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This article is about the Scottish burgh. For other places with the same name, see Roxburgh (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 55°35′47″N 2°27′22″W / 55.5965°N 2.4562°W / 55.5965; -2.4562

Roxburgh
Scots: Roxburgh, Rosbroch
View of the ruins of Roxburgh castle, open country with the River Tweed and, in the distance, Floors Castle.
Roxburgh Castle, River Tweed and Floors Castle
Roxburgh is located in Scottish Borders
Roxburgh
Roxburgh
 Roxburgh shown within the Scottish Borders
Population 419 (2001)
OS grid reference NT713337
Civil parish Roxburgh
Council area Scottish Borders
Lieutenancy area Roxburgh, Ettrick and Lauderdale
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town KELSO
Postcode district TD5
Dialling code 01573
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Berwickshire, Roxburgh and Selkirk
Scottish Parliament Ettrick, Roxburgh and Berwickshire
List of places
UK
Scotland

Roxburgh /ˈrɒksbərə/, also known as Rosbroch, is a civil parish and now-destroyed royal burgh, in its eponymous historic county of Roxburghshire in the Scottish Borders. It was an important trading burgh in High Medieval to early modern Scotland. In the Middle Ages it had at least as much importance as Edinburgh, Stirling, Perth, or Berwick-upon-Tweed, for a time acting as de facto capital (as royal residence of David I).

History[edit]

Its significance lay in its position in the centre of some of Lowland Scotland's most agriculturally fertile areas, and its position upon the River Tweed, which allowed river transport of goods via the main seaport of Berwick-upon-Tweed. Its position also acted as a barrier to English invasion.

The town stood on a defensible peninsula between the rivers Tweed and Teviot, with Roxburgh Castle guarding the narrow neck of the peninsula. Nothing remains of the town except some ruined segments of castle ramparts. Its site lies to the south of modern Kelso and Floors Castle, which lie on the other side of the Tweed. The Duke of Roxburghe owns the site.

English and Scots forces repeatedly captured and recaptured the town during the Scottish Wars of Independence, notably in 1314, in the run-up to Bannockburn. Its final recapture in 1460 saw the town and castle destroyed. After this time the town never regained its importance because the final English capture of Berwick-upon-Tweed in 1482 left Roxburgh with little reason to exist, henceforth lacking a port.

Roxburgh was superseded as the county town of the former county of Roxburghshire by Jedburgh.[1]

Etymology[edit]

Roxburgh probably comes from Old English *hrōcas burh, "rook's burgh".[2] Rooks Burgh sounds plausible, but as Roxburgh is described as an ancient royal borough can the "Rox" bit not be derived from the royal "Rex" prefix - as in "The Kings Borough"?

Roxburgh District[edit]

In more recent times (1975–1996), "Roxburgh" referred to a local government district in the Borders region of Scotland. Its borders broadly resembled those of the traditional county of Roxburghshire. In 1996 the district of Roxburgh became part of the Scottish Borders unitary area. (See also: Subdivisions of Scotland.)

Roxburgh village[edit]

Main article: Roxburgh (village)

Today the name Roxburgh belongs to a small village about 2 miles (3.2 km) south-southwest of the site of the historic Roxburgh.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Sources[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roxburgh — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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Do yourself a favour and watch it!!!! Kowhai is amazingly talented, he writes and performs all of his own songs! Check him out!!!!!

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Who Do You Think You Are AU | Richard Roxburgh | Season 6 Episode 4

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Another original song by the amazing Kowhai Roxburgh. A personal favourite of mine. Please like this video for support. Thanks everyone!! XD.

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DipABRSM.

Roxburgh Gorge Cycle Trail

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15275 videos foundNext > 

2674 news items

Vancouver Sun

Vancouver Sun
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 22:15:00 -0700

On the famous par-five final hole at Capilano Golf Club, with an eight-stroke lead cleaved to two and his competitor safely on with an eagle putt, Doug Roxburgh stood in the fairway 110 yards from the elevated green and needed to hit his third shot ...
 
Herald Sun
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 22:26:15 -0700

The match-up comes after Roxburgh Park rebounded from its semi-final loss to edge out Coburg District by a point in their preliminary final on Saturday, 12.9 (81) to 11.14 (80). East Keilor coach David Battistella, who was a keen onlooker at that game ...

Philly.com

Philly.com
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 03:30:00 -0700

SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA - JUNE 05: Richard Roxburgh attends the world premiere of 'Mystery Road' on opening night of the Sydney Film Festival at the State Theatre on June 5, 2013 in Sydney, Australia. (Photo by Caroline McCredie/Getty Images).

Otago Daily Times

Stuff.co.nz
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 09:52:30 -0700

The latest movies on the big screen in Roxburgh are a step closer after the Teviot Valley Community Board yesterday agreed to a $5000 grant from its general reserves fund. The Roxburgh Entertainment Centre Marketing and Promotions Group had applied ...

Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 05:34:57 -0700

It was a clean sweep for Sydney in the theatrical categories of this year's Helpmann Awards, held Monday night at the Capitol Theatre. The Sydney Theatre Company flexed its acting muscle with Richard Roxburgh winning best actor in a play for Waiting ...
 
Herald Sun
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 02:56:15 -0700

Roxburgh Park was really only in the contest until the first change, but even then it had found itself trailing by nine points. Taking opportunities is never more important than in finals and East Keilor was doing just that in the opening half, putting ...

Vancouver Sun

Vancouver Sun
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 22:15:00 -0700

On the famous par-five final hole at Capilano Golf Club, with an eight-stroke lead cleaved to two and his competitor safely on with an eagle putt, Doug Roxburgh stood in the fairway 110 yards from the elevated green and needed to hit his third shot ...
 
Herald Sun
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 22:24:06 -0700

Hume CIU Detective Sergeant Peter Griffiths said a Roxburgh Park man, 20, was driving north along Pascoe Vale Rd about 7pm when a small red car leaving a fast food restaurant almost collided with him. It is believed there were two occupants in the red car.
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