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Rihand Dam
Rihand Dam is located in Uttar Pradesh
Rihand Dam
Location of Rihand Dam in India Uttar Pradesh
Official name Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar
Country India
Location Sonbhadra, Uttar Pradesh
Coordinates 24°12′9″N 83°0′29″E / 24.20250°N 83.00806°E / 24.20250; 83.00806Coordinates: 24°12′9″N 83°0′29″E / 24.20250°N 83.00806°E / 24.20250; 83.00806
Construction began 1954
Opening date 1962
Dam and spillways
Height 91 m (299 ft)
Length 934 m (3,064 ft)
Total capacity 10.6 billion cubic metres
Active capacity 8.9 billion cubic metres
Inactive capacity 1.7 billion cubic metres
Catchment area 5,148 km2 (1,988 sq mi)
Power station
Turbines 6 x 50 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity 300 MW[1]

Rihand Dam (Hindi: रिहन्द बांध) is a concrete gravity dam located at Pipri in Sonbhadra District in Uttar Pradesh, India. Its reservoir area is on the border of Madhya pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. This reservoir is known as Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar. It is on the Rihand River which is the tributary of the Son River. The catchment area of this dam is spread in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh & Chhattisgarh whereas it supplies irrigation water in Bihar located in the downstream of the river.


Rihand dam is a concrete gravity dam with a length of 934.21 m. The maximum height of the dam is 91.44 m and was constructed during period 1954-62. The dam comprises 61 independent blocks and ground joints. The powerhouse is situated at the toe of the dam, with installed capacity of 300 MW (6 units of 50 MW each). The Intake Structure is situated between blocks no. 28 to 33. The Dam is in distress condition. It is proposed to carry out the rehabilitation works in the dam and the powerhouse. The F.R.L. of the dam is 268.22 m and it impounds 8.6 Million Acreft of water. It is one of the biggest reservoir by its gross storage capacity in India but sufficient water is not flowing in to the reservoiedefrt r.

Many super thermal power stations are located in the catchment area of the dam. These are Singrauli, Vindyachal, Rihand, Anpara & Sasan super thermal power stations and Renukoot thermal station. The high alkalinity run off water from the ash dumps (some are located in the reservoir area) of these coal-fired power stations ultimately collects in this reservoir enhancing its water alkalinity and pH. Using high alkalinity water for irrigation converts the agriculture fields in to fallow Alkali soils.[2] The construction of the dam resulted in forced relocation of nearly 100,000 people [3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Rihand Power Station, Pipri, District : Sonebhadra (UP)". UPDESCO. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "Monitoring the contamination in the Rihand reservoir" (PDF). Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  3. ^ B. Terminski, Development-Induced Displacement: Theoretical Frameworks and Current Challenges, Geneva, 2013

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rihand_Dam — Please support Wikipedia.
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62 news items

Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times
Thu, 27 Aug 2015 05:11:15 -0700

A committee of the National Green Tribunal set up to assess the environmental and health impact of pollution has recommended setting up of three labs to monitor the mercury levels in and around the Rihand Sagar area. The committee, in its latest report ...

Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times
Wed, 26 Aug 2015 06:30:00 -0700

Though Rihand dam is located in Sonbhadra district of UP, its reservoir Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar (Rihand) spans over 466 sq kms in MP and UP. The Rihand dam is built over river Rihand, a tributary of the Son river. The petitioner, a Supreme Court ...
Hindustan Times
Fri, 29 May 2015 06:18:45 -0700

The next hearing in the case is on July 21. Rihand Sagar, spread over 466 sq kms in MP and Uttar Pradesh, is considered the largest manmade reservoir in India. The Rihand dam is built over river Rihand, a tributary of the Son river, in UP's Sonbhadra ...

अमर उजाला

अमर उजाला
Fri, 31 Jul 2015 11:11:15 -0700

�एशिया की सबसे बड़ी कृत्रिम झील का दर्जा रखने वाला गोविंद वल्लभ पंत सागर (रिहंद डैम) जल्द ही पर्यटन के क्षितिज पर� नजर आएगा। इसमें कश्मीर और उत्तराखंड की तर्ज पर पब्लिक प्राइवेट पार्टनरशिप ...


Tue, 28 Apr 2015 02:29:16 -0700

The experts took note of the Rihand dam. विशेषज्ञों ने रिहंद बांध का जायजा लिया. Updated: 2015-04-28 14:58:29 IST. शक्तिनगर. बांध विशेषज्ञों की सात सदस्यीय टीम ने सोमवार को कनहर चीफ� के साथ रिहंद बांध का ...
Times of India
Tue, 12 Jan 2016 05:12:10 -0800

Singrauli area remained unexploited until the construction of Rihand dam (Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar - GBPS) in 1961. The dam was constructed on the river Rihand, which is a tributary of the Son river. Today Singrauli has many thermal power stations ...

Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times
Sun, 17 May 2015 02:23:02 -0700

When inaugurating the Rihand dam near Renukoot - about 40 km from Sugwaman - Jawaharlal Nehru had famously said that he would convert the region into the Switzerland of India. The construction of the dam eventually resulted in the forced relocation of ...

दैनिक जागरण

दैनिक जागरण
Mon, 16 Mar 2015 08:58:19 -0700

लखनऊ। कूड़ा-करकट, गांवों की गंदगी और परियोजनाओं से निकलने वाली राख रिहंद बांध के लिए मुश्किलें खड़ी करने लगी हैं। दर्जन भर विद्युत परियोजनाओं को खुराक देने वाले रिहंद बांध का क्षेत्रफल ...

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