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The right to development was first recognized in 1981 in Article 22 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights as a definitive individual and collective right. Article 22(1) provides that: "All peoples shall have the right to their economic, social and cultural development with due regard to their freedom and identity and in the equal enjoyment of the common heritage of mankind."

The right to development was subsequently proclaimed by the United Nations in 1986 in the "Declaration on the Right to Development," which was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 41/128. The Right to development is a group right of peoples as opposed to an individual right, and was reaffirmed by the 1993 Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action.

The concept of the Right to Development is controversial, with some commentators[who?](See All Souls Exam Essay II Topics for one reference.) disputing whether it is a right at all. The meaning of the right to development has been elaborated in a number of sources.

The right to development is now included in the mandate of several UN institutions and offices.

The Preamble of the Declaration on the Right to Development states "development is a comprehensive economic, social, cultural and political process, which aims at the constant improvement of the well-being of the entire population and of all individuals on the basis of their active, free and meaningful participation in development and in the fair distribution of benefits resulting therefrom."

The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action[edit]

The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action states in Article 10 "The World Conference on Human Rights reaffirms theright to development', as established in the Declaration on the Right to Development, as a universal and inalienable right and an integral part of fundamental human rights. As stated in the Declaration on the Right to Development, the human person is the central subject of development. While development facilitates the enjoyment of all human rights, the lack of development may not be invoked to justify the abridgement of internationally recognized human rights. States should cooperate with each other in ensuring development and eliminating obstacles to development. The international community should promote an effective international cooperation for the realization of the right to development and the elimination of obstacles to development. Lasting progress towards the implementation of the right to development requires effective development policies at the national level, as well as equitable economic relations and a favourable economic environment at the international level."

The Rio Declaration[edit]

The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, also known as Rio Declaration or the G.R.E.G, recognizes the right to development as one of its 27 principles. Principle 3 of the Declaration states "The right to development must be fulfilled so as to equitably meet developmental and environmental needs of present and future generations."

Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples[edit]

The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples recognizes the right to development as an indigenous peoples' right. The declaration states in its preamble that the General Assembly is "Concerned that indigenous peoples have suffered from historic injustices as a result of, inter alia, their colonization and dispossession of their lands, territories and resources, thus preventing them from exercising, in particular, their right to development in accordance with their own needs and interests."

Article 23 elaborates "Indigenous peoples have the right to determine and develop priorities and strategies for exercising their right to development. In particular, indigenous peoples have the right to be actively involved in developing and determining health, housing and other economic and social programmes affecting them and, as far as possible, to administer such programmes through their own institutions."

See also[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Right_to_development — Please support Wikipedia.
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24 news items

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 11:56:15 -0700

... for autopsy to determine the cause of the death, the same source told TAP correspondent. The police station has been abandoned since last January after being torched during the strike observed by locals to claim the right to development and employment.
Intellectual Property Watch
Wed, 16 Jul 2014 07:00:36 -0700

... numbers) should be developed in a manner that ensures an open and consistent Internet architecture, in conformance with the global public interest, upholding people's civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, as well as the right to ...
Mon, 07 Jul 2014 17:11:15 -0700

A vision expressed by words understood by the whole world and accepted by the international community. Sisi does not deny Ethiopia and its people the right to development, growth and prosperity. However, with all determination, justice and trust, he ...
Mon, 07 Jul 2014 11:00:00 -0700

We should not give a free pass to any developing country, “right to development and Common But Differentiated Responsibilities” are not excuses to not do more and better. And perhaps more importantly, everyone's government should be answering to the ...
The Standard Digital News
Sat, 12 Jul 2014 11:45:00 -0700

“I know you voted for CORD, but you have a right to development as citizens of this nation. This Government is yours too,” Uhuru said at a stopover in Khayega Market where a handful of residents had gathered to see him. He urged the youth who have ...


Sun, 13 Jul 2014 19:26:15 -0700

These include the right to subsistence and the right to development, he says. If the "important principle" of the right to subsistence is defined as having the minimum necessary to support life, China's leaders deserve praise, he says. "In a relatively ...
Nyasa Times
Sun, 06 Jul 2014 17:22:55 -0700

“While acknowledging that economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights and the right to development are recognized as universal, indivisible and mutually reinforcing rights of all human beings, without distinction, some quarters have ...

Inter Press Service

Inter Press Service
Mon, 07 Jul 2014 12:57:59 -0700

Yoke Ling Chee of the Malaysia-based Third World Network told IPS the MDG report is “over optimistic”, and avoids the systemic obstacles that continue to deprive large parts of the world from their right to development. “A much-needed orderly sovereign ...

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