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Fractal Broccoli.jpg
Romanesco, showing its self-similar form
Species Brassica oleracea
Cultivar group Botrytis cultivar group

Romanesco, also known as Romanesque cauliflower or Romanesco broccoli, is an edible flower bud of the species Brassica oleracea. First documented in Italy, it is light green in color. Romanesco has a striking appearance because its form is a natural approximation of a fractal. When compared to a traditional cauliflower, as a vegetable its texture is far more crunchy, and its flavour is not as assertive, being delicate and nutty.


Romanesco was first documented in Italy (as broccolo romanesco). It is sometimes called broccoflower, but that name has also been applied to green cauliflower cultivars.


The Romanesco superficially resembles a cauliflower, but it has a visually striking fractal form.

Romanesco superficially resembles a cauliflower, but it is light green in colour, and its form is strikingly fractal in nature. The inflorescence (the bud) is self-similar in character, with the branched meristems making up a logarithmic spiral. In this sense the bud's form approximates a natural fractal; each bud is composed of a series of smaller buds, all arranged in yet another logarithmic spiral. This self-similar pattern continues at several smaller levels. The pattern is only an approximate fractal since the pattern eventually terminates when the feature size becomes sufficiently small. The number of spirals on the head of Romanesco broccoli is a Fibonacci number.[1]

As a vegetable, Romanesco is rich in vitamin C, vitamin K, dietary fiber and carotenoids.

The causes of its differences in appearance from the normal cauliflower and broccoli have been modeled as an extension of the preinfloresence stage of bud growth, but the genetic basis of this is not known.[2]


  1. ^ "Fibonacci Numbers and Nature". 
  2. ^ 'Explaining curd and spear geometry in broccoli, cauliflower and `romanesco': quantitative variation in activity of primary meristems. M. Kieffer, M. P. Fuller, and A. J. Jellings, Planta (July 1998), Volume 206, Issue 1, pp 34-43

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanesco_broccoli — Please support Wikipedia.
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Trimming and preparing Romanesco

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157 news items

Los Angeles Times
Sat, 08 Nov 2014 07:01:12 -0800

In addition to the familiar tree-shaped standard broccoli, you can find slender broccoli rabe (sometimes called broccoli di rape), its look-alikes include Chinese broccoli (gai lan), baby broccoli, broccolini and the gorgeous, fractal romanesco broccoli.


Sun, 16 Nov 2014 07:00:00 -0800

A city, in this sense, has much in common with a head of Romanesco broccoli. When we talk about a city's shape, we often refer to 19th century plans like Manhattan's grid, Barcelona's Eixample or Haussmann's Parisian boulevards. These famous design ...

Washington Post

Washington Post
Wed, 12 Nov 2014 12:01:03 -0800

I have discovered some wonderful new-to-me veggies such as Stokes purple sweet potatoes, purple cauliflower, Romanesco broccoli and an old favorite kabocha squash. Any hints for finding them? I seem to just run into them randomly but would love to find ...

Munchies_ Food by VICE

Munchies_ Food by VICE
Fri, 07 Nov 2014 09:10:14 -0800

Butternut squash and peanut stew has a nice kick of cayenne pepper and comes with brown rice and a salad of romanesco broccoli, carrots, and sesame; on the side is a generous helping of light, creamy hummus and an indulgent salad of coconut, apple, ...


Tue, 28 Oct 2014 06:47:39 -0700

The process starts with GINM buying food — including asparagus, broccoli, cauliflower, apples, strawberries, cherries, Kohlrabi, Romanesco broccoli and saskatoons — from local farms and growers. The produce is then taken to a communal kitchen where ...

Green Prophet

Green Prophet
Tue, 25 Mar 2014 08:35:49 -0700

romanesco broccoli It looks like aliens took over the broccoli patch, doesn't it? Romanesco broccoli is a unique vegetable that looks like a cauliflower gone crazy but has an intense broccoli flavor. It was first grown in Italy and is now available in ...
The Daily Voice
Fri, 07 Nov 2014 02:16:42 -0800

In the mood for decadent French Toast? Here's a new recipe to try. Photo Credit: zoomermagazine. North Salem resident Charmaine Lord poses with Romanesco broccoli and a pomegranate. Photo Credit: Katherine Pacchiana ...


Thu, 06 Nov 2014 15:33:57 -0800

Most of the symmetry patterns all over around us can be described, simulated, and promoted by geometric aspects, even the romanesco broccoli which you may have passed by in the grocery store, at the time we usually think about it as just a food, indeed ...

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