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Choobsooz2.jpg
Choobsooz.jpg
Pyrography artwork of the Mona Lisa
1968 Chevrolet Camaro Z/28 Pyrography by BTJPyro.com
The White Horse. Pyrography on Poplar Wood
The Tawny Eagle. Davide Della Noce pyrography

Pyrography or pyrogravure is the art of decorating wood or other materials with burn marks resulting from the controlled application of a heