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This article is about the Indian folk art. For other uses, see Rangoli (disambiguation).
A Rangoli with mixed colors at Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu
Rangoli at Hyderabad

Rangoli, also known as kolam or Muggu, is a folk art from India in which patterns are created on the floor in living rooms or courtyards using materials such as colored rice, dry flour, colored sand or flower petals. It is usually made during Diwali, Onam, Pongal and other Indian festivals. They are meant to be sacred welcoming areas for the Hindu deities.[1] The ancient symbols have been passed down through the ages, from each generation to the next, keeping both the art form and the tradition alive. Similar practices are followed in different Indian states: in Tamil Nadu, there is Kolam in Tamil Nadu; Mandana in Rajasthan; Chaookpurna in Chhattisgarh; Alpana in West Bengal; Aripana in Bihar; Chowk pujan in Uttar Pradesh; Muggu in Andhra Pradesh;Golam kolam or kalam in Kerala and others.[2]

The purpose of rangoli is decoration, and it is thought to bring good luck. Design depictions may also vary as they reflect traditions, folklore and practices that are unique to each area. It is traditionally done by women. Generally, this practice is showcased during occasions such as festivals, auspicious observances, marriage celebrations and other similar milestones and gatherings.

Rangoli designs can be simple geometric shapes, deity impressions, or flower and petal shapes (appropriate for the given celebrations), but they can also be very elaborate designs crafted by numerous people. The base material is usually dry or wet granulated rice or dry flour, to which sindoor (vermilion), haldi (turmeric) and other natural colors can be added. Chemical colors are a modern variation. Other materials include colored sand and even flowers and petals, as in the case of flower rangolis.

Rangoli is an Indian sandpainted design often seen in Diwali, the Indian festival of lights. Rangoli can be any size and can use a wide variety of materials. You can approach Rangoli as an advanced art project for an experienced artist, or modify it for a fun activity with kids.

In different states[edit]

Rangoli being prepared by a Rangoli mould vendor in Bangalore

Rangoli art is an adornment or decoration that has different names in different states of India; for example, Chaookpurna in Chhattisgarh, mmandn in Rajasthan, aripan in Bihar, alpana in Bengal and Maharashtra, rangavallie in Karnataka, Kollam in Tamil Nadu, muggu in Andhra Pradesh, alikhthap in Kumaon, kolam in Kerala, and saathiya in Gujarat. Not just in names, the designs also vary as per the region. In Maharashtra, rangoli are drawn on the doors of homes so that evil forces attempting to enter are repelled. During the festival of Onam in Kerala, flowers are laid down for each of the ten days of the celebration, the design growing larger and more complex every day. In Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, the kolam is drawn upon the ground or floor daily. The designs are geometric and symmetrical मूल्यतः shapes but the materials used are similar rangoli: rice flour or slurry is used. In Rajasthan the mandana are painted on walls. Mmandne, various festivals, major festivals and can be categorized based on seasons. Different shapes depending on the size of it also can be shared. Kumaon's "writing beat 'or in a variety of plotting symbols Thapa, artistic designs, Bellbutoan is used. Alikhthap of society apart - separated by different groups - different icons and art media is used.

Key elements[edit]

A rangoli made with flowers on the occasion of Onam.

Rangoli in India belong to any province, the folk art, so its elements are taken from the public are common. Rangoli's most important element is Utswdhermita. For this, auspicious symbols are selected. Thus the symbol for generations as they are made - and is required to make these symbols. Traditionally, each new generation learns the art and thus a family keeps the tradition intact. Some major symbols used in Rangoli are the lotus flower, its leaves, mango, Tue vase, fish, different kind of birds like parrots, swans, peacocks, and human figures and foliage. Oftentimes Rangooli are made on special occasions like Diwali. Some special patterns for Diwali Rangoli are the Deep, Ganesha or Lakshmi.

The second key element is using rangoli incoming material. The same material is used which is easily found everywhere. Therefore this art rich - poor is prevalent in all homes. Normally the major ingredients used to make rangoli - Pise rice solution, dried powder made from the leaves color, charcoal, burned soil was, wood sawdust, etc.. Rangoli is the third important element background. Rangoli for the background was clear floor or wall or Llype is used. Rangoli yard in the middle, corners, or as Bell is created around. Dehri gateway on the tradition of making rangoli. God's seat, depending on lamp, place of worship and sacrifice on the altar is the tradition of decorating rangoli. With time, imagination and innovative ideas in Rangoli art is also incorporated. Hospitality and tourism has also had its effect and it has been commercially developed. The colors also convenient because it places such as hotels is being built on its traditional charm, artistry and importance are still remain.

Colors[edit]

Rangoli is a very popular form art in India. It is usually drawn by Indian women in front of their doors or gates. Although the basic color of rangoli is white (known as "chirodi'), it is dyed different colors creating an attractive, multi-colored design.

Creation[edit]

Traditionally, Rangoli is made on a square grid in North India and on a hexagonal grid in South India while Onam Rangolis are typically circular. Material used is also respectively different. In North India, the color is based on gypsum (chirodi), in the South India on rice floor and Onam Rangolis are typically flower based. Due to rapid and widespread migration and mixing of people within India these styles are now freely adopted and mixed. Indians create grid-free Rangolis, experiment with materials like using saw-dust for floating Rangolis, using grains for colors etc.

Rangoli is made in two ways. Dry and wet. The rangoli made by adding points to the first white paint on the ground in a particular size are made certain point then shaking the points is a beautiful figure takes shape. After creating the desired shape, there are full color. Freehand rangoli image is created directly on the ground. 'Readymade rangoli' stickers are also found in the market, which can make the drawing job easy. In addition, the market has emerged as plastic shapes but also get points, which put him on the floor putting up paint beautiful shape emerging from the ground comes. Rangoli is the practice of making these items can be used. See some of which cast the flour or colored powder that can be filled. There are small holes per sample. Slightly off the floor as they collide at certain locations Zrta colors and beautiful piece becomes manifest. Using plastic to make rangoli are also Stencils. wet Rangoli rice water mixed up in it Peiskara crafted. The solution to the or Pithaar called. Use this colorful turmeric is also used to make. In addition to the market to meet colorful rangoli posters, crayons, fabric and are made from acrylic colors.

Rangoli with marble and stone pieces at a competition in Rose festival in Chandigarh.

A newer trend of making rangoli involves using cement colors with marble powder. This is a rather precise method but requires some previous training. Beautiful portraits can be drawn using this method.

Faith and beliefs[edit]

Rangoli drawn in front of the house as a faith and tradition

In Tamil Nadu there is a prevalent myth, that Andaal worshipped Lord Thirumal and was married to him in the month of Markazhi. So during this month, unmarried girls get up before dawn and draw a Rangoli to welcome the god Thirumal. Mentions of rangoli creation are found in Hindu mythology. The first Indian treatise on painting 'pictures symptoms "refers to a legend comes, she follows - the son of a king, priest died. Brahma said to the king that he built on land given sketches of the boy so he could be put to life. Some lines on the floor Akieanchian king, from here rangoli or Alpana was introduced. In this context is another story that Brahma created the craze for the common juice by removing trees that formed the shape of a woman on the floor. Monster was going to beat the beauty of woman, the woman later Urvashi Kaahalai. The shape of rangoli Akieanchian by Brahma was the first form. See also references to Rangoli in legend, such as in the - Ramayana at Sita's wedding pavilion where the discussion refers to rangoli there. Cultural development of Rangoli in the South originated in the era of the Chola rulers. Behind the use of rice flour to feed the perception that the ant should. Here it is considered that the columns of the shed to get food to animals other creatures protecting the natural cycle. Rangoli is not removed from the sweep or legs but they mixed with water fountains or mud is removed from the hands . Mithilaanchal no such festival - festival or (Upanan - someone like marriage) ceremony in the courtyard walls and painting the house is not done. Separately for each occasion of ढँग "Aripan" which made different - different spiritual meaning. On the occasion of marriage, groom - bride's cell wall targets "Kaohaber" and "Naina Jogin" such as pictures, which are actually based system, is the pattern of the specifics of painting. There are modern and traditional rangoli designs. The designs are usually inspired by nature, but they can also be in the form of abstract art.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Selvamony 2006, pp. 172
  2. ^ "Kolams, chowkpurana, madana, aripana...". Rediff. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  • Selvamony, Nirmal (2006). "Kalam as Heterotopia". In Muthukumaraswamy, M. D. Folklore as discourse. Chennai, India: National Folklore Support Centre. ISBN 81-901481-6-8. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]



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