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Fractal Broccoli.jpg
Romanesco, showing its self-similar form
Species Brassica oleracea
Cultivar group Botrytis cultivar group

Romanesco broccoli, also known as Romanesque cauliflower or simply as Romanesco, is an edible flower bud of the species Brassica oleracea. First documented in Italy, it is light green in color. Romanesco has a striking appearance because its form is a natural approximation of a fractal. When compared to a traditional cauliflower, its texture as a vegetable is far more crunchy, and its flavour is not as assertive, being delicate and nutty.


Romanesco was first documented in Italy (as broccolo romanesco, that is, "from Rome"). It is sometimes called broccoflower, but that name has also been applied to green cauliflower cultivars.


The Romanesco superficially resembles a cauliflower, but it has a visually striking fractal form

Romanesco superficially resembles a cauliflower, but it is light green in colour, and its form is strikingly fractal in nature. The inflorescence (the bud) is self-similar in character, with the branched meristems making up a logarithmic spiral. In this sense the bud's form approximates a natural fractal; each bud is composed of a series of smaller buds, all arranged in yet another logarithmic spiral. This self-similar pattern continues at several smaller levels. The pattern is only an approximate fractal since the pattern eventually terminates when the feature size becomes sufficiently small. The number of spirals on the head of Romanesco broccoli is a Fibonacci number.[1]

As a vegetable, Romanesco is rich in vitamin C, vitamin K, dietary fiber and carotenoids.

The causes of its differences in appearance from the normal cauliflower and broccoli have been modeled as an extension of the preinfloresence stage of bud growth, but the genetic basis of this is not known.[2]


  1. ^ Ron Knott (30 October 2010). "Fibonacci Numbers and Nature". Ron Knott's Web Pages on Mathematics. Archived from the original on 10 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Martin Kieffer; Michael P. Fuller; Anita J. Jellings (July 1998). "Explaining Curd and Spear Geometry in Broccoli, Cauliflower and 'Romanesco': Quantitative Variation in Activity of Primary Meristems". Planta 206 (1): 34–43. doi:10.1007/s004250050371. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanesco_broccoli — Please support Wikipedia.
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1647 videos foundNext > 


Trimming and preparing Romanesco

Romanesco is the greatest of all vegetables, get your hands on some!

Romanesco Broccoli Growing

Honey shows you how well plants can grow without care. Featured plants are romanesco broccoli, purple kholrabi and a variagated lemon tree.

Romanesco: Cauliflower's tasty cousin

Romanesco broccoli was first documented in Italy (as broccolo romanesco) in the sixteenth century. It is sometimes called Roman cauliflower or broccoflower, but that name is also applied to...


http://learn-how-to-garden.com This is my fifth video in my winter greens series. Both Purple sprouting Broccoli and Romanesco are much easier to grow than Cauliflower and in the case of...

Romanesco Broccoli

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Go Green With Healthy Broccoli Romanesco Recipe

PopSugar LivingTV: http://popsugar.tv/ Facebook: http://facebook.com/YumSugar Twitter: http://twitter.com/popsugartv Go green this season with a tasty broccoli romanesco recipe. From the...

How To Grow Broccoli from Seeds (Romanesco type)

How to grow Romanesque Cauliflower from seeds. How to grow brassicas. Organic gardening from seed. Join us on Face Book! https://www.facebook.com/learntogrowmisilla Seeds purchased from KC ...

Broccoli Romani in Cocotte

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In which I eat a strange vegetable so that you can decide if you should make it. I think there were some psychedelics involved in the cultivation of this food. Subscribe for more of my face...

1647 videos foundNext > 

193 news items

Modern Farmer

Modern Farmer
Mon, 22 Dec 2014 11:43:18 -0800

Did you notice the chartreuse, psychedelic spines of Romanesco broccoli during its very short season at the farmers market? If you looked closely, you would have seen just how remarkable this vegetable really is. Like a snowflake, this broccoli ...


Fri, 24 Apr 2015 14:00:00 -0700

Her favorites in that category included pea shoots and romanesco broccoli. Most shipments come with apples and kale, “the staples,” Lavin said, but they can also include something like basil plants and maple syrup. Those came with the last shipment of ...
Tue, 21 Apr 2015 10:28:35 -0700

There's a new crop of cookbooks from New York City chefs on the spring slate. Here's a look at what's coming to a bookstore near you by celebrated chefs, craft cocktail experts, ice cream pros and food truck faves.

Vanity Fair

Vanity Fair
Mon, 20 Apr 2015 16:03:02 -0700

... signature restaurant may have a meat moniker, but her new book is heavy on the veggies. With such mouthwatering recipes as Onions with Sage Pesto and Pot-Roasted Romanesco Broccoli, we might actually consider giving that “vegetarian thing” a try.


Wed, 22 Apr 2015 22:03:45 -0700

Many of these crops consumers have never heard of, like golden beets, purple and yellow cauliflower, romanesco broccoli, Tuscan kale and kohlrabi, Cirelli said. Alstede also posts weekly lists of what the different shares will contain and posts recipes ...

Phoenix New Times (blog)

Phoenix New Times (blog)
Fri, 13 Mar 2015 06:07:30 -0700

Don't be surprised if Romanesco starts popping up on metro Phoenix menus. This crazy-looking vegetable is quickly becoming a farmers market favorite, and plenty of local growers would love to put it on your table. Here's a brief introduction to what it ...

Toronto Star

Toronto Star
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 02:56:15 -0700

Impeccably seared rainbow trout ($24) comes with whorls of roasted romanesco broccoli, a vegetable resembling a green conch shell. Tartare ($15) has an interesting texture thanks to cubes of 30-day aged strip loin mixed with ground flatiron steak; the ...

Healthy Eats (blog)

Healthy Eats (blog)
Sat, 28 Mar 2015 06:52:30 -0700

If you want to get more healthy greens in your diet but are burning out on kale, you're in luck: There are new greens in town. In general, green vegetables tend to be high in vitamins A, C and K, plus those in the cabbage family have phytochemicals ...

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