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For other uses, see Qeshm (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 26°41′43″N 55°37′06″E / 26.69528°N 55.61833°E / 26.69528; 55.61833

Native name: قشم
Qeshm fr.jpg
Map of Qeshm island and surroundings, in French
Qeshm is located in Iran
Qeshm (Iran)
Location Strait of Hormuz
Coordinates 26°41′43″N 55°37′06″E / 26.69528°N 55.61833°E / 26.69528; 55.61833
Area 1,491 km2 (576 sq mi)
Length 135 km (83.9 mi)
Width 40 km (25 mi)
Province Hormozgān
County Qeshm
Largest settlement Qeshm, Iran (pop. 26 807)
Population 113,846 (as of 2010)
Density 67.07 /km2 (173.71 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Primarily Qeshmi, Minabi, Kumzari and Bandri Persian speaking Iranians and Iranian Arabs

Qeshm (Persian: قشم‎, Persian pronunciation: [ɢeʃm]) is an Iranian island in the Strait of Hormuz, and separated from the mainland by the Clarence Strait/Khuran in the Persian Gulf (26°50′N 56°0′E / 26.833°N 56.000°E / 26.833; 56.000).


Qeshm from space, August 2000

Qeshm Island is located a few kilometers off the southern coast of Iran (Persian Gulf), opposite the port cities of Bandar Abbas and Bandar Khamir. The island, which hosts a 300-square-kilometre (116-square-mile) free zone jurisdiction, is 135 km long, and lies strategically in the Strait of Hormuz, just 60 kilometres (37 miles) from the Omani port of Khasab, and about 180 kilometres (112 miles) from the UAE Port Rashid. The island, at its widest point, located near the center of the island, spans 40 kilometres (25 miles). Similarly, at it narrowest point, the island spans 9.4 kilometres (5.8 miles). The island has a surface area of 1,491 square kilometres (576 square miles) and is 2.5 times the size of Bahrain. Qeshm city, located at the easternmost point of the island, is 22 kilometres (14 miles) from Bandar Abbas while the closest point of the island is but two kilometres (1 mile) from the mainland.

The average temperature on the island is approximately 27 °C (81 °F). The warmest months are June through August, and the coldest from October to January. The average rainfall is 183.2 mm (7 316 in).

The island comprises 59 towns and villages and the population is approximately 100,000. The local population is involved in fishing, dhow construction, trade and services. An additional 30,000 are involved in administrative and industrial workforce and students.

Plans have also been made to build a bridge to connect Qeshm with the rest of Iran.[1][2]


Tomb stone in Portuguese castle, Qeshm

Historical records concerning the Qeshm island date far back into the pre-Islamic era. Names as Qeshm, Keshm, Kish and Tunb mark the lengthy stay of Ilamids in the area, several centuries BC. It is, apparently, the island called Alexandria[disambiguation needed] or Aracia by Ptolemy (Book 6, Chap. IV), in the 2nd century CE and as Alexandria by Ammianus Marcellinus (xxiii.6.42) in the 4th century. On account of its strategic geopolitical situation, near the mouth of the Persian Gulf, it has been frequently attacked by invaders including Ilamids (Elamites), Umayyads, Abbasids as well as the Portuguese and the English. During Sassanian Empire administration the island was called Abarkawan.[3] According to historical records, Qeshm Island has been famous as a trade and navigation center. Its economy flourished during the Dailamites and Buyid eras, as trade vessels sailed between Qeshm Island and China, India and Africa.

Explorer William Baffin was mortally wounded on Qeshm in 1622 during a battle against Portuguese forces who occupied the fort, known to them as "Forte de Queixome".

Qeshm is also a supposed site of the Garden of Eden according to Cassells Bible.[citation needed]


Fishing is a leading occupation practiced by the inhabitants of the island. On what little cultivated land there is, dates and melons are grown. Salt is mined on the southeastern coast. Qeshm is famous for its wide range of ecotourist attractions such as the Hara marine forests. According to environmentalists, about 1.5% of the world birds and 25% of Iran's native birds annually migrate to the forests, which are the first national geo park. An ancient Portuguese fort, historic mosques, Seyyed Mozaffar and Bibi Maryam shrines, various ponds and mangrove forests are among the tourism attractions in the island, which sits across the azure waters of the Persian Gulf. Several domes, salty caves, the preserved area in Shibderaz Village where Hawksbill turtles hatch, as well as numerous ports and wharfs are among the tourist potentials of the island. The Nazz Islands are located at the south wing of Qeshm Island. Oysters, corals, colorful fishes and sea birds in these islands attract many tourists. It is possible to walk toward the island on soft and wet gravel through a gravel connection way between these islands and Qeshm at the time of the ebb.

