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Rihand Dam
Rihand Dam in sonbhadra district on Rihand River.
Rihand Dam is located in Uttar Pradesh
Rihand Dam
Location of Rihand Dam
Country India
Location Sonbhadra, Uttar Pradesh
Coordinates 24°12′9″N 83°0′29″E / 24.20250°N 83.00806°E / 24.20250; 83.00806Coordinates: 24°12′9″N 83°0′29″E / 24.20250°N 83.00806°E / 24.20250; 83.00806
Construction began 1954
Opening date 1962
Dam and spillways
Height 91 m (299 ft)
Length 934 m (3,064 ft)
Total capacity 10.6 billion cubic metres
Active capacity 8.9 billion cubic metres
Inactive capacity 1.7 billion cubic metres
Catchment area 5,148 km2 (1,988 sq mi)
Power station
Turbines 6 x 50 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity 300 MW[1]

Rihand Dam (Hindi: रिहन्द बांध) is a concrete gravity dam located at Pipri in Sonbhadra District in Uttar Pradesh, India. Its reservoir area is on the border of Madhya pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. This reservoir is known as Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar. It is on the Rihand River which is the tributary of the Son River. The catchment area of this dam is spread in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh & Chhattisgarh whereas it supplies irrigation water in Bihar located in the downstream of the river.


Rihand dam is a concrete gravity dam with a length of 934.21 m. The maximum height of the dam is 91.44 m and was constructed during period 1954-62. The dam comprises 61 independent blocks and ground joints. The powerhouse is situated at the toe of the dam, with installed capacity of 300 MW (6 units of 50 MW each). The Intake Structure is situated between blocks no. 28 to 33. The Dam is in distress condition. It is proposed to carry out the rehabilitation works in the dam and the powerhouse. The F.R.L. of the dam is 268.22 m and it impounds 8.6 Million Acreft of water. It is one of the biggest reservoir by its gross storage capacity in India but sufficient water is not flowing in to the reservoir.

Many super thermal power stations are located in the catchment area of the dam. These are Singrauli, Vindyachal, Rihand, Anpara & Sasan super thermal power stations and Renukoot thermal station. The high alkalinity run off water from the ash dumps (some are located in the reservoir area) of these coal-fired power stations ultimately collects in this reservoir enhancing its water alkalinity and pH. Using high alkalinity water for irrigation converts the agriculture fields in to fallow Alkali soils.[2] The construction of the dam resulted in forced relocation of nearly 100,000 people [3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Rihand Power Station, Pipri, District : Sonebhadra (UP)". UPDESCO. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "Monitoring the contamination in the Rihand reservoir" (PDF). Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  3. ^ B. Terminski, Development-Induced Displacement: Theoretical Frameworks and Current Challenges, Geneva, 2013

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rihand_Dam — Please support Wikipedia.
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55 news items

अमर उजाला

अमर उजाला
Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:11:15 -0700

�एशिया की सबसे बड़ी कृत्रिम झील का दर्जा रखने वाला गोविंद वल्लभ पंत सागर (रिहंद डैम) जल्द ही पर्यटन के क्षितिज पर� नजर आएगा। इसमें कश्मीर और उत्तराखंड की तर्ज पर पब्लिक प्राइवेट पार्टनरशिप ...
Hindustan Times
Fri, 29 May 2015 06:23:09 -0700

The next hearing in the case is on July 21. Rihand Sagar, spread over 466 sq kms in MP and Uttar Pradesh, is considered the largest manmade reservoir in India. The Rihand dam is built over river Rihand, a tributary of the Son river, in UP's Sonbhadra ...

Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times
Fri, 01 May 2015 05:33:45 -0700

The Rihand dam is built over river Rihand, a tributary of the Son, in UP's Sonbhadra district. But its reservoir -Rihand Sagar- is located on the border of the two states -- MP and UP. The reservoir, according to Ashwani Dubey, has been “polluted with ...

Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times
Sun, 17 May 2015 02:23:02 -0700

When inaugurating the Rihand dam near Renukoot - about 40 km from Sugwaman - Jawaharlal Nehru had famously said that he would convert the region into the Switzerland of India. The construction of the dam eventually resulted in the forced relocation of ...

Times of India

Times of India
Wed, 20 May 2015 12:09:14 -0700

NEW DELHI: Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh appear to be on war path over sharing water from Bansagar dam across Sone river. The flash point reached last week when Madhya Pradesh flatly refused to share water with Uttar Pradesh due to the dispute ...

The Indian Express

The Indian Express
Thu, 07 May 2015 12:38:42 -0700

... Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand — are likely to get submerged once the dam is constructed at a height of 39.9 m. It may be increased up to 52 m, if it has to provide water to Rihand dam. While 980.4 hectares has been acquired, another 441.07 hectares ...


Thu, 04 Dec 2014 17:54:28 -0800

Seen from the air, Govind Ballabh, among India's largest man-made lakes, is a placid expanse of scenic green, stretching more than 30 miles southwest from the towering ramparts of the Rihand Dam. Leggy storks and shorebirds forage its banks. Carp and ...
Times of India
Fri, 18 Jul 2014 12:41:15 -0700

PATNA: Bihar government has requested the Madhya Pradesh and UP governments to release its quota of water from Bansagar and Rihand dams, respectively, as farms in Bihar falling under Sone command area have dried up. Water resources department ...

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