Roseway under partial sail
|Builder:||John F. James & Son|
|Launched:||24 November 1925|
|Fate:||Returned to Boston Pilots November 1945|
|Beam:||25 ft (7.6 m)|
|Draft:||13 ft (4.0 m)|
|Propulsion:||Sail, 400 hp (300 kW) diesel engine|
|Sail plan:||Gaff-rigged schooner, 5,600 sq ft (520 m2) total sail|
|Notes:||Hull material: Wood (white oak, native pine, Douglas fir)|
|Location||Seasonally Boston, Massachusetts or St. Croix|
|Architect||John F. James & Son|
|NRHP Reference #||97001278|
|Added to NRHP||25 September 1997|
|Designated NHL||25 September 1997|
Roseway is a wooden gaff-rigged schooner launched on 24 November 1925 in Essex, Massachusetts. Built in 1925, she is currently operated by World Ocean School, a non-profit educational organization based in Camden, Maine, and is normally operated out of Boston, Massachusetts and Saint Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. She was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1997 as the only known surviving example of a fishing schooner built specifically with racing competition as an objective.
Roseway was built in 1925 for Harold Hathaway of Taunton, Massachusetts at the John F. James & Son shipyard in Essex. Hathaway's intention was to build a boat that might beat the Canadians in the international fisherman's races popular at that time; to that end, Roseway was impeccably maintained and used only occasionally as a fishing boat.
In 1941, Roseway was purchased by the Boston Pilot's Association to serve as a pilot boat for Boston Harbor. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor later that year, mines and anti-submarine netting were installed to protect the Port of Boston, and all lighted navigational aids were extinguished. Roseway was fitted with a .50 caliber machine gun for service with the Coast Guard Reserve as patrol vessel as CGR-812. She continued her piloting duties in this challenging environment, for which service her pilots were awarded a bronze plaque from the Coast Guard at the end of the war.
Roseway continued to serve as a pilot vessel until the early 1970s, at which point she and San Francisco's Zodiac were the only pilot schooners still in service in the United States. She was then sold and converted into a passenger vessel for the tourist trade. Roseway changed hands several times in the ensuing decades, operating primarily out of Camden, Maine and the US Virgin Islands. In 1997, she was listed as a National Historic Landmark. Roseway, at that time, retained between eighty and ninety percent of her original hull fabric and was badly in need of repairs. She remained docked in Rockland, Maine until she was repossessed by the First National Bank of Damariscotta, which in 2002 donated the vessel to the newly founded World Ocean School.
Following two years of restoration in Boothbay Harbor, Roseway again set sail in 2005. She currently serves as the platform for the World Ocean School, which offers various educational programs in St. Croix and the northeastern United States.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Boston
- National Register of Historic Places listings in northern Boston, Massachusetts
- History of Full Rigged Ships
- List of schooners
- "Roseway (schooner)". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-03-25.
- "NHL nomination for Roseway (schooner)" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2015-02-23.
- "History of the Schooner Roseway". Retrieved 2012-09-11.
- Cunliffe, Tom; Osler, Adrian (2001). Pilots. The World of Pilotage under Sail and Oar. Vol. 1. Pilot Schooners of North America and Great Britain. Wooden Boat Publications. pp. 137, 240. ISBN 978-0-937822-69-2.
- Foster, Kevin J. (30 January 1997). "National Historic Landmark Nomination / Schooner Roseway" (pdf). National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-09-11.
- World Ocean School
- National Historic Landmark listing for the schooner Roseway
- Boston Pilots' Association