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Rizal Day bombings
Location Metro Manila, Philippines
Date December 30, 2000 (2000-12-30) (UTC+8)
Target Plaza Ferguson, Malate, Manila;
gas station, Makati;
cargo handling area, Ninoy Aquino International Airport;
bus, plying the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue route;
train, Blumentritt station, Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 1
Attack type
Black-powder bombs
Deaths 22
Non-fatal injuries
120[1]
Perpetrators Islamist terrorists

The Rizal Day bombings, also referred to as the December 30 bombings, were a series of bombings that occurred around Metro Manila in the Philippines on December 30, 2000. The explosions occurred in close succession within a span of a few hours. Twenty-two (22) fatalities were reported and around a hundred more suffered non-fatal injuries.[2][3][4]

The blasts occurred during a national holiday in the Philippines, where December 30 is known as Rizal Day, commemorating the martyrdom of the country's national hero, José Rizal.

Blast locations[edit]

Rizal Day bombings is located in Metro Manila
Plaza Ferguson
Plaza Ferguson
Makati gas station
Makati gas station
Bus plying EDSA
Bus plying EDSA
NAIA cargo terminal
NAIA cargo terminal
Blumentritt LRT station
Blumentritt LRT station
Locations of places that were bombed.

Five locations were bombed almost simultaneously within the span of an hour. All of the locations were situated within Metro Manila on the island of Luzon.

  • A bomb exploded at Plaza Ferguson in Malate, Manila. This particular blast site is located less than a hundred meters from the United States Embassy.[2]
  • Another bomb detonated at a gasoline station in the Makati central business district. The target was a gasoline station along EDSA, across the street from the Dusit Hotel in Makati. Two policemen, members of the local bomb squad, died as a result of this explosion.[2][5]

Type of explosive employed[edit]

The Philippine National Police identified the bombs as one-kilogram black-powder bombs, set to detonate using timing devices.

In addition, confessions by the convicted perpetrators describe the bombs as ammonium nitrate-based explosives. Most of the components of the bombs such as blasting caps and detonating cords were discovered to have come from the city of Talisay in the southern province of Cebu. The town itself is known for the production of blasting caps used in illegal fishing.[6]

Perpetrators[edit]

Initially, various Islamic groups were implicated in the bombings, including the Jemaah Islamiyah, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, and the Moro National Liberation Front.[2]

In September 2003, almost three years after the incident, the case remained unsolved as the authorities responsible were berated by then-senate president Franklin Drilon.[7]

In May 2003, Saifullah Yunos (aka Mukhlis Yunos), a suspect in the bombings, was arrested in the southern city of Cagayan de Oro as he was about to board a plane to Manila. Police were alerted to the suspect when he failed to explain numerous bandages on his face and arms.[8] A month later, he confessed to a level of involvement in the bombings. A member of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front's special operations group, he was charged with multiple murder and multiple frustrated murder for his role in the bombings.[9]

In the following years, several members of the Jemaah Islamiyah were arrested for their suspected involvement in the bombings. In 2004, two Muslim men, Mamasao Naga (aka Zainal Paks) and Abdul Pata (aka Mohamad Amir) were arrested by Philippine armed forces in Marawi City. They were supposedly identified by Fathur Rahman Al-Ghozi, a known member of the Jemaah Islamiyah, as the ones responsible for the LRT-1 train cab bombing.[3][5][10]

The MILF and the MNLF were later cleared by the Philippine National Police of any involvement in the attacks.

Fathur Rahman Al-Ghozi, an Indonesian national and member of the known terrorist group Jemaah Islamiyah, was convicted and sentenced to 17 years in prison for illegal possession of explosives in relation to the Rizal Day bombing incidents. In July 2003, Al-Ghozi, along with several other accomplices, escaped from their holding cell at Camp Crame.[11] Al-Ghozi was later killed in a firefight with Philippine authorities on October 13, 2003.

On January 23, 2009, the three Rizal Day bombers, Mukhlis Hadji Yunos, Abdul Fatak Paute, and Mamasao Naga were sentenced by the Manila Regional Trial Court Branch 29, under Judge Cielito Mendaro-Grulla, of up to twenty years in imprisonment for multiple murder and multiple frustrated murder.[12]

Aftermath[edit]

