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Raquel Forner (April 22, 1902 – June 10, 1988) was an Argentine painter known for her expressionist works.

Life[edit]

Forner was born in Buenos Aires in 1902.[1][2] Her father was Spanish by nationality and her mother was an Argentine of Spanish descent.[1] As a result of frequent family travel to Europe Forner spent part of her childhood in Spain, and later developed an artistic interest in the Spanish Civil War.[1]

Forner completed studies at the National Academy of Fine Arts (today part of the National University Art Institute) in Buenos Aires in 1923.[3] A year before graduation she received an appointment to teach drawing at the same academy.[1] In 1924 she received a third place award from the Argentine National Salon of Fine arts, and in 1928 she had her first solo exhibition in Buenos Aires.[1] Afterward she relocated to Paris and studied with Othon Friesz.[3]

In 1936 she married Argentine sculptor Alfredo Bigatti.

Artistic themes[edit]

Forner's work demonstrated an interest in current events, and from the beginning of the Spanish Civil War in 1936 this took a dramatic and tragic tone.[3] She borrowed ideas from surrealism during the 1940s, adapting its esthetic of distortion without seeking to reproduce a dream state.[1] In 1942 she took first place at the Argentine National Salon competition.[1] During the 1940s through most of the 1950s she produced several series on similar tragic themes in a primarily expressionist mode.[3] Forner often portrayed strong female figures, but not as specific explorations into gender norms.[1]

Beginning in 1957, coinciding with the space race, Forner's attention turned to imagined scenes of interplanetary travel.[1][3] With her Space Series, which exhibited in Europe and earned recognition, she became one of the earliest fine artists to portray scenes of outer space.[1] This period is characterized by a more vibrant use of color and a personal cosmic mythology of her own creation.[3] Forner's artistic portrayals of space travel continued until the 1970s.[2] The United States National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C. has several examples of her late period work in its collection.[2]

Her work was exhibited widely throughout Argentina, and she was given two Konex Awards (the highest in the Argentine cultural realm) in 1982. Forner died in Buenos Aires in 1988. That year, the Buenos Aires Museum of Modern Art organized a retrospective in her honor.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Kristin G. Congdon and Kara Kelley Hallmark (2002). Artists from Latin American Cultures: A Biographical Dictionary. Greenwood Press. pp. 78–80. ISBN 978-0-313-31544-2. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 
  2. ^ a b c David William Foster, Melissa Fitch Lockhart, Darrell B. Lockhart (199). Culture and customs of Argentina. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 150–151. ISBN 978-0-313-30319-7. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Jane Turner, ed. (2000). Encyclopedia of Latin American and Caribbean Art. Macmillan Reference Limited. p. 278. 
  4. ^ Fundación Konex: Raquel Forner (Spanish)

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raquel_Forner — Please support Wikipedia.
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266 news items

M24 Digital

M24 Digital
Fri, 12 Feb 2016 05:07:30 -0800

Nacida en la localidad santafesina de Esperanza en 1941, Tessio reside en Buenos Aires y fue alumna de los maestros Leopoldo Torres Aguero, Raquel Forner y Juan Batlle Planas y una de sus primeras exposiciones fue en 1970, en la galería Lirolay, ...

Télam

Télam
Wed, 27 Jan 2016 13:21:10 -0800

La artista que nació en la localidad santafesina de Esperanza en 1941 y residente en Buenos Aires, de ojos luminosos y espontánea calidez, fue alumna de los maestros Leopoldo Torres Aguero, Raquel Forner y Juan Batlle Planas y una de sus primeras ...

Clarín.com

Clarín.com
Mon, 18 Jan 2016 10:22:30 -0800

Reunidos bajo un relato curatorial guiado por Florencia Suárez Guerrini, presenta importantes obras de Antonio Berni, Raquel Forner, Benito Quinquela Martín, Eugenio Daneri, Carlos Alonso, Alfredo Gramajo Gutiérrez, Enrique Policastro, Prilidiano ...

lanacion.com (Argentina)

lanacion.com (Argentina)
Thu, 19 Dec 2013 20:41:15 -0800

Raquel Forner fue una testigo privilegiada de gran parte del siglo XX. Nacida en 1902, estudió dibujo en la Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes y egresó en 1922, década muy importante en la renovación de las artes en Buenos Aires. En ese entonces ...

Hyperallergic

Hyperallergic
Thu, 28 May 2015 18:01:03 -0700

Space exploration and the science fiction imagination of alien encounters out in the stars reached their peak of optimistic possibility between the 1940s and 1970s, culminating with the first moon landing in 1969. In Past Futures: Science Fiction ...

lareviewofbooks

lareviewofbooks
Wed, 23 Sep 2015 22:17:15 -0700

The astronauts and cosmonauts imagined by Argentine Raquel Forner, Mexican Rufino Tamayo, and Paraguayan Carlos Colombino, for example, are not uniformed and helmeted figures in white but strange creatures mutated into a subtly colorful variety of ...

Bowdoin News

Bowdoin News
Wed, 04 Mar 2015 14:18:45 -0800

Exhibition charts artistic production from North, Central, and South America during the Cold War Era, featuring works by Raquel Forner, Gyula Kosice, Roberto Matta, and Robert Smithson, among others. " Astronauta y testigos, televisados," 1971, oil on ...

PopMatters

PopMatters
Mon, 15 Jun 2015 05:04:55 -0700

This is sci-fi-themed art painted on a deeply symbolic canvas: impressionistic, post-modern, surreal, experimental. As such, artists like Rufino Tamayo (Mexico), Roberto Matta (Chile), Raquel Forner (Argentina) and dozens more demonstrate the sort of ...
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