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Romeyn de Hooghe

Romeyn de Hooghe (bapt. 10 September 1645 – 10 June 1708) was an important and prolific late Dutch Baroque, painter, sculptor, engraver and caricaturist.


Map of Haarlem surrounded by decorative engravings of a cityscape and notable buildings, 1688
The Hague, etching ca. 1700

De Hooghe was born in Amsterdam. He was skilled as an etcher, draughtsman, painter, sculptor and medalist. He is best known for political caricatures of Louis XIV and propagandistic prints supporting William of Orange. During his career, de Hooghe produced over 3500 prints. He also illustrated books, and his illustrations can be found in some of the most important texts of his period. The Hieroglyphica of Merkbeelden der oude volkeren (1735) was a well known emblem book and sourcebook for classical mythology and its iconography.

According to Houbraken he was particularly good at inventive arrangements of subjects in engravings. He was also a gifted painter and painted large panels for the rooms of the mayor's office in Enkhuizen and a room in the estate of Mattthijs van den Broeck in Dubbeldam.[1] Houbraken disapproved of his dissolute lifestyle however, and felt that despite an enormous talent, as he grew older, he engraved shameful subjects that were a disgrace to the profession.[1]

Contrary to this, the historian Simon Schama wrote in the aftermath of the Charlie Hebdo killings of 2015 that: "The first great modern graphic satirist was Romeyn de Hooghe, enlisted by William III at the end of the 17th century in his relentless war to the death with Louis XIV. De Hooghe obliged with sprawling cartoons representing the wars against the French monarch and his allies as a battle between liberty and religious despotism".[2]

According to the RKD he became a member of the Confrerie Pictura in 1662 and again in 1683 in the Hague.[3] He was engaged to Maria Lansman of Edam in 1673, and their child was baptized in the Nieuwezijds Kapel in Amsterdam in 1674.[3] He is known for decorative borders on large-scale city maps. His pupils were Filibert Bouttats (1654-after 1731), Filibertus Bouttats (1635–1707), Frans Decker, François Harrewijn, Jacobus Harrewijn, Aernout Naghtegael, Laurens Scherm, and Adriaen Schoonebeek.[3] De Hooghe died in Haarlem.


  1. ^ a b (Dutch) Romeyn de Hooghe Biography in De groote schouburgh der Nederlantsche konstschilders en schilderessen (1718) by Arnold Houbraken, courtesy of the Digital library for Dutch literature
  2. ^ Simon Schama, "Liberty and laughter will live on", Financial Times 7 January 2015, Life and Arts section, p. 1
  3. ^ a b c Romeyn de Hooghe in the Netherlands Institute for Art History

External links[edit]

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Huffington Post

Huffington Post
Tue, 10 Nov 2015 08:43:37 -0800

Stephen Romano Gallery. Doktor Johannes Faust, “Magica Naturalis”. Stephen Romano Gallery. Heiko Müller, “Shaman”. Stephen Romano Gallery. Romeyn de Hooghe, 1735, “Idolatry”. Stephen Romano Gallery. Inge Vandormael, “Venus and Mars”.

OUPblog (blog)

OUPblog (blog)
Wed, 04 Nov 2015 05:31:49 -0800

Johann Georg Rudolphi, Romeyn de Hooghe. Public domain via Wikimedia Commons. (3) Bodleian Library, MS J2 fol. 175. Public domain via Wikimedia Commons. Anatoly Liberman is the author of Word Origins And How We Know Them as well as An ...

Financial Times

Financial Times
Wed, 07 Jan 2015 11:12:54 -0800

The first great modern graphic satirist was Romeyn de Hooghe, enlisted by William III at the end of the 17th century in his relentless war to the death with Louis XIV. De Hooghe obliged with sprawling cartoons representing the wars against the French ...


Thu, 10 Jul 2014 12:29:16 -0700

Sharp-toothed grinning cats by Barcelona-based pop surrealist Peca gaze with their moon eyes over a beautiful copy of Romeyn de Hooghe's arcane symbolism guide “Heiroglyphica of Merkbeelden der oude volkeren” from 1735, while nearby a ...


Wed, 10 Sep 2014 04:07:40 -0700

... 11: Bearing Witness to History" exhibit opened at the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. 2002 - Switzerland became the 190th member of the United Nations. Birthday celebrants today include (or included)... Romeyn de Hooghe 1645

8 Weekly

8 Weekly
Wed, 25 Feb 2009 00:26:45 -0800

De meest productieve en veelzijdige prentkunstenaar van de Gouden Eeuw is Romeyn de Hooghe (1645-1708). Hij was de protégé van koning-stadhouder Willem III, runde een kunsthandel en publiceerde felle politieke kritieken. Zijn turbulente leven zou ...

Washington Post

Washington Post
Fri, 03 Oct 2014 09:33:06 -0700

“From the Library: The Book Illustrations by Romeyn de Hooghe.” An exhibition highlighting the artist's work, which included etchings, decorative frontispieces and illustrated books. At National Gallery of Art, West Building. Through Jan. 25, 2015 ...

8 Weekly

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Fri, 26 Feb 2016 02:52:30 -0800

Dat genialiteit en waanzin in de kunst soms dicht bij elkaar staan is niemand vreemd. Ook Boelgakov wordt geteisterd door de personages die aan de eigen hand zijn ontsproten. “Ik ben niet gek. Ik weet dat je niet echt bent, ik maak jou. Je bent van mij.”.

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