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This article is about the North Korean city. For the Australian politician, see Hector Rason. For his ministry, see Rason Ministry.
Rason
라선시
Special city
라선특별시 · Rason Special City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hancha
 • McCune–R. Rasŏn T'ŭkpyŏlsi
 • Rev. Roman. Raseon Teukbyeolsi
Rason City.jpg
Location of Rason
Country  North Korea
Region Kwanbuk
Area
 • Total 746 km2 (288 sq mi)
Elevation 27 m (89 ft)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 196,954
 • Density 275/km2 (710/sq mi)
 • Dialect Hamgyŏng

Rason (formerly Rajin-Sŏnbong; Korean pronunciation: [ɾasʰʌn, ɾadʑin sʰʌnboŋ]) is a North Korean city and ice-free port[2] in the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea) in the North Pacific Ocean on the northeast tip of North Korea. It is in the Kwanbuk region and location of the Rason Special Economic Zone.

In South Korean pronunciation, the initial "R" of the name is pronounced as "N," as per standard Korean phonology. In 2000 the name was shortened from "Rajin-Sŏnbong" to "Rason". During the 1930s, the Japanese called it Rashin; it was an important port at the end of a railroad line.

Before 1991, Rason was used by the Soviet Union as an alternative warm water port in case Vladivostok was unavailable.[3] From 1993 to 2004, it was administered separately from North Hamgyŏng as the Directly Governed City (Chikhalsi) of Rason. Prior to 1993 and from 2004 to 2009, the city had been part of the North Hamgyŏng Province. Since 2010, the city is a "Special City", again breaking from provincial control but different to its older designation as a "Directly Governed City".[4] It is unclear what this means in practice.

Rason borders Jilin province of China and Khasansky District in Primorsky Krai of Russia.[2] China is making investments in the port as it gives it access to the Sea of Japan.[2][5] In July 2011, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) gave a green light to the China's domestic trade cargo to be shipped via its port of Rajin from northeast to east China.[6] Coal is shipped from nearby Chinese mines to Shanghai.[2] There is a casino by the sea which caters to Chinese visitors.[7]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Rason is divided into one district (kuyŏk) and one county (kun).[8]

Transport[edit]

Rail

Rajin Station is on the Pyongra Line.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ DPR Korean Central Bureau of Statistics: 2008 Population Census (Population 2008, published in 2009)
  2. ^ a b c d Andray Abrahamian (September 2011). "Report on Rason Special Economic Zone". Choson Exchange. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Robinson, Thomas W (January 1982). "The Soviet Union and Asia in 1981". Asian Survey. A Survey of Asia in 1981: Part I 22 (1): 13–32. doi:10.1525/as.1982.22.1.01p0334u. 
  4. ^ "Rasun Becomes Special City". Daily NK. 5 January 2010. 
  5. ^ "Strategic Implications of China's Access to the Rajin Port". The Jamestown Foundation. 18 March 2010. 
  6. ^ "DPRK allows China domestic trade cargo to ship via its port". China Daily. 4 July 2011. 
  7. ^ Wong, Edward (12 October 2011). "Tending a Small Patch of Capitalism in North Korea". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  8. ^ "라선시 - 북한지명사전". North Korea Net. JoongAng Ilbo. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5

External links[edit]

  • North Korea Uncovered (North Korea Google Earth) Maps out Rason's economic infrastructure, including railways, hotels, tourist destinations, cultural facilities, ports, electricity grid, and electrified perimeter fence on Google Earth.
  • City profile of Rason

Coordinates: 42°20′40″N 130°23′04″E / 42.34444°N 130.38444°E / 42.34444; 130.38444


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rason — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

6095 news items

Big News Network.com

Big News Network.com
Mon, 16 Mar 2015 08:33:45 -0700

SEOUL -- North Korea has allowed a Chinese-operated bus service to resume service in the border area between the North Korean city of Rason and the Chinese town of Hunchun on Monday. Yonhap reported the bus service was suspended five months ...
 
PR Web (press release)
Tue, 10 Mar 2015 00:07:30 -0700

Frontline Systems has launched a public beta version of its new RASON™ modeling language and REST API at https://rason.com. Application developers can sign up for free accounts to use the language and REST API service, to create compact analytic ...
 
ProgrammableWeb
Fri, 13 Mar 2015 17:00:00 -0700

Frontline Systems has launched a public beta version of its new RASON™ modeling language and REST API at https://rason.com. Application developers can sign up for free accounts to use the language and REST API service, to create compact analytic ...

CBS Local

CBS Local
Tue, 24 Mar 2015 15:07:30 -0700

The black stuff that makes it sticky is called liquid asphalt concrete,” James Haney, general manager of Rason Asphalt, said. “Three hundred degrees. We remove all the moisture and get it to a temperature where it is workable for crews to finish ...

Banat

Banat
Wed, 25 Mar 2015 08:56:15 -0700

Ang kawad-on maoy ilang gihimong rason ngano nga napugos sila pagdawat sa tanyag nga adunay patyon. Giingnan sila nga ang ilang patyonon nakadispalko og P6 milyones. Si Tinago Barangay Kapitan Joel Garganera miingon nga nakaila siya sa duha ...

New York Times

New York Times
Sun, 22 Mar 2015 17:48:26 -0700

Mr. Haney's factory, Rason Asphalt, is opening at 6 a.m., an hour earlier than usual, and the conveyor belts run through the day, carrying tons of asphalt in silos for early pickups. The final mix contains gravel from upstate New York that goes into a ...

38 North

38 North
Tue, 16 Dec 2014 04:47:53 -0800

With Rason however… if entering from North Korean territory via Chongjin, there is indeed the feeling of leaving the country. Buses are changed, drivers and guides too. A checkpoint is passed that reminds one strongly of a state border, although ...
 
The Keene Sentinel
Sun, 22 Mar 2015 05:05:17 -0700

Rason U. Battle, 27, whose address is listed as the county jail, was sentenced to 12 months in jail, all suspended, after pleading guilty to assaulting a prisoner in October 2013, a felony. He was ordered to pay $11,913 in restitution and to have no ...
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