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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Mera and the second or maternal family name is Goyenechea.
Rosalía Mera
Born Rosalía Mera Goyenechea
(1944-01-28)28 January 1944
A Coruña, Galicia, Spain.
Died 15 August 2013(2013-08-15) (aged 69)
A Coruña, Galicia, Spain.
Cause of death Stroke
Residence Liáns, Oleiros, A Coruña, Galicia Spain
Nationality Spanish
Known for Co-founder of Inditex
Net worth $6.1 billion as of 2013[1]
Spouse(s) Amancio Ortega Gaona (m. 1966 — div. 1986)[2]
Children Sandra Ortega Mera, Marcos Ortega Mera
Website Official website

Rosalía Mera Goyenechea (28 January 1944 – 15 August 2013) was a Spanish businesswoman and entrepreneur. At the time of her death, she was the richest woman in Spain[2] and the world's richest self-made woman.[3] In 1975, she co-founded the Zara retail chain with her then-husband Amancio Ortega Gaona. The company grew to become the world's largest fashion retailer.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Rosalia Mera was born in A Coruña, Galicia, Spain in 1944.[4] She dropped out of school at age eleven to work as a sales assistant in a clothing shop.[2][5]

Career[edit]

Mera began designing gowns and lingerie in her home with her then-husband, Amancio Ortega Gaona. The couple opened the first Zara store in 1975 in A Coruña.[5] Eventually the couple parlayed their work into a multi-billion dollar enterprise. Zara's success was in part due to its strategy of imitating popular fashions and quickly making them for sale at inexpensive prices.[4]

Ten years after the opening of the first Zara store, Inditex was established as a holding company for the couple's businesses.[5] Inditex now comprises multiple fashion companies, of which Zara is the flagship.[2] The company also owns the retailers Bershka, Massimo Dutti, Oysho, Pull & Bear, Stradivarius, Uterque and Zara Home.[6] Inditex now has over 6000+ stores in over 86 countries[4] and over 120,000 employees.[6] Despite her 1986 divorce from Ortega,[2] Mera retained a 7% stake in the company.[7]

Mera also owned interests in a company which made fingerprinting identification kits for newborns[1] and another company, Zeltia, which carries out research into cancer fighting compounds of both synthetic and natural origin and particularly those bioactive compounds originating in the ocean.[1][8]

According to the 2013 Forbes billionaire list, Mera was the world's wealthiest self-made female entrepreneur, with a net worth of over $6 billion. She was the second-wealthiest person from Spain,[1] second only to her ex-husband.

Political and philanthropic activities[edit]

Mera opposed conservative Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy's plans to make Spain's abortion laws more restrictive.[6] She also opposed austerity cutbacks to Spain's national healthcare and education programes.[6]

Mera established the Paideia Foundation which works with groups in risk of social exclusion.[1][9]

Personal life[edit]

Mera married Amancio Ortega Gaona in 1966.[5] She had a son, Marcos, who was born mentally disabled.[1] The couple also had a daughter, Sandra.[5]

Death[edit]

On 14 August 2013, Mera was admitted to a hospital in Menorca in an ‘irreversible situation’ after suffering a stroke. The family had been on holiday in Menorca. Mera died on 15 August 2013 in A Coruña. She had been transferred by plane to the port city and then by ambulance to the Hospital San Rafael de A Coruña where she later died of complications.[10][11] Inditex confirmed Mera's death on 16 August 2013,[12] stating "The group wishes to send its sincere condolences to her loved ones and friends at this extremely difficult time, after the loss of a person who contributed so much to the origins and development of the company."[2] She was buried in the cemetery of the church of Santa Eulalia of Liáns, in Oleiros(A Coruña).[13]

