digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Rossano
Comune
Comune di Rossano
Church of Santa Maria del Patire.
Church of Santa Maria del Patire.
Coat of arms of Rossano
Coat of arms
Rossano is located in Italy
Rossano
Rossano
Location of Rossano in Italy
Coordinates: 39°34′N 16°38′E / 39.567°N 16.633°E / 39.567; 16.633
Country Italy
Region Calabria
Province Cosenza (CS)
Government
 • Mayor Giuseppe Antoniotti
Area
 • Total 149 km2 (58 sq mi)
Elevation 270 m (890 ft)
Population (31 March 2010)
 • Total 38,229
 • Density 260/km2 (660/sq mi)
Demonym Rossanesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 87067, 87068
Dialing code 0983
Patron saint St. Nilus the Younger
Saint day September 26
Website portal.comune.rossano.cs.it

Rossano is a town and comune in Southern Italy, in the province of Cosenza (Calabria). The city is situated on an eminence c. 3. km from the Gulf of Taranto. The town is known for its marble and alabaster quarries.

The town is the seat of a Catholic archbishop and has a notable cathedral and castle. Two Popes have been born in the town, along with Saint Nilus the Younger.

History[edit]

The Oratory of St. Mark.

Roscianum was the original name of the town under the Roman Empire. In the 2nd century AD, emperor Hadrian built or rebuilt a port here, which could accommodate up to 300 ships. It was mentioned in the Antonine itineraries, as one of the important fortresses of Calabria. The Goths of Alaric I and, in the following century, Totila, were unable to take it.

Antipope John XVI (ca. 945 – 1001) a native of Rossano.[1]

The Rossanesi showed great attachment to the Byzantine Empire, whose local strategos had his seat here. The Rossano Gospels, a 6th Century illuminated manuscript of great historical and artistic value, is a tangible relic of that period.

The Saracens failed to conquer Rossano, while in 982 Otto II captured it temporarily from the Byzantines. Its Greek character was preserved long after its conquest by the Normans, as noted by its long retention of the Greek Rite over the Latin Rite. The city in fact maintained notable privileges under the subsequent Hohenstaufen and Angevine dominations, but subsequently decayed after the feudalization in 1417.

Passing to the Sforza, and thus to Sigismund I the Old, it was united in 1558 to the crown of Naples by Philip II of Spain in virtue of a doubtful will by Bona Sforza, queen of Poland in favor of Giovanni Lorenzo Pappacoda. Under Isabella of Naples and Bona, the town had been a centre of literary culture; but under the Spaniards it declined.

In 1612, the crown sold the lordship to the Aldobrandini, and in 1637, it passed to the Borghese who retained it until 1806. The city was part of the Neapolitan Republic of 1799, but its conditions did not improve after the Unification of Italy, and much of the population emigrated.

Rossano was the birthplace of Pope John VII and Antipope John XVI. Rossano was also the birthplace of Saint Bartholomew the Younger and Saint Nilus the Younger, who founded the Abbey of Grottaferrata, and whose "Life" is a valuable source of information about southern Italy in the Tenth Century.

Main sights[edit]

  • The Cathedral (11th century, with massive interventions in the 18th–19th centuries) is the main monument of Rossano. It has a nave with two aisles, and three apses. The bell tower and the baptismal font are from the 14th century, while the remaining decorations are from the 17th and 18th centuries. The church is famous for the ancient image of the Madonna acheropita ("Madonna not made by hands"), now located in the Diocesan Museum, probably dating between 580 and the first half of the eighth century. In 1879, the famous Codex Rossanensis was discovered in the sacristy. It is a Greek parchment manuscript of Matthew and Mark, written in silver on purple-stained parchment, and is one of the oldest pictorial Gospels known. Scholars date the codex from the end of the fifth to the eighth or ninth century; it is probably of Alexandrian origin.
A view of Santa Maria Panaghìa.
  • The church of Santa Maria Panaghìa ("St. Mary of All Saints"), an example of Byzantine architecture, with traces of frescoes portraying St. John Chrysostomos.
  • The St. Mark Oratory (tenth century, originally dedicated to St. Anastasia) is the most ancient monument of the city and one of the best preserved Byzantine churches in Italy. It was built by St. Nilus the Younger in the tenth century for the ascetic retreat of monks living in the tufa grottos underneath. It is a Byzantine-style edifice with rectangular Greek-cross plan, with five domes on cylindrical drums. Traces of the original wall frescoes remain.
  • The church of Santa Chiara (1546–1554) was built by Bona Sforza.
  • The church of San Francesco di Paola (late 16th century) has a notable Renaissance portal and a cloister.
  • The late-Gothic church of San Bernardino (1428–62) was the first Roman Catholic church in Rossano. It houses the sepulchre of Oliverio di Somma (1536) and a seventeenth-century wooden crucifix.
  • Rossano is also the home of the internationally renowned annual Marco Fiume Blues Passion, a free three-day open air blues/jazz festival named after a native son who was becoming a giant in the American blues/jazz guitar world before his early demise. The festival occurs in July and is linked to the Cognac Blues Festival in France.

Outside the city are:

The image of Maria Achiropita in the Cathedral.
  • The Torre Stellata ("Star Tower") is a 16th-century fortification built over an ancient fortress.
  • The Abbazia del Pàtire (11th–12th century), an abbey located in a wood outside the city, with some Arab-style mosaics, a Norman apse and ancient portals.

