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Qiu Jin
Born (1875-11-08)8 November 1875
Died 15 July 1907(1907-07-15) (aged 31)
Cause of death
Political party
Spouse(s) Wang Tingjun (王廷鈞)
Children Wang Yuande (王沅德)
Wang Guifen (王桂芬)
Parent(s) Qiu Xinhou (秋信候)
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Qiu.

Qiu Jin (Chinese: 秋瑾; pinyin: Qiū Jǐn; Wade–Giles: Ch'iu Chin; November 8, 1875 – July 15, 1907), courtesy names Xuanqing (Chinese: 璿卿; pinyin: Xuánqīng) and Jingxiong (simplified Chinese: 竞雄; traditional Chinese: 競雄; pinyin: Jìngxióng), sobriquet Jianhu Nüxia (simplified Chinese: 鉴湖女侠; traditional Chinese: 鑑湖女俠; pinyin: Jiànhú Nǚxiá; literally: "Woman Knight of Mirror Lake"), was a Chinese revolutionary, feminist and writer. She was executed after a failed uprising against the Qing Dynasty. She is considered a national heroine in China.


Wax figure of Qiu Jin at her desk.

Born in Xiamen, Fujian, Qiu grew up in her ancestral home, Shanyin Village, Shaoxing, Zhejiang. During an unhappy marriage, Qiu came into contact with new ideas. She became a member of the Triads, who at the time advocated the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty and restoration of Han Chinese governance. In 1903 she decided to travel overseas and study in Japan, leaving her two children behind. Arriving in Japan in 1904, she first entered a Japanese language school in Surugadai, then later transferred to the Girls' Practical School in Kōjimachi, run by Shimoda Utako.[1] Qiu was fond of martial arts, and known by her acquaintances for wearing Western male dress and for her nationalist, anti-Manchu ideology. She joined the anti-Qing society Guangfuhui, led by Cai Yuanpei, which in 1905 joined together with a variety of overseas Chinese revolutionary groups to form the Tongmenghui, led by Sun Yat-sen. Qiu was charged with responsibility for Zhejiang Province within this Revolutionary Alliance. The Chinese overseas students were divided between those who wanted an immediate return to China to join the ongoing revolution, and those who wanted to stay in Japan to prepare for the future. Qiu allied unquestioningly with the former group. At a meeting of Zhejiang students to debate the issue, she thrust a dagger into the podium and declared, "If I return to the motherland, surrender to the Manchu barbarians, and deceive the Han people, stab me with this dagger!" In 1906 she thus returned to China along with some 2,000 other students.[2]

Whilst still based in Tokyo, Qiu edited a journal by herself entitled Vernacular Journal (Baihua Bao). The journal published a number of issues using vernacular Chinese as a medium of revolutionary propaganda. In one issue, Qiu wrote a manifesto entitled "A Respectful Proclamation to China's 200 Million Women Comrades", in which she lamented the problems caused by bound feet and oppressive marriages, Qiu herself having suffered from both. She explained this in her article and received an overwhelmingly sympathetic response from her readers.[3]

Qiu felt that a better future for women lay under a Western-type government instead of the Qing government that was in power at the time. She joined forces with her cousin Xu Xilin and together they worked to unite many secret revolutionary societies to work together for the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty.

She was an eloquent orator who spoke out for women's rights, such as the freedom to marry, freedom of education, and abolishment of the practice of foot binding. In 1906 she founded a radical women's journal with another female poet, Xu Zihua, called China Women's News (Zhongguo nü bao), though it published only two issues before it was closed by the authorities.[4] In 1907 she became head of the Datong school in Shaoxing, ostensibly a school for sport teachers, but really intended for the military training of revolutionaries.

On July 6, 1907 Xu Xilin was caught by the authorities before a scheduled uprising in Anqing. He confessed his involvement under interrogation and was executed. Immediately after, on July 12, the authorities arrested Qiu at the school for girls where she was a principal. She was tortured but refused to admit her involvement in the plot, but they found incriminating documents and a few days later she was publicly beheaded in her home village, Shanyin, at the age of 31. Qiu was acknowledged immediately by the revolutionaries as a heroine and martyr, and she became a symbol of women's independence in China.

