digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

For other uses, see Regia (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 41°53′31″N 12°29′12″E / 41.891967°N 12.486595°E / 41.891967; 12.486595

Regia
Location Regio VIII Forum Romanum
Built in Archaic through Imperial periods
Built by/for Unknown builder
Type of structure Ancient Type of Domus
Related Julius Caesar, Assassination of Julius Caesar, Temple of Caesar, Pontifex Maximus
Regia is located in Rome
Regia
Regia

The Regia was a two-part structure in Ancient Rome lying along the Sacra Via at the edge of the Roman Forum that originally served as the residence or one of the main headquarters of kings of Rome and later as the office of the Pontifex Maximus, the high priest of Roman state religion.[1] It occupied a triangular patch of terrain between the Temple of Vesta, the Temple of Divus Julius and Temple of Antoninus and Faustina. Only the foundations of Republican/Imperial Regia remain. Like the Curia it was destroyed and rebuilt several times, as far back as the Roman monarchy. Studies have found multiple layers of similar buildings with more regular features, prompting the theory that this "Republican Regia" was to have a different use.[further explanation needed]

History[edit]

According to ancient tradition it was built by the second king of Rome, Numa Pompilius, as a royal palace (Ovid Fasti 6.263; Tacitus Annales 15.41; Cass. Dio fr. 1.6.2; Plutarch Numa 14; Festus L 346-348). Indeed, the Latin term regia can be translated as royal residence. It is said that he also built the Temple of Vesta and the House of the Vestal Virgins as well as the Domus Publica. This created a central area for political and religious life in the city and Kingdom. When Caesar became Pontifex Maximus, he exercised his duties from the Regia.

The archives of the pontifices were kept here, the formulas of all kinds of prayers, vows, sacrifices, etc., the state calendar of sacred days, the Annales- the record of events of each year for public reference- and the laws relating to marriage, death, wills, etc.

The Regia was the place of assembly of the College of Pontiffs and at times of the Fratres Arvales. It was burned and restored in 148 BC (for a possible burning by the Gauls in 390 BC, see Mem. Am. Acad. ii.59-60); and again in 36 BC, eight years after the death of Julius Caesar, when the restoration was carried out in marble by Gnaeus Domitius Calvinus, on the regal foundation.

Bucchero sherd from the Regia with the inscription "Rex"

Architecture[edit]

Regia panoramic view

The surviving ruins in the forum are probably not from the original building. Destroyed by earthquake, fire or the sacking of the city, the original "Regia" may have been rebuilt in a different location.

The rebuilt structure (which seems to have been transformed into a private residential building sometime during the seventh or eight centuries) had an irregularly formed enclosed courtyard that was paved in tuff with a wooden portico. The interior was divided into three rooms with entrance from the courtyard into the middle room.

The West Room was the shrine of Mars, sacrarium Martis, in which the ancilia (shields) of Mars were stored. Here, too, stood the lances that were consecrated to Mars, the hastae Martiae. According to legend if the lances in the Shrine of Mars start vibrating something terrible would happen. They are said to have vibrated on the night of 14 March 44 BC. Caesar, High Priest at the time, in spite of the vibrating lances left the Regia to attend at the meeting of the Senate where he was assassinated.

Fragment of a terracotta frieze plaque from the Regia showing a minotaur and felines, ca. 600-550 B.C., Antiquarium del Foro Romano

The East Room contained a sanctuary of Ops Consiva, so sacred that only the pontifex maximus and the Vestal Virgins were allowed to enter it.

The site of the Regia has been investigated via archaeological excavation for some time, although a comprehensive publication of the site is still forthcoming. The site was first cleared between 1872 and 1875.[2] In 1876 F. Dutert discussed the site in his volume on the Forum Romanum,[3] and, subsequently, Nichols identified the site as being the Regia in 1886.[2] The site was explored again by Hülsen in 1889. The Italian archaeologist Giacomo Boni[4] conducted excavations at the site in 1899. The American archaeologist Frank Brown dug at the site in the 1930s and again in the 1960s.[2] The architectural terracottas from the Brown excavations were published in 1995.[5]

Further Sources[edit]

  • Brown, F. E. 1935. "The Regia." Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome 12:67-88.
  • Carnabucci, E. 2012. Regia : nuovi dati archeologici dagli appunti inediti di Giacomo Boni. Rome: Edizioni Quasar. ISBN 9788871404998
  • Downey, S. B. 1995. Architectural terracottas from the Regia. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 9780472105717

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regia — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

22923 news items

Corcianonline

Brescia Oggi
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 09:11:14 -0700

CORCIANO (PERUGIA), 28 AGO - Andrà in scena in prima assoluta al teatro Cucinelli di Solomeo il 5 settembre, con repliche fino al 13, Sinfonia d'autunno, spettacolo prodotto dalla Fondazione Brunello Cucinelli e dallo Stabile dell'Umbria. Protagonista ...

ANSA.it

ANSA.it
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 08:56:15 -0700

(ANSA) - CORCIANO (PERUGIA), 28 AGO - Andrà in scena in prima assoluta al teatro Cucinelli di Solomeo il 5 settembre, con repliche fino al 13, Sinfonia d'autunno, spettacolo prodotto dalla Fondazione Brunello Cucinelli e dallo Stabile dell'Umbria.

Leonardo.it

Il Secolo XIX
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 00:30:00 -0700

Genova - Una notizia, ancora da confermare, sta scaldando il cuore di parecchi fan di musica rock. Punk rock, per la precisione. Si vocifera infatti che a breve inizieranno le riprese di un film, che non sarà un documentario, sui Ramones, la storica ...
 
Monitorul de Botosani
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 00:01:36 -0700

În timp ce angajaţii Nova Apaserv trebuie să aştepte cinci ani pentru a-şi recupera banii câştigaţi în instanţă, şeful Compartimentului resurse umane, Florentina Cozmîncă, şi-a încasat drepturile într-o singură zi. Preşedintele Consiliului Judeţean (CJ ...
 
Adevărul
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 09:52:30 -0700

„Ponta fură alegerile“, în regia ACL: cum a protestat Opoziţia faţă de legalizarea traseismului. 28 august 2014, 19:54. de. Iulia Marin. Devino fan. Adaugă această persoană în comunitatea ta și fii la curent cu activitatea sa din site. Salvează în ...

Milenio.com

Milenio.com
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 01:26:15 -0700

Juan Manuel González, director del FIC, y Joseph M. Pomper, cónsul de EU. (Roberto Alanís). Gustavo Mendoza Lemus y Édgar Leal 27/08/2014 03:30 AM. Monterrey. La décima edición del Festival Internacional de Cine de Monterrey (FIC) tuvo su gala de ...

Avanti!

AGI - Agenzia Giornalistica Italia
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 12:18:45 -0700

(AGI) - Roma, 28 ago. - 'Le difettose', il romanzo di Eleonora Mazzoni, racconta il mondo della sterilita' e della procreazione assistita. Un microcosmo oggetto di tanti pregiudizi, appartemente marginale, sotterraneo, invisibile a occhio nudo, in ...

ComingSoon TV

ComingSoon TV
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 02:56:15 -0700

Il nome di Richard Attenborough, per i più, sarà per sempre legato al suo mastodontico e premiatissimo biopic Gandhi, il film che rivelò al mondo, oltre a quello del regista, il talento mimetico di Ben Kingsley. Era un film che Attenborough sognava da ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Regia

You can talk about Regia with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!