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For other uses, see Qeshm (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 26°41′43″N 55°37′06″E / 26.69528°N 55.61833°E / 26.69528; 55.61833

Qeshm
Native name: قشم
Qeshm fr.jpg
Map of Qeshm island and surroundings, in French
Qeshm is located in Iran
Qeshm
Qeshm (Iran)
Geography
Location Strait of Hormuz
Coordinates 26°41′43″N 55°37′06″E / 26.69528°N 55.61833°E / 26.69528; 55.61833
Area 1,491 km2 (576 sq mi)
Length 135 km (83.9 mi)
Width 40 km (25 mi)
Country
Flag of Iran.svg Iran
Province Hormozgān
County Qeshm
Largest city Qeshm, Iran (pop. 26 807)
Demographics
Population 113,846 (as of 2010)
Density 67.07 /km2 (173.71 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Primarily Qeshmi, Minabi, Kumzari and Bandri Persian speaking Iranians and Iranian Arabs

Qeshm (Persian: قشم‎, Persian pronunciation: [ɢeʃm]) is an Iranian island in the Strait of Hormuz, and separated from the mainland by the Clarence Strait/Khuran in the Persian Gulf (26°50′N 56°0′E / 26.833°N 56.000°E / 26.833; 56.000).

Geography[edit]

Qeshm from space, August 2000

Qeshm Island is located a few kilometers off the southern coast of Iran (Persian Gulf), opposite the port cities of Bandar Abbas and Bandar Khamir. The island, which hosts a 300 square kilometer free zone jurisdiction, is 135 km long, and lies strategically in the Strait of Hormuz, just 60 kilometers from the Omani port of Khasab, and about 180 kilometers from the UAE Port Rashid. The island, at its widest point, located near the center of the island, spans 40 kilometers. Similarly, at it narrowest point, the island spans 9.4 kilometers. The island has a surface area of 1491 square kilometers and is 2.5 times the size of Bahrain. Qeshm city, located at the easternmost point of the island, is 22 kilometers from Bandar Abbas while the closest point of the island is but two kilometers from the mainland.

The average temperature on the island is approximately 27 °C. The warmest months are June through August, and the coldest from October to January. The average rainfall is 183.2 mm.

The island comprises 59 towns and villages and the population is approximately 100,000. The local population is involved in fishing, dhow construction, trade and services. An additional 30,000 are involved in administrative and industrial workforce and students.

Plans have also been made to build a bridge to connect Qeshm with the rest of Iran.[1][2]

History[edit]

Tomb stone in Portuguese castle, Qeshm

Historical records concerning the Qeshm island date far back into the pre-Islamic era. Names as Qeshm, Keshm, Kish and Tunb mark the lengthy stay of Ilamids in the area, several centuries BC. It is, apparently, the island called Alexandria[disambiguation needed] or Aracia by Ptolemy (Book 6, Chap. IV), in the 2nd century CE and as Alexandria by Ammianus Marcellinus (xxiii.6.42) in the 4th century. On account of its strategic geopolitical situation, near the mouth of the Persian Gulf, it has been frequently attacked by invaders including Ilamids (Elamites), Umayyads, Abbasids as well as the Portuguese and English. During Sassanian Empire administration the island was called Abarkawan.[3] According to historical records, Qeshm Island has been famous as a trade and navigation center. Its economy flourished during the Dailamites and Buyid eras, as trade vessels sailed between Qeshm Island and China, India and Africa.

Explorer William Baffin was mortally wounded on Qeshm in 1622 during a battle against Portuguese forces.

Qeshm is also a supposed site of the Garden of Eden according to Cassells Bible.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Fishing is a leading occupation practiced by the inhabitants of the island. On what little cultivated land there is, dates and melons are grown. Salt is mined on the southeastern coast. Qeshm is famous for its wide range of ecotourist attractions such as the Hara marine forests. According to environmentalists, about 1.5% of the world birds and 25% of Iran's native birds annually migrate to the forests, which are the first national geo park. An ancient Portuguese castle, historic mosques, Seyyed Mozaffar and Bibi Maryam shrines, various ponds and mangrove forests are among the tourism attractions in the island, which sits across the azure waters of the Persian Gulf. Several domes, salty caves, the preserved area in Shibderaz Village where Hawksbill turtles hatch, as well as numerous ports and wharfs are among the tourist potentials of the island. The Nazz Islands are located at the south wing of Qeshm Island. Oysters, corals, colorful fishes and sea birds in these islands attract many tourists. It is possible to walk toward the island on soft and wet gravel through a gravel connection way between these islands and Qeshm at the time of the ebb.

In the 1st ten year plan, in note 19, the law provided for the creation of free trade zones and three locations were identified as such in the year 1991. They were Kish Island, Qeshm Island and Chabahar. In the Iranian year 1369, equivalent to 1991 in the Gregorian calendar, the island was transformed into a "Trade and Industrial Free Area" with the goal of creating the largest Free Area between Europe and the Far East.[4] To that end, Qeshm Island was granted considerable leeway to set its own policies, independent of the central government, which had often been seen as an impediment to growth in many sectors of the economy. However, the Island retains the advantages associated with its connection to the mainland, including the rights to explore and develop oil and gas opportunities.

Iran Air Flight 655[edit]

On July 3, 1988, an Iran Air Airbus A300 (Iran Air Flight 655) was shot down by a United States Navy guided missile cruiser USS Vincennes just south of the island, resulting in 290 civilian fatalities. The wreckage crashed 2.5 kilometers off Qeshm's southern coast.

