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The right to development was first recognized in 1981 in Article 22 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights as a definitive individual and collective right. Article 22(1) provides that: "All peoples shall have the right to their economic, social and cultural development with due regard to their freedom and identity and in the equal enjoyment of the common heritage of mankind."

The right to development was subsequently proclaimed by the United Nations in 1986 in the "Declaration on the Right to Development," which was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 41/128. The Right to development is a group right of peoples as opposed to an individual right, and was reaffirmed by the 1993 Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action.

The concept of the Right to Development is controversial, with some commentators[who?](See All Souls Exam Essay II Topics for one reference.) disputing whether it is a right at all. The meaning of the right to development has been elaborated in a number of sources.

The right to development is now included in the mandate of several UN institutions and offices.

The Preamble of the Declaration on the Right to Development states "development is a comprehensive economic, social, cultural and political process, which aims at the constant improvement of the well-being of the entire population and of all individuals on the basis of their active, free and meaningful participation in development and in the fair distribution of benefits resulting therefrom."

The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action[edit]

The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action states in Article 10 "The World Conference on Human Rights reaffirms the "right to development", as established in the Declaration on the Right to Development, as a universal and inalienable right and an integral part of fundamental human rights. As stated in the Declaration on the Right to Development, the human person is the central subject of development. While development facilitates the enjoyment of all human rights, the lack of development may not be invoked to justify the abridgement of internationally recognized human rights. States should cooperate with each other in ensuring development and eliminating obstacles to development. The international community should promote an effective international cooperation for the realization of the right to development and the elimination of obstacles to development. Lasting progress towards the implementation of the right to development requires effective development policies at the national level, as well as equitable economic relations and a favorable economic environment at the international level."

The Rio Declaration[edit]

The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, also known as Rio Declaration or the G.R.E.G, recognizes the right to development as one of its 27 principles. Principle 3 of the Declaration states "The right to development" must be fulfilled so as to equitably meet developmental and environmental needs of present and future generations."

Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples[edit]

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples recognizes the right to development as an indigenous peoples' right. The declaration states in its preamble that the General Assembly is "Concerned that indigenous peoples have suffered from historic injustices as a result of, inter alia, their colonization and dispossession of their lands, territories and resources, thus preventing them from exercising, in particular, their right to development in accordance with their own needs and interests."

Article 23 elaborates "Indigenous peoples have the right to determine and develop priorities and strategies for exercising their "right to development". In particular, indigenous peoples have the right to be actively involved in developing and determining health, housing and other economic and social programmes affecting them and, as far as possible, to administer such programmes through their own institutions."

See also[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Right_to_development — Please support Wikipedia.
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24 news items

Seychelles News Agency

Seychelles News Agency
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 05:33:45 -0700

Our way of life that we want to bequeath to the children of our islands and their children. Our right to development that enriches our quality of life and the essence of our being over and above purely commercial considerations. Our right to exist ...
 
GlobalPost
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 23:00:00 -0700

"The new national policy and action plan is another pride of the government, reflecting its full support and cooperation aimed to enhance child welfare and ensure basic rights of children, including right to life, right to protection, right to ...
 
AllAfrica.com
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 20:56:15 -0700

Development is more a matter of right than of design and I will argue that while the right to development persists, we need to adopt models that protect and advance women development. More specifically, women's empowerment is a right as well as a ...
 
The Island.lk (subscription)
Sun, 24 Aug 2014 13:03:45 -0700

The Right to Private Property is not recognized in the Sri Lankan Constitution. When the Liberal Party first asserted the need for this, in the eighties, we were considered eccentric, as we were then with regard of our advocacy of the German Mixed ...
 
The Guardian Nigeria
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 16:48:45 -0700

While political thuggery engagement can only limit one's dream to rise to the top, we should be sophisticated enough to demand and desire proper electoral process, right to development and dividends of democracy. Spending our valuable time on social ...
 
Responding to Climate Change
Fri, 22 Aug 2014 04:43:13 -0700

What, using UN parlance, does an equitable solution to prevent dangerous levels of global warming look like on a country-by-country level? Policy wonks will talk of historical responsibility, climate justice, the right to development, political will ...
 
Sudan Vision
Sun, 10 Aug 2014 09:52:30 -0700

The new development in Vienna Declaration is the right to development. Part I, paragraph 11 said: “The right to development should be fulfilled so as to meet equitably the developmental and environmental needs of present and future generations”
 
AllAfrica.com
Sat, 23 Aug 2014 02:22:30 -0700

Digging deep into the flaws of the party and the prices being exacted by the people of South Sudan will undoubtedly yield the possible remedies to heal the wound and end the fragility of the nation. The people deserve the right to development and freedom.
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