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Fractal Broccoli.jpg
Romanesco, showing its self-similar form
Species Brassica oleracea
Cultivar group Botrytis cultivar group

Romanesco broccoli, also known as Romanesque cauliflower, Buzzy Broc, or simply as Romanesco, is an edible flower bud of the species Brassica oleracea. First documented in Italy, it is chartreuse in color. Romanesco has a striking appearance because its form is a natural approximation of a fractal. When compared to a traditional cauliflower, its texture as a vegetable is far more crunchy, and its flavour is not as assertive, being delicate and nutty.


Romanesco was first documented in Italy (as broccolo romanesco, that is, "from Rome"). It is sometimes called broccoflower, but that name has also been applied to green cauliflower cultivars.


The Romanesco superficially resembles a cauliflower, but it has a visually striking fractal form

Romanesco superficially resembles a cauliflower, but it is chartreuse in color, and its form is strikingly fractal in nature. The inflorescence (the bud) is self-similar in character, with the branched meristems making up a logarithmic spiral. In this sense the bud's form approximates a natural fractal; each bud is composed of a series of smaller buds, all arranged in yet another logarithmic spiral. This self-similar pattern continues at several smaller levels. The pattern is only an approximate fractal since the pattern eventually terminates when the feature size becomes sufficiently small. The number of spirals on the head of Romanesco broccoli is a Fibonacci number.[1]

As a vegetable, Romanesco is rich in vitamin C, vitamin K, dietary fiber and carotenoids.

The causes of its differences in appearance from the normal cauliflower and broccoli have been modeled as an extension of the preinfloresence stage of bud growth, but the genetic basis of this is not known.[2]


  1. ^ Ron Knott (30 October 2010). "Fibonacci Numbers and Nature". Ron Knott's Web Pages on Mathematics. Archived from the original on 10 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Martin Kieffer; Michael P. Fuller; Anita J. Jellings (July 1998). "Explaining Curd and Spear Geometry in Broccoli, Cauliflower and 'Romanesco': Quantitative Variation in Activity of Primary Meristems". Planta 206 (1): 34–43. doi:10.1007/s004250050371. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanesco_broccoli — Please support Wikipedia.
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1632 videos foundNext > 

Trimming and preparing Romanesco

Romanesco is the greatest of all vegetables, get your hands on some!

Romanesco Broccoli Growing

Honey shows you how well plants can grow without care. Featured plants are romanesco broccoli, purple kholrabi and a variagated lemon tree.

How To Grow Broccoli from Seeds (Romanesco type)

How to grow Romanesque Cauliflower from seeds. How to grow brassicas. Organic gardening from seed. Join us on Face Book!

Go Green With Healthy Broccoli Romanesco Recipe

PopSugar LivingTV: http://popsugar.tv/ Facebook: http://facebook.com/YumSugar Twitter: http://twitter.com/popsugartv Go green this season with a tasty broccoli ...

Fairy Platinum Cup - Bignè fritti di broccolo romanesco di Laura Ravioli

Fairy Platinum Cup - La Migliore Ricetta Italiana: Puristi contro Innovatori. Primo ingrediente: il broccolo. Per la prima sfida contro gli Innovatori, Laura Ravaioli ...

Broccoli Romani in Cocotte

Broccoli Romani in Cocotte sul bog: http://gikitchen.wordpress.com/2013/03/12/broccoli-romani-cocotte-ricetta-vegetariana Se non sai come rovinarti ...


In which I eat a strange vegetable so that you can decide if you should make it. I think there were some psychedelics involved in the cultivation of this food.


http://learn-how-to-garden.com This is my fifth video in my winter greens series. Both Purple sprouting Broccoli and Romanesco are much easier to grow than ...

Romanesco Broccoli

Romanesco Brocolli. A real, living, edible fractal! I can make out 4 levels of recursion. Camera: Canon EOS 7D + 50mm lens, f/22, ISO 100, auto exposure time (it ...

Romanesco: Cauliflower's tasty cousin

Romanesco broccoli was first documented in Italy (as broccolo romanesco) in the sixteenth century. It is sometimes called Roman cauliflower or broccoflower, ...

1632 videos foundNext > 

234 news items

International Business Times

International Business Times
Fri, 28 Aug 2015 14:33:45 -0700

Fractals are self-similar repeating patterns. If you ever see those trippy patterns of circles and lines or triangles within triangles within triangles, you've seen fractals. These patterns also appear throughout nature. Fractals can be found in ...

Modern Farmer

Modern Farmer
Mon, 22 Dec 2014 11:43:18 -0800

Did you notice the chartreuse, psychedelic spines of Romanesco broccoli during its very short season at the farmers market? If you looked closely, you would have seen just how remarkable this vegetable really is. Like a snowflake, this broccoli ...

Phoenix New Times (blog)

Phoenix New Times (blog)
Fri, 13 Mar 2015 06:10:48 -0700

Don't be surprised if Romanesco starts popping up on metro Phoenix menus. This crazy-looking vegetable is quickly becoming a farmers market favorite, and plenty of local growers would love to put it on your table. Here's a brief introduction to what it ...
Eater Montreal (blog)
Mon, 10 Aug 2015 11:09:22 -0700

Of the "few nibbles to start", winners include "golden-fried zucchini flowers stuffed with smoked cacciacavallo and romanesco broccoli, and crisp arancino filled with pulled pork (yum!) served with a lemon and sumac emulsion. What a treat, and every ...

Business Insider

Business Insider
Fri, 07 Aug 2015 08:00:00 -0700

Vegetables such as zucchini blossoms, Romanesco broccoli, and purple cauliflower are difficult to find in the grocery store but in abundance at the farmers markets. Boxes of fresh strawberries for sale sit in the summer sun at a farmers' market Thomson ...
Colorado Springs Gazette
Tue, 04 Aug 2015 23:06:34 -0700

How about kohlrabi, celeriac, romanesco broccoli or broccolini? For some, like chefs and Food Network junkies, these vegetables may be as familiar as corn on the cob and green beans. For others, we offer a primer, so that when you spot any of these ...
Haute Living
Wed, 05 Aug 2015 04:26:03 -0700

Pastas incuding Tarragon gnocchi, rabbit ragu, broad beans & pancetta and Orchiette, n'duja, romanesco broccoli & basil will follow on the menu, and will be available alongside Secondi dishes comprising of Salted cod, white polenta, peperonata & sorrel ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Sat, 14 Mar 2015 07:00:33 -0700

I've cracked it! When you're stuck for what to cook, always turn to eggs. Thomasina Miers' romanesco broccoli and pecorino sformata: 'This dish is for when time and energy are not on your side.' Photograph: Johanna Parkin for the Guardian. Food styling ...

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