Born into a family of Gitano (Romani) cattle traders, Ramón Montoya used earnings from working in the trade to buy his first guitar. He began playing in the cafés de cante before he was twenty years of age.
He formed a partnership with the great flamenco cantaor (singer) Antonio Chacón that starting in 1912 lasted more than a decade. Both participated in the Concurso de Cante Jondo of 1922 held in Granada. These two were largely responsible for establishing the form of the various traditional flamenco cantes that are recognized today.
In traditional flamenco, the guitar was relegated to a supporting role. Cante (singing) and baile (dance) were the main performers whom the guitarist supported. Montoya was one of the first to challenge this role. His strong playing often overpowered the singer whom he accompanied. He eventually took the next logical step and began to play as a solo or lead performer in a concert setting. His performances are widely credited by flamenco historians as establishing the flamenco guitar in this role.
Uncle of the flamenco guitarist Carlos Montoya.
- Cf., D. E. Pohren, Lives and Legends of Flamenco (Madrid 1964, 1988) at 273-277.
Selected filmography 
- Carmen, la de Triana (1938)
- Ramón Montoya biography and discography
- Notable solo guitarists
- Flamenco guitarists bios
- Famous Gypsy flamenco artists