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Romanesco
Fractal Broccoli.jpg
Romanesco, showing its self-similar form
Species Brassica oleracea
Cultivar group Botrytis cultivar group

Romanesco, also known as Romanesque cauliflower or Romanesco broccoli, is an edible flower bud of the species Brassica oleracea. First documented in Italy, it is light green in color. Romanesco has a striking appearance because its form is a natural approximation of a fractal. When compared to a traditional cauliflower, as a vegetable its texture is far more crunchy, and its flavour is not as assertive, being delicate and nutty.

History[edit]

Romanesco was first documented in Italy (as broccolo romanesco). It is sometimes called broccoflower, but that name has also been applied to green cauliflower cultivars.

Description[edit]

The Romanesco superficially resembles a cauliflower, but it has a visually striking fractal form.

Romanesco superficially resembles a cauliflower, but it is light green in colour, and its form is strikingly fractal in nature. The inflorescence (the bud) is self-similar in character, with the branched meristems making up a logarithmic spiral. In this sense the bud's form approximates a natural fractal; each bud is composed of a series of smaller buds, all arranged in yet another logarithmic spiral. This self-similar pattern continues at several smaller levels. The pattern is only an approximate fractal since the pattern eventually terminates when the feature size becomes sufficiently small. The number of spirals on the head of Romanesco broccoli is a Fibonacci number.[1]

As a vegetable, Romanesco is rich in vitamin C, vitamin K, dietary fiber and carotenoids.

The causes of its differences in appearance from the normal cauliflower and broccoli have been modeled as an extension of the preinfloresence stage of bud growth, but the genetic basis of this is not known.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fibonacci Numbers and Nature". 
  2. ^ 'Explaining curd and spear geometry in broccoli, cauliflower and `romanesco': quantitative variation in activity of primary meristems. M. Kieffer, M. P. Fuller, and A. J. Jellings, Planta (July 1998), Volume 206, Issue 1, pp 34-43

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanesco_broccoli — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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3 news items

 
Ballard News Tribune
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 08:33:45 -0700

Eye-catching romanesco broccoli is a hybrid between broccoli and cauliflower- tasty eaten raw or grilled. Other lesser-known veggies include dragon tag beans and, in the romaine family, flashy trout's back lettuce - whose speckled leaves might freak ...
 
Concord Monitor
Sat, 16 Aug 2014 22:19:29 -0700

The only real disappointment has been the Romanesco broccoli/cauliflower. I keep waiting for it to form heads, but the plants just keep getting taller with no sign of a head. The other broccoli has done great, and we ate the regular cauliflower weeks ago.

New York Times

New York Times
Sat, 02 Aug 2014 11:01:40 -0700

Where else in the United States, under one roof, can you select from more than a dozen varieties of perfectly sliced prosciutto, a loving selection of Italian wines and olive oils that are hard to find in the United States, as well as the perfect ...
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