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Doctor Factobend's Recantation in the Bird Basket at St Kilda, Scotland a plate from Dr Prosody (by William Combe 1821, ASIN: B007T2QPX8) at p248

Recantation means a personal public act of denial of a previously published opinion or belief. It is derived from the Latin retractionem (the nominative form of the verb retractio or the past participle of the noun retractareto, meaning "to pull back").

Philosophy[edit]

Philosophically recantation it is linked to a genuine change of opinion, often caused by a serious event which reveals a better or more complete representation of a presumed truth. For example, Recantation was the title of a 16th-century book by Bishop Augustine of Hippo correcting his former writings as a ordinary teacher of rhetoric prior to his becoming a cleric which he described as "a recantation of opinion with admission of error".

In classical Roman poetry, after deliberately describing something extravagantly or hyperbolically for memorable dramatic effect, recantation was used to briefly redefine the material subject fairly and honestly.

Religion[edit]

Religiously recantation may be required to avoid punishment or imposed to obtain pardon from a sin such as

  • Heresy (wrong choice) which means questioning or doubting dogmatic established beliefs
  • Blasphemy (evil-speaking) which is the act of insulting or showing contempt for a religious deity.
  • Apostasy which implies either revolt against or renunciation or abandonment of a prescribed religious duty, especially disloyalty sedition and defection

In Protestantism, recantation may be requested by or ordered from an ecclesiastical authority such as a synod or ecumenical council

In the Roman Catholic Church, the Inquisition, Holy Office, or even on rare occasion the contemporary Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith) required an act of renunciation to enforce an orthodoxy.

In a secular state if ordered to recant by religious authority, one who refused to recant may be anathematized or excommunicated or subject to social exclusion.

In a theocracy an order to recant may include threats of physical punishment such as prison or corporal punishment which may include death or lethal cruelty such as the burning at the stake suffered by Jeanne d'Arc.

Voltaire famously wrote in his novel Candide:

In this country of England it is thought well to kill an admiral from time to time to encourage the others!

See also[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recantation — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

2789 news items

Above the Law

Above the Law
Mon, 02 May 2016 10:15:00 -0700

With that recantation information, Garber was able to get Gonzalez's case re-opened and eventually dismissed. He used the money he made on a subsequent civil case to hire an associate and fund his own exoneration project — the Exoneration Initiative, ...
 
The Northwest Florida Daily News
Sat, 30 Apr 2016 23:00:00 -0700

It was a humiliating, Soviet-style recantation obviously meant to protect his wife's campaign, which depends on the African-American vote to fend off Bernie Sanders. You know Bill Clinton still believes his crime bill was justified. One cannot ...

Outlook India

Outlook India
Sun, 01 May 2016 10:46:10 -0700

18, one week after she reported being raped, she met with the two Project Ladder managers and insisted she had signed the recantation under duress. The three then went to the police station so Marie could recant her recantation — that is, tell ...
 
Lowell Sun
Wed, 27 Apr 2016 04:12:17 -0700

Despite his recantation, Lavoie told the Parole Board that he takes responsibility for his role in the murder. Prosecutors charged Lavoie with first-degree murder. A jury convicted Lavoie of second-degree murder as a joint-venturer. "I don't think I am ...
 
Lowell Sun
Tue, 26 Apr 2016 11:11:22 -0700

Despite his recantation, Lavoie told the Parole Board that he takes responsibility for his role. Prosecutors charged Lavoie with first-degree murder. A jury convicted Lavoie of second-degree murder as a joint-venturer. "I don't think I am innocent. I ...
 
Baltimore Sun
Tue, 26 Apr 2016 11:45:00 -0700

The initial testimony of the second prisoner is more credible than his recantation because he may have subsequently encountered intimidation or duress from fellow prisoners, peers or gang members. The argument that Mr. Gray's injuries were sustained ...
 
Lake County News
Wed, 27 Apr 2016 02:11:15 -0700

LAKEPORT, Calif. – A Lake County Superior Court judge has signed an order granting a factual finding of innocence in the case of a Clearlake man who spent nearly two decades in prison for a crime he did not commit, a move expected to expedite a ...

L.A. Weekly

L.A. Weekly
Mon, 25 Apr 2016 07:20:08 -0700

Irick wrote, signed and notarized a recantation; according to the suit, Bathum later told CRLA staff that Irick was "trying to shake him down for money." Bathum declined to comment directly to L.A. Weekly, instead referring us to public relations ...
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