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For other uses, see Qeshm (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 26°41′43″N 55°37′06″E / 26.69528°N 55.61833°E / 26.69528; 55.61833

Qeshm
Native name: قشم
Qeshm fr.jpg
Map of Qeshm island and surroundings, in French
Qeshm is located in Iran
Qeshm
Qeshm (Iran)
Geography
Location Strait of Hormuz
Coordinates 26°41′43″N 55°37′06″E / 26.69528°N 55.61833°E / 26.69528; 55.61833
Area 1,491 km2 (576 sq mi)
Length 135 km (83.9 mi)
Width 40 km (25 mi)
Country
Province Hormozgān
County Qeshm
Largest settlement Qeshm, Iran (pop. 26 807)
Demographics
Population 113,846 (as of 2010)
Density 67.07 /km2 (173.71 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Primarily Qeshmi, Minabi, Kumzari and Bandri Persian speaking Iranians and Iranian Arabs

Qeshm (Persian: قشم‎, Persian pronunciation: [ɢeʃm]) is an Iranian island in the Strait of Hormuz, and separated from the mainland by the Clarence Strait/Khuran in the Persian Gulf (26°50′N 56°0′E / 26.833°N 56.000°E / 26.833; 56.000).

Geography[edit]

Qeshm from space, August 2000

Qeshm Island is located a few kilometers off the southern coast of Iran (Persian Gulf), opposite the port cities of Bandar Abbas and Bandar Khamir. The island, which hosts a 300-square-kilometre (116-square-mile) free zone jurisdiction, is 135 km long, and lies strategically in the Strait of Hormuz, just 60 kilometres (37 miles) from the Omani port of Khasab, and about 180 kilometres (112 miles) from the UAE Port Rashid. The island, at its widest point, located near the center of the island, spans 40 kilometres (25 miles). Similarly, at it narrowest point, the island spans 9.4 kilometres (5.8 miles). The island has a surface area of 1,491 square kilometres (576 square miles) and is 2.5 times the size of Bahrain. Qeshm city, located at the easternmost point of the island, is 22 kilometres (14 miles) from Bandar Abbas while the closest point of the island is but two kilometres (1 mile) from the mainland.

The average temperature on the island is approximately 27 °C (81 °F). The warmest months are June through August, and the coldest from October to January. The average rainfall is 183.2 mm (7 316 in).

The island comprises 59 towns and villages and the population is approximately 100,000. The local population is involved in fishing, dhow construction, trade and services. An additional 30,000 are involved in administrative and industrial workforce and students.

Plans have also been made to build a bridge to connect Qeshm with the rest of Iran.[1][2]

History[edit]

Tomb stone in Portuguese castle, Qeshm

Historical records concerning the Qeshm island date far back into the pre-Islamic era. Names as Qeshm, Keshm, Kish and Tunb mark the lengthy stay of Ilamids in the area, several centuries BC. It is, apparently, the island called Alexandria[disambiguation needed] or Aracia by Ptolemy (Book 6, Chap. IV), in the 2nd century CE and as Alexandria by Ammianus Marcellinus (xxiii.6.42) in the 4th century. On account of its strategic geopolitical situation, near the mouth of the Persian Gulf, it has been frequently attacked by invaders including Ilamids (Elamites), Umayyads, Abbasids as well as the Portuguese and the English. During Sassanian Empire administration the island was called Abarkawan.[3] According to historical records, Qeshm Island has been famous as a trade and navigation center. Its economy flourished during the Dailamites and Buyid eras, as trade vessels sailed between Qeshm Island and China, India and Africa.

Explorer William Baffin was mortally wounded on Qeshm in 1622 during a battle against Portuguese forces who occupied the fort, known to them as "Forte de Queixome".

Qeshm is also a supposed site of the Garden of Eden according to Cassells Bible.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Fishing is a leading occupation practiced by the inhabitants of the island. On what little cultivated land there is, dates and melons are grown. Salt is mined on the southeastern coast. Qeshm is famous for its wide range of ecotourist attractions such as the Hara marine forests. According to environmentalists, about 1.5% of the world birds and 25% of Iran's native birds annually migrate to the forests, which are the first national geo park. An ancient Portuguese fort, historic mosques, Seyyed Mozaffar and Bibi Maryam shrines, various ponds and mangrove forests are among the tourism attractions in the island, which sits across the azure waters of the Persian Gulf. Several domes, salty caves, the preserved area in Shibderaz Village where Hawksbill turtles hatch, as well as numerous ports and wharfs are among the tourist potentials of the island. The Nazz Islands are located at the south wing of Qeshm Island. Oysters, corals, colorful fishes and sea birds in these islands attract many tourists. It is possible to walk toward the island on soft and wet gravel through a gravel connection way between these islands and Qeshm at the time of the ebb.