Transportation[edit]

Rossano can be reached from the airports of Crotone, Lamezia Terme or Reggio Calabria through SS. 106 Ionica Route. Rossano has a railway station on the secondary branch starting from Sibari, on the line to Crotone.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Duckett, Eleanor Shipley (1988). Death and Life in the Tenth Century. University of Michigan Press. p. 124. ISBN 9780472061723. "This John, known as John Philagathos, Greek by birth, was a native of Rossano in Calabria, southern Italy" 

Notable people[edit]

External links[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rossano — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
102770 videos foundNext > 

Rossano - TI VOGLIO TANTO BENE (1969)

Rossano - TI VOGLIO TANTO BENE (1969) (Curtis - Furnò ) - Narciso Parigi [1947] Cantagiro Dimmi, che l'amore tuo non muore è come il sole d'oro non muore mai...

ROSSANO ATTOLICO - TE QUIERO TANTO - ( Ti voglio tanto bene )

cantantante italiano exitoso en los 60 y 70 version en español del tema - ti voglio tanto bene - ROSSANO - TE QUIERO TANTO - ( Ti voglio tanto bene ). VIDEO ...

Ti Voglio Tanto Bene - Rossano (Legenda Italiano/BR)

Rossano , nome artístico de Rossano Attolico ( Bari , 15 de março 1946 - Nova York , 3 dez 1976 ), foi um cantor, italiano .Depois de um bom aprendizado e os...

Ma nouvelle Coupe de cheveux Rossano Ferretti

Je suis tellement ravie de cette expérience dans ce Salon Rossano Ferretti J'ai eu beaucoup de chance de le rencontrer et je remercie tout particulièrement C...

Rossano Calabria Italia

Un piccolo tour della mia città!

CAPILLAIRE mon expérience chez Rossano Ferretti

ROSSANO - Ho Perso Il Conto - 1971 (Lo Vecchio-Vecchioni)

Brano presentato senza successo da Rossano Attolico, in arte Rossano,(Bari 15 marzo 1946 -New York 8 dicembre 1976) al Disco per l'estate 1971, autori Andrea...

Acquapark Odissea 2000 Rossano Calabro 27/06/2013

Acquapark Odissea 2000 a Rossano Calabro (CS) 27/06/2013 - Ringrazio lo Staff per la loro disponibilità. **** Mi scuso ma per colpa di qualcuno ho dovuto dis...

Rossano Galante: Cry of the Last Unicorn

史蒂芬‧米德與台北青年管樂團2013跨年音樂會Steven Mead with TWO - 2013 New Year's Concert 時間:101年12月31日(一)19:30 地點:台北市中山堂指揮:侯宇彪演出:台北青年管樂團上低音號獨奏: ...

Redemption by Rossano Galante

Title: Redemption Composer: Rossano Galante Publisher: Alfred Music Publishing.

102770 videos foundNext > 

13558 news items

Il Quotidiano Della Calabria

Il Quotidiano Della Calabria
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 09:04:10 -0700

ROSSANO (CS) - Una vera e propria intimidazioni è stata messa a segno ai danni di un poliziotto del commissariato di Rossano, persone non identificate, infatti, hanno incendiato la scorsa notte l'automobile dell'agente di polizia che non è la prima ...

Ecodellojonio

Ecodellojonio
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 07:18:21 -0700

Carcere-di-Rossano Giorno 26 ottobre p.v. alle ore 10.30 il nuovo arcivescovo dell'arcidiocesi di Rossano-Cariati Mons. Giuseppe Satriano visiterà l'istituto penitenziario di Rossano per portare il suo saluto alla popolazione detenuta, al personale che ...
 
Strill.it
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 08:22:30 -0700

La Diocesi, in letizia, accoglie l'amato Pastore invocando i favori divini sul suo cammino pastorale a Rossano-Cariati. Alle ore 9.00 è prevista una sosta presso la parrocchia “Corpus Domini” in Torricella”, sulla statale 106, dove il presule sarà ...
 
Strill.it
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 09:18:45 -0700

Forza Italia Giovani Rossano, in conclusione, auspica che le attuali e future classi dirigenti possano ridisegnare gli assetti della politica al fine di ridare quel lustro e quello smalto di un tempo. L'obiettivo primario, certamente, è quello di ...

Ecodellojonio

Ecodellojonio
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 07:02:18 -0700

Ricordare che esiste per Rossano un Piano strategico con progetti bandiera per i prossimi 20 anni, miseramente finito in un casseto. Posso ricordare il Piano Territoriale di Coordinamento Provinciale, voluto da Mario Oliverio, ed approvato dalla Provincia.
 
Sibarinet.it
Thu, 23 Oct 2014 10:48:45 -0700

Nel primo pomeriggio di oggi 23 ottobre 2014, i Carabinieri del Nucleo Operativo di Rossano hanno tratto in arresto Z.A. 46/enne, rossanese, disoccupato, con precedenti di polizia per reati contro la persona, contro il patrimonio e in materia di ...
 
Sibarinet.it
Fri, 24 Oct 2014 09:41:15 -0700

L'UCIIM, sezione di Mirto-Rossano, organizza per il 25 ottobre p.v. la prima edizione del "The Teacher Party", una festa rivolta a coloro che operano nella scuola... e non solo, per: - rafforzare il senso di appartenenza ad una categoria oggi poco ...

Ecodellojonio

Ecodellojonio
Sat, 25 Oct 2014 03:19:55 -0700

asl3rossano Non molla l'osso l'Associazione “Basta vittime sulla Strada Statale 106”: a quel suo cammino di denuncia, fatto di proteste e segnalazioni che invocano ad alta voce la messa in sicurezza e l'ammodernamento della cattiva statale, mancava ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!