|• Member Of Parliament||Sonia Gandhi|
|• Total||4,609 km2 (1,780 sq mi)|
|• Total||191,056 city and 3,404,004 district|
|• Density||739/km2 (1,910/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||UP 33|
|Sex ratio||941 ♂/♀|
Raebareli pronunciation (help·info) is a city and a municipal board in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Raebareli District. The town is situated at the bank of the Sai river, 82 km (51 mi), 82 km southeast of Lucknow. It possesses many architectural features, chief of which is a strong and spacious fort erected in 1403A.D. Among other ancient buildings are the magnificent palace and tomb of nawab Jahan Khan, governor in the time of Shah Jahan, and four fine mosques.
Rae Bareli is located in the heartland of the famous Awadh region which was the part ancient Koshala kingdom. In the early 20th century, the town was an important center of trade, and Muslin and Cotton weaving. Its population was 15,880 in 1901.
Etymology and Post Independence
The prefix Rae represents Rai the common title of the Kayasths and manihar who were masters of the town for a considerable period of time. At the beginning of the 13th century, what is now Raebareli and the tracts around it were ruled by the Bhars who were displaced by the Rajputs. The south western part of the district was occupied by the Bais rajputs. The kanpurias and Amethias, other rajput clans, established themselves respectively in the north east and east. During the rule of the Delhi sultans nearly the whole tract nominally formed a part of their kingdom. The story behind the name raebareli is that, before independence, The British used to visit "paltan bagh", a place on the outskirts of the district, to visit a kayasths family whose head was Kali Sahay Saheb. As he was close to the British from the whole district he gave the name "rae" to the Raebareli. This rae is taken from the word raes in Siddhaur district Barabanki which is the birthplace of Kali Sahay Saheb.
During the reign of Akbar the area now covered by the district was divided between the sirkars of avadh and Lucknow in the subah of Allahabad, the sirkar of manikpur which included the larger part of the district as it extended from the present Mohanlal ganj pargana of district Lucknow on the north west to the ganga on the south and to pargana Inhauna on the north east. The pargana of Inhauna corresponded to a mahal of that name in the sirkar of avadh. The parganas of sareni, Khireoon and the western portion of the pargana of Raebareli formed part of the sirkar of Lucknow. In 1762, the sirkars of manikpur was included in the territory of avadh and was placed under a chakladar. In 1858, under British colonial rule, it was proposed to form a new district with headquarters at Rae bareli, as a part of the Lucknow Division. The district, as then constituted, was very different in shape and size from the existing one and was divided into four tehsils, Raebareli, Haidergargh, Bihar and Dalmau.
The city and the district became famous as a political bastion of the Nehru-Gandhi Nationalist family. After independence, Rae Bareli constituency was won by Jawaharlal Nehru's son-in-law Feroze Gandhi. After Feroze Gandhi's death in 1960, the constituency was won in 1967 by his wife Indira Gandhi (daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru), who went on to become the first woman Prime Minister of India.
Geography and climate
Rae Bareli is in southern part of Uttar Pradesh. On the North it is bounded by tehsil Mohanlal Ganj of Lucknow and Haider Gargh of Barabanki, on the east by tehsil Mussafir Khana of district Sultanpur and on the south east by Pargana Ateha and the Kunda tehsil of district Pratapgarh. The southern boundary is formed by the Ganga which separates it from the district of Fatehpur. On the west lies the Purwa tehsil of Unnao. The district forms a part of the Gangetic plan which is of recent origin according to geological chronology and revela ordinary gangetic alluvium. The district being apart of the alluvial plain conferm to the same geological sequence as the plain itself.
Raebareli has a warm subtropical climate with very cold and dry winters from December to Mid February and dry, hot summers from April to Mid June. The rainy season is from mid-June to mid-September, when it gets an average rainfall of 1200 mm mostly from the south-west monsoon winds. During extreme winter the maximum temperature is around 12 degrees Celsius and the minimum is in the 3 to 4 degrees Celsius range. Fog is quite common from late December to late January. Summers can be quite hot with temperatures rising to the 40 to 45 degree Celsius range.
Raebareli is one of the six districts of the Lucknow Division which is in the charge of a Commissioner who has his headquarters at Lucknow. He serves as a link between the districts in his division and the State Government. The General Administration of the district is vested in the District Officer who is called Deputy Commissioner for revenue and District Magistrate (D.M.) for criminal jurisdiction. Raebareli is divided into 6 sub divisions:
A separate wing under Chief Development Officer look after all the development work to be carried out in the district. A District Development officer is posted at District headquarters. At each block a Block development officer is also posted. For development purpose the district has been divided in 15 development blocks namely, Amawan, Bachhrawan, Sataon, Dalmau, Harchandpur, Kheeron, Lalganj, Maharajganj, Jagatpur, Rahi, Rohaniya, Sareni, Shivgarh, Deen Shah Gaura, Unchahar, Deeh, Chatoh, and Salon.
- National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT)
- Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology
- Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Udaan Akademi
- National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER)
- Footwear Design and Development Institute(FDDI)
- Feroze Gandhi Institute of Engineering and Technology (FGIET)
- Feroze Gandhi Polytechnic (FGP)
- Feroze Gandhi Degree College
- Feroze Gandhi Mahila Degree College
Personality of Region
Shaheed Smarak, situated at the bank of Sai River, is a very peaceful place to visit.
Samaspur Bird Sanctuary
Situated near by Salon.....Samaspur Bird Sanctuary is located in the Rohaniya Development Block of the region, approximately at a distance of 122 km from Lucknow, on the Lucknow-Varanasi Highway. In 1987, it was established on a total area of around 799.371 hectares.
Mansa Devi Mandir
Situated near by Railway Station or more precisely, near Rana Nagar town.
Dalmau is located on the banks of River Ganga and is considered as a historical city of the region. Popular locations at Dalmau are King Dal's Fort, Bara Math, Mahesh Giri Math and Nirala Memorial Institute.
- Indira Gandhi Smarak Vanaspati Udyan(Rose Garden), Raebareli
- Agrasen Park, Raebareli
- Arya Samaj Mandir, Raebareli
- श्री Kast Bhanjan Hanumanji Mandir, Gajnipur, Raebareli
Jan Sahyog Samiti Unchahar, Raebareli
- according to an article in Saptahik Ganga Yamuna weekly newspaper dated 22 to 28 Jan 1995)
- "Typography of city". http://raebareli.nic.in/. Government of Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "General administration". http://raebareli.nic.in/. Government of Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Rae Bareli District Map". mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Sonia launches radio channel, roads, rail line in Rae Bareli". The Hindu. 2 December 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2015.