digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Residential area in Helena, Montana, USA
Suburban slum in Bhutan

A residential area is a land use in which housing predominates, as opposed to industrial and commercial areas. Housing may vary significantly between, and through, residential areas. These include single-family housing, multi-family residential, or mobile homes. Zoning for residential use may permit some services or work opportunities or may totally exclude business and industry. It may permit high density land use or only permit low density uses. Residential zoning usually includes a smaller FAR (floor area ratio) than business, commercial or industrial/manufacturing zoning. The area may be large or small.

In certain residential areas, largely rural, large tracts of land may have no services whatever, thus residents seeking services must use a motor vehicle or other transport, so the need for transport has resulted in land development following existing or planned transport infrastructure such as rail and road. Development patterns may be regulated by restrictive covenants contained in the deeds to the properties in the development, and may also result from or be reinforced by zoning. Restrictive covenants are not easily changed when the agreement of all property owners (many of whom may not live in the area) is required. The area so restricted may be large or small.

Residential areas may be subcategorized in the Concentric zone model and other schemes of urban geography.

Residential development[edit]

New inner city residences in Manhattan
Residential area in Brooklyn about a century after it was developed

Residential development is real estate development for residential purposes. Some such developments are called a subdivision, when the land is divided into lots with houses constructed on each lot. Such developments became common during the late nineteenth century, particularly in the form of streetcar suburbs.

In previous centuries, residential development was mainly of two kinds. Rich people bought a townlot, hired an architect and/or contractor, and built a bespoke / customized house or mansion for their family. Poor urban people lived in shantytowns or in tenements built for rental. Single-family houses were seldom built on speculation, that is for future sale to residents not yet identified. When cities and the middle class expanded greatly and mortgage loans became commonplace, a method that had been rare became commonplace to serve the expanding demand for home ownership.

Post–World War II economic expansion in major cities of the United States, especially New York City and Los Angeles produced a demand for thousands of new homes, which was largely met by speculative building. Its large-scale practitioners disliked the term "property speculator" and coined the new name "residential development" for their activity. Entire farms and ranches were subdivided and developed, often with one individual or company controlling all aspects of entitlement (permits), land development (streets and grading), infrastructure (utilities and sewage disposal), and housing. Communities like Levittown, Long Island or Lakewood south of Los Angeles saw new homes sold at unprecedented rates—more than one a day. Many techniques which had made the automobile affordable made housing affordable: standardization of design and small, repetitive assembly tasks, advertising, and a smooth flow of capital. Mass production resulted in a similar uniformity of product, and a more comfortable lifestyle than cramped apartments in the cities. With the advent of government-backed mortgages, it could actually be cheaper to own a house in a new residential development than to rent.

Minor entrance monument, early 20th century

As with other products, continual refinements appeared. Curving streets, greenbelt parks, neighborhood pools, and community entry monumentation appeared. Diverse floor plans with differing room counts, and multiple elevations (different exterior "looks" for the same plan) appeared. Developers remained competitive with each other on everything, including location, community amenities, kitchen appliance packages, and price.

Today, a typical residential development in the United States might include traffic calming features, such as a slowly winding street, dead-end road, or looped road lined with homes.

Suburban developments help form the stereotypical image of a "suburban America," and are generally associated with the American middle-class. Most offer homes in a narrow range of age, price, size and features, thus potential residents having different needs, wishes or resources must look elsewhere. Some residential developments are gated communities.

Problems with residential developments[edit]

Criticisms of residential developments may include:

  • They do not mesh well with the greater community. Some are isolated, with only one entrance, or otherwise connected with the rest of the community in few ways.
  • Being commuter towns, they serve no more purpose for the greater community than other specialized settlements do, and thus require residents to go to the greater community for commercial or other purposes. Whereas mixed-use developments provide for commerce and other activities, thus residents need not go as often to the greater community.

Additional reading[edit]

External links[edit]

The dictionary definition of residential at Wiktionary


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Residential_area — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

259113 news items

 
The Ledger
Tue, 21 Apr 2015 22:48:45 -0700

BARTOW — The County Commission voted unanimously Tuesday to deny a request to rezone land along Snively Avenue in Eloise that would allow the development of a business park in the middle of a residential area. Tuesday's vote overturned a February ...

Inquirer.net

Inquirer.net
Fri, 24 Apr 2015 00:07:30 -0700

Fire hits residential area on Yakal St., Makati. Kristine Felisse Mangunay. @inquirerdotnet. Philippine Daily Inquirer. 3:15 PM | Friday, April 24th, 2015. More News from Kristine Felisse Mangunay · Photo by Bernard Esguerra/INQUIRER.net · Fire hits ...

Clacton and Frinton Gazette

Clacton and Frinton Gazette
Thu, 23 Apr 2015 08:09:48 -0700

First published 08:00 Thursday 23 April 2015 in North Essex. A DEVELOPER has lodged an appeal against a decision not to allow a takeaway to open in a residential area. Developer S Gecin hoped to open the takeaway in William Harris Way, in Colchester.

The Daily Telegraph

The Daily Telegraph
Sat, 18 Apr 2015 05:33:45 -0700

What is now a lovely residential area along the foreshore was once dense forest inhabited by the Wangal people. In 1794, John Bray was given a land grant, which was passed down, and eventually sold to Thomas Walker, who named the town Rhodes after ...

INFORUM

INFORUM
Thu, 02 Apr 2015 05:55:11 -0700

... was put up a few days after the blast to protect evidence during the investigation. (Pioneer Press: Nick Ferraro). Minnesota food truck owner warned before explosion about parking in residential area. By St. Paul Pioneer Press on Apr 2, 2015 at 7 ...
 
Daily News
Sun, 12 Apr 2015 17:45:00 -0700

Ms Galawa gave the order here at the weekend after Image residents complained that the investor, who is managing director of Jackma J. Enterprises, Jackson Massawe, had put up his plant at Block Q plot No.5, Kikuyu East, which is in a residential area.

Inquirer.net

Inquirer.net
Tue, 14 Apr 2015 05:10:38 -0700

A fire on Banaag corner Pineda Streets in Pasig City reaches second alarm on Tuesday. JOVIC YEE/PHILIPPINE DAILY INQUIRER. A fire of undetermined origin hit a residential area in Barangay Pineda, Pasig City, on Tuesday evening. The Pasig public ...
 
Daily Tribune News
Sun, 12 Apr 2015 05:00:00 -0700

Vehicles at seven different homes, all within a roughly 1-mile radius, were burglarized between Thursday night and Friday morning. According to reports from the Bartow County Sheriff's Office, vehicles at residences on Allegiance Court, Freedom Drive ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight