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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Mera and the second or maternal family name is Goyenechea.
Rosalía Mera
Familiares-allegados-Rosalia-Mera-Coruna EDIIMA20130816 0108 4.jpg
Rosalía Mera in 2003.
Born Rosalía Mera Goyenechea
(1944-01-28)28 January 1944
A Coruña, Galicia, Spain.
Died 15 August 2013(2013-08-15) (aged 69)
A Coruña, Galicia, Spain.
Cause of death
Complications from a stroke
Residence Liáns, Oleiros, A Coruña, Galicia Spain
Nationality Spanish
Known for Co-founder of Inditex
Net worth $6.1 billion as of 2013[1]
Spouse(s) Amancio Ortega Gaona (m. 1966 — div. 1986)[2]
Children Sandra Ortega Mera, Marcos Ortega Mera
Official website

Rosalía Mera Goyenechea (28 January 1944 – 15 August 2013) was a Spanish businesswoman and entrepreneur. At the time of her death, she was the richest woman in Spain[2] and the world's richest self-made woman.[3] In 1975, she co-founded the Zara retail chain with her then-husband Amancio Ortega Gaona. The company grew to become the world's largest fashion retailer.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Rosalia Mera was born in A Coruña, Galiza, Spain in 1944.[4] She dropped out of school at age eleven to work as a sales assistant in a clothing shop.[2][5]


Mera began designing gowns and lingerie in her home with her then-husband, Amancio Ortega Gaona. The couple opened the first Zara store in 1975 in A Coruña.[5] Eventually the couple parlayed their work into a multi-billion dollar enterprise. Zara's success was in part due to its strategy of imitating popular fashions and quickly making them for sale at inexpensive prices.[4]

Ten years after the opening of the first Zara store, Inditex was established as a holding company for the couple's businesses.[5] Inditex now comprises multiple fashion companies, of which Zara is the flagship.[2] The company also owns the retailers Bershka, Massimo Dutti, Oysho, Pull & Bear, Stradivarius, Uterque and Zara Home.[6] Inditex now has over 6000 stores in over 86 countries[4] and over 120,000 employees.[6] Despite her 1986 divorce from Ortega,[2] Mera retained a 7% stake in the company.[7]

Mera also owned interests in a company which made fingerprinting identification kits for newborns[1] and another company, Zeltia, which carries out research into cancer fighting compounds of both synthetic and natural origin and particularly those bioactive compounds originating in the ocean.[1][8]

According to the 2013 Forbes billionaire list, Mera was the world's wealthiest self-made female entrepreneur, with a net worth of over $6 billion. She was the second-wealthiest person from Spain,[1] second only to her ex-husband.

Political and philanthropic activities[edit]

Mera opposed conservative Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy's plans to make Spain's abortion laws more restrictive.[6] She also opposed austerity cutbacks to Spain's national healthcare and education programes.[6]

Mera established the Paideia Foundation which works with groups in risk of social exclusion.[1][9]

Personal life[edit]

Mera married Amancio Ortega Gaona in 1966.[5] She had a son, Marcos, who was born mentally disabled.[1] The couple also had a daughter, Sandra.[5]


On 14 August 2013, Mera was admitted to a hospital in Menorca in an ‘irreversible situation’ after suffering a stroke. The family had been on holiday in Menorca. Mera died on 15 August 2013 in A Coruña. She had been transferred by plane to the port city and then by ambulance to the Hospital San Rafael de A Coruña where she later died of complications.[10][11] Inditex confirmed Mera's death on 16 August 2013,[12] stating "The group wishes to send its sincere condolences to her loved ones and friends at this extremely difficult time, after the loss of a person who contributed so much to the origins and development of the company."[2] She was buried in the cemetery of the church of Santa Eulalia of Liáns, in Oleiros(A Coruña).[13]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Kroll, Luisa. "The Rarer Sex: The Self-Made Women Billionaires Of 2013". Forbes. Retrieved 10 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Zara co-founder Rosalia Mera dies aged 69". BBC News. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Carlyle, Erin (16 August 2013). "Rosalia Mera, World's Richest Self-Made Woman, Dies At 69". Forbes. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d Dennys, Harriet (16 August 2013). "Rosalia Mera". Daily Telegraph (London). 
  5. ^ a b c d e Baigorri, Manuel (16 August 2013). "Rosalia Mera, Who Was Spain’s Richest Woman, Dies at 69". Bloomberg. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Rosalia Mera, World's Wealthiest Self-Made Woman, Dies At 69". Huffington Post. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  7. ^ Hetz, Robert (15 August 2013). "UPDATE 1-Co-founder of Zara-owner Inditex dies in hospital-report". Reuters. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  8. ^ Zeltia website
  9. ^ EC accreditation for the foundation
  10. ^ Rosalía Mera, has been admitted to hospital in Menorca in an ‘irreversible situation’ after suffering a stroke (15 August 2013). Retrieved 16 August 2013
  11. ^ Muere Rosalía Mera, cofundadora de Inditex (16 August 2013). Retrieved 16 August 2013. (Spanish)
  12. ^ Conti, Samantha (16 August 2013). "Rosalia Mera, Cofounder of Inditex, Dies". WWD. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  13. ^ Rosalía Mera será enterrada este sábado en A Coruña.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosalía_Mera — Please support Wikipedia.
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1224 videos foundNext > 

Interview with Rosalia Mera

Video interview with Rosalia Mera, Spain.

