. ^ [1][dead link]
  18. ^ David McKie: Elsewhere,The Guardian 23 September 2004
  19. ^ Who's for the Republic of Saddleworth?, Oldham Advertiser, 15 December 2004. URL accessed 27 October 2006.
  20. ^ [2], "Oldham Evening Chronicle", retrieved December 2010
  21. ^ [3], Saddleworth News, retrieved December 2010
  22. ^ Saddleworth Rushcart Festival
  23. ^ http://www.pitchero.com/clubs/saddleworthrangersarlfc/location/ Saddleworth ARLFC
  24. ^ http://saddleworthclarion.webs.com/

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saddleworth — Please support Wikipedia.
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1188 news items

 
Oldham Chronicle
Fri, 18 Apr 2014 06:52:30 -0700

NOMINATE people who give time and effort to charity work or to help others in need, for a Saddleworth Parish Council Volunteer of the Year or Young Volunteer of the Year award. Nominees must live in the Saddleworth area and not receive payment for ...

Manchester Evening News

Manchester Evening News
Sat, 05 Apr 2014 04:03:36 -0700

A couple are hoping to be the toast of the town with their new business venture. Greg and Cath O'Neill are the brains behind the Saddleworth Real Ale Shop and hope the business will tap into the growing specialist market. Their store, on High Street in ...
 
Oldham Chronicle
Fri, 11 Apr 2014 07:03:45 -0700

HAVE your blood pressure checked for free at a health event, running alongside a stroke awareness exhibition, organised by the Rotary Club of Saddleworth community committee chair, Bill Bussey, at Saddleworth Museum tomorrow from 10am to 3pm.
 
Clare Northern Argus
Thu, 24 Apr 2014 17:56:15 -0700

Axel and Leslie Larsen from Saddleworth wearing their military and civilian service medals. Both enlisted in the navy and Axel saw service in Vietnam. They continue to serve their communities through active membership of the SES and CFS. An estimated ...
 
Oldham Chronicle
Tue, 01 Apr 2014 07:03:45 -0700

Saddleworth CC secretary Graham Oldham said: “The original vote to apply to the CLL wasn't unanimous and when other information came to light, we thought it in our best interest to stay in the Saddleworth League. “With three new clubs there is a lot to ...
 
Oldham Chronicle
Fri, 18 Apr 2014 06:52:30 -0700

But we must not forget that the supporters of building a new Saddleworth school in Diggle - in the main, Saddleworth parish councillors and Oldham councillors, which says a lot - are ignoring the many pitfalls of a scheme that simply does not appeal to ...
 
Clare Northern Argus
Tue, 22 Apr 2014 13:37:26 -0700

As part of their school holiday program, Clare and Saddleworth Library activities will focus on the legend of the Anzacs and the animals that contributed to the war effort. There will be storytelling and craft on Thursday April 24 at 2.30pm at the ...
 
Oldham Chronicle
Tue, 22 Apr 2014 07:03:45 -0700

CRICKET: AS debuts go, Whalley Range couldn't have asked for anything better in the Saddleworth and District Cricket League. One of three new clubs in the competition, they beat Uppermill by seven runs at Kingsbrook Road. Jahangir Abbas, on 58, and ...
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