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Formation 1983/2006
Purpose Political advocacy
Headquarters London
Region served United Kingdom
Executive Chair Arthur Haynes
Main organ Board of directors
Affiliations Common Cause, Alliance of European Republican Movements
Website Republic

Republic is a British republican pressure group advocating the replacement of the United Kingdom's monarchy with an elected head of state.

It is a member organisation of Common Cause and the Alliance of European Republican Movements and is currently the only organisation solely campaigning for a republican constitution for Britain.

Republic states that its mission is: "To mount a successful campaign to persuade a majority of voters to support the replacement of hereditary monarchy with a democratic republican constitution."[1]

Arthur Haynes is current Executive Chair and Graham Smith is the current Chief Executive Officer of Republic.[2]


Originally created by a small group of republicans in London in 1983.[3] Republic was reinvented as a campaigning pressure group in 2006, when it became formally set up as a limited company (Republic Campaign Ltd) with a board of directors and Executive Office. Republic claims a supporter base of 20,000.[4]

Campaigns and issues[edit]

Royal finances[edit]

Republic asserts that there is a lack of transparency and accountability with respect to the funding of the monarchy. The group believes the royal finances should be independently audited by the National Audit Office, like all other central government departments, and that the monarchy's exemption from the Freedom of Information Act should be removed.

Republic's response to the annual royal finance reports is reported in the media.[5] In 2009, while Buckingham Palace claimed the total cost of the monarchy to be £41.5m, Republic estimated the figure at £183.3 million,[6] once additional costs such as royal security had been taken into account.[7] Republic's calculations do not factor in the profits of the Crown Estate, which are transferred to the national coffers in return for the civil list; they assert that the Crown Estate is the property of the monarch only in their capacity as Head of State, and thereby state property.

Following a legal ruling that the Duchy of Cornwall was separate from Prince Charles for the purposes of regulation, Republic asked HM Revenue and Customs to investigate if the duchy should still be exempt from tax. The tax exemption is based on the assumption that the duchy estate is inseparable from the tax exempt person of Prince Charles, which is now open to question.[8]

Prince Charles[edit]

Republic regularly criticises Prince Charles for expressing forthright views and lobbying on political issues, which the group says is unconstitutional.[9] It has also called on the British Government to stop subsidising Charles' £16.3m annual income through grants[10] and tax breaks.[11]

Oaths of allegiance[edit]

In 2008 Republic launched a campaign to give republicans an alternative oath of allegiance.[12] The campaign began with an Early Day Motion[13] and was taken up by human rights lawyer Louise Christian.[14]

Royal wedding[edit]

Republic held an alternative street party in London at the 2011 Wedding of Prince William of Wales and Catherine Middleton, "celebrating democracy and people power rather than inherited privilege", along with other events across the UK's major cities. The London event had initially been blocked by Camden Council.[15]

BBC pro-monarchy bias[edit]

Republic has claimed that the BBC displays bias in relation to its reporting of royal matters. The documentary The Diamond Queen was criticised for this: in a letter to the chairman of the BBC Trust, Chris Patten, Graham Smith, the organisation's Chief Executive, argued that the programme breached BBC guidelines on impartiality.[16][17][18]

Legal context[edit]

Advocacy of the replacement of the monarchy with a republic has been an imprisonable offence in law. The Treason Felony Act 1848 prohibits the advocacy of a republic in print. The penalty for such advocacy, even if the republic is to be set up by peaceful means, is lifetime imprisonment. This Act remains in force in the United Kingdom.[19] However, under the Human Rights Act 1998, the Law Lords have held that although the Treason Felony Act remains on the statute books it must be interpreted so as to be compatible with the Human Rights Act, and therefore no longer prohibits peaceful republican activity.[20]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ About Republic. Retrieved 23 February 2010.
  2. ^ Staff and Directors. Retrieved 23 February 2010.
  3. ^ http://www.republic.org.uk/What%20we%20do/Magazine/copies/autumn2006.pdf
  4. ^ http://www.republic.org.uk/Who%20we%20are/About%20Republic/index.php
  5. ^ Cost of Royal Family rises £1.5m. BBC, dated 29 June 2009.
  6. ^ Royal Finances Campaign. Retrieved 23 February 2010.
  7. ^ Head of State Expenditure, 29 June 2009. Retrieved 23 February 2010.
  8. ^ Robert Booth (14 December 2012). "Prince Charles's 700m estate accused of tax avoidance". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  9. ^ Don't be a meddling monarch, Charles. The Guardian, published 17 November 2008.
  10. ^ Public funds for Charles top £3m. BBC, dated 23 June 2009.
  11. ^ Thompson, Lauren (24 April 2009). "Prince Charles gets new tax break amid furore of Budget". The Times (London). Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  12. ^ Challenge the Oath. Retrieved 23 February 2010.
  13. ^ Now MPs want to ditch 500-year oath of allegiance to the Queen. The Daily Mail, published 8 August 2008.
  14. ^ MPs' Queen oath faces legal fight. BBC, dated 15 August 2008.
  15. ^ "Making a stand against the royal wedding". BBC News. 28 April 2011. 
  16. ^ BBC royal series The Diamond Queen biased, Republic says, BBC News
  17. ^ BBC's jubilee documentary 'one-sided', says republican pressure group, Ben Dowell, The Guardian, 24 February 2012
  18. ^ Letter from Graham Smith to Chris Patten, at the Republic website (accessed 25 February 2012)
  19. ^ Clare Dyer (June 27, 2003). "Guardian vindicated in treason case". London: The Guardian. 
  20. ^ R. (Rusbridger) v. Attorney General [2003] UKHL 38; [2004] AC 357; [2003] 3 All ER 784.

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_(political_organisation) — Please support Wikipedia.
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