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Raquel Forner (April 22, 1902 – June 10, 1988) was an Argentine painter known for her expressionist works.

Life[edit]

Forner was born in Buenos Aires in 1902.[1][2] Her father was Spanish by nationality and her mother was an Argentine of Spanish descent.[1] As a result of frequent family travel to Europe Forner spent part of her childhood in Spain, and later developed an artistic interest in the Spanish Civil War.[1]

Forner completed studies at the National Academy of Fine Arts (today part of the National University Art Institute) in Buenos Aires in 1923.[3] A year before graduation she received an appointment to teach drawing at the same academy.[1] In 1924 she received a third place award from the Argentine National Salon of Fine arts, and in 1928 she had her first solo exhibition in Buenos Aires.[1] Afterward she relocated to Paris and studied with Othon Friesz.[3]

In 1936 she married Argentine sculptor Alfredo Bigatti.

Artistic themes[edit]

Forner's work demonstrated an interest in current events, and from the beginning of the Spanish Civil War in 1936 this took a dramatic and tragic tone.[3] She borrowed ideas from surrealism during the 1940s, adapting its esthetic of distortion without seeking to reproduce a dream state.[1] In 1942 she took first place at the Argentine National Salon competition.[1] During the 1940s through most of the 1950s she produced several series on similar tragic themes in a primarily expressionist mode.[3] Forner often portrayed strong female figures, but not as specific explorations into gender norms.[1]

Beginning in 1957, coinciding with the space race, Forner's attention turned to imagined scenes of interplanetary travel.[1][3] With her Space Series, which exhibited in Europe and earned recognition, she became one of the earliest fine artists to portray scenes of outer space.[1] This period is characterized by a more vibrant use of color and a personal cosmic mythology of her own creation.[3] Forner's artistic portrayals of space travel continued until the 1970s.[2] The United States National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C. has several examples of her late period work in its collection.[2]

Her work was exhibited widely throughout Argentina, and she was given two Konex Awards (the highest in the Argentine cultural realm) in 1982. Forner died in Buenos Aires in 1988. That year, the Buenos Aires Museum of Modern Art organized a retrospective in her honor.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Kristin G. Congdon and Kara Kelley Hallmark (2002). Artists from Latin American Cultures: A Biographical Dictionary. Greenwood Press. pp. 78–80. ISBN 978-0-313-31544-2. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 
  2. ^ a b c David William Foster, Melissa Fitch Lockhart, Darrell B. Lockhart (199). Culture and customs of Argentina. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 150–151. ISBN 978-0-313-30319-7. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Jane Turner, ed. (2000). Encyclopedia of Latin American and Caribbean Art. Macmillan Reference Limited. p. 278. 
  4. ^ Fundación Konex: Raquel Forner (Spanish)

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Raquel Forner

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Raquel Forner

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195 news items

Hostnews Traveller

Hostnews Traveller
Mon, 26 Jan 2015 19:11:15 -0800

La artista Raquel Forner , que perteneció al “Grupo Florida”, ganó la medalla de oro en la Exposición Internacional de París en 1937 y dejó una trayectoria personal y potente, vivió en Miramar luego de la muerte de su marido, el escultor Alfredo Bigatti.

Revista Ñ

Revista Ñ
Wed, 21 Jan 2015 10:55:25 -0800

Allí también se incluyó “La victoria”, el dramático óleo que Raquel Forner pintó en 1939. Una tela particularmente sentida que la llevó a afirmar: “ la guerra civil española me enseñó a pintar”. Por su fuerza “La victoria”, se convirtió en uno de los ...
 
Página 12 (Registro)
Mon, 05 Jan 2015 21:09:19 -0800

La segunda, El museo de los mundos imaginarios, juntó obras de grandes maestros, como Xul Solar, Gyula Kosice, Raquel Forner, Leónidas Gambartes, Líbero Badii, Víctor Grippo, Grete Stern y Liliana Porter y de artistas como Marcos López, Fermín Eguía, ...

ARQA.com

ARQA.com
Tue, 13 Jan 2015 06:18:32 -0800

En 1937 el arquitecto Alejo Martínez proyectó y construyó frente a la Plaza Dorrego, en el barrio de San Telmo, una vivienda con talleres para dos prestigiosos artistas: Raquel Forner, pintora, y su marido, el escultor Alfredo Bigatti. Una casa ...
 
lanacion.com (Argentina)
Thu, 19 Dec 2013 20:50:32 -0800

Raquel Forner fue una testigo privilegiada de gran parte del siglo XX. Nacida en 1902, estudió dibujo en la Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes y egresó en 1922, década muy importante en la renovación de las artes en Buenos Aires. En ese entonces ...

Télam

Télam
Thu, 10 Oct 2013 11:17:35 -0700

La muestra "Raquel Forner: Presagios e invenciones de la modernidad", que se inauguró en el Muntref (Museo de la Universidad de Tres de Febrero) pone el acento en la biografía intelectual de la artista en un recorrido que intenta desactivar la inercia ...

Art Newspaper

Art Newspaper
Fri, 31 Oct 2014 01:04:26 -0700

Raquel Forner, Terráqueos en marcha (Earthlings on the move), 1977. © University of Essex Collection of Latin American Art. The University of Essex says the future of its Latin American art collection is secure, despite a report of plans to sell it off ...

Revista Ñ

Revista Ñ
Wed, 23 Oct 2013 06:57:12 -0700

Raquel Forner: presagios e invenciones de la modernidad , en el Museo de la Universidad de Tres de Febrero (Muntref), reúne más de medio centenar de deslumbrantes pinturas, dibujos y grabados en los que Raquel Forner, una de las artistas más ...
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