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For other uses, see Regia (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 41°53′31″N 12°29′12″E / 41.891967°N 12.486595°E / 41.891967; 12.486595

Regia
Location Regione VIII Forum Romanum
Built in unknown old Kingdom era
Built by/for Unknown builder
Type of structure Ancient Type of Domus
Related Julius Caesar, Assassination of Julius Caesar, Temple of Caesar, Pontifex Maximus
Regia is located in Rome
Regia
Regia

The Regia was a structure in Ancient Rome in the Roman Forum that originally served as the residence or one of the main headquarters of kings of Rome and later as the office of the Pontifex Maximus, the high priest of Roman religion. It occupied a triangular patch of terrain between the Temple of Vesta, the Temple of Divus Julius and Temple of Antoninus and Faustina. Only the foundations of Republican/Imperial Regia remain. Like the Curia it was destroyed and rebuilt several times, as far back as the Roman monarchy. Studies have found multiple layers of similar buildings with more regular features, prompting the theory that this "Republican Regia" was to have a different use.[further explanation needed]

History[edit]

According to ancient tradition it was built by the second king of Rome, Numa Pompilius as a royal palace. Indeed, the Latin term regia can be translated as royal residence. It is said that he also built the Temple of Vesta and the House of the Vestal Virgins as well as the Domus Publica. This created a central area for political and religious life in the city and Kingdom. When Caesar became Pontifex Maximus he exercised his duties from the Regia.

The archives of the pontifices were kept here, the formulas of all kinds of prayers, vows, sacrifices, etc., the state calendar of sacred days, the Annales- the record of events of each year for public reference- and the laws relating to marriage, death, wills, etc.

The Regia was the place of assembly of the College of Pontiffs and at times of the Fratres Arvales. It was burned and restored in 148 BC (for a possible burning by the Gauls in 390 BC, see Mem. Am. Acad. ii.59-60); and again in 36 BC, eight years after the death of Julius Caesar, when the restoration was carried out in marble by Gnaeus Domitius Calvinus, on the regal foundation.

Architecture[edit]

The surviving ruins in the forum are probably not from the original building. Destroyed by earthquake, fire or the sacking of the city, the original "Regia" may have been rebuilt in a different location.

The rebuilt structure (which seems to have been transformed into a private residential building sometime during the seventh or eight centuries) had an irregularly formed enclosed courtyard that was paved in tuff with a wooden portico. The interior was divided into three rooms with entrance from the courtyard into the middle room.

The West Room was the shrine of Mars, sacrarium Martis, in which the ancilia (shields) of Mars were stored. Here, too, stood the lances that were consecrated to Mars, the hastae Martiae. According to legend if the lances in the Shrine of Mars start vibrating something terrible would happen. They are said to have vibrated on the night of 14 March 44 BC. Caesar, High Priest at the time, in spite of the vibrating lances left the Regia to attend at the meeting of the Senate where he was assassinated.

The East Room contained a sanctuary of Ops Consiva, so sacred that only the pontifex maximus and the Vestal Virgins were allowed to enter it.

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regia — Please support Wikipedia.
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31959 news items

La Verdad de Tamaulipas

Milenio.com
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 06:16:19 -0700

Caso de familia regia sigue abierto: PGJ Tamaulipas. El procurador, Ismael Quintanilla, dijo que tras la aparición de los cinco integrantes de una familia que fueron reportados como desaparecidos, aún falta esclarecer el robo de su camioneta.

El Financiero

El Financiero
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 17:22:30 -0700

Buscan a familia regia desaparecida en Tampico. Autoridades policiacas federales y de Tamaulipas comenzaron la búsqueda de los siete integrantes de la familia López Hernández procedentes de Nuevo León, después de que un allegado presentó una ...

Región Digital

Región Digital
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 08:11:15 -0700

Con motivo de la Boda Regia, este viernes, 25 de julio, en Valencia de Alcántara en los talleres dirigidos a los más pequeños que todos los fines de semana tienen lugar en el Centro Cultural y Juvenil de la localidad, se realizaran banderines con ...

Excélsior

Milenio.com
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 11:56:15 -0700

Familia regia sigue desaparecida para PGJ de NL. Jorge Domene, vocero de Seguridad en el estado, indicó que debido a que los afectados no se han presentado ante la autoridad para aclarar lo sucedido, la investigación continúa.

Bad Taste

Bad Taste
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 00:07:30 -0700

Secondo quanto riportato dall'Hollywood Reporter le sorelle Jen e Sylvia Soska (Dead Hooker in a Trunk, American Mary) dirigeranno l'adattamento cinematografico di Painkiller Jane, fumetto creato da Jimmy Palmiotti e Joe Quesada nel 1996 e pubblicato ...

Periódico Zócalo

Periódico Zócalo
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 11:45:00 -0700

Tampico.- Una familia originaria de Monterrey, fue reportada desaparecida durante el traslado de la ciudad regiomontana hacia Tampico, donde asistirían a un funeral. Entre los cinco miembros, se encuentran dos menores de edad, informó la Procuraduría ...
 
INFO7 Noticias
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 12:14:55 -0700

Info7 - La Procuraduría de Justicia de Nuevo León continúa con la investigación para dar con el paradero de la familia desaparecida en el estado de Tamaulipas, luego de que una sobrina de los integrantes reportó que se encuentran con vida.
 
il Fatto Nisseno
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 10:46:28 -0700

E che si trattasse di un teorema studiato a tavolino ed architettato da una doppia regia, quella occulta ed una palese, non avevamo dubbi. Ci riferiamo all'indicazione delle tre cariche che il Pd ed il suo gruppo consiliare dovevano assicurare ...
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