Rail transport in Tanzania is conducted by two companies:
- Burundi - no - proposed 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)
- DR Congo - decades ago there was a train ferry between Kigoma and Kalemie, in 2007 there are no ferry links and the DR Congo line to Kalemie is defunct because of a collapsed bridge. Break of gauge: 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in)/1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
- Kenya - yes - 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) same gauge, but the link between Moshi and Voi has not operated for many years.
- Malawi - no - break of gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in)/1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
- Mozambique - no - break of gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in)/1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
- Rwanda - no - proposed 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) 
- Uganda - yes - same gauge - via train ferry from Mwanza to Port Bell or Jinja.
- Zambia - yes - 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
The central line between Kigoma and Dar es Salaam carries international freight and passengers in transit from Burundi, DR Congo and Rwanda to the Indian Ocean, and the branch from Tabora to Mwanza carries freight and passengers between Uganda and the Indian Ocean.
- East African Railway Master Plan
- History of rail transport in Tanzania
- Transport in Tanzania
- Robinson, Neil (2009). World Rail Atlas and Historical Summary. Volume 7: North, East and Central Africa. Barnsley, UK: World Rail Atlas Ltd. ISBN 978-954-92184-3-5.
Media related to Rail transport in Tanzania at Wikimedia Commons
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