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Fractal Broccoli.jpg
Romanesco, showing its self-similar form
Species Brassica oleracea
Cultivar group Botrytis cultivar group

Romanesco, also known as Romanesque cauliflower or Romanesco broccoli, is an edible flower bud of the species Brassica oleracea. First documented in Italy, it is light green in color. Romanesco has a striking appearance because its form is a natural approximation of a fractal. When compared to a traditional cauliflower, as a vegetable its texture is far more crunchy, and its flavour is not as assertive, being delicate and nutty.


Romanesco was first documented in Italy (as broccolo romanesco). It is sometimes called broccoflower, but that name has also been applied to green cauliflower cultivars.


The Romanesco superficially resembles a cauliflower, but it has a visually striking fractal form.

Romanesco superficially resembles a cauliflower, but it is light green in colour, and its form is strikingly fractal in nature. The inflorescence (the bud) is self-similar in character, with the branched meristems making up a logarithmic spiral. In this sense the bud's form approximates a natural fractal; each bud is composed of a series of smaller buds, all arranged in yet another logarithmic spiral. This self-similar pattern continues at several smaller levels. The pattern is only an approximate fractal since the pattern eventually terminates when the feature size becomes sufficiently small. The number of spirals on the head of Romanesco broccoli is a Fibonacci number.[1]

As a vegetable, Romanesco is rich in vitamin C, vitamin K, dietary fiber and carotenoids.

The causes of its differences in appearance from the normal cauliflower and broccoli have been modeled as an extension of the preinfloresence stage of bud growth, but the genetic basis of this is not known.[2]


  1. ^ "Fibonacci Numbers and Nature". 
  2. ^ 'Explaining curd and spear geometry in broccoli, cauliflower and `romanesco': quantitative variation in activity of primary meristems. M. Kieffer, M. P. Fuller, and A. J. Jellings, Planta (July 1998), Volume 206, Issue 1, pp 34-43

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanesco_broccoli — Please support Wikipedia.
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1715 videos foundNext > 

Trimming and preparing Romanesco

Romanesco is the greatest of all vegetables, get your hands on some!

Romanesco Broccoli Growing

Honey shows you how well plants can grow without care. Featured plants are romanesco broccoli, purple kholrabi and a variagated lemon tree.


http://learn-how-to-garden.com This is my fifth video in my winter greens series. Both Purple sprouting Broccoli and Romanesco are much easier to grow than C...

Romanesco: Cauliflower's tasty cousin

Romanesco broccoli was first documented in Italy (as broccolo romanesco) in the sixteenth century. It is sometimes called Roman cauliflower or broccoflower, ...

How To Grow Broccoli from Seeds (Romanesco type)

How to grow Romanesque Cauliflower from seeds. How to grow brassicas. Organic gardening from seed. Join us on Face Book! https://www.facebook.com/learntogrow...

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Romanesco Broccoli (A Mix By MindManifest)

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Romanesco Broccoli

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Romanesco Broccoli

as above.

1715 videos foundNext > 

181 news items

Modern Farmer
Mon, 22 Dec 2014 11:41:15 -0800

Did you notice the chartreuse, psychedelic spines of Romanesco broccoli during its very short season at the farmers market? If you looked closely, you would have seen just how remarkable this vegetable really is. Like a snowflake, this broccoli ...

Chicago Tribune

Chicago Tribune
Wed, 10 Dec 2014 08:31:49 -0800

It's the relatable, simple dishes that pleased our crowd: a zesty Mexican seafood cocktail classically presented in a soda glass with saltines (Vuelve a la Vida) or roasted romanesco broccoli coated with pumpkin seed sauce and fried lemons. Dove's ...


Wed, 03 Dec 2014 21:17:48 -0800

Here's a fun project that my friend Upasana and I put together some weekends ago. It's a visual exploration of fractals through dance, a piece of generative art that's part performance and part mathematical exploration. The two ingredients that went ...

Albany Times Union (blog)

Albany Times Union (blog)
Wed, 10 Dec 2014 01:11:15 -0800

Start by committing to try one new food this week. Together, head to the farmers' market or grocery store and pick something new that piques your interest. It can be something you've never tried, like Romanesco broccoli, or a familiar food prepared in ...

Green Prophet

Green Prophet
Tue, 25 Mar 2014 08:35:49 -0700

romanesco broccoli It looks like aliens took over the broccoli patch, doesn't it? Romanesco broccoli is a unique vegetable that looks like a cauliflower gone crazy but has an intense broccoli flavor. It was first grown in Italy and is now available in ...


Tue, 16 Dec 2014 02:30:00 -0800

Sebastian Stewart, who started his career at emerging markets fund manager Somerset Capital two years ago, compares his networking technique to a romanesco broccoli – or fractals if you wanted to be more mathematical about it. Every internship ...

89.3 KPCC

89.3 KPCC
Mon, 23 Jun 2014 17:33:11 -0700

The Romanesco broccoli in the upper left corner is part of the brassica family, just like these colorful cauliflower varieties. /Sang An/Courtesy of Ten Speed Press. 87002 full. Share this story. Share via Email; Share on Twitter; Share on Facebook. It ...

The Community Word (blog)

The Community Word (blog)
Sun, 30 Nov 2014 10:29:48 -0800

Lyndon Hartz pulls back leaves from a Romanesco broccoli growing in the field on his farm north of Peoria. Hartz1BW-copy-(1). Despite the calendar and icy snow flurries, organic farmer Lyndon Hartz pulls off plastic covering to reveal his broccoli ...

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