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Rossano
Comune
Comune di Rossano
Church of Santa Maria del Patire.
Church of Santa Maria del Patire.
Coat of arms of Rossano
Coat of arms
Rossano is located in Italy
Rossano
Rossano
Location of Rossano in Italy
Coordinates: 39°34′N 16°38′E / 39.567°N 16.633°E / 39.567; 16.633
Country Italy
Region Calabria
Province Cosenza (CS)
Government
 • Mayor Giuseppe Antoniotti
Area
 • Total 149 km2 (58 sq mi)
Elevation 270 m (890 ft)
Population (31 March 2010)
 • Total 38,229
 • Density 260/km2 (660/sq mi)
Demonym Rossanesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 87067, 87068
Dialing code 0983
Patron saint St. Nilus the Younger
Saint day September 26
Website portal.comune.rossano.cs.it

Rossano is a town and comune in Southern Italy, in the province of Cosenza (Calabria). The city is situated on an eminence c. 3. km from the Gulf of Taranto. The town is known for its marble and alabaster quarries.

The town is the seat of a Catholic archbishop and has a notable cathedral and castle. Two Popes have been born in the town, along with Saint Nilus the Younger.

History[edit]

The Oratory of St. Mark.

Roscianum was the original name of the town under the Roman Empire. In the 2nd century AD, emperor Hadrian built or rebuilt a port here, which could accommodate up to 300 ships. It was mentioned in the Antonine itineraries, as one of the important fortresses of Calabria. The Goths of Alaric I and, in the following century, Totila, were unable to take it.

Antipope John XVI (ca. 945 – 1001) a native of Rossano.[1]

The Rossanesi showed great attachment to the Byzantine Empire, whose local strategos had his seat here. The Rossano Gospels, a 6th Century illuminated manuscript of great historical and artistic value, is a tangible relic of that period.

The Saracens failed to conquer Rossano, while in 982 Otto II captured it temporarily from the Byzantines. Its Greek character was preserved long after its conquest by the Normans, as noted by its long retention of the Greek Rite over the Latin Rite. The city in fact maintained notable privileges under the subsequent Hohenstaufen and Angevine dominations, but subsequently decayed after the feudalization in 1417.

Passing to the Sforza, and thus to Sigismund I the Old, it was united in 1558 to the crown of Naples by Philip II of Spain in virtue of a doubtful will by Bona Sforza, queen of Poland in favor of Giovanni Lorenzo Pappacoda. Under Isabella of Naples and Bona, the town had been a centre of literary culture; but under the Spaniards it declined.

In 1612, the crown sold the lordship to the Aldobrandini, and in 1637, it passed to the Borghese who retained it until 1806. The city was part of the Neapolitan Republic of 1799, but its conditions did not improve after the Unification of Italy, and much of the population emigrated.

Rossano was the birthplace of Pope John VII and Antipope John XVI. Rossano was also the birthplace of Saint Bartholomew the Younger and Saint Nilus the Younger, who founded the Abbey of Grottaferrata, and whose "Life" is a valuable source of information about southern Italy in the Tenth Century.

Main sights[edit]

  • The Cathedral (11th century, with massive interventions in the 18th–19th centuries) is the main monument of Rossano. It has a nave with two aisles, and three apses. The bell tower and the baptismal font are from the 14th century, while the remaining decorations are from the 17th and 18th centuries. The church is famous for the ancient image of the Madonna acheropita ("Madonna not made by hands"), now located in the Diocesan Museum, probably dating between 580 and the first half of the eighth century. In 1879, the famous Codex Rossanensis was discovered in the sacristy. It is a Greek parchment manuscript of Matthew and Mark, written in silver on purple-stained parchment, and is one of the oldest pictorial Gospels known. Scholars date the codex from the end of the fifth to the eighth or ninth century; it is probably of Alexandrian origin.
A view of Santa Maria Panaghìa.
  • The church of Santa Maria Panaghìa ("St. Mary of All Saints"), an example of Byzantine architecture, with traces of frescoes portraying St. John Chrysostomos.
  • The St. Mark Oratory (tenth century, originally dedicated to St. Anastasia) is the most ancient monument of the city and one of the best preserved Byzantine churches in Italy. It was built by St. Nilus the Younger in the tenth century for the ascetic retreat of monks living in the tufa grottos underneath. It is a Byzantine-style edifice with rectangular Greek-cross plan, with five domes on cylindrical drums. Traces of the original wall frescoes remain.
  • The church of Santa Chiara (1546–1554) was built by Bona Sforza.
  • The church of San Francesco di Paola (late 16th century) has a notable Renaissance portal and a cloister.
  • The late-Gothic church of San Bernardino (1428–62) was the first Roman Catholic church in Rossano. It houses the sepulchre of Oliverio di Somma (1536) and a seventeenth-century wooden crucifix.
  • Rossano is also the home of the internationally renowned annual Marco Fiume Blues Passion, a free three-day open air blues/jazz festival named after a native son who was becoming a giant in the American blues/jazz guitar world before his early demise. The festival occurs in July and is linked to the Cognac Blues Festival in France.

