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This name uses Spanish naming customs; the first or paternal family name is Mera and the second or maternal family name is Goyenechea.
Rosalía Mera
Familiares-allegados-Rosalia-Mera-Coruna EDIIMA20130816 0108 4.jpg
Rosalía Mera in 2003.
Born Rosalía Mera Goyenechea
(1944-01-28)28 January 1944
A Coruña, Galicia, Spain.
Died 15 August 2013(2013-08-15) (aged 69)
A Coruña, Galicia, Spain.
Cause of death
Complications from a stroke
Residence Liáns, Oleiros, A Coruña, Galicia Spain
Nationality Spanish
Known for Co-founder of Inditex
Net worth $6.1 billion as of 2013[1]
Spouse(s) Amancio Ortega Gaona (m. 1966 — div. 1986)[2]
Children Sandra Ortega Mera, Marcos Ortega Mera
Official website

Rosalía Mera Goyenechea (28 January 1944 – 15 August 2013) was a Spanish businesswoman and entrepreneur. At the time of her death, she was the richest woman in Spain[2] and the world's richest self-made woman.[3] In 1975, she co-founded the Zara retail chain with her then-husband Amancio Ortega Gaona. The company grew to become the world's largest fashion retailer.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Rosalia Mera was born in A Coruña, Galiza, Spain in 1944.[4] She dropped out of school at age eleven to work as a sales assistant in a clothing shop.[2][5]


Mera began designing gowns and lingerie in her home with her then-husband, Amancio Ortega Gaona. The couple opened the first Zara store in 1975 in A Coruña.[5] Eventually the couple parlayed their work into a multi-billion dollar enterprise. Zara's success was in part due to its strategy of imitating popular fashions and quickly making them for sale at inexpensive prices.[4]

Ten years after the opening of the first Zara store, Inditex was established as a holding company for the couple's businesses.[5] Inditex now comprises multiple fashion companies, of which Zara is the flagship.[2] The company also owns the retailers Bershka, Massimo Dutti, Oysho, Pull & Bear, Stradivarius, Uterque and Zara Home.[6] Inditex now has over 6000 stores in over 86 countries[4] and over 120,000 employees.[6] Despite her 1986 divorce from Ortega,[2] Mera retained a 7% stake in the company.[7]

Mera also owned interests in a company which made fingerprinting identification kits for newborns[1] and another company, Zeltia, which carries out research into cancer fighting compounds of both synthetic and natural origin and particularly those bioactive compounds originating in the ocean.[1][8]

According to the 2013 Forbes billionaire list, Mera was the world's wealthiest self-made female entrepreneur, with a net worth of over $6 billion. She was the second-wealthiest person from Spain,[1] second only to her ex-husband.

Political and philanthropic activities[edit]

Mera opposed conservative Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy's plans to make Spain's abortion laws more restrictive.[6] She also opposed austerity cutbacks to Spain's national healthcare and education programes.[6]

Mera established the Paideia Foundation which works with groups in risk of social exclusion.[1][9]

Personal life[edit]

Mera married Amancio Ortega Gaona in 1966.[5] She had a son, Marcos, who was born mentally disabled.[1] The couple also had a daughter, Sandra.[5]


On 14 August 2013, Mera was admitted to a hospital in Menorca in an ‘irreversible situation’ after suffering a stroke. The family had been on holiday in Menorca. Mera died on 15 August 2013 in A Coruña. She had been transferred by plane to the port city and then by ambulance to the Hospital San Rafael de A Coruña where she later died of complications.[10][11] Inditex confirmed Mera's death on 16 August 2013,[12] stating "The group wishes to send its sincere condolences to her loved ones and friends at this extremely difficult time, after the loss of a person who contributed so much to the origins and development of the company."[2] She was buried in the cemetery of the church of Santa Eulalia of Liáns, in Oleiros(A Coruña).[13]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Kroll, Luisa. "The Rarer Sex: The Self-Made Women Billionaires Of 2013". Forbes. Retrieved 10 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Zara co-founder Rosalia Mera dies aged 69". BBC News. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Carlyle, Erin (16 August 2013). "Rosalia Mera, World's Richest Self-Made Woman, Dies At 69". Forbes. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d Dennys, Harriet (16 August 2013). "Rosalia Mera". Daily Telegraph (London). 
  5. ^ a b c d e Baigorri, Manuel (16 August 2013). "Rosalia Mera, Who Was Spain’s Richest Woman, Dies at 69". Bloomberg. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Rosalia Mera, World's Wealthiest Self-Made Woman, Dies At 69". Huffington Post. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  7. ^ Hetz, Robert (15 August 2013). "UPDATE 1-Co-founder of Zara-owner Inditex dies in hospital-report". Reuters. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  8. ^ Zeltia website
  9. ^ EC accreditation for the foundation
  10. ^ Rosalía Mera, has been admitted to hospital in Menorca in an ‘irreversible situation’ after suffering a stroke (15 August 2013). Retrieved 16 August 2013
  11. ^ Muere Rosalía Mera, cofundadora de Inditex (16 August 2013). Retrieved 16 August 2013. (Spanish)
  12. ^ Conti, Samantha (16 August 2013). "Rosalia Mera, Cofounder of Inditex, Dies". WWD. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  13. ^ Rosalía Mera será enterrada este sábado en A Coruña.