The entrance to her former residence in Shaoxing, which is now a museum.

Qiu was immortalised in the Republic of China's popular consciousness and literature after her death. She is now buried beside West Lake in Hangzhou. The People's Republic of China established a museum for her in Shaoxing, named Qiu Jin's Former Residence (绍兴秋瑾故居).

Her life has been portrayed in two films: one, simply entitled Qiu Jin, was released in 1983 and directed by Xie Jin;[5][6] the second was released in 2011, entitled Jing Xiong Nüxia Qiu Jin (竞雄女侠秋瑾), or The Woman Knight of Mirror Lake, and directed by Herman Yau.[7]

Literary works[edit]

While Qiu is mainly remembered in the West as revolutionary and feminist, one aspect of her life that gets overlooked is her poetry and essays, though owing to her early death, they are not great in number. Having received an exceptional education in classical literature, reflected in her writing of more traditional poetry (shi and ci) Qiu composed verse with a wide range of metaphors and allusions; mixing classical mythology along with revolutionary rhetoric.

For example, in a poem Ayscough translates as, Capping Rhymes with Sir Shih Ching From Sun's Root Land (147) we read the following:

Chinese English [8]


Don't tell me women are not the stuff of heroes,
I alone rode over the East Sea's winds for ten thousand leagues.
My poetic thoughts ever expand, like a sail between ocean and heaven.
I dreamed of your three islands, all gems, all dazzling with moonlight.
I grieve to think of the bronze camels, guardians of China, lost in thorns.
Ashamed, I have done nothing; not one victory to my name.
I simply make my war horse sweat. Grieving over my native land
hurts my heart. So tell me; how can I spend these days here?
A guest enjoying your spring winds?

Editors Sun Chang and Saussy (642) explain the metaphors as follows:

line 4: "Your islands" translates "sandao," literally "three islands," referring to Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu, while omitting Hokkaido - an old fashion way of referring to Japan.
line 6: ... the conditions of the bronze camels, symbolic guardians placed before the imperial palace, is traditionally considered to reflect the state of health of the ruling dynasty. But in Qiu's poetry, it reflects instead the state of health of China.

On leaving Beijing for Japan, she wrote a poem summarizing her life until that point:

Chinese English [9]


Sun and moon have no light left, earth is dark;
Our women's world is sunk so deep, who can help us?
Jewelry sold to pay this trip across the seas,
Cut off from my family I leave my native land.
Unbinding my feet I clean out a thousand years of poison,
With heated heart arouse all women's spirits.
Alas, this delicate kerchief here
Is half stained with blood, and half with tears.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ono, Kazuko (1989). Chinese Women in a Century of Revolution, 1850-1950. Stanford University Press. p. 61. ISBN 9780804714976. 
  2. ^ Ono, Kazuko (1989). Chinese Women in a Century of Revolution, 1850-1950. Stanford University Press. pp. 61–62. ISBN 9780804714976. 
  3. ^ Ono, Kazuko (1989). Chinese Women in a Century of Revolution, 1850-1950. Stanford University Press. pp. 62–63. ISBN 9780804714976. 
  4. ^ Fincher, Leta Hong (2014). Leftover Women: The Resurgence of Gender Inequality in China. London, New York: Zed Books. p. 123. ISBN 978-1-78032-921-5. 
  5. ^ Browne, Nick; Pickowicz, Paul G.; Yau, Esther (eds.). New Chinese Cinemas: Forms, Identities, Politics. Cambridge University Press. p. 33. ISBN 0 521 44877 8. 
  6. ^ Kuhn, Annette; Radstone, Susannah (eds.). The Women's Companion to International Film. University of California Press. p. 434. ISBN 0520088794. 
  7. ^ "SEE RANK The Woman Knight of Mirror Lake on IMDb". http://www.imdb.com. IMDb. 
  8. ^ translated by Zachary Jean Chartkoff
  9. ^ Spence, Jonathan D. (1981). The Gate of Heavenly Peace. Penguin Books. p. 85. 
  • Ayscough, Florence. Chinese Women: yesterday & to-day. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. (1937)
  • Chang, Kang-i Sun and Haun Saussy (eds) Women writers of traditional China: an anthology of poetry and criticism. Charles Kwong, associate editor; Anthony C. Yu and Yu-kung Kao, consulting editors. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press. (1999)

