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Civil Parish (Freguesia)
Baía de Angra do Heroísmo e igreja da Misericórdia, ilha Terceira, Açores, Portugal.JPG
The iconic imagery of the city of Angra, are all part of the parish of Sé, including the marina, cathedral and gates of the city
Coat of arms
Official name: Freguesia da Sé
Name origin: Portuguese word for episcopal jurisdiction
Country  Portugal
Autonomous Region  Azores
Group Central
Island Terceira
Municipality Angra do Heroísmo
Center
 - elevation 27 m (89 ft)
 - coordinates 38°39′18″N 27°13′15″W / 38.65500°N 27.22083°W / 38.65500; -27.22083
Highest point Vigia
 - location Monte Brasil, , Angra do Heroísmo
 - elevation 205.52 m (674 ft)
 - coordinates 38°38′45″N 27°13′16″W / 38.64583°N 27.22111°W / 38.64583; -27.22111
Lowest point Sea Level
 - location Atlantic Ocean
Length 1.46 km (1 mi), West-East
Width 2.20 km (1 mi), Southwest-Northeast
Area 1.65 km2 (1 sq mi)
 - land 1.36 km2 (1 sq mi)
 - urban .29 km2 (0 sq mi)
Population 1,200 (2001)
Density 727.27 / km2 (1,884 / sq mi)
Settlement fl. 1500
 - Parish c. 1534
 - Civil Parish 25 November 1830
LAU Freguesia/Junta Freguesia
 - location Rua da Rosa, , Angra do Heroísmo
 - elevation 41 m (135 ft)
 - coordinates 38°39′17″N 27°13′23″W / 38.65472°N 27.22306°W / 38.65472; -27.22306
President Junta Basílio Narciso de Sousa
President Assembleia Maria Cecília Costa
Timezone Azores (UTC-1)
 - summer (DST) Azores (UTC0)
ISO 3166-2 code PT-
Postal Zone 9700-171 Sé
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 292 XXX-XXXX
Demonym Terceirense
Patron Saint São Salvador
Parish Address Rua da Rosa, 66/68
9700-171 Sé
Wikimedia Commons: Sé (Angra do Heroísmo)
Statistics: Instituto Nacional de Estatística[1]
Website: http://www.juntafreguesiase.org
Geographic detail from CAOP (2010)[2] produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)

is a parish in the municipality of Angra do Heroísmo on the island of Terceira in the Azores. The population in 2001 was 1200, its population density was 727.27/km², and the land area is 1.65 km². It is one of the most populated and the smallest, in terms of land area, of the parishes in Angra do Heroísmo.

History[edit]

The bishop of Angra, D. Manuel Damasceno da Costa, taken in 1918 at the Sé Cathedral

Designated the island of Jesus Christ (Ilha de Jesus Cristo), at the time of its discovery and exploration by Portuguese navigators: the settlement of Terceira began around 1450, when it was conceded to the Flem Jácome de Bruges, by Infante D. Henrique.[3] The first settlers to the island disembarked in the areas of Porto Judeu and Pria, and slowly extended throughout the island.[3]

In the hilltop of Monte Brasil is the Fort of São João Baptista (also known as the Fort of São Filipe), built at the beginning of the era of Castilian occupation of the archipelago.[3] It was constructed with the intention of beging a potent fortress, to guard the riches and circulation of European shipping into the Americas.[3] This castle, with its high walls and grande scale, was constructed from the middle of the 16th century and first half of the following century. During the period of the Portuguese Restoration War, which began with the revolution of 1 December 1640, and ended with the peace of 1668, forces loyal to the Spanish resisted the Portuguese.[3] It was only two years later, in 1642, that the Spanish rendered and the city of Angra were, in fact, freed.[3]

The name came from the topological name for the religious administrative territory governed by the diocesan cathedral in Angra: Sé is the location of the only cathedral in the archipelago of the Azores.[3]

Geography[edit]

The landscape of the central parish of Angra do Heroísmo

Situated on the island of Terceira, the civil parish of Sé, along with the surrounding parishes constitute the city of Angra do Heroísmo, seat of the municipality.

Economy[edit]

Many of the economic activities in the parish are related to commerce and service sectors, since the island is a primary destination for tourism.[3]

Architecture[edit]

  • Sé Cathedral (Portuguese: Sé Catedral de Angra do Heroísmo), built after 1570, over the ruins of the 14th century Church of the Divino Salvador, which were severely damaged.[3] Destroyed by violent earthquakes, in the 18th century the Sé of Angra was reconstructed in accord with the Mannerist principals of the 16th century.[3] Its main facade included two two-story bell-towers, linked by a pediment with central clock and iron cross.[3]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ INE, ed. (2010), Censos 2011 - Resultadas Preliminares [2011 Census - Preliminary Results] (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, retrieved 1 January 2012 
  2. ^ IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, retrieved 1 July 2011 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Junta Freguesia, ed. (2012), Resumo Histórico (in Porutguese), Junta Freguesia da Sé, retrieved 12 October 2013 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sé_(Angra_do_Heroísmo) — Please support Wikipedia.
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