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This article is about the North Korean city. For the Australian politician, see Hector Rason. For his ministry, see Rason Ministry.
Rason
라선시
Special city
라선특별시 · Rason Special City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hancha
 • McCune–R. Rasŏn T'ŭkpyŏlsi
 • Rev. Roman. Raseon Teukbyeolsi
Rason City.jpg
Location of Rason
Country  North Korea
Region Kwanbuk
Area
 • Total 746 km2 (288 sq mi)
Elevation 27 m (89 ft)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 196,954
 • Density 275/km2 (710/sq mi)
 • Dialect Hamgyŏng

Rason (formerly Rajin-Sŏnbong; Korean pronunciation: [ɾasʰʌn, ɾadʑin sʰʌnboŋ]) is a North Korean city and ice-free port[2] in the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea) in the North Pacific Ocean on the northeast tip of North Korea. It is in the Kwanbuk region and location of the Rason Special Economic Zone.

In South Korean pronunciation, the initial "R" of the name is pronounced as "N," as per standard Korean phonology. In 2000 the name was shortened from "Rajin-Sŏnbong" to "Rason". During the 1930s, the Japanese called it Rashin; it was an important port at the end of a railroad line.

Before 1991, Rason was used by the Soviet Union as an alternative warm water port in case Vladivostok was unavailable.[3] From 1993 to 2004, it was administered separately from North Hamgyŏng as the Directly Governed City (Chikhalsi) of Rason. Prior to 1993 and from 2004 to 2009, the city had been part of the North Hamgyŏng Province. Since 2010, the city is a "Special City", again breaking from provincial control but different to its older designation as a "Directly Governed City".[4] It is unclear what this means in practice.

Rason borders Jilin province of China and Khasansky District in Primorsky Krai of Russia.[2] China is making investments in the port as it gives it access to the Sea of Japan.[2][5] In July 2011, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) gave a green light to the China's domestic trade cargo to be shipped via its port of Rajin from northeast to east China.[6] Coal is shipped from nearby Chinese mines to Shanghai.[2] There is a casino by the sea which caters to Chinese visitors.[7]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Rason is divided into one district (kuyŏk) and one county (kun).[8]

Transport[edit]

Rail

Rajin Station is on the Pyongra Line.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ DPR Korean Central Bureau of Statistics: 2008 Population Census (Population 2008, published in 2009)
  2. ^ a b c d Andray Abrahamian (September 2011). "Report on Rason Special Economic Zone". Choson Exchange. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Robinson, Thomas W (January 1982). "The Soviet Union and Asia in 1981". Asian Survey. A Survey of Asia in 1981: Part I 22 (1): 13–32. doi:10.1525/as.1982.22.1.01p0334u. 
  4. ^ "Rasun Becomes Special City". Daily NK. 5 January 2010. 
  5. ^ "Strategic Implications of China's Access to the Rajin Port". The Jamestown Foundation. 18 March 2010. 
  6. ^ "DPRK allows China domestic trade cargo to ship via its port". China Daily. 4 July 2011. 
  7. ^ Wong, Edward (12 October 2011). "Tending a Small Patch of Capitalism in North Korea". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  8. ^ "라선시 - 북한지명사전". North Korea Net. JoongAng Ilbo. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5

External links[edit]

  • North Korea Uncovered (North Korea Google Earth) Maps out Rason's economic infrastructure, including railways, hotels, tourist destinations, cultural facilities, ports, electricity grid, and electrified perimeter fence on Google Earth.
  • City profile of Rason

Coordinates: 42°20′40″N 130°23′04″E / 42.34444°N 130.38444°E / 42.34444; 130.38444


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rason — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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Music video by Hoobastank performing The Reason. (C) 2003 The Island Def Jam Music Group.

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Jograd's Tagalog Version of Pink's Just Give Me A Reason - Bigyan Mo'kong Rason Performed by: Jograd dela Torre Video by: Chris Librojo.

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Walay Rason

Walay rason

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39869 videos foundNext > 

5841 news items

38 North

38 North
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 04:47:53 -0800

With Rason however… if entering from North Korean territory via Chongjin, there is indeed the feeling of leaving the country. Buses are changed, drivers and guides too. A checkpoint is passed that reminds one strongly of a state border, although ...
 
ABS CBN News
Tue, 27 Jan 2015 02:23:04 -0800

"Wala namang pakialam ang pasahero kung ano ang rason ng delay, it's unacceptable that it's taking this long," he said. But the Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) said passengers can ask for concessions using the air passenger bill of rights in order to be ...

mySanAntonio.com

mySanAntonio.com
Fri, 23 Jan 2015 15:08:56 -0800

A group of women prepare to hit the water at the North Korean beach of Wonsan on Aug. 17, 2014. Workers at a textile factory in North Korea's Rason special economic zone on Dec. 9. Photo By Eric Talmadge/Associated Press via Instagram. Workers at a ...
 
southern chester county weeklies
Fri, 23 Jan 2015 09:15:00 -0800

DeNicola started Angel's Cleaning Service about five years ago and partnered with Cleaning for A rason last month. She is now part of a network that helps women battling cancer by cleaning tow homes per month for four consecutive months at no charge.

International Business Times

International Business Times
Thu, 22 Jan 2015 04:16:15 -0800

A part of the Tumen River is seen at the border between China and North Korea in Wonjong-ri, Rason on Aug. 29, 2011. Reuters/Carlos Barria. A teenager, who claims he escaped from North Korea by walking across a frozen river into China and crossing two ...
 
ITAR-TASS
Fri, 18 Jul 2014 07:42:13 -0700

RAJIN (Rason, July 18, 18:13 /ITAR-TASS/. A new Russian-North Korean terminal was commissioned on Friday in Rajin, which is the major seaport of the North Korean Rason trade and economic zone located in the northeast of the republic. Thus, the pilot ...
 
NK News
Mon, 10 Mar 2014 04:54:35 -0700

Northeastern North Korea, where Rason is located, could be another area for us to focus on. Local officials there argued that they were at the forefront of knowledge and experimentation in this area, given their long-history as a special zone. Having a ...

WRDW-TV

WRDW-TV
Fri, 16 Jan 2015 04:59:38 -0800

January, [there's] always an increase in the number of surgeries after the holidays. There has been a greater need for blood," said Community Resources Director Pam Rason with the Shepeard Community Blood Center. There is a local and national shortage ...
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