In the 1st ten-year plan, in note 19, the law provided for the creation of free trade zones and three locations were identified as such in the year 1991. They were Kish Island, Qeshm Island and Chabahar. In the Iranian year 1369, equivalent to 1991 in the Gregorian calendar, the island was transformed into a "Trade and Industrial Free Area" with the goal of creating the largest Free Area between Europe and the Far East.[4] To that end, Qeshm Island was granted considerable leeway to set its own policies, independent of the central government, which had often been seen as an impediment to growth in many sectors of the economy. However, the Island retains the advantages associated with its connection to the mainland, including the rights to explore and develop oil and gas opportunities.

Iran Air Flight 655[edit]

On July 3, 1988, an Iran Air Airbus A300 (Iran Air Flight 655) was shot down by a United States Navy guided missile cruiser USS Vincennes just south of the island, resulting in 290 civilian fatalities. The wreckage crashed 2.5 kilometers off Qeshm's southern coast.

Qeshm Island Underground Military Facility[edit]

On 20 January 2012, OSGEOINT established the completion of an underground military facility at Qeshm island which accordingly could house Iran's Ghadir-Nahang class submarines.[5]

Economy, culture, and education[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Payvand.com
  2. ^ Encyclopedia.com
  3. ^ Hinds, Martin (1984). "The First Arab Conquests in Fārs". Iran 22: 39–53. JSTOR 4299735. 
  4. ^ Qeshm Island, Qeshm Energy International
  5. ^ Iran: Underground Naval Base at Qeshm Complete. Published by: OSGEOINT. OSGEOINT
  • . الكوخردى ، محمد ، بن يوسف، (كُوخِرد حَاضِرَة اِسلامِيةَ عَلي ضِفافِ نَهر مِهران) الطبعة الثالثة ،دبى: سنة 199۷ للميلاد Mohammed Kookherdi (1997) Kookherd, an Islamic civil At Mehran river, third edition: Dubai
  • . کامله،القاسمی، بنت شیخ عبدالله، (تاریخ لنجة) مکتبة دبي للتوزیع، الامارات: الطبعة الثانية عام ۱۹۹۳ للمیلاد
  • . الوحیدی الخنجی، حسین بن علی بن احمد، «تاریخ لنجه» ، الطبعة الثانية دبی: دار الأمة للنشر والتوزیع، ۱۹۸۸ للمیلاد
  • . اطلس گیتاشناسی استان‌ های ایران [Atlas Gitashenasi Ostanhai Iran] (Gitashenasi Province Atlas of Iran)

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qeshm — Please support Wikipedia.
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1280 news items

Digital Trends

Digital Trends
Wed, 06 May 2015 12:40:38 -0700

According to Planet F1, the Iranian government is planning to build a circuit on Qeshm Island, which sits right off the country's southern coast. Qeshm is only a short skip away from Dubai, which is located just on the other side of the Strait of Hormuz.

Carscoops (blog)

Carscoops (blog)
Tue, 05 May 2015 10:03:45 -0700

Even though Iran's Cultural Heritage VP Masoud Soltanifar thinks Formula 1 racing has a "great future" in Iran, building a track on Qeshm Island and getting Bernie Ecclestone to sign off it isn't as simple as it sounds. On the flip side, the location ...
 
IranOilGas Network (press release) (subscription)
Mon, 11 May 2015 22:15:00 -0700

According to the news agency of Iran oil ministry, Mohammad Hossein Norouzi, managing director of Sarkhoun & Qeshm Gas Refining Co., said: “Last (Iranian) year (ended March 2015), this company succeeded to produce 10 mcm/d of gas at Sarkhoun and ...
 
Tehran Times
Wed, 29 Apr 2015 10:48:32 -0700

... to most Iranians simply as 'Bandar', is the capital of Hormozgan province and home to Iran's busiest port but doesn't have much to offer the foreign visitor – we only include it as a transport hub for Qeshm and Hormoz, the Lonely Planet website ...

The Aviation Herald

The Aviation Herald
Thu, 09 Apr 2015 16:15:00 -0700

A Qeshm Air Airbus A300-600, registration EP-FQK performing flight QB-215 from Istanbul (Turkey) to Tehran Imam Khomeini (Iran), was accelerating for takeoff from Istanbul's Ataturk Airport when the right hand engine (CF6) emitted a loud bang and ...

Motorsportblog.it (Blog)

Motorsportblog.it (Blog)
Tue, 05 May 2015 00:42:20 -0700

Ecco le sue parole: “L'Iran può diventare una splendida destinazione per la Formula 1. Questa categoria può avere un grande futuro nel mio paese”. Come cornice della pista è stata scelta l'area di Qeshm Island. Che ne pensate? Io sono molto scettico ...

The Guardian

The Guardian
Tue, 28 Apr 2015 08:49:56 -0700

According to Warren, the cargo ship eventually “complied with the Iranian demand and proceeded into Iranian waters in the vicinity of Larak Island”. Larak is close to Qeshm. He said the US military has dispatched a naval destroyer “to proceed at best ...
 
JOC.com
Tue, 28 Apr 2015 15:23:42 -0700

The analysis of AIS Live suggests the vessel was nowhere within the 12-mile radius that constitutes Iranian waters before shots were fired Tuesday. But by Tuesday afternoon, the Tigris was situated just off the coast of Qeshm Island, eight nautical ...
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