Her daughter Sandra Ortega Mera inherited her wealth (her son Marcos was born with cerebral palsy), and became Spain's richest woman with a net wealth of $6.1 billion.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Kroll, Luisa. "The Rarer Sex: The Self-Made Women Billionaires Of 2013". Forbes. Retrieved 10 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Zara co-founder Rosalia Mera dies aged 69". BBC News. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Carlyle, Erin (16 August 2013). "Rosalia Mera, World's Richest Self-Made Woman, Dies At 69". Forbes. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d Dennys, Harriet (16 August 2013). "Rosalia Mera". Daily Telegraph (London). 
  5. ^ a b c d e Baigorri, Manuel (16 August 2013). "Rosalia Mera, Who Was Spain’s Richest Woman, Dies at 69". Bloomberg. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Rosalia Mera, World's Wealthiest Self-Made Woman, Dies At 69". Huffington Post. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  7. ^ Hetz, Robert (15 August 2013). "UPDATE 1-Co-founder of Zara-owner Inditex dies in hospital-report". Reuters. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  8. ^ Zeltia website
  9. ^ EC accreditation for the foundation
  10. ^ Rosalía Mera, has been admitted to hospital in Menorca in an ‘irreversible situation’ after suffering a stroke (15 August 2013). Retrieved 16 August 2013
  11. ^ Muere Rosalía Mera, cofundadora de Inditex (16 August 2013). Retrieved 16 August 2013. (Spanish)
  12. ^ Conti, Samantha (16 August 2013). "Rosalia Mera, Cofounder of Inditex, Dies". WWD. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  13. ^ Rosalía Mera será enterrada este sábado en A Coruña.
  14. ^ "Sandra Ortega Mera". Forbes. Retrieved 11 November 2014. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosalía_Mera — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

4891 news items

 
Daily Times
Wed, 03 Feb 2016 16:22:30 -0800

Zara is a Spanish clothing and accessories retailer based in Arteixo, Galicia and founded in 1975 by Amancio Ortega and Rosalía Mera. It is the flagship chain store of the world's largest apparel retailer, the Inditex group. The fashion group also owns ...

Latin Post

Latin Post
Mon, 11 Jan 2016 12:10:06 -0800

In 1963, he founded a company called Confeccionaes GOA, and finally integrated it into the holding group Inditex with his first wife, Rosalia Mera. According to Telegraph, Ortega now owns 59.3 percent of the company's stocks valued at €110 billion ...

New York Times

New York Times
Wed, 21 Aug 2013 17:08:09 -0700

Rosalia Mera, a Spanish entrepreneur who dropped out of school at 11 to work as a seamstress and went on to help start a global fashion empire, Zara, becoming the world's richest self-made woman, died on Aug. 15 in La Coruña, Spain. She was 69.

The Guardian

The Guardian
Fri, 16 Aug 2013 09:00:04 -0700

Rosalia Mera was the richest woman in Spain with an estimated worth of $6.1bn (£3.9bn), although her fortune represented a fraction of the wealth accumulated by her former husband and Zara co-founder, Armancio Ortega. Mera suffered a stroke while on ...

Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk
Mon, 19 Aug 2013 01:37:30 -0700

Rosalia Mera Goyenechea was born on January 28 1944 in a working–class neighbourhood of La Coruña, and left school aged 11 to work as a sales assistant in a clothing shop. In 1966 she married Amancio Ortega, the son of a railway worker who had also ...

ELLE.VN

ELLE.VN
Fri, 29 Jan 2016 16:00:00 -0800

Khởi nghiệp cùng với Rosalía Mera năm 1975, với đầu óc kinh doanh của mình, Amacio Ortega biến thời trang thành sân kiếm tiền. Ông đã có những nguyên tắc kinh doanh và tầm nhìn phát triển được coi là “quái dị” trong những năm 80 của thế kỷ trước.

W Radio (Mexico)

W Radio (Mexico)
Mon, 18 Jan 2016 16:11:14 -0800

Enrique Peña Nieto. EPN confundió los nombres de las clavadistas que esta mañana ganaron medallas de plata para México en Londres 2012 en la plataforma de clavados sincronizados. 6. Fallece Rosalía Mera, España. Comisiones Obreras de Castilla La ...

NextShark

NextShark
Fri, 23 Oct 2015 15:18:45 -0700

Ortega, the son of a railway worker, cofounded Zara in 1975 with his wife Rosalia Mera. He was born in 1936 to a humble family that did not have the comforts that money could provide. As a teenager he dropped out of school and worked as a delivery boy ...
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