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This article is about the North Korean city. For the Australian politician, see Hector Rason. For his ministry, see Rason Ministry.
Rason
라선시
Special city
라선특별시 · Rason Special City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hancha
 • McCune–R. Rasŏn T'ŭkpyŏlsi
 • Rev. Roman. Raseon Teukbyeolsi
Rason City.jpg
Location of Rason
Country  North Korea
Region Kwanbuk
Area
 • Total 746 km2 (288 sq mi)
Elevation 27 m (89 ft)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 196,954
 • Density 275/km2 (710/sq mi)
 • Dialect Hamgyŏng

Rason (formerly Rajin-Sŏnbong; Korean pronunciation: [ɾasʰʌn, ɾadʑin sʰʌnboŋ]) is a North Korean city and ice-free port[2] in the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea) in the North Pacific Ocean on the northeast tip of North Korea. It is in the Kwanbuk region and location of the Rason Special Economic Zone.

In South Korean pronunciation, the initial "R" of the name is pronounced as "N," as per standard Korean phonology. In 2000 the name was shortened from "Rajin-Sŏnbong" to "Rason". During the 1930s, the Japanese called it Rashin; it was an important port at the end of a railroad line.

Before 1991, Rason was used by the Soviet Union as an alternative warm water port in case Vladivostok was unavailable.[3] From 1993 to 2004, it was administered separately from North Hamgyŏng as the Directly Governed City (Chikhalsi) of Rason. Prior to 1993 and from 2004 to 2009, the city had been part of the North Hamgyŏng Province. Since 2010, the city is a "Special City", again breaking from provincial control but different to its older designation as a "Directly Governed City".[4] It is unclear what this means in practice.

Rason borders Jilin province of China and Khasansky District in Primorsky Krai of Russia.[2] China is making investments in the port as it gives it access to the Sea of Japan.[2][5] In July 2011, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) gave a green light to the China's domestic trade cargo to be shipped via its port of Rajin from northeast to east China.[6] Coal is shipped from nearby Chinese mines to Shanghai.[2] There is a casino by the sea which caters to Chinese visitors.[7]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Rason is divided into one district (kuyŏk) and one county (kun).[8]

Transport[edit]

Rail

Rajin Station is on the Pyongra Line.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ DPR Korean Central Bureau of Statistics: 2008 Population Census (Population 2008, published in 2009)
  2. ^ a b c d Andray Abrahamian (September 2011). "Report on Rason Special Economic Zone". Choson Exchange. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Robinson, Thomas W (January 1982). "The Soviet Union and Asia in 1981". Asian Survey. A Survey of Asia in 1981: Part I 22 (1): 13–32. doi:10.1525/as.1982.22.1.01p0334u. 
  4. ^ "Rasun Becomes Special City". Daily NK. 5 January 2010. 
  5. ^ "Strategic Implications of China's Access to the Rajin Port". The Jamestown Foundation. 18 March 2010. 
  6. ^ "DPRK allows China domestic trade cargo to ship via its port". China Daily. 4 July 2011. 
  7. ^ Wong, Edward (12 October 2011). "Tending a Small Patch of Capitalism in North Korea". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  8. ^ "라선시 - 북한지명사전". North Korea Net. JoongAng Ilbo. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5

External links[edit]

  • North Korea Uncovered (North Korea Google Earth) Maps out Rason's economic infrastructure, including railways, hotels, tourist destinations, cultural facilities, ports, electricity grid, and electrified perimeter fence on Google Earth.
  • City profile of Rason

Coordinates: 42°20′40″N 130°23′04″E / 42.34444°N 130.38444°E / 42.34444; 130.38444


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rason — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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5825 news items

Daily Mail

Daily Mail
Wed, 11 Feb 2015 02:07:30 -0800

Factory workers in North Korea star in 'Rason Rhythm'. Factory workers in North Korea star in 'Rason Rhythm' music video featuring music recorded at the Rason Kindergarten performance. Toshiba use virtual reality system to... Read More · 3:01min.

The Economist

The Economist
Thu, 26 Feb 2015 07:47:10 -0800

The oldest zone is the export-processing hub of Rason, in the north-east of the country near the borders with Russia and China. It was set up in 1991 and languished for years. But recent development has been swift. Chinese firms have paved roads ...

38 North

38 North
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 04:47:53 -0800

With Rason however… if entering from North Korean territory via Chongjin, there is indeed the feeling of leaving the country. Buses are changed, drivers and guides too. A checkpoint is passed that reminds one strongly of a state border, although ...
 
Sputnik International
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 10:22:30 -0800

The project envisages setting up power lines that will carry power to the Rason Special Economic Zone in North Korea. "If everything goes well, the first deliveries will begin in 2016," Kaplun said at a Russia-North Korea Business Council meeting in ...

JOE

JOE
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 00:13:50 -0800

House of Cards FINALLY returns with Season 3 today over on Netflix, which means we'll get to see more of the lovely Rachel Brosnahan, aka. Rachel Posner, aka. the call girl who may or may not have - SPOILER ALERT - killed Doug. So here's a look at five ...

CNN International

The Hankyoreh
Wed, 25 Feb 2015 23:30:00 -0800

... processing zone status for China's economic zone in North Korea's Rajin-Sonbong (Rason) area. Chinese businesses are currently taking advantage of the North Korean labor force in Rason for consignment processing. For now, the agreement initialed by ...
 
Christian Science Monitor
Mon, 23 Feb 2015 11:11:13 -0800

... later confirmed by Young Pioneer Tour, another Chinese tour company that brings travelers to the Hermit Kingdom, offering excursions to the DMZ, the Masikryong ski resort, the remote northeast of the country, and the a special economic zone of Rason.
 
Sun.Star
Fri, 27 Feb 2015 05:41:15 -0800

"Mapa-bata man o matanda, lalaki man o babae yun ang rason nila, kahirapan. Pero hindi excuse yan, hindi solution ang gumawa ng krimen," he said. Although there was a slight increase in the crime volume last year, Danao said police's crime solution ...
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