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qiu_Jin — Please support Wikipedia.
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34832 videos foundNext > 


{鑑湖女俠} 秋謹 烈士 {Jianhu heroic lady} Qiu Jin Martyr


Tsai Chin - Qiu Jin 秋瑾蔡琴 1981

Thank you Tsai Chin so much for introducing me to Qiu Jin and all that she stood for. What an absolute privilege it has been to discover Qiu Jin, Wang Zhaojun and others during my journey into...

The Qiu Jin Project Teaser Trailer

This project explores the extraordinary life of the Chinese revolutionary heroine and women's rights activist Qiu Jin (1875 -- 1907).

Bande-annonce : Qiu Jin, la guerrière

La critique : http://tinyurl.com/9zej36w via http://asiafilm.fr.



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The JINJIANG SHIPPING GROUP container carrier QIU JIN sailed in the Kanmon Strait to Tokyo. 2009年までは JJ YOKOHAMA だった JINJIANG SHIPPING のコンテナ船 QIU JIN (秋錦) が海...


34832 videos foundNext > 

75 news items

The Epoch Times

The Epoch Times
Tue, 14 Apr 2015 23:56:15 -0700

Eventually, the Chinese government sent Qiu Jin, a deputy minister from the Ministry of National Security, to the U.S. Consulate to bring Wang directly to Beijing. This incident became a fuse that led to China's top-level political turmoil, and it has ...

The National Interest Online

The National Interest Online
Mon, 19 Jan 2015 14:31:56 -0800

The next vice minister to fall was Qiu Jin, a counterintelligence/counterespionage specialist, who was one of the first victims of Zhou's disintegrating patronage network. Qiu probably is best known outside of China for his role in escorting would-be ...

Times of India

Thu, 15 Jan 2015 20:41:22 -0800

He has since been replaced by Qiu Jin, a vice minister of state security. Ma worked at the spy agency for more than 30 years, the Hong Kong-based South China Morning Post said, and was promoted to a deputy minister of counter-intelligence operations in ...


Tue, 03 Mar 2015 13:11:15 -0800

Liang was reportedly spying on Politburo Standing Committee officials for Zhou at the direction of Qiu Jin, a Ministry of State Security vice minister and counterintelligence chief. This might explain the Feb. 22 report from state-run Xinhua that Liang ...
Sun, 05 Apr 2015 16:04:57 -0700

(4)通過社會文化及意識型態滲透,特別是國外的“非政府組織”(Non-government organization, 簡稱NGO)以提供予中國社會福利服務的名義來爭取一般民眾的好感,以至參與中國大陸地區內的所謂“維權”活動,來煽動地方民眾對中國地方政府部門的不滿,甚至引發 ...
Wed, 08 Apr 2015 18:30:00 -0700

楊雄表示,最重要的是讓製造商、大學和其他科研院所主動參加,以釋放上海的創新能量和動力。 2015年4月9日上午9:15. 新浪微博; 微信; 騰信微博 · Facebook · Twitter · 電郵; 打印. 溫俊豪. 中國的金融中心──上海,最近越戰越勇。它現在的目標不僅是要成為全球三 ...


Wed, 25 Feb 2015 11:07:30 -0800

He has since been replaced by Qiu Jin, a vice minister of state security. Ma worked at the intelligence agency for more than 30 years, and was promoted to a deputy minister of counter-intelligence operations in 2006. President Xi Jinping has vowed to ...

The Malaysian Insider

The Malaysian Insider
Tue, 17 Feb 2015 17:03:16 -0800

Qiu Jin Loong, 64, receiving ang pow from Kechara Soup Kitchen volunteers for the upcoming Chinese New Year in Kuala Lumpur on Saturday. The retired miner says the Lunar New Year won't be anything special for him. – The Malaysian Insider pic by ...

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