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This article is about the North Korean city. For the Australian politician, see Hector Rason. For his ministry, see Rason Ministry.
Rason
라선시
Special city
라선특별시 · Rason Special City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hancha
 • McCune–R. Rasŏn T'ŭkpyŏlsi
 • Rev. Roman. Raseon Teukbyeolsi
Rason City.jpg
Location of Rason
Country  North Korea
Region Kwanbuk
Area
 • Total 746 km2 (288 sq mi)
Elevation 27 m (89 ft)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 196,954
 • Density 275/km2 (710/sq mi)
 • Dialect Hamgyŏng

Rason (formerly Rajin-Sŏnbong; Korean pronunciation: [ɾasʰʌn, ɾadʑin sʰʌnboŋ]) is a North Korean city and ice-free port[2] in the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea) in the North Pacific Ocean on the northeast tip of North Korea. It is in the Kwanbuk region and location of the Rason Special Economic Zone.

In South Korean pronunciation, the initial "R" of the name is pronounced as "N," as per standard Korean phonology. In 2000 the name was shortened from "Rajin-Sŏnbong" to "Rason". During the 1930s, the Japanese called it Rashin; at that time it was an important port at the end of a railroad line.

Before 1991, Rason was used by the Soviet Union as an alternative warm water port in case Vladivostok was unavailable.[3] From 1993 to 2004, it was administered separately from North Hamgyŏng as the Directly Governed City (Chikhalsi) of Rason. Prior to 1993 and from 2004 to 2009, the city had been part of the North Hamgyŏng Province. Since 2010, the city is a "Special City", again breaking from provincial control but different to its older designation as a "Directly Governed City".[4] It is unclear what this means in practice.

Rason borders Jilin province of China and Khasansky District in Primorsky Krai of Russia.[2] China is making investments in the port as it gives it access to the Sea of Japan.[2][5] In July 2011, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) gave a green light to the China's domestic trade cargo to be shipped via its port of Rajin from northeast to east China.[6] Coal is shipped from nearby Chinese mines to Shanghai.[2] There is a casino by the sea which caters to Chinese visitors.[7]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Rason is divided into one district (kuyŏk) and one county (kun).[8]

Transport[edit]

Rail

Rajin Station is on the Pyongra Line.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ DPR Korean Central Bureau of Statistics: 2008 Population Census (Population 2008, published in 2009)
  2. ^ a b c d Andray Abrahamian (September 2011). "Report on Rason Special Economic Zone" (PDF). Choson Exchange. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Robinson, Thomas W (January 1982). "The Soviet Union and Asia in 1981". Asian Survey. A Survey of Asia in 1981: Part I 22 (1): 13–32. doi:10.1525/as.1982.22.1.01p0334u. 
  4. ^ "Rasun Becomes Special City". Daily NK. 5 January 2010. 
  5. ^ "Strategic Implications of China's Access to the Rajin Port". The Jamestown Foundation. 18 March 2010. 
  6. ^ "DPRK allows China domestic trade cargo to ship via its port". China Daily. 4 July 2011. 
  7. ^ Wong, Edward (12 October 2011). "Tending a Small Patch of Capitalism in North Korea". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  8. ^ "라선시 - 북한지명사전". North Korea Net. JoongAng Ilbo. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5

External links[edit]

  • North Korea Uncovered (North Korea Google Earth) Maps out Rason's economic infrastructure, including railways, hotels, tourist destinations, cultural facilities, ports, electricity grid, and electrified perimeter fence on Google Earth.
  • City profile of Rason

Coordinates: 42°20′40″N 130°23′04″E / 42.34444°N 130.38444°E / 42.34444; 130.38444


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rason — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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5787 news items

The Straits Times

The Straits Times
Mon, 25 May 2015 16:26:15 -0700

A woman manning a gift shop in Rason city, part of the special economic zone north-east of Pyongyang. North Korea may be a male-dominated society, but it is women who are making the money. They earn more than 70 per cent of household income in ...

Bandera

Bandera
Mon, 25 May 2015 11:00:00 -0700

SI Vice Ganda na mismo ang umamin na pinagbabawalan siya ng kanyang dyowang basketball player na huwag na huwag manonood kapag meron silang laro. Sa episode last Sunday ng Gandang Gabi Vice, ibinandera ng TV host-comedian ang rason ...

38 North

38 North
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 04:47:53 -0800

With Rason however… if entering from North Korean territory via Chongjin, there is indeed the feeling of leaving the country. Buses are changed, drivers and guides too. A checkpoint is passed that reminds one strongly of a state border, although ...

Korea JoongAng Daily

Korea JoongAng Daily
Mon, 25 May 2015 11:10:16 -0700

Josh Thomas, a 28-year old American graphic designer, visited Pyongyang in 2013 on a beer tour. Thomas visited the Taedonggang Beer Brewery and Paradise Department Store and enjoyed the beer served at the Yanggakdo International Hotel. He said it ...

Korea JoongAng Daily

Korea JoongAng Daily
Sun, 17 May 2015 08:00:00 -0700

Upon opening, the Rason SEZ was unsuccessful in attracting foreign capital, the most essential factor for an SEZ's progress, and only a few businesses affiliated with the pro-Pyongyang General Association of Korean Residents in Japan found their way to ...
 
Pilipino Star Ngayon
Sun, 10 May 2015 08:56:15 -0700

MANILA, Philippines - Walang rason ang China para mangamba hingil sa iskedyul ng pagsasanay ng mga marino kasama ang Maritime Self Defense Forces ng Japan sa Mayo 12. Ito ang sinabi ni Vice Admiral Jesus Milan, Navy Flag Officer in command ...

Sun.Star

Sun.Star
Fri, 22 May 2015 08:50:04 -0700

“Sa pagkakaalam ko walang rason. Hindi naman palaaway ang kapatid ko (My brother didn't pick fights),” he told Sun.Star Cebu in a phone interview. Supt. Armando Radoc, acting chief of the Lapu-Lapu City Police Office, said they will look into a report ...

Big News Network.com

Big News Network.com
Mon, 18 May 2015 19:48:45 -0700

Previous North Korean announcements noted new statues will be raised in the North Korean cities of Rason, Kangkye, Hamheung, Wonsan and Hyesan. The satellite images showed areas that have been undisclosed in North Korean public bulletins.
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