Dolor y emoción en el entierro de Rosalía Mera

Oleiros (A Coruña), 17 ago (EFE).- (Imagen Jorge Piñeiro) La presidenta de la Fundación Paideia, Rosalía Mera, fallecida el jueves tras un derrame cerebral, ...

World's Wealthiest Self-Made Woman - Rosalia Mera, (owner of Zara), Dies

http://www.africtoday.com Rosalia Mera, a seamstress who co-founded a clothing store in northwestern Spain that grew into Zara, one of the world's largest re...

Rosalía Mera: 'Fannos falla novos tempos en Galicia'

Fundadora da Fundación Paideia e de Inditex, Rosalía Mera pensa que as persoas 'relevantes' teñen a obriga de devolverlle á sociedade parte dos seus benefici...

ROSALIA MERA co-fundadora INDITEX y Zara/ Alfiler de Oro

EN BOGA Grupo de Comunicación www.enboga.net Entrega Alfiler de Oro -Empresarias Mujer Siglo XXI.

Vecinos de A Coruña lloran la muerte de Rosalía Mera

El imperio Zara surgió de una modesta tienda en la capital herculina.

Rosalía Mera, en estado de extrema gravedad

Mahón (Menorca), ago (EFE).- La empresaria gallega Rosalía Mera Goyenechea continúa ingresada en el hospital Mateu Orfila de Menorca en "situación de extrema...

Fallece Rosalía Mera, la mujer más rica de España

La cofundadora de Inditex sufrió una parada cardiorrespiratoria ligada a un derrame cerebral.

Muere Rosalía Mera, cofundadora junto a Amancio Ortega de Inditex

No olvides visitar nuestro blog: http://noticasinformateaqui.blogspot.com.es/ La empresaria gallega Rosalía Mera, la mujer más rica de España y cofundadora j...

Familiares y allegados velan el cadáver de Rosalía Mera en A Coruña

A Coruña, ago (EFE).- (Imagen: Jorge Piñeiro). Familiares, amigos y allegados de la empresaria gallega Rosalía Mera han pasado desde primera hora de la mañan...

1224 videos foundNext > 

61 news items

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 13:26:15 -0700

The richest woman in Spain, Rosalia Mera, dropped out of school at age 11 to become a seamstress. She continued along this line of work when she married a tailor and helped him make dressing gowns in their home. They eventually built one of the world's ...
American Thinker (blog)
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 23:16:53 -0700

Founded in 1975 by Amancio Ortega and Rosalía Mera, the Spanish clothing manufacturer Zara is considered the flagship chain store of the Inditex group, the world's largest apparel retailer. Ortega, Spain's richest man and the world's third richest man ...
Mon, 22 Sep 2014 05:33:45 -0700

Con todo, Galicia, con 59.375 millones de euros, es la que suma mayor capital por el efecto de Amancio Ortega y de su hija, Sandra Ortega Mera, heredera de Rosalía Mera, que con 5.400 millones de euros ocupa el tercer lugar de las grandes fortunas ...
Deutsche Welle
Sun, 18 Aug 2013 15:09:56 -0700

Spain's richest woman, Rosalia Mera, dies aged 69. Sports. Doping in football: A taboo subject. For a long time, doping in football was considered a taboo subject. The revelations of recent days have changed that, with German football having its own ...

Economía Digital

Economía Digital
Mon, 15 Sep 2014 11:46:15 -0700

Así, casi sin quererlo, el grupo fundado por Amancio Ortega y la fallecida Rosalía Mera se ha colgado otro galón más. El de referente entre las empresas españolas que actúan en el extranjero mediante la fórmula de la franquicia. De todas las cadenas de ...
Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:23:43 -0700

Marta es fruto de su unión con Flora Pérez, con quien se casó con ella en segundas nupcias después de haber pasado previamente por el altar con la ya desaparecida Rosalía Mera, con la que tuvo a sus hijos Sandra y Marcos y de la que separó en 1986.

La Opinión A Coruña

La Opinión A Coruña
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 23:54:15 -0700

Sandra Ortega. Es la heredera de las dos Sicav de Rosalía Mera: Soandres y Breixo. En la primera, su patrimonio invertido en España suma 17,5 millones, por los 337,3 del exterior; Manuel Jove. Tanto Bourdet como Doniños están más expuestos a valores ...

La Opinión A Coruña

La Opinión A Coruña
Sun, 07 Sep 2014 20:00:00 -0700

Sandra Ortega, hija de Amancio y de Rosalía Mera -fallecida hace un año- de la que heredó el título de mujer más rica de España; la familia March; Alicia Koplowitz; Juan Abelló; los Del Pino (Ferrovial); los Gallardo (Almirall) y los Hernández Calleja ...

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