In the 1st ten-year plan, in note 19, the law provided for the creation of free trade zones and three locations were identified as such in the year 1991. They were Kish Island, Qeshm Island and Chabahar. In the Iranian year 1369, equivalent to 1991 in the Gregorian calendar, the island was transformed into a "Trade and Industrial Free Area" with the goal of creating the largest Free Area between Europe and the Far East.[4] To that end, Qeshm Island was granted considerable leeway to set its own policies, independent of the central government, which had often been seen as an impediment to growth in many sectors of the economy. However, the Island retains the advantages associated with its connection to the mainland, including the rights to explore and develop oil and gas opportunities.

Iran Air Flight 655[edit]

On July 3, 1988, an Iran Air Airbus A300 (Iran Air Flight 655) was shot down by a United States Navy guided missile cruiser USS Vincennes just south of the island, resulting in 290 civilian fatalities. The wreckage crashed 2.5 kilometers off Qeshm's southern coast.

Qeshm Island Underground Military Facility[edit]

On 20 January 2012, OSGEOINT established the completion of an underground military facility at Qeshm island which accordingly could house Iran's Ghadir-Nahang class submarines.[5]

Economy, culture, and education[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Payvand.com
  2. ^ Encyclopedia.com
  3. ^ Hinds, Martin (1984). "The First Arab Conquests in Fārs". Iran 22: 39–53. JSTOR 4299735. 
  4. ^ Qeshm Island, Qeshm Energy International
  5. ^ Iran: Underground Naval Base at Qeshm Complete. Published by: OSGEOINT. OSGEOINT
  • . الكوخردى ، محمد ، بن يوسف، (كُوخِرد حَاضِرَة اِسلامِيةَ عَلي ضِفافِ نَهر مِهران) الطبعة الثالثة ،دبى: سنة 199۷ للميلاد Mohammed Kookherdi (1997) Kookherd, an Islamic civil At Mehran river, third edition: Dubai
  • . کامله،القاسمی، بنت شیخ عبدالله، (تاریخ لنجة) مکتبة دبي للتوزیع، الامارات: الطبعة الثانية عام ۱۹۹۳ للمیلاد
  • . الوحیدی الخنجی، حسین بن علی بن احمد، «تاریخ لنجه» ، الطبعة الثانية دبی: دار الأمة للنشر والتوزیع، ۱۹۸۸ للمیلاد
  • . اطلس گیتاشناسی استان‌ های ایران [Atlas Gitashenasi Ostanhai Iran] (Gitashenasi Province Atlas of Iran)

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qeshm — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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These are a collection of clips taken at Qeshm island, off the coast of Bandar Abbas in Southern Iran. Other than its attractive beaches and magrove forests, the island is also home to the...

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The Aviation Herald
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 15:07:30 -0700

A Qeshm Air Airbus A300-600, registration EP-FQO performing flight QB-2210 from Istanbul Sabiha Gokcen (Turkey) to Tehran Imam Khomeini (Iran), departed Sabiha Gokcen's runway 06 and was climbing through FL240 out of Istanbul when the crew ...
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Tue, 03 Mar 2015 22:33:45 -0800

Speaking in a local ceremony on Tuesday night, Marketing and Agents Director of Export Guarantee Fund of Iran (EGFI) Farshid Ahmadi stressed that Qeshm Island can become a bridge for exchange of goods between Central Asia, China and India. He also ...

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Wed, 04 Mar 2015 05:07:30 -0800

TEHRAN (FNA)- The number of tourists, who visited the Persian Gulf island of Qeshm in Southern Iran since the beginning of the current Iranian calendar year (which started on March 21, 2014), increased by 11-percent in comparison with the same period ...

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Tue, 31 Mar 2015 01:48:45 -0700

He added the Iranian bunkering firms BGK, IMSENG, Setareh Qeshm, Rahbaran, Entakhab, and Arousha Pars Kish were not able to meet their allocated quotas for 2014 due to the sanctions. Souri, meanwhile, noted plans by the government to increase ...

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Sun, 29 Mar 2015 06:29:11 -0700

“I have no doubts that Iran will move toward prosperity during the current [calendar] year,” the president said during a visit to the southern city of Qeshm. “Everyone should try to help push Iran's economy toward stronger prosperity”. In late February ...

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Mehr News
Sat, 28 Mar 2015 22:48:45 -0700

Iranians customs and rituals even bestow colourful hues to these physical natural beauties; for example, local people in Qeshm believe that 'Stars Valley' is the product of a heavenly object, a star, falling into the island. Others demand the tourists ...

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Fri, 13 Mar 2015 23:22:30 -0700

They settled on riding across the Iranian island of Qeshm, where visas aren't required. The TEDx Talk will be on Kish, a similar island, where Gunn won't need a visa. However, just finding out about the opportunity a little over a week ago, he said he ...


Fri, 13 Mar 2015 09:42:44 -0700

An Iranian woman holds up her hand, painted with henna, under a religious sentence as she prepares for a wedding ceremony in the city of Qeshm on Qeshm Island in the Persian Gulf, November 1, 2006. The sentence reads, "In the name of Allah, the ...

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