Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County (simplified Chinese: 察布查尔锡伯自治县; traditional Chinese: 察布查爾錫伯自治縣; pinyin: Chábùchá'ěr Xíbó Zìzhìxiàn; Xibe: Cabcal Sibe beye dasangga siyan, also transliterated as Chapchal) in Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture in northern Xinjiang is the only Xibe autonomous county of the People's Republic of China. It has an area of 4,430 square kilometers and a population 160,000 (2000). Qapqal means "the granary" in the Xibe language.
The Xibe, sent to garrison the area by the Qing Dynasty, were divided into eight niru (companies); each niru established a settlement. The settlements are thus simply referred to as "First Niru" through "Eighth Niru", with the exception of the settlement established by the Sixth, which came to be known as Qapqal, thus giving the county its name.
|Number||Xibe name||Chinese name||% Xibe||% Han||% Other||Population||Number of villages||Source|
|6||Ningguci Niru, or Capcal||29||32||39|
- Stary, Giovanni (2003), "Sibe: An endangered language", in Janse, Mark; Tol, Sijmen; Hendriks, Vincent, Language death and language maintenance, John Benjamins, pp. 81–89, ISBN 978-90-272-4752-0
- "察布查尔县孙扎齐乡", Qapqal Online, retrieved 2009-04-15
- "察布查尔县扎库齐牛录乡", Qapqal Online, retrieved 2009-04-15
- 张莉 [Zhang Li] (2007), "新疆锡伯族新闻事业发展现状 [Xinjiang Xibo Peoples' News Undertaking Present Situation]", 《伊犁师范学院学报》 [Journal of Ili Normal University] (1), ISSN 1009-1076, retrieved 2009-04-13
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