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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Mera and the second or maternal family name is Goyenechea.
Rosalía Mera
Familiares-allegados-Rosalia-Mera-Coruna EDIIMA20130816 0108 4.jpg
Rosalía Mera in 2003.
Born Rosalía Mera Goyenechea
(1944-01-28)28 January 1944
A Coruña, Galicia, Spain.
Died 15 August 2013(2013-08-15) (aged 69)
A Coruña, Galicia, Spain.
Cause of death
Complications from a stroke
Residence Liáns, Oleiros, A Coruña, Galicia Spain
Nationality Spanish
Known for Co-founder of Inditex
Net worth $6.1 billion as of 2013[1]
Spouse(s) Amancio Ortega Gaona (m. 1966 — div. 1986)[2]
Children Sandra Ortega Mera, Marcos Ortega Mera
Website
Official website

Rosalía Mera Goyenechea (28 January 1944 – 15 August 2013) was a Spanish businesswoman and entrepreneur. At the time of her death, she was the richest woman in Spain[2] and the world's richest self-made woman.[3] In 1975, she co-founded the Zara retail chain with her then-husband Amancio Ortega Gaona. The company grew to become the world's largest fashion retailer.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Rosalia Mera was born in A Coruña, Galiza, Spain in 1944.[4] She dropped out of school at age eleven to work as a sales assistant in a clothing shop.[2][5]

Career[edit]

Mera began designing gowns and lingerie in her home with her then-husband, Amancio Ortega Gaona. The couple opened the first Zara store in 1975 in A Coruña.[5] Eventually the couple parlayed their work into a multi-billion dollar enterprise. Zara's success was in part due to its strategy of imitating popular fashions and quickly making them for sale at inexpensive prices.[4]

Ten years after the opening of the first Zara store, Inditex was established as a holding company for the couple's businesses.[5] Inditex now comprises multiple fashion companies, of which Zara is the flagship.[2] The company also owns the retailers Bershka, Massimo Dutti, Oysho, Pull & Bear, Stradivarius, Uterque and Zara Home.[6] Inditex now has over 6000 stores in over 86 countries[4] and over 120,000 employees.[6] Despite her 1986 divorce from Ortega,[2] Mera retained a 7% stake in the company.[7]

Mera also owned interests in a company which made fingerprinting identification kits for newborns[1] and another company, Zeltia, which carries out research into cancer fighting compounds of both synthetic and natural origin and particularly those bioactive compounds originating in the ocean.[1][8]

According to the 2013 Forbes billionaire list, Mera was the world's wealthiest self-made female entrepreneur, with a net worth of over $6 billion. She was the second-wealthiest person from Spain,[1] second only to her ex-husband.

Political and philanthropic activities[edit]

Mera opposed conservative Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy's plans to make Spain's abortion laws more restrictive.[6] She also opposed austerity cutbacks to Spain's national healthcare and education programes.[6]

Mera established the Paideia Foundation which works with groups in risk of social exclusion.[1][9]

Personal life[edit]

Mera married Amancio Ortega Gaona in 1966.[5] She had a son, Marcos, who was born mentally disabled.[1] The couple also had a daughter, Sandra.[5]

Death[edit]

On 14 August 2013, Mera was admitted to a hospital in Menorca in an ‘irreversible situation’ after suffering a stroke. The family had been on holiday in Menorca. Mera died on 15 August 2013 in A Coruña. She had been transferred by plane to the port city and then by ambulance to the Hospital San Rafael de A Coruña where she later died of complications.[10][11] Inditex confirmed Mera's death on 16 August 2013,[12] stating "The group wishes to send its sincere condolences to her loved ones and friends at this extremely difficult time, after the loss of a person who contributed so much to the origins and development of the company."[2] She was buried in the cemetery of the church of Santa Eulalia of Liáns, in Oleiros(A Coruña).[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Kroll, Luisa. "The Rarer Sex: The Self-Made Women Billionaires Of 2013". Forbes. Retrieved 10 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Zara co-founder Rosalia Mera dies aged 69". BBC News. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Carlyle, Erin (16 August 2013). "Rosalia Mera, World's Richest Self-Made Woman, Dies At 69". Forbes. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d Dennys, Harriet (16 August 2013). "Rosalia Mera". Daily Telegraph (London). 
  5. ^ a b c d e Baigorri, Manuel (16 August 2013). "Rosalia Mera, Who Was Spain’s Richest Woman, Dies at 69". Bloomberg. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Rosalia Mera, World's Wealthiest Self-Made Woman, Dies At 69". Huffington Post. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  7. ^ Hetz, Robert (15 August 2013). "UPDATE 1-Co-founder of Zara-owner Inditex dies in hospital-report". Reuters. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  8. ^ Zeltia website
  9. ^ EC accreditation for the foundation
  10. ^ Rosalía Mera, has been admitted to hospital in Menorca in an ‘irreversible situation’ after suffering a stroke (15 August 2013). Retrieved 16 August 2013
  11. ^ Muere Rosalía Mera, cofundadora de Inditex (16 August 2013). Retrieved 16 August 2013. (Spanish)
  12. ^ Conti, Samantha (16 August 2013). "Rosalia Mera, Cofounder of Inditex, Dies". WWD. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  13. ^ Rosalía Mera será enterrada este sábado en A Coruña.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosalía_Mera — Please support Wikipedia.
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991 videos foundNext > 

