Ifaranga y'u Rwanda(Kinyarwanda)
|Current banknotes of the Rwandan franc
|ISO 4217 code
||National Bank of Rwanda
||The World Factbook, 2008 est.
||FRw, RF, R₣
||1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 francs
||500, 1000, 2000, 5000 francs
The Rwandan franc (sign: FRw, and possibly RF or R₣; ISO 4217: RWF) is the currency of Rwanda. It is subdivided into 100 centimes.
The franc became the currency of Rwanda in 1916, when Belgium occupied the previously German colony and the Belgian Congo franc replaced the German East African rupie. Rwanda used the currency of Belgian Congo until 1960, when the Rwanda and Burundi franc was introduced. Rwanda began issuing its own francs in 1964.
There are plans to introduce a common currency, a new East African shilling, for the five member states of the East African Community by the end of 2012.
In 1964, coins were introduced for 1, 5 and 10 francs, with the 1 and 10 francs in cupronickel and the 5 francs in bronze. In 1969, aluminium 1 franc coins were introduced, followed in 1970 by ½ and 2 francs also in aluminium. A reduced sized copper -nickel 10 franc coin was issued in 1974. Brass 20 and 50 francs were introduced in 1977. New series of 1-50 Francs coins were issued in 2004 (dated 2003) and a new bimetallic coin of 100 Francs was introduced in 2008 (dated 2007)
- 1 franc - 98% Aluminium, 2% Magnesium
- 5 francs - Bronze
- 10 francs - Bronze
- 20 francs - Nickel-plated steel
- 50 francs - Nickel-plated steel
- 100 francs - Nickel-plated steel ring and Copper-plated steel centre
Current Rwandan franc coins in circulation.
In 1964, provisional notes were created for use in Rwanda by handstamping (20 to 100 francs) or embossing (500 and 1,000 francs) Rwanda-Burundi notes bearing their original dates and signatures. These were followed by regular issues for the same amounts dated 1964 to 1976. 20- and 50-franc notes were replaced by coins in 1977, with 5,000-franc notes introduced in 1978. The nation's first-ever 2,000-franc note was introduced in mid-December 2007. In 2008 the bank replaced the 100-franc note with a bimetallic coin, and revoked the notes’ legal tender status on 31 December 2009.
|Banknotes of the Rwandan franc (Current issue)
||100 francs (Ijana Amafaranga)
||Farmer and buffaloes plowing a field
||Kiwu Lake at Kibuye
||500 francs (Magana Atanu Amafaranga)
||Banque Nationale du Rwanda (National Bank of Rwanda) building, Kigali
||1000 francs (Igihumbi Amafaranga)
||National Museum of Rwanda, Butare
||Golden monkey, Volcanoes national park
||2000 francs (Ibihumbi Amafaranga)
||Satellite dish and a radio tower
||5000 francs (Ibihumbi Bitanu Amafaranga)
||Gorillas in Volcanoes National Park
Historical exchange rates 
Rwandan francs per US dollar:
- 262.20 (1995)
- 393.44 (2000)
- 574.62 (200626)
- 610 (2005)
- 560 (2006)
- 553 (2007)
- 570 (2010)
See also 
External links 
Mon, 29 Apr 2013 12:10:30 -0700
Since the Rwandan franc has been declining against the U.S. dollar for years, the real burden of the dollar debt could rise far faster than Rwanda's capacity to service it. At any point in time, lenders could panic about Rwanda's ability to pay and ...
Financial Times (blog)
Wed, 24 Apr 2013 14:44:09 -0700
Rwanda is also issuing its hard currency bond at a time when the Rwandan franc is trending at a 20-year low against the dollar. It's lost 6.3 per cent over the last 12 months alone. If its currency continues to fall against the dollar, this will push ...
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