Outside the city are:

The image of Maria Achiropita in the Cathedral.
  • The Torre Stellata ("Star Tower") is a 16th-century fortification built over an ancient fortress.
  • The Abbazia del Pàtire (11th–12th century), an abbey located in a wood outside the city, with some Arab-style mosaics, a Norman apse and ancient portals.

Transportation[edit]

Rossano can be reached from the airports of Crotone, Lamezia Terme or Reggio Calabria through SS. 106 Ionica Route. Rossano has a railway station on the secondary branch starting from Sibari, on the line to Crotone.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Duckett, Eleanor Shipley (1988). Death and Life in the Tenth Century. University of Michigan Press. p. 124. ISBN 9780472061723. "This John, known as John Philagathos, Greek by birth, was a native of Rossano in Calabria, southern Italy" 

Notable people[edit]

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rossano — Please support Wikipedia.
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13455 news items

Gossip e Tv

TGCOM
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10:56 - "Tra tre mesi mi sposo per la terza volta". Parola di Rossano Rubicondi che a "Pomeriggio Cinque" svela in esclusiva la bella notizia. L'ex marito di Ivana Trump presenta la sensuale Kamini Chin loy in collegamento dalla Florida: "Io prima di ...
 
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Tue, 12 Aug 2014 07:43:38 -0700

... 10:36am in NONPROFITS. in collaboration with GRTV and The Rapidian. John Rossano decided to volunteer for Disability Advocates because he wanted to be able to help others, just as he had received help himself. He encourages everyone to volunteer.

Ecodellojonio

Ecodellojonio
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 01:37:30 -0700

È quanto si legge nel messaggio di allertamento trasmesso, nella mattinata odierna (lunedì, 1 settembre), al Centro operativo misto di Rossano dal responsabile di turno della Sala operativa regionale della Protezione civile, Salvatore Cicchello Gaccio.
 
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Rossano custode di patrimoni universali: il 2015 sia l'anno del Codex”. Sarà questo il tema sul quale si baserà il dibattito-confronto tra le Istituzioni cittadine, il mondo della Chiesa e le forze imprenditoriali operanti sul territorio, in programma ...

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Mon, 01 Sep 2014 10:34:53 -0700

giornata-dei-balocchi-2 MENO VISIBILITÀ e PASSERELLE POLITICHE, PIÙ SOLIDARIETÀ. È lo slogan che meglio traduce e riassume il senso del successo della seconda GIORNATA DEI BALOCCHI promossa dall'Associazione “ALI LIBERE”, e tenutasi ieri ...
 
DirittoDiCronaca.it
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 06:52:30 -0700

ROSSANO - (Comunicato stampa) Prevenzione incendi, in arrivo 173mila euro per la ricostruzione del potenziale forestale nel territorio comunale. La Regione Calabria finanzia il progetto proposto dal Settore Ambiente del municipio. Obiettivo: rigenerare ...

Il Quotidiano Della Basilicata

Il Quotidiano Della Basilicata
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COSENZA - Sarebbe riconducibile a contrasti legati alla gestione dello spaccio di droga a Rossano la sparatoria nella quale è rimasto ferito il 23 maggio il minore V.S., che gli inquirenti ritengono possa essere stato colpito per sbaglio mentre si ...

Ecodellojonio

Ecodellojonio
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 10:34:53 -0700

A seguire la tavola rotonda sul tema dell'anticorruzione, della trasparenza e della social innovation che vedrà come relatori l'avvocato Miryam Macella, funzionario amministrativo e responsabile della trasparenza del comune di Rossano, il professor ...
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