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The right to development was first recognized in 1981 in Article 22 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights as a definitive individual and collective right. Article 22(1) provides that: "All peoples shall have the right to their economic, social and cultural development with due regard to their freedom and identity and in the equal enjoyment of the common heritage of mankind."

The right to development was subsequently proclaimed by the United Nations in 1986 in the "Declaration on the Right to Development," which was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 41/128. The Right to development is a group right of peoples as opposed to an individual right, and was reaffirmed by the 1993 Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action.

The concept of the Right to Development is controversial, with some commentators[who?](See All Souls Exam Essay II Topics for one reference.) disputing whether it is a right at all. The meaning of the right to development has been elaborated in a number of sources.

The right to development is now included in the mandate of several UN institutions and offices.

The Preamble of the Declaration on the Right to Development states "development is a comprehensive economic, social, cultural and political process, which aims at the constant improvement of the well-being of the entire population and of all individuals on the basis of their active, free and meaningful participation in development and in the fair distribution of benefits resulting therefrom."

The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action[edit]

The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action states in Article 10 "The World Conference on Human Rights reaffirms theright to development', as established in the Declaration on the Right to Development, as a universal and inalienable right and an integral part of fundamental human rights. As stated in the Declaration on the Right to Development, the human person is the central subject of development. While development facilitates the enjoyment of all human rights, the lack of development may not be invoked to justify the abridgement of internationally recognized human rights. States should cooperate with each other in ensuring development and eliminating obstacles to development. The international community should promote an effective international cooperation for the realization of the right to development and the elimination of obstacles to development. Lasting progress towards the implementation of the right to development requires effective development policies at the national level, as well as equitable economic relations and a favourable economic environment at the international level."

The Rio Declaration[edit]

The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, also known as Rio Declaration or the G.R.E.G, recognizes the right to development as one of its 27 principles. Principle 3 of the Declaration states "The right to development must be fulfilled so as to equitably meet developmental and environmental needs of present and future generations."

Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples[edit]

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples recognizes the right to development as an indigenous peoples' right. The declaration states in its preamble that the General Assembly is "Concerned that indigenous peoples have suffered from historic injustices as a result of, inter alia, their colonization and dispossession of their lands, territories and resources, thus preventing them from exercising, in particular, their right to development in accordance with their own needs and interests."

Article 23 elaborates "Indigenous peoples have the right to determine and develop priorities and strategies for exercising their right to development. In particular, indigenous peoples have the right to be actively involved in developing and determining health, housing and other economic and social programmes affecting them and, as far as possible, to administer such programmes through their own institutions."

See also[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Right_to_development — Please support Wikipedia.
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26 news items

The Guardian Nigeria
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 16:48:45 -0700

While political thuggery engagement can only limit one's dream to rise to the top, we should be sophisticated enough to demand and desire proper electoral process, right to development and dividends of democracy. Spending our valuable time on social ...
Sudan Vision
Sun, 10 Aug 2014 09:52:30 -0700

The new development in Vienna Declaration is the right to development. Part I, paragraph 11 said: “The right to development should be fulfilled so as to meet equitably the developmental and environmental needs of present and future generations”
International Viewpoint
Wed, 13 Aug 2014 00:30:00 -0700

The human right to development also implies the full realization of the right of peoples to self-determination, which includes, subject to the relevant provisions of both International Covenants on Human Rights, the exercise of their inalienable right ...
Fri, 01 Aug 2014 11:22:30 -0700

The media such as the Mfulu supplement in Boma lathu newspaper has featured success stories with regard to the promotion of good governance and the right to development which have been replicated by other communities," said Valela. One of the ...
Bosco Information Service
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 02:40:45 -0700

Ms. Sapna Surin dealt with Child Rights and UNCRC (United Nations on Rights of the Child)1989 that the four fundamental rights of the children: Right to survival, right to development, right to protection and right to participation. Ms. Sujaya shared ...
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 11:56:15 -0700

... for autopsy to determine the cause of the death, the same source told TAP correspondent. The police station has been abandoned since last January after being torched during the strike observed by locals to claim the right to development and employment.
Business Recorder
Sat, 09 Aug 2014 09:52:30 -0700

Each year on 9th August world observes ' The International Day of Indigenous People'. The purpose of the day is to promote and protect the rights of the native people around the world. On this day, events, seminars, conferences, and debates are ...

Paraíba Total

Paraíba Total
Thu, 14 Aug 2014 08:11:15 -0700

Membro Conselho de Defesa dos Direitos da Pessoa Humana; membro da UN High Level Task Force on the implementation of the right to development; e membro do OAS Working Group para o monitoramento do Protocolo de San Salvador em matéria de ...

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