Qeshm Island Underground Military Facility[edit]

On 20 January 2012, OSGEOINT established the completion of an underground military facility at Qeshm island which accordingly could house Iran's Ghadir-Nahang class submarines.[5]

Economy, culture, and education[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Payvand.com
  2. ^ Encyclopedia.com
  3. ^ Hinds, Martin (1984). "The First Arab Conquests in Fārs". Iran 22: 39–53. JSTOR 4299735. 
  4. ^ Qeshm Island, Qeshm Energy International
  5. ^ Iran: Underground Naval Base at Qeshm Complete. Published by: OSGEOINT. OSGEOINT
  • . الكوخردى ، محمد ، بن يوسف، (كُوخِرد حَاضِرَة اِسلامِيةَ عَلي ضِفافِ نَهر مِهران) الطبعة الثالثة ،دبى: سنة 199۷ للميلاد Mohammed Kookherdi (1997) Kookherd, an Islamic civil At Mehran river, third edition: Dubai
  • . کامله،القاسمی، بنت شیخ عبدالله، (تاریخ لنجة) مکتبة دبي للتوزیع، الامارات: الطبعة الثانية عام ۱۹۹۳ للمیلاد
  • . الوحیدی الخنجی، حسین بن علی بن احمد، «تاریخ لنجه» ، الطبعة الثانية دبی: دار الأمة للنشر والتوزیع، ۱۹۸۸ للمیلاد
  • . اطلس گیتاشناسی استان‌ های ایران [Atlas Gitashenasi Ostanhai Iran] (Gitashenasi Province Atlas of Iran)

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qeshm — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
4923 videos foundNext > 

Olympic Hotel, Qeshm, Iran

Jazireye Qeshm

Hush omaded ba jazireye Qeshm! In jazireye 156 kilonetr tui va 25 - 45 kilometr arz dorad. Jazireye in dar ostane Hormozgan dar Iron.

Qeshm GeoPark

Qeshm Island in the Strait of Hormuz is the largest island with an area of about 1600 square KM of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea and boasts a unique biodiver...

Qeshm Island VI

The last segment of Qeshm series, Bianca Rahimi takes us to visit the old and the modern bazaars in Qeshm. She also goes to see Ghalee Porteghaliha and Bazar...

Iran - Qeshm Island

These are a collection of clips taken at Qeshm island, off the coast of Bandar Abbas in Southern Iran. Other than its attractive beaches and magrove forests,...

Qeshm Island III-Iran-06-24-2012

This week on Iran show, Bianca Rahimi travels to Qeshm Island in the Persian Gulf. The island has been shaped by millions of years of erosion and fluctuating...

Press TV- Iran -Qeshm Island-02-21-2010

Qeshm Island - Zaar (Mohammad Reza Aligholi)

Mohammadreza Aligholi was born in Tehran (1960), he started to study music (composition and playing the Trombone) with the Bulgarian Wanku Najdnof at the age...

Iran's Qeshm Island (V)

This week Bianca Rahimi will report on scuba diving and the underwater world in Qeshm Island. Watch this video on our Website: http://www.presstv.com/Program...

Qeshm Airlines Opening

مراسم رونمایی از 22 فروند هواپیمای شرکت هواپیمایی قشم با حضور مسئولین و شخصیت های مهم سیاسی ، ورزشی و فرهنگی کشور.

4923 videos foundNext > 

22 news items

Fars News Agency

Fars News Agency
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 03:07:30 -0700

TEHRAN (FNA)- Filipino Ambassador to Tehran Eduardo Martin Menez underscored eye-catching and abundant capacities of the Persian Gulf Island of Qeshm, and vowed to do his best to pave the ground for the enhancement of tourism activities between ...
 
Zawya (registration)
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 23:22:30 -0700

Jamshidi-Dana noted that the main reason for the rise in gas delivery pertains to speedy completion of repairs in Fajr-e Jam Refinery, Sarkhoun and Qeshm Gas Refinery and Ilam Refinery five, three and four days ahead of schedule respectively.

Fars News Agency

Fars News Agency
Sat, 13 Sep 2014 05:11:15 -0700

He went on to say that overhaul operations at Fajr Jam and Bidboland gas processing plants are underway with 49 and 80 percent progress respectively, while overhaul progress at Sarkhon and Qeshm refineries has reached 55 percent. LATEST STORIES ...
 
Trend.az
Sat, 13 Sep 2014 22:49:28 -0700

Iran will renovate and expand bunkering facilities on Qeshm and Kharg islands in the Persian Gulf. Bunkering is the act or process of supplying a ship with fuel. Abdollah Mollabaqer, an official with the National Iranian Oil Products Distribution ...
 
Zawya (registration)
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 12:18:45 -0700

He noted that the main reason for the rise in gas delivery pertains to speedy completion of repairs in Fajr-e Jam Refinery, Sarkhoun and Qeshm Gas Refinery and Ilam Refinery five, three and four days ahead of schedule respectively. Jamshidi-Dana said ...

Trend.az

Zawya (registration)
Fri, 05 Sep 2014 12:52:30 -0700

"Qeshm Island's power plant, the first in the country capable of producing drinking water and generating electricity simultaneously, became operational in August," he said. He said the power plant's electricity output amounts to 50 MW, adding that it ...
 
IranOilGas.com (subscription)
Fri, 12 Sep 2014 22:03:45 -0700

... also end by early October 2014. The overhaul operations of Hashemi Nejad (Khangiran) Gas Refinery as well as Bid-Boland Gas Refinery have made 80% progress each, while the overhaul of Sarkhoun and Qeshm Gas Refinery has made 55% headway.” ...
 
Zawya (registration)
Mon, 25 Aug 2014 01:15:00 -0700

Enhancing ties with neighbors is the current administrations priority to realize resistance economys prospects, Secretary of the Free Zones Coordination Council Ali Akbar Torkan said on Monday. Talking to IRNA, he stressed the role of free trade zones ...
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