In December 2006, almost six years after the bombings, Metro Manila police went on heightened alert from bomb scares and the prospect of follow-up attacks on the anniversary of the bombings.[13] The AFP followed suit days after, deploying numerous bomb squads and medical teams to both Fort Bonifacio and Luneta.[14] In addition, the PNP's Explosives and Ordnance Division and SWAT deployed teams to LRT-1 stations along Taft Avenue, near one of the original bombing sites.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qLNCB5L3VhA
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Suerte Felipe, Cecille; James Mananghaya (December 19, 2006). "After CBCP rally, PNP prepares for Rizal Day bombing anniversary". The Philippine Star. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b Fernandez, Jonathan F. (August 4, 2004). "2 Rizal Day 'bombers' nabbed". Sun Star Manila. Sun Star Publishing, Inc. Retrieved February 8, 2007. 
  4. ^ "Rizal Day bombing chronology". GMA News Research (GMA News). January 23, 2009. Archived from the original on January 29, 2009. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b Pulta, Benjamin; Miko Santos (December 30, 2003). "Gov’t seeks re-raffling of LRT-1 bombing case". Sun Star Manila. Sun Star Publishing, Inc. Retrieved February 8, 2007. 
  6. ^ Bacalla, Tess B. (March 14, 2005). "Coastal City is Hub of Underground Explosives Trade". Our Latest Report (Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism). Archived from the original on February 27, 2009. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 
  7. ^ "Drilon urges authorities to solve Rizal Day bombing". Sun Star Manila (Sun Star Publishing, Inc.). September 14, 2003. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 
  8. ^ Sy Egco, Joel M. (May 26, 2003). "Rizal Day suspect caught". News: Police (Manila Standard Today). Retrieved February 15, 2007. 
  9. ^ "Mukhlis Yunos admits Rizal Day bombings" (PDF) (Press release). Philippine National Police. June 9, 2003. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 
  10. ^ McKenna, Terence (October 2004). "InDepth: Passport to Terror". CBC News. Archived from the original on February 12, 2009. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  11. ^ Sy Egco, Joel M.; Fel V. Maragay (July 15, 2003). "Rizal Day bomber escapes". Manila Standard Today. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved February 15, 2007. 
  12. ^ Torres, Tetch (January 23, 2009). "Rizal Day bombers get 20 years in jail". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on January 29, 2009. Retrieved January 23, 2009. 
  13. ^ Vargas, Anthony (December 26, 2006). "Rizal Day bombing still haunts Metro cops". The Manila Times Online (The Manila Times Publishing Corp.). Archived from the original on October 27, 2007. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 
  14. ^ Vargas, Anthony (December 30, 2006). "AFP vows vigilance on Rizal Day". The Manila Times Online (The Manila Times Publishing Corp). Archived from the original on May 13, 2007. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 
  15. ^ "Philippine police tightens security ahead of anniversary of Rizal Day bombing". World News (People's Daily Online). December 29, 2006. Retrieved February 14, 2007. 

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rizal_Day_bombings — Please support Wikipedia.
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23 news items

 
Sun.Star
Mon, 28 Dec 2015 23:41:15 -0800

AUTHORITIES should tighten the security of transport hubs, malls and other public areas ahead of the 15th anniversary of the deadly Rizal Day bombings on December 30 amid recent attacks in three Mindanao provinces, Senator Ferdinand Marcos Jr. said ...

Pilipino Star Ngayon

Pilipino Star Ngayon
Tue, 29 Dec 2015 08:07:30 -0800

NGAYON ang ika-15 anibersaryo ng madugong Rizal Day bombings. Maaliwalas ang panahon at walang palatandaan na may malagim na mangyayari ng araw na iyon ng Disyembre 30, 2000. Hanggang pumutok ang unang bomba dakong alas-dose ng ...

CNN

CNN
Wed, 25 Nov 2015 02:45:42 -0800

Known as the Rizal Day bombings, the attack was made by terror group Jemaah Islamiyah. Almost 15 years after, the Philippine National Police (PNP) said it had intensified security in public places to prevent similar incidents from happening. After the ...
 
Manila Bulletin
Tue, 29 Dec 2015 08:11:29 -0800

Senator Ferdinand “Bongbong” R. Marcos, Jr. called on authorities to keep an eye on the safety and security of the public as the country marks the 15th anniversary of the tragic Rizal Day bombings. He said the security of transport hubs, malls and ...
 
Inquirer.net
Wed, 16 Dec 2015 09:53:20 -0800

The ASG, listed as a terror organization by the United States, was also blamed for the Rizal Day bombings in Metro Manila on Dec. 30, 2000, which resulted in the deaths of 22 people and injuries to dozens. Casimiro said the southern portion of Negros ...
 
Inquirer.net
Tue, 15 Dec 2015 16:53:40 -0800

It was also blamed for the Rizal Day bombings in Metro Manila in 2000, in which, 22 were killed and dozens were injured. Casimiro said the southern portion of Negros Island, the town of Palimbang, Sultan Kudarat; Kidapawan City and areas of Kabacan, ...

Rappler

Rappler
Sat, 07 Feb 2015 19:30:17 -0800

Al-Ghozi was key to about 30 near-simultaneous bombings of churches across Indonesia and 5 near-simultaneous explosions in the Philippines, the worst killing 22 people in a Manila commuter train (now known as the Rizal Day bombings in December ...

Philippine Star

Philippine Star
Sat, 07 Feb 2015 08:14:08 -0800

The Philippines has suffered from JI attacks since the Rizal Day bombings in 2000 when the terrorist cell, together with the MILF, set off bombs in a Light Rail Transit coach in Sta. Cruz and Plaza Ferguson in Manila as well as Makati and the NAIA ...
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