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosalía_Mera — Please support Wikipedia.
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1211 videos foundNext > 

Interview with Rosalia Mera

Video interview with Rosalia Mera, Spain.

Dolor y emoción en el entierro de Rosalía Mera

Oleiros (A Coruña), 17 ago (EFE).- (Imagen Jorge Piñeiro) La presidenta de la Fundación Paideia, Rosalía Mera, fallecida el jueves tras un derrame cerebral, ...

World's Wealthiest Self-Made Woman - Rosalia Mera, (owner of Zara), Dies

http://www.africtoday.com Rosalia Mera, a seamstress who co-founded a clothing store in northwestern Spain that grew into Zara, one of the world's largest re...

Rosalía Mera: 'Fannos falla novos tempos en Galicia'

Fundadora da Fundación Paideia e de Inditex, Rosalía Mera pensa que as persoas 'relevantes' teñen a obriga de devolverlle á sociedade parte dos seus benefici...

ROSALIA MERA co-fundadora INDITEX y Zara/ Alfiler de Oro

EN BOGA Grupo de Comunicación www.enboga.net Entrega Alfiler de Oro -Empresarias Mujer Siglo XXI.

Rosalía Mera, en estado de extrema gravedad

Mahón (Menorca), ago (EFE).- La empresaria gallega Rosalía Mera Goyenechea continúa ingresada en el hospital Mateu Orfila de Menorca en "situación de extrema...

Familiares y allegados velan el cadáver de Rosalía Mera en A Coruña

A Coruña, ago (EFE).- (Imagen: Jorge Piñeiro). Familiares, amigos y allegados de la empresaria gallega Rosalía Mera han pasado desde primera hora de la mañan...

Fallece Rosalía Mera, la mujer más rica de España

La empresaria gallega Rosalía Mera Goyenechea ha fallecido en A Coruña a causa del derrame cerebral que sufrió el miércoles pasado en Menorca, han informado ...


La empresaria Rosalía Mera ha fallecido en el hospital privado San Rafael de A Coruña, en el que ha ingresado después de sufrir una parada cardiorrespiratori...

Fallece Rosalía Mera, la mujer más rica de España

La empresaria gallega Rosalía Mera Goyenechea ha fallecido en A Coruña a causa del derrame cerebral que sufrió el miércoles pasado en Menorca. Redacción, 1...

1211 videos foundNext > 

53 news items

Economía Digital

Economía Digital
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 13:47:57 -0700

Este viernes se cumplió un año de la repentina muerte de Rosalía Mera, la dama de Inditex, la chica de barrio que hilvanó una fortuna. Se la llevó un ictus cerebral cuando veraneaba en Menorca junto a su hija Sandra, que contra su voluntad, se ...
American Thinker (blog)
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 23:16:53 -0700

Founded in 1975 by Amancio Ortega and Rosalía Mera, the Spanish clothing manufacturer Zara is considered the flagship chain store of the Inditex group, the world's largest apparel retailer. Ortega, Spain's richest man and the world's third richest man ...
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 16:00:51 -0700

Ajena a los focos y a los medios de comunicación, muy pocos ponían cara hace un año a la que a día de hoy es la mujer más acaudalada de España. Fue la inesperada y trágica muerte de su madre, Rosalía Mera -cofundadora del imperio Inditex y alma ...

El Periódico de Canarias

El Periódico de Canarias
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 18:18:45 -0700

Las familias empresariales españolas más carismáticas se frotan las manos, un verano más, porque sus participaciones en bolsa valen 6.200 millones más que en agosto del año pasado. La buena marcha de sus acciones refleja los ajustes aplicados en las ...
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 03:52:30 -0700

En el último año, su participación del 5%, heredada de su madre Rosalia Mera, vale 282 millones más, hasta sumar un patrimonio de 3.526 millones. Los empresarios relacionados con el mundo de la construcción, pese a que han visto como el negocio se ...

La Opinión A Coruña

La Opinión A Coruña
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 23:54:15 -0700

Sandra Ortega. Es la heredera de las dos Sicav de Rosalía Mera: Soandres y Breixo. En la primera, su patrimonio invertido en España suma 17,5 millones, por los 337,3 del exterior; Manuel Jove. Tanto Bourdet como Doniños están más expuestos a valores ...
El Mundo
Sun, 10 Aug 2014 18:07:40 -0700

Hasta su muerte el año pasado la cofundadora de Zara, Rosalía Mera, fue abanderada de España en la lista. Veintiocho países tienen a mujeres como líderes en todos los campos de actividad, y EEUU tiene incluso personas tan diversas como Beyonce y ...
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 05:35:47 -0700

Kontroverzní kolekce dětských oděvů není prvním výstřelkem Zary, módní značka byla před 14 dny ostře kritizovaná za bílá trička s nápisem White is the new black (Bílá je nová černá). Španělskou Zaru založili v roce 1974 Amancio Ortega a Rosalía Mera, ...

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