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This article is about the Scottish burgh. For other places with the same name, see Roxburgh (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 55°35′47″N 2°27′22″W / 55.5965°N 2.4562°W / 55.5965; -2.4562

Roxburgh
Scots: Roxburgh, Rosbroch
View of the ruins of Roxburgh castle, open country with the River Tweed and, in the distance, Floors Castle.
Roxburgh Castle, River Tweed and Floors Castle
Roxburgh is located in Scottish Borders
Roxburgh
Roxburgh
 Roxburgh shown within the Scottish Borders
Population 419 (2001)
OS grid reference NT713337
Civil parish Roxburgh
Council area Scottish Borders
Lieutenancy area Roxburgh, Ettrick and Lauderdale
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town KELSO
Postcode district TD5
Dialling code 01573
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Berwickshire, Roxburgh and Selkirk
Scottish Parliament Ettrick, Roxburgh and Berwickshire
List of places
UK
Scotland

Roxburgh /ˈrɒksbərə/, also known as Rosbroch, is a civil parish and now-destroyed royal burgh, in its eponymous historic county of Roxburghshire in the Scottish Borders. It was an important trading burgh in High Medieval to early modern Scotland. In the Middle Ages it had at least as much importance as Edinburgh, Stirling, Perth, or Berwick-upon-Tweed, for a time acting as de facto capital (as royal residence of David I).

History[edit]

Its significance lay in its position in the centre of some of Lowland Scotland's most agriculturally fertile areas, and its position upon the River Tweed, which allowed river transport of goods via the main seaport of Berwick-upon-Tweed. Its position also acted as a barrier to English invasion.

The town stood on a defensible peninsula between the rivers Tweed and Teviot, with Roxburgh Castle guarding the narrow neck of the peninsula. Nothing remains of the town except some ruined segments of castle ramparts. Its site lies to the south of modern Kelso and Floors Castle, which lie on the other side of the Tweed. The Duke of Roxburghe owns the site.

English and Scots forces repeatedly captured and recaptured the town during the Scottish Wars of Independence, notably in 1314, in the run-up to Bannockburn. Its final recapture in 1460 saw the town and castle destroyed. After this time the town never regained its importance because the final English capture of Berwick-upon-Tweed in 1482 left Roxburgh with little reason to exist, henceforth lacking a port.

Roxburgh was superseded as the county town of the former county of Roxburghshire by Jedburgh.[1]

Etymology[edit]

Roxburgh probably comes from Old English *hrōcas burh, "rook's burgh".[2] Rooks Burgh sounds plausible, but as Roxburgh is described as an ancient royal borough can the "Rox" bit not be derived from the royal "Rex" prefix - as in "The Kings Borough"?

Roxburgh District[edit]

In more recent times (1975–1996), "Roxburgh" referred to a local government district in the Borders region of Scotland. Its borders broadly resembled those of the traditional county of Roxburghshire. In 1996 the district of Roxburgh became part of the Scottish Borders unitary area. (See also: Subdivisions of Scotland.)

Roxburgh village[edit]

Main article: Roxburgh (village)

Today the name Roxburgh belongs to a small village about 2 miles (3.2 km) south-southwest of the site of the historic Roxburgh.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Sources[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roxburgh — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
15276 videos foundNext > 

Pictorial Parade No. 45 (1956) - ROXBURGH WORK-DAY

ROXBURGH WORK-DAY. While morning mists lie over Roxburgh, an old gold prospector examines the gold recovery plant at the site of the Roxburgh hydro-electric ...

Time Team S11-E12 Roxburgh,.Scotland

Five hundred years ago, a major city occupied what is now a large and empty field in the Scottish Borders. Founded by a king as a hub for international trade...

Logies 2011: Richard Roxburgh wins Outstanding Actor

Full Interview: Cate Blanchett and Richard Roxburgh

Actress Cate Blanchett describes her work as artistic director of the Sydney Theatre Company and its current production of 'Uncle Vanya,' starring Australian...

Ferris Wheel- Kowhai Roxburgh (Singer/Songwriter)

Do yourself a favour and watch it!!!! Kowhai is amazingly talented, he writes and performs all of his own songs! Check him out!!!!!

Moulin Rouge - The Duke

John Leguizamo's behind the scenes video with Richard Roxburgh who plays "The Duke.

Kowhai Roxburgh - Let's Ride (Anywhere)

Another original song by the amazing Kowhai Roxburgh. A personal favourite of mine. Please like this video for support. Thanks everyone!! XD.

Sanctum Interview with on screen Father & Son pair Richard Roxburgh and RhysWakefield

BlackTree TV's Naja Hill sits down with the on screen father & son duo in the moive Sanctum. SANCTUM executive producer James Cameron; director Alister Grier...

Edwin Roxburgh's 'Stardrift' for Solo Flute

Rosanna Ter-Berg - Flute Edwin Roxburgh' - Stardrift' Recorded live in concert at St James's, Piccadilly, September 2011.

Moonscape - Edwin Roxburgh

DipABRSM.

15276 videos foundNext > 

1076 news items

Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 05:30:58 -0700

It was a clean sweep for Sydney in the theatrical categories of this year's Helpmann Awards, held Monday night at the Capitol Theatre. The Sydney Theatre Company flexed its acting muscle with Richard Roxburgh winning best actor in a play for Waiting ...

Sydney Morning Herald

Sydney Morning Herald
Sat, 26 Jul 2014 06:41:15 -0700

Before we get to Richard Roxburgh's shocking discovery about his great-great-grandfather – to be revealed in Who Do You Think You Are? on SBS this week – we must deal with two questions: Will there be another series of Rake? And did the US version of ...
 
Herald Sun
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 21:59:33 -0700

Unbeaten through the first 13 rounds of the season, Roxburgh Park was just about an unbackable premiership favourite until they fell to East Keilor in Round 14. But Derrick said the 24-point loss was one his team needed to have, adding that the Magpies ...
 
Herald Sun
Mon, 11 Aug 2014 22:15:00 -0700

Hume CIU Detective Sergeant Peter Griffiths said a Roxburgh Park man, 20, was driving north along Pascoe Vale Rd about 7pm when a small red car leaving a fast food restaurant almost collided with him. It is believed there were two occupants in the red car.
 
Herald Sun
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 07:03:45 -0700

SOME of Hume's youngest heroes have stepped in to feed the community. Children at Roxburgh Park Early Learning Centre were involved in a food drive over June and July, collecting non-perishable items to donate to asylum seekers. Director Zahra Baho ...
 
Otago Daily Times
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:11:15 -0700

Two Dunedin men are facing drug charges after their car was pulled over by police in Roxburgh because the driver was not wearing a seat belt. When police stopped the pair about 4pm yesterday in Scotland St, Roxburgh, cannabis was detected in the ...

NBCSports.com

Big Apple Soccer
Sat, 02 Aug 2014 18:52:30 -0700

In an exclusive interview with BigAppleSoccer.com on Saturday night following the Red Bulls dramatic 2-1 home win over the New England Revolution, Roxburgh squashed any talk of the former Brazilian international joining his New York club.
 
New Zealand Doctor Online
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 17:33:45 -0700

Roxburgh has a new permanent doctor, Pondy Lee, who will take up the position later this year. Earlier this year the Central Otago community lost its GP, Eric Wegener, when he moved to Blenheim after 10 years in Roxburgh. Roxburgh Medical Services ...
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