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This article is about the North Korean city. For the Australian politician, see Hector Rason. For his ministry, see Rason Ministry.
Special city
라선특별시 · Rason Special City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hancha
 • McCune–R. Rasŏn T'ŭkpyŏlsi
 • Rev. Roman. Raseon Teukbyeolsi
Rason City.jpg
Location of Rason
Country  North Korea
Region Kwanbuk
 • Total 746 km2 (288 sq mi)
Elevation 27 m (89 ft)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 196,954
 • Density 275/km2 (710/sq mi)
 • Dialect Hamgyŏng

Rason (formerly Rajin-Sŏnbong; Korean pronunciation: [ɾasʰʌn, ɾadʑin sʰʌnboŋ]) is a North Korean city and ice-free port[2] in the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea) in the North Pacific Ocean on the northeast tip of North Korea. It is in the Kwanbuk region and location of the Rason Special Economic Zone.

In South Korean pronunciation, the initial "R" of the name is pronounced as "N," as per standard Korean phonology. In 2000 the name was shortened from "Rajin-Sŏnbong" to "Rason". During the 1930s, the Japanese called it Rashin; it was an important port at the end of a railroad line.

Before 1991, Rason was used by the Soviet Union as an alternative warm water port in case Vladivostok was unavailable.[3] From 1993 to 2004, it was administered separately from North Hamgyŏng as the Directly Governed City (Chikhalsi) of Rason. Prior to 1993 and from 2004 to 2009, the city had been part of the North Hamgyŏng Province. Since 2010, the city is a "Special City", again breaking from provincial control but different to its older designation as a "Directly Governed City".[4] It is unclear what this means in practice.

Rason borders Jilin province of China and Khasansky District in Primorsky Krai of Russia.[2] China is making investments in the port as it gives it access to the Sea of Japan.[2][5] In July 2011, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) gave a green light to the China's domestic trade cargo to be shipped via its port of Rajin from northeast to east China.[6] Coal is shipped from nearby Chinese mines to Shanghai.[2] There is a casino by the sea which caters to Chinese visitors.[7]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Rason is divided into one district (kuyŏk) and one county (kun).[8]



Rajin Station is on the Pyongra Line.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ DPR Korean Central Bureau of Statistics: 2008 Population Census (Population 2008, published in 2009)
  2. ^ a b c d Andray Abrahamian (September 2011). "Report on Rason Special Economic Zone". Choson Exchange. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Robinson, Thomas W (January 1982). "The Soviet Union and Asia in 1981". Asian Survey. A Survey of Asia in 1981: Part I 22 (1): 13–32. doi:10.1525/as.1982.22.1.01p0334u. 
  4. ^ "Rasun Becomes Special City". Daily NK. 5 January 2010. 
  5. ^ "Strategic Implications of China's Access to the Rajin Port". The Jamestown Foundation. 18 March 2010. 
  6. ^ "DPRK allows China domestic trade cargo to ship via its port". China Daily. 4 July 2011. 
  7. ^ Wong, Edward (12 October 2011). "Tending a Small Patch of Capitalism in North Korea". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  8. ^ "라선시 - 북한지명사전". North Korea Net. JoongAng Ilbo. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 

External links[edit]

  • North Korea Uncovered (North Korea Google Earth) Maps out Rason's economic infrastructure, including railways, hotels, tourist destinations, cultural facilities, ports, electricity grid, and electrified perimeter fence on Google Earth.

Coordinates: 42°20′40″N 130°23′04″E / 42.34444°N 130.38444°E / 42.34444; 130.38444

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rason — Please support Wikipedia.
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400 news items

Wed, 27 Aug 2014 18:18:45 -0700

21 A forum on investment in the Rason economic and trade zone took place on the spot on Aug. 19 with companies from Russia, China, Italy, Thailand and other countries in attendance, the (North) Korea Central News Agency (KCNA) said. 22 The military ...
IHS Jane's 360
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 08:11:15 -0700

On 21 August, a low-level official delegation from Japan visited the port of Rajin in North Korea's Rason special economic zone. The visit is the latest in a series of delegations to visit the port, which has the potential to become a small but ...
Abante Online
Sun, 17 Aug 2014 09:06:31 -0700

Nabulabog ang lahat sa pinasabog ni Pangulong Noynoy Aquino sa interview sa kanya ni Mel Sta. Maria, ang resident legal analyst ng TV5, noong isang linggo. Sinabi ni Aquino na kung dati ay sarado siya sa pag-amyenda ng Constitution, ngayon bukas na ...
Agence de presse Yonhap
Sat, 02 Aug 2014 19:20:33 -0700

SHENYANG, Chine, 03 août (Yonhap) -- La Corée du Nord et la Chine ont ouvert une ligne d'autobus directe reliant Yenji et Rason, les deux villes commerciales chinoise et nord-coréenne, à l'estuaire du fleuve Tumen, a rapporté ce dimanche un officiel ...
International Railway Journal
Thu, 28 Aug 2014 06:41:15 -0700

The project was carried out by the RasonKonTrans joint venture, which is 70% held by RZD and 30% by the Port of Rajin, and includes construction of a new intermodal terminal at Rajin in the Rason Special Economic Zone. While the line is yet to open to ...
South China Morning Post (subscription)
Sat, 23 Aug 2014 07:15:00 -0700

Sakaiminato Mayor Katsuji Nakamura made a day trip to North Korea from China on Thursday to take a look at the facilities of Rajin port in the Rason special economic zone. He was accompanied by officials from Hunchun in the Chinese province of Jilin ...


Yonhap News
Sat, 02 Aug 2014 19:15:00 -0700

The new route between China's northeastern city of Yanji and North Korea's northeastern city of Rason was opened Saturday, with 48 Chinese tourists traveling to Rason by bus, according to the China News Service. The bus is scheduled to run every ...
The Korea Herald
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 04:37:30 -0700

Since the financial crisis in 2008, we have been witnessing marked changes to the global economic landscape. One such change, within Asia and the Pacific, is the recognition of the need to find new growth engines beyond the strategy of exporting to ...

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