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This article is about the North Korean city. For the Australian politician, see Hector Rason. For his ministry, see Rason Ministry.
Special city
라선특별시 · Rason Special City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hancha
 • McCune–R. Rasŏn T'ŭkpyŏlsi
 • Rev. Roman. Raseon Teukbyeolsi
Rason City.jpg
Location of Rason
Country  North Korea
Region Kwanbuk
 • Total 746 km2 (288 sq mi)
Elevation 27 m (89 ft)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 196,954
 • Density 275/km2 (710/sq mi)
 • Dialect Hamgyŏng

Rason (formerly Rajin-Sŏnbong; Korean pronunciation: [ɾasʰʌn, ɾadʑin sʰʌnboŋ]) is a North Korean city and ice-free port[2] in the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea) in the North Pacific Ocean on the northeast tip of North Korea. It is in the Kwanbuk region and location of the Rason Special Economic Zone.

In South Korean pronunciation, the initial "R" of the name is pronounced as "N," as per standard Korean phonology. In 2000 the name was shortened from "Rajin-Sŏnbong" to "Rason". During the 1930s, the Japanese called it Rashin; it was an important port at the end of a railroad line.

Before 1991, Rason was used by the Soviet Union as an alternative warm water port in case Vladivostok was unavailable.[3] From 1993 to 2004, it was administered separately from North Hamgyŏng as the Directly Governed City (Chikhalsi) of Rason. Prior to 1993 and from 2004 to 2009, the city had been part of the North Hamgyŏng Province. Since 2010, the city is a "Special City", again breaking from provincial control but different to its older designation as a "Directly Governed City".[4] It is unclear what this means in practice.

Rason borders Jilin province of China and Khasansky District in Primorsky Krai of Russia.[2] China is making investments in the port as it gives it access to the Sea of Japan.[2][5] In July 2011, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) gave a green light to the China's domestic trade cargo to be shipped via its port of Rajin from northeast to east China.[6] Coal is shipped from nearby Chinese mines to Shanghai.[2] There is a casino by the sea which caters to Chinese visitors.[7]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Rason is divided into one district (kuyŏk) and one county (kun).[8]



Rajin Station is on the Pyongra Line.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ DPR Korean Central Bureau of Statistics: 2008 Population Census (Population 2008, published in 2009)
  2. ^ a b c d Andray Abrahamian (September 2011). "Report on Rason Special Economic Zone". Choson Exchange. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Robinson, Thomas W (January 1982). "The Soviet Union and Asia in 1981". Asian Survey. A Survey of Asia in 1981: Part I 22 (1): 13–32. doi:10.1525/as.1982.22.1.01p0334u. 
  4. ^ "Rasun Becomes Special City". Daily NK. 5 January 2010. 
  5. ^ "Strategic Implications of China's Access to the Rajin Port". The Jamestown Foundation. 18 March 2010. 
  6. ^ "DPRK allows China domestic trade cargo to ship via its port". China Daily. 4 July 2011. 
  7. ^ Wong, Edward (12 October 2011). "Tending a Small Patch of Capitalism in North Korea". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  8. ^ "라선시 - 북한지명사전". North Korea Net. JoongAng Ilbo. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 

External links[edit]

  • North Korea Uncovered (North Korea Google Earth) Maps out Rason's economic infrastructure, including railways, hotels, tourist destinations, cultural facilities, ports, electricity grid, and electrified perimeter fence on Google Earth.

Coordinates: 42°20′40″N 130°23′04″E / 42.34444°N 130.38444°E / 42.34444; 130.38444

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rason — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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293 news items

Fri, 18 Jul 2014 07:37:30 -0700

RAJIN (Rason, July 18, 18:13 /ITAR-TASS/. A new Russian-North Korean terminal was commissioned on Friday in Rajin, which is the major seaport of the North Korean Rason trade and economic zone located in the northeast of the republic. Thus, the pilot ...

Yonhap News

Yonhap News
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 16:03:45 -0700

"I will actively review a plan to build the second industrial complex in North Korea's Rajin-Sonbong special economic zone after the Kaesong industrial complex," Kim told the forum, using the formerly known name of the North's Rason free trade zone in ...

Chinadaily USA

Chinadaily USA
Thu, 24 Jul 2014 12:52:30 -0700

China and the DPRK are discussing two special economic zones — one in the DPRK port of Rason near China's Jilin province, and the other on Hwanggumpyong and Wihwa islands near the Chinese city of Dandong, Liaoning province — that are the subject ...

Voice of America

Voice of America
Mon, 07 Jul 2014 13:44:56 -0700

Earlier this year, Russian Railways announced the testing of freight traffic on the re-opened link of the Trans-Siberian Railway from western Siberia to the port of Rason in North Korea. Korail employees believe a three-way training center is essential ...
Financial Times
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 05:28:09 -0700

China and Russia have lent support to this initiative, especially to the existing SEZ at the port of Rason, which was connected to the Russian rail network last month. But many western investors are waiting for the lifting of the extensive ...
Wed, 23 Jul 2014 18:41:15 -0700

3 of Rajin Port went into operation after an inaugural ceremony took place in Rason city. 19 The delegation of Korean youth and students in Japan meets with a former unconverted long-term prisoner in Pyongyang. 19 Media articles are dedicated to the ...
Business Mirror
Mon, 21 Jul 2014 04:03:45 -0700

With a renewed sense of life, the singer-songwriter reflected on her personal and professional journey. “Baka ito 'yung rason kung bakit ako kalbo, kung bakit ako artist—para gamitin ko 'yung platform na ito [a career in entertainment] to spread ...
Russia and India Report
Tue, 08 Jul 2014 02:22:30 -0700

Russian Railways and North Korea will shortly commission a terminal in the North Korean port of Rason, company President Vladimir Yakunin told a session reviewing a project to update railway infrastructure on Tuesday. “We will shortly officially unveil ...

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