|Birth name||Kulathupuzha Ravi
|Also known as||Raveendran Master, Ravi|
9 November 1941|
Kulathupuzha, Travancore, British India
|Origin||Kulathupuzha, Kollam, Kerala|
|Died||3 March 2005
Chennai, Tamil Nadu
|Genres||Carnatic music, Hindistani classical, Malayalam music, World music|
|Occupation(s)||Film composer, music director, singer|
M. Raveendran (Malayalam: രവീന്ദ്ര൯) (born Kulathupuzha, Kollam, 9 November 1941 – died Chennai, Tamil Nadu, 3 March 2005) fondly known as "Raveendran Master", was a popular South Indian music composer and playback singer from Kerala. He was always referred to as the aristocratic music director of Malayalam who had a distinctive style of his own. He composed more than 150 films primarily for the Malayalam and Tamil film industries. He also composed a few albums including Vasantha Geethangal.
Raveendran joined the Swathi Thirunal College of Music in Thiruvananthapuram after completing his formal schooling. He learned music along with the noted singer K.J. Yesudas. Poverty in the family in his childhood was used as a stepping stone for the hard days ahead in his career as a singer and musician.
Kulathoopuzha Ravi (before changing his name to Raveendran) had earlier sung 30 odd songs under various noted music directors including Baburaj, but a lack of opportunities in the field made him a dubbing artist and a singer in an orchestra troop. Then he turned to scoring music.
He has composed many soulful melodies. He started his career as a playback singer in the 1970s and became one of the foremost music directors in South India, composing about 1,500 songs for 450 films, in addition to a number of light music and devotional albums. He is the fourth most composed music director in Malayalam, after (all late) G. Devarajan, Johnson and V. Dakshinamoorthy.
He began his career as a playback singer with the song "Parvanarajanithan" from a Malayalam film, Velliyazhcha. He then became a master and associated with many Malayalam composers. He also dubbed voices for films during this time.
The famous playback singer K. J. Yesudas, a former classmate, altered the course of Raveendran's life by persuading him to compose songs and thus he become a music director.
Director J. Sasikumar, commissioned Raveendran to score the music for Choola (1979). The song "Tharake Mizhiyithalil Kannerumayi…", sung by Yesudas, became a hit. Ever since, Raveendran led Malayalam film music with several hit songs.
Melody incorporated with the aspects of Carnatic music were the hallmark of his songs. With the release of Thenum Vayambum (1981), Raveendran made his mark in the film field. The songs, "Thenum Vayambum…" and "Ottakkambi Naadam…" are still highly sought-after songs for Malayalees. In 1982, for his close friend, director P. Venu he dubbed for actor Shankar in his film Aranjyanam and later composed music for his movie Thacholi Thankappan.
A few of Raveendran's best songs were in films like Thenum Vayambum, Amaram, His Highness Abdullah, Ayal Kadha Ezhuthukayanu', Nandanam, Rajashilpi, Bharatham and Aaraam Thampuran. The songs "Pramadhavanam Veendum" from the movie His Highness Abdullah and "Harimuraleeravam" from Aaraam Thampuran were among the most adored songs of that time. He shared a close relationship with the actor Mohanlal.
Some of his light music albums and devotional albums, which were most popular in the 1980s and 1990s through All India Radio and audio cassettes were Ulsava Gaanangal(festival songs) (1983, 1985), Vasantha Geethangal (1984), Ponnona Tharangini (1992), Amme Saranam Devi Saranam (1994), Sarana Theertham (1997) and Uthradapoonilave (2001).
He was married to Shobha and has three sons. His youngest son, Naveen Madhav, is a playback singer in Tamil film and twin sons Rajan Madhav, a film director and Sajan Madhav, a music composer in Telugu, Malayalam and Tamil films.
As a playback singer
He started his career as a playback singer for the 1969 movie Velliyazhcha for which the scores were done by M. S. Baburaj. His first song was titled "Parvana rajanithan". For a decade, he struggled to get songs and even become a dubbing artist for films. As a music director, he sang some of his songs.
- 1990 – Filmfare Award for Best Music Director – Malayalam – His Highness Abdullah
- 1991 – Filmfare Award for Best Music Director – Malayalam – Bharatham
- 1995 – Filmfare Award for Best Music Director – Malayalam – Mazhayethum Munpe
- 2006 – Filmfare Award for Best Music Director – Malayalam – Vadakkumnadhan
- 2006 – Best Music Director -Vadakkumnadhan
- M D Manoj Raveendra Sangeetham, Olive Publishers May 2010
- Sobha (Raveend's wife) Raveendra sangeetham Kelkatha ragangal, 2011
- "Filmfare for Raveendran mentioned in 39th National Film Awards catalogue" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- Raveendran Website
- "Music director Ravindran dead", The Hindu
- "Malayalam music director Ravindran dies", The Times of India
- "Obituary – Raveendran", Sify
- "Life and times of a music director", The Hindu
- "രവീന്ദ്രസംഗീതമില്ലാത്ത എട്ടാണ്ടുകള്", Paadheyam
- Vanitha ( 15–29 February 2008) Interview with the Raveendran family
- www.harimuraleeravam.info : Unofficial website of Raveendran
- Raveendran's profile on www.malayalasangeetham.info