Entrevista a Resalía Mera

En este vídeo, la fundadora de la marca Inditex habla con el periodista español Iñaki Gabilondo sobre su vida profesional y personal. Tomando de: http://www....

Dolor y emoción en el entierro de Rosalía Mera

Oleiros (A Coruña), 17 ago (EFE).- (Imagen Jorge Piñeiro) La presidenta de la Fundación Paideia, Rosalía Mera, fallecida el jueves tras un derrame cerebral, ...

Rosalía Mera: 'Fannos falla novos tempos en Galicia'

Fundadora da Fundación Paideia e de Inditex, Rosalía Mera pensa que as persoas 'relevantes' teñen a obriga de devolverlle á sociedade parte dos seus benefici...

Interview with Rosalia Mera

Video interview with Rosalia Mera, Spain.

Vecinos de A Coruña lloran la muerte de Rosalía Mera

El imperio Zara surgió de una modesta tienda en la capital herculina.

World's Wealthiest Self-Made Woman - Rosalia Mera, (owner of Zara), Dies

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ROSALIA MERA co-fundadora INDITEX y Zara/ Alfiler de Oro

EN BOGA Grupo de Comunicación www.enboga.net Entrega Alfiler de Oro -Empresarias Mujer Siglo XXI.

Familiares y allegados velan el cadáver de Rosalía Mera en A Coruña

A Coruña, ago (EFE).- (Imagen: Jorge Piñeiro). Familiares, amigos y allegados de la empresaria gallega Rosalía Mera han pasado desde primera hora de la mañan...

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312 news items

Economía Digital

Economía Digital
Thu, 02 Oct 2014 00:07:30 -0700

Nuevo estilo en Rosp Corunna, la sociedad holding que aglutina los activos y participaciones de la mujer más rica de España. Sandra Ortega, hija del fundador de Inditex y heredera de Rosalía Mera, ha decidido auditar las cuentas del grupo que gestiona.

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Sun, 19 Oct 2014 09:02:28 -0700

Ortega and his business partner Rosalia Mera opened their first store in the city of A Coruna, close to Arteixo, in 1975. They wanted to call the shop Zorba, after their favourite film, Zorba the Greek. However, a bar further down the street had ...

El País.com (España)

El País.com (España)
Fri, 17 Oct 2014 15:12:26 -0700

En agosto del pasado año, Sandra Ortega Mera, hija de los fundadores de Inditex, Amancio Ortega y Rosalía Mera, apuró uno de esos malos tragos que tiene programados la vida. Enterró a su madre, fallecida a las pocas horas de sufrir un derrame cerebral ...

El Correo

El Correo
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 17:27:17 -0700

... Amancio Ortega -47.600 millones-; el presidente de Mercadona, Juan Roig -5.800 millones-; y Sandra Ortega Mera -5.400 millones-, hija del fundador del grupo Inditex que irrumpió en este exclusivo ranking tras la muerte de su madre, Rosalía Mera.
 
Expansión.com
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 06:30:00 -0700

... el ránking de los más ricos de España lo lideraron Ortega -47.600 millones-; el presidente de Mercadona, Juan Roig -5.800 millones-; y Sandra Ortega Mera -5.400 millones-, hija de los fundadores del grupo Inditex -Amancio Ortega y Rosalía Mera-.
 
Deutsche Welle
Sun, 18 Aug 2013 15:09:56 -0700

Spain's richest woman, Rosalia Mera, dies aged 69. Sports. Doping in football: A taboo subject. For a long time, doping in football was considered a taboo subject. The revelations of recent days have changed that, with German football having its own ...
 
eldia.es
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 06:16:40 -0700

... más ricos de España lo lideraron el presidente de Inditex Amancio Ortega -47.600 millones-; el de Mercadona, Juan Roig -5.800 millones-; y Sandra Ortega Mera -5.400 millones-, hija del los fundadores del grupo Inditex -Amancio Ortega y Rosalía Mera-.
 
La Vanguardia
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 05:45:00 -0700

Madrid, 30 oct (EFE).- La Comunitat Valenciana y el País Vasco empatan en el tercer puesto del ránking de las grandes fortunas de España, por detrás de Madrid y Cataluña, que aglutinan más de la mitad de las cien grandes fortunas de España, con 28 y 24 ...
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