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Retezat National Park
Parcul Național Retezat
IUCN category II (national park)
Retezat near camp Bucura.JPG
Retezat Mountains, near camping site Bucura
Map showing the location of Retezat National Park
Map showing the location of Retezat National Park
Location within Romania
Location  Romania
Actual Hunedoara county CoA.png Hunedoara County
Nearest city Lupeni
Coordinates 45°20′N 22°50′E / 45.34°N 22.83°E / 45.34; 22.83Coordinates: 45°20′N 22°50′E / 45.34°N 22.83°E / 45.34; 22.83[1]
Area 38.047 hectares (94.02 acres)
Established 2000[2]
Website retezat.ro

The Retezat National Park (Romanian: Parcul Naţional Retezat) is a protected area (national park category II IUCN) located in the Retezat Mountains in Hunedoara county, Romania.[3]

Description[edit]

Containing more than 60 peaks over 2,300 metres (7,500 ft) and over 100 crystal clear deep glacier lakes, the Retezat Mountains are some of the most beautiful in the Carpathians. In 1935 the Government of Romania set aside an area of the Retezat Mountains creating the country's first national park.

Currently the park has 380.47 km2 (146.90 sq mi).[4] The area shelters one of Europe's last remaining intact old-growth forest and the continent's largest single area of pristine mixed forest. The highest peak of the Retezat Mountains, Vf. Peleaga, 2,509 metres (8,232 ft) is located in the park. The park also includes about 80 glacier lakes.

In 1979 the Man and Biosphere Program of UNESCO included the park in the international network of biosphere reserve.

Flora and fauna[edit]

The flora consists of approximately 1190 plant species, of which 130 have the "endangered" or "vulnerable" status. Wolves, brown bear, wild boar, Eurasian lynx, European wildcat, chamois, roe deer and red deer, as well as small carnivore species such as Eurasian badger and Eurasian otter populate the park.

The Gemenele ("The Twins" in Romanian) scientific reserve is a strictly protected area of the park enclosing an intact primeval forest.

External links[edit]

References[edit]


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