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Fractal Broccoli.jpg
Romanesco, showing its self-similar form
Species Brassica oleracea
Cultivar group Botrytis cultivar group

Romanesco, also known as Romanesque cauliflower or Romanesco broccoli, is an edible flower bud of the species Brassica oleracea. First documented in Italy, it is light green in color. Romanesco has a striking appearance because its form is a natural approximation of a fractal. When compared to a traditional cauliflower, as a vegetable its texture is far more crunchy, and its flavour is not as assertive, being delicate and nutty.


Romanesco was first documented in Italy (as broccolo romanesco). It is sometimes called broccoflower, but that name has also been applied to green cauliflower cultivars.


The Romanesco superficially resembles a cauliflower, but it has a visually striking fractal form.

Romanesco superficially resembles a cauliflower, but it is light green in colour, and its form is strikingly fractal in nature. The inflorescence (the bud) is self-similar in character, with the branched meristems making up a logarithmic spiral. In this sense the bud's form approximates a natural fractal; each bud is composed of a series of smaller buds, all arranged in yet another logarithmic spiral. This self-similar pattern continues at several smaller levels. The pattern is only an approximate fractal since the pattern eventually terminates when the feature size becomes sufficiently small. The number of spirals on the head of Romanesco broccoli is a Fibonacci number.[1]

As a vegetable, Romanesco is rich in vitamin C, vitamin K, dietary fiber and carotenoids.

The causes of its differences in appearance from the normal cauliflower and broccoli have been modeled as an extension of the preinfloresence stage of bud growth, but the genetic basis of this is not known.[2]


  1. ^ "Fibonacci Numbers and Nature". 
  2. ^ 'Explaining curd and spear geometry in broccoli, cauliflower and `romanesco': quantitative variation in activity of primary meristems. M. Kieffer, M. P. Fuller, and A. J. Jellings, Planta (July 1998), Volume 206, Issue 1, pp 34-43

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanesco_broccoli — Please support Wikipedia.
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4 news items

Anchorage Daily News
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 15:31:34 -0700

Among the highlights from Arctic Organics this week will be purple-top turnips; Romanesco broccoli; tatsoi; new potatoes; celery; salad onions; carrots; tomatoes; fennel; red bell peppers; sugar snap peas; beets; white, yellow and purple cauliflower ...
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 01:26:15 -0700

New dishes include calves sweetbreads roasted with onions and celery and finished with lemon confit, fresh coriander, and truffle purée; turbot poached in shellfish court bouillon, haricot bean purée, and Romanesco broccoli; sliced poppy-seed meringue, ...
Perth Now
Mon, 22 Sep 2014 18:04:19 -0700

From bulbous twigs of preserved samphire to vinegary florets of pickled romanesco broccoli — a brilliant winter brassica that wouldn't look out of place at a Klingon farmers' market — it's a rare instance of turf outdoing surf. Desserts might shift ...

Montreal Gazette

Montreal Gazette
Thu, 18 Sep 2014 07:59:02 -0700

Shinji. Rating: 3 out of 4. $$$-$$$$. 1726 Notre-Dame St. (near Richmond St.) Phone: 438-384-1270. Website: shinjimtl.com. Open: Tuesday to Saturday, 5:30 p.m. to 11 p.m.. Wheelchair access: No. Licensed: Yes. Parking: on the street with meters.

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