digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

This article is about the Roman god. For other uses, see Quirinus (disambiguation).
Denarius picturing Quirinus on the obverse, and Ceres enthroned on the reverse, a commemoration by a moneyer in 56 BC of a Cerialia presented by an earlier Gaius Memmius as aedile[1]

In Roman mythology and religion, Quirinus is an early god of the Roman state. In Augustan Rome, Quirinus was also an epithet of Janus, as Janus Quirinus.[2] His name may be derived from the Sabine word quiris "spear."

Etymology[edit]

Quirinus is probably an adjective meaning "wielder of the spear" (Quiris, cf. Janus Quirinus). Other suggested etymologies are: (i) from the Sabine town Cures; (2) from curia, i.e. he was the god of the Roman state as represented by the thirty curies, first proposed by Krestchmer. A. B. Cook (Class. Rev. xviii., p. 368) explains Quirinus as the oak-god (quercus), and Quirites as the men of the oaken spear.[3]

History[edit]

Religion in
ancient Rome
Marcus Aurelius sacrificing
Marcus Aurelius (head covered)
sacrificing at the Temple of Jupiter
Practices and beliefs
Priesthoods
Deities
Related topics

Quirinus was originally most likely a Sabine god of war. The Sabines had a settlement near the eventual site of Rome, and erected an altar to Quirinus on the Collis Quirinalis Quirinal Hill, one of the Seven hills of Rome. When the Romans settled there, they absorbed the cult of Quirinus into their early belief system — previous to direct Greek influence — and by the end of the first century BC Quirinus was considered to be the deified Romulus.[4][5]

He soon became an important god of the Roman state, being included in the earliest precursor of the Capitoline Triad, along with Mars (then an agriculture god) and Jupiter.[6] Varro notes the Capitolium Vetus an earlier cult sited on the Quirinal, devoted to Jupiter, Juno and Minerva,[7] among whom Martial makes a distinction between the "old Jupiter" and the "new".[8]

In later times, however, Quirinus became far less important, losing his place to the later, more widely known Capitoline Triad (Juno and Minerva took his and Mars' place). Later still, Romans began to drift away from the state belief system in favor of more personal and mystical cults (such as those of Bacchus, Cybele, and Isis). In the end, he was worshiped almost exclusively by his flamen, the Flamen Quirinalis, who remained, however, one of the patrician flamines maiores, the "greater flamens" who preceded the Pontifex Maximus in precedence.[9]

Religious historian A. Brelich has argued that Quirinus and Romulus were originally the same divine entity which was split into a founder hero and a god when Roman religion became demythicised. Among the features of Romulus that make of him the human equivalent of Quirinus is his death at the hands of the patres which occurred on the date of the Quirinalia, February 17, also the last day of the Fornacalia or Stultorum Feriae according to Ovid's Fasti II 481 ff. Brelich maintains the identity of a god and founder hero with a staple food of a community, spelt in this case, is a well-known theme in anthropology, as shown in the myth of Hanuwele, which Jensen named as dema myth. The possible presence of the flamen Quirinalis at the festival of Acca Larentia would corroborate this thesis, given the fact that Romulus is a stepson of hers, and one the original twelfth arval brethren (Fratres Arvales).

The identity of Quirinus and Romulus would find a further point of support in the parallel with Vofionos, the third god in the triad of the Grabovian gods of Iguvium. Vofionos would be the equivalent of Liber or Teutates, in Latium and among the Celts respectively.

Depiction[edit]

In earlier Roman art, he was portrayed as a bearded man with religious and military clothing. However, he was almost never depicted in later Roman belief systems. He was also often associated with the myrtle.

Festivals[edit]

His festival was the Quirinalia, held on February 17.

Legacy[edit]

Even centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire, the Quirinal hill in Rome, originally named from the deified Romulus, was still associated with power – it was chosen as the seat of the royal house after the taking of Rome by the Savoia and later it became the residence of the Presidents of the Italian Republic.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Eric Orlin, Foreign Cults in Rome: Creating a Roman Empire (Oxford University Press, 2010), p. 144.
  2. ^ In the prayer of the fetiales quoted by Livy (I.32.10); Macrobius (Sat. I.9.15);
  3. ^ "Quirinus". Encyclopædia Britannica 1911. Retrieved 2011-04-05. .
  4. ^ Fishwich, Duncan The Imperial Cult in the Latin West Brill, 2nd edition, 1993 ISBN 978-90-04-07179-7 [1]
  5. ^ Evans, Jane DeRose The Art of Persuasion University of Michigan Press 1992 ISBN 0-472-10282-6 [2]
  6. ^ Inez Scott Ryberg, "Was the Capitoline Triad Etruscan or Italic?" The American Journal of Philology 52.2 (1931), pp. 145-156.
  7. ^ Varro, De lingua latina V.158.
  8. ^ Martial, (V, 22.4) remarks on a position on the Esquiline Hill from which one might see hinc novum Iovem, inde veterem, "here the new Jupiter, there the old."
  9. ^ Festus, 198, L: "Quirinalis, socio imperii Romani Curibus ascito Quirino".

References[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quirinus — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
8594 videos foundNext > 

101Barz - Studiosessie 190 - Quirinus

Vandaag staat de Amsterdamse MC Quirinus in de 101Barz studio voor een nieuwe sessie.

Quirinus - Amsterdam

Download Mp3: http://click.dj/quirinus Quirinus -- Amsterdam Beat: Ruben Bertholet Camera & Montage: Dirk de Graaff Met dank aan: Alle vrienden die we hebben...

Quirinus - Ziekte van Heineku [prod.by Gianni]

De video was 11/02 verwijderd van Youtube met 49.000 views door een klacht van Youtube hier is de de video weer te zien! Regie & Montage: Dirk de Graaff Came...

Quirinus - Lijn 53 [prod. by Bertholet]

Lijn 53 is de eerste track die afkomstig is van Quirinus zijn nieuwe mixtape 'The Next Kid in Line' die binnenkort zal verschijnen.

Quirinus TV: Quirinus lees comments 101barz sessie

Quirinus - Amsterdam live op AT5

Op Koninginnedag bracht de jonge rapper Quirinus zijn nummer Amsterdam live ten gehore op AT5.

Deutsche Meisterschaft 2011 Quirinus Neuss - I am yours

Deutsche Meisterschaft 2013 - TSG Quirinus Neuss - Dynamic

GRUPA QUIRINUS - NALJUTIT ĆEŠ ME TI

Zabave, svadbe, pratnje mladenaca, rođendani, zaruke, krstitke, maturalne večere, svirke u kafićima, restoranima, momačke, djevojačke večeri i sl. Grupa Quir...

afca-quirinus-amsterdam

AFCA.NL presenteert: Quirinus - Amsterdam.

8594 videos foundNext > 

87 news items

 
Aachener Zeitung
Thu, 21 Aug 2014 05:56:15 -0700

Rott. Die Quirinus-Oktav, die in diesem Jahr vom 6.bis 14. September stattfindet, wirft bereits ihre Schatten voraus. Sieben Tage lang wird sich alles in der Pfarre St. Antonius um das Leitmotiv „... und alle wurden satt“ drehen. Auftakt ist diesmal am ...
 
Ad-Hoc-News (Pressemitteilung)
Sun, 24 Aug 2014 06:17:03 -0700

(HPK) "Das erste Wort gilt Gott", berichtet Ordensmann Herr Quirinus Greiwe vom Augustiner Chorherrenstift Herzogenburg. Aber bis der Satz "Herr, öffne meine Lippen" um 6:30 Uhr zu Beginn des Morgenlobs gesprochen wird, dauert es für ihn eine gute ...

Brühler Schlossbote

Brühler Schlossbote
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 11:11:15 -0700

Kerpen-Mödrath (ps). "Das Feeling von Abenteuer" war das, was Katharina Siegburg dazu bewog 2002 den Pfadfindern St. Quirinus Mödrath beizutreten. Die 21-jährige ist heute Gruppenleiterin, Mitglied im Vorstand und immer noch mit Begeisterung dabei.
 
Westdeutsche Zeitung
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 10:15:00 -0700

Quirinus hat bloß abstauben wollen, das dauert nicht lang“, sagt eine Dame – und hat recht. Nickel erinnert an den Kriegsbeginn vor 100 Jahren, als auch viele Neusser Schützen die Holzgewehre gegen scharfe Waffen tauschten und als so mancher nicht ...
 
Westdeutsche Zeitung
Wed, 13 Aug 2014 12:30:00 -0700

Die Gesamtkosten der aktuellen Maßnahmen am Gymnasium belaufen sich auf rund eine Million Euro, in den Sommerferien werden an der Sternstraße allein 300 000 Euro verbaut. Quirinus-Schüler, die am kommenden Mittwoch keine Lust auf das neue ...

RP ONLINE

RP ONLINE
Tue, 26 Aug 2014 15:04:16 -0700

August, dreht sich in der Stadt am St. Quirinus Münster für einige Tage wieder alles um das Schützenbrauchtum. Von Margarethe Heiles. Nur noch zwei Tage, dann steht die Welt in Neuss förmlich Kopf. Denn mit der Eröffnung des Kirmesplatzes am Freitag ...

LaDépêche.fr

LaDépêche.fr
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 19:03:45 -0700

Cimetière et monument aux morts ont eu droit à leur lifting, confié aux mains expertes de Jean-Pierre Mathe et Quirinus Huijser. Enfin, la secrétaire de mairie, Sylviane Rabotin, et le maire ont curé les caniveaux. Un convivial repas a réuni les ...
 
donaukurier.de
Wed, 27 Aug 2014 12:18:45 -0700

August 1917 fielen zwei der drei Bronzeglocken der Pfarrkirche St. Quirinus der Rüstungsindustrie zum Opfer. Nur die dritte Glocke blieb auf dem Kirchturm. Letztlich waren es 16 Gefallene, die die Gemeinde Pobenhausen zu beklagen hatte, zwei Vermisste ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Quirinus

You can talk about Quirinus with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!