digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















Residential area in Helena, Montana, USA
Suburban slum in Bhutan

A residential area is a land use in which housing predominates, as opposed to industrial and commercial areas. Housing may vary significantly between, and through, residential areas. These include single-family housing, multi-family residential, or mobile homes. Zoning for residential use may permit some services or work opportunities or may totally exclude business and industry. It may permit high density land use or only permit low density uses. Residential zoning usually includes a smaller FAR (floor area ratio) than business, commercial or industrial/manufacturing zoning. The area may be large or small.

In certain residential areas, largely rural, large tracts of land may have no services whatever, thus residents seeking services must use a motor vehicle or other transport, so the need for transport has resulted in land development following existing or planned transport infrastructure such as rail and road. Development patterns may be regulated by restrictive covenants contained in the deeds to the properties in the development, and may also result from or be reinforced by zoning. Restrictive covenants are not easily changed when the agreement of all property owners (many of whom may not live in the area) is required. The area so restricted may be large or small.

Residential areas may be subcategorized in the Concentric zone model and other schemes of urban geography.

Residential development[edit]

New inner city residences in Manhattan
Residential area in Brooklyn about a century after it was developed

Residential development is real estate development for residential purposes. Some such developments are called a subdivision, when the land is divided into lots with houses constructed on each lot. Such developments became common during the late nineteenth century, particularly in the form of streetcar suburbs.

In previous centuries, residential development was mainly of two kinds. Rich people bought a townlot, hired an architect and/or contractor, and built a bespoke / customized house or mansion for their family. Poor urban people lived in shantytowns or in tenements built for rental. Single-family houses were seldom built on speculation, that is for future sale to residents not yet identified. When cities and the middle class expanded greatly and mortgage loans became commonplace, a method that had been rare became commonplace to serve the expanding demand for home ownership.

Post–World War II economic expansion in major cities of the United States, especially New York City and Los Angeles produced a demand for thousands of new homes, which was largely met by speculative building. Its large-scale practitioners disliked the term "property speculator" and coined the new name "residential development" for their activity. Entire farms and ranches were subdivided and developed, often with one individual or company controlling all aspects of entitlement (permits), land development (streets and grading), infrastructure (utilities and sewage disposal), and housing. Communities like Levittown, Long Island or Lakewood south of Los Angeles saw new homes sold at unprecedented rates—more than one a day. Many techniques which had made the automobile affordable made housing affordable: standardization of design and small, repetitive assembly tasks, advertising, and a smooth flow of capital. Mass production resulted in a similar uniformity of product, and a more comfortable lifestyle than cramped apartments in the cities. With the advent of government-backed mortgages, it could actually be cheaper to own a house in a new residential development than to rent.

Minor entrance monument, early 20th century

As with other products, continual refinements appeared. Curving streets, greenbelt parks, neighborhood pools, and community entry monumentation appeared. Diverse floor plans with differing room counts, and multiple elevations (different exterior "looks" for the same plan) appeared. Developers remained competitive with each other on everything, including location, community amenities, kitchen appliance packages, and price.

Today, a typical residential development in the United States might include traffic calming features, such as a slowly winding street, dead-end road, or looped road lined with homes.

Suburban developments help form the stereotypical image of a "suburban America," and are generally associated with the American middle-class. Most offer homes in a narrow range of age, price, size and features, thus potential residents having different needs, wishes or resources must look elsewhere. Some residential developments are gated communities.

Problems with residential developments[edit]

Criticisms of residential developments may include:

  • They do not mesh well with the greater community. Some are isolated, with only one entrance, or otherwise connected with the rest of the community in few ways.
  • Being commuter towns, they serve no more purpose for the greater community than other specialized settlements do, and thus require residents to go to the greater community for commercial or other purposes. Whereas mixed-use developments provide for commerce and other activities, thus residents need not go as often to the greater community.

Additional reading[edit]

External links[edit]

The dictionary definition of residential at Wiktionary

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Residential_area — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1000000 videos foundNext > 

Shell Shock: Mariupol residential area devastated

Authorities in the Eastern Ukrainian port city of Mariupol say at least 20 people have been killed and dozens wounded, after the city came under rocket fire. They blame anti-government forces,...

Despicable Me: Minion Rush - RESIDENTIAL AREA MEENA BOSS BATTLE!!! (iPhone, iPad, iOS, Android Game)

Despicable Me: Minion Rush - RESIDENTIAL AREA MEENA BOSS BATTLE!!! Gameplay Part 5 (iPhone, iPad, iOS, Android Game) Click here to subscribe! ▻ http://goo.gl...

LEGO Marvel Super Heroes - Residential Area 100% (All Collectibles - Gold Bricks/Tokens/Missions)

This video shows the location of all of the collectibles in the Residential Area in LEGO Marvel Super Heroes. This area includes the areas north of Chinatown...

Ukraine War - Separatist Grad firing from Donetsk residential area today

Ukraine War - Separatist Grad firing from Donetsk residential area today Ukraine War - Separatist Grad firing from Donetsk residential area today Ukraine War - Separatist Grad firing from Donetsk...

Tokyo Bicycle, Residential Area. June 14 2012

A residential area in Tokyo Japan. It's so fine today and I tried to take a video.

Despicable Me: Minion Rush Gameplay - Gru's Residential Area (Jelly Lab Update) - Part 1

Despicable Me android ios windows Jelly Lab Gru's Residential Area meena boss battle walkthrough Android, iOS, windows gameplay walkthrough. Played by gamer4...

Making highway concrete pavement in the residential area - part 4

Společnost Dálniční stavby Praha zkouší osvědčenou dálniční technologii cementobetonového krytu uplatnit v obytné oblasti. Tato část videa ukazuje hlazení be...

Syrian Army Operations: Intense Fighting for Residential Area in Jobar against ISIL - English Subs

Please turn on Captions for English Subtitles Reporting by Anna News in Syria.

Despicable Me: Minion Rush - Halloween in Gru's Residential Area!

New Update 08/10/2013 HD Video with sound Halloween Residential Area Firefighter Vs. Meena Firefighter costume - increase your Despicable Score Multiplier by...

'Are they mad?' Slavyansk 'shocked' as Ukraine army shells residential area

Slavyansk is one of the targets of Kiev's military operation in Eastern Ukraine with reports now saying four civilians were killed on Monday. Local activists...

1000000 videos foundNext > 

398615 news items


Sun, 25 Jan 2015 04:45:01 -0800

Ukraine's president said Sunday that intercepted radio and telephone conversations prove that Russia-backed separatists were responsible for firing the rockets that pounded the southeastern city of Mariupol and killed at least 30 people. The attack on ...

The Inquisitr

The Inquisitr
Sun, 25 Jan 2015 10:43:17 -0800

The video shows the moment that Grad rockets fired by pro-Russian separatists hit a residential area in the eastern Ukrainian port city of Mariupol, about 62 miles from the city of Donetsk under rebel control. The moment was captured by a Ukrainian ...

Hindustan Times

Hindustan Times
Sat, 24 Jan 2015 21:37:30 -0800

Vansh, 12, Ansh, 13, Adarsh, 11, and Devanshu, 11, and all children in Panchkula, can now play football or cricket in parks near their houses, thanks to an interim court order. With children in cities finding it difficult to find open grounds to play ...

Times of India

Times of India
Sun, 18 Jan 2015 00:46:52 -0800

TIRUNELVELI: Forest officials captured a leopard that strayed into a residential area near Palayamkottai in Tamil Nadu on Sunday morning. E Kumaravel of Reddiarpatti in Thirumal Nagar, five kilometers from Palayamkottai, spotted the leopard resting ...
Sat, 17 Jan 2015 19:43:34 -0800

SPARKS, Nev. (AP) - A new neighbor is again attracting attention in the Reno suburb of Sparks: a wayward bighorn sheep. A ram sporting an impressive curl of horns was seen wandering paved streets in the Spanish Springs area on Friday. Nevada ...
Mon, 12 Jan 2015 15:58:52 -0800

Folks in Orono will have a chance to hear about some proposed changes for a residential district along Stillwater and Forest Avenues. The town's comprehensive plan committee is holding a public hearing Wednesday, January 14th. It starts at 7 p.m. in ...
GMA News
Fri, 16 Jan 2015 18:29:58 -0800

(Updated 12:07 p.m.) Up to 200 families lost their homes in a fire of undetermined origin razed a residential area in Port Area in Manila Saturday morning. No one was initially reported injured in the fire, which reached Task Force Alpha and was placed ...

Philippine Star

GMA News
Wed, 31 Dec 2014 16:19:36 -0800

(Updated 9:33 a.m.) Fire razed a residential area in Quezon City early Thursday, one of several that hit Metro Manila early morning of New Year's Day. The fire occurred at West Riverside in Barangay Apolonio Samson, radio dzBB's Divine Reyes reported.

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight