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Civil Parish
Baía de Angra do Heroísmo e igreja da Misericórdia, ilha Terceira, Açores, Portugal.JPG
The iconic imagery of the city of Angra, are all part of the parish of Sé, including the marina, cathedral and gates of the city
Coat of arms
Official name: Freguesia da Sé
Name origin: Portuguese word for episcopal seat
Country  Portugal
Autonomous Region  Azores
Island Terceira
Municipality Angra do Heroísmo
Center
 - elevation 27 m (89 ft)
 - coordinates 38°39′18″N 27°13′15″W / 38.65500°N 27.22083°W / 38.65500; -27.22083
Highest point Vigia
 - location Monte Brasil
 - elevation 206 m (676 ft)
 - coordinates 38°38′45″N 27°13′16″W / 38.64583°N 27.22111°W / 38.64583; -27.22111
Lowest point Sea Level
 - location Atlantic Ocean
Area 1.65 km2 (1 sq mi)
 - urban .29 km2 (0 sq mi)
Population 955 (2011)
Density 579 / km2 (1,500 / sq mi)
Settlement fl. 1500
 - Parish c. 1534
 - Civil Parish 25 November 1830
LAU Junta Freguesia
 - location Rua da Rosa
 - elevation 41 m (135 ft)
 - coordinates 38°39′17″N 27°13′23″W / 38.65472°N 27.22306°W / 38.65472; -27.22306
President Junta Basílio Narciso de Sousa
President Assembleia Maria Cecília Costa
Timezone Azores (UTC-1)
 - summer (DST) Azores (UTC0)
Postal Zone 9700-171
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 292 XXX-XXXX
Patron Saint São Salvador
Wikimedia Commons: Sé (Angra do Heroísmo)
Website: http://www.juntafreguesiase.org
Geographic detail from CAOP (2010)[1] produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)

is a parish in the municipality of Angra do Heroísmo on the island of Terceira in the Azores. The population in 2011 was 955,[2] in an area of 1.65 km².[3] It is one of the smallest parishes in Angra do Heroísmo.

History[edit]

The bishop of Angra, D. Manuel Damasceno da Costa, taken in 1918 at the Sé Cathedral

Designated the island of Jesus Christ (Ilha de Jesus Cristo), at the time of its discovery and exploration by Portuguese navigators: the settlement of Terceira began around 1450, when it was conceded to the Flem Jácome de Bruges, by Infante D. Henrique.[4] The first settlers to the island disembarked in the areas of Porto Judeu and Pria, and slowly extended throughout the island.[4]

In the hilltop of Monte Brasil is the Fort of São João Baptista (also known as the Fort of São Filipe), built at the beginning of the era of Castilian occupation of the archipelago.[4] It was constructed with the intention of beging a potent fortress, to guard the riches and circulation of European shipping into the Americas.[4] This castle, with its high walls and grande scale, was constructed from the middle of the 16th century and first half of the following century. During the period of the Portuguese Restoration War, which began with the revolution of 1 December 1640, and ended with the peace of 1668, forces loyal to the Spanish resisted the Portuguese.[4] It was only two years later, in 1642, that the Spanish rendered and the city of Angra were, in fact, freed.[4]

The name came from the topological name for the religious administrative territory governed by the diocesan cathedral in Angra: Sé is the location of the only cathedral in the archipelago of the Azores.[4]

Geography[edit]

The landscape of the central parish of Angra do Heroísmo

Situated on the island of Terceira, the civil parish of Sé, along with the surrounding parishes constitute the city of Angra do Heroísmo, seat of the municipality.

Economy[edit]

Many of the economic activities in the parish are related to commerce and service sectors, since the island is a primary destination for tourism.[4]

Architecture[edit]

  • Sé Cathedral (Portuguese: Sé Catedral de Angra do Heroísmo), built after 1570, over the ruins of the 14th century Church of the Divino Salvador, which were severely damaged.[4] Destroyed by violent earthquakes, in the 18th century the Sé of Angra was reconstructed in accord with the Mannerist principals of the 16th century.[4] Its main facade included two two-story bell-towers, linked by a pediment with central clock and iron cross.[4]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, retrieved 1 July 2011 
  2. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  3. ^ Eurostat
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Junta Freguesia, ed. (2012), Resumo Histórico (in Porutguese), Junta Freguesia da Sé, retrieved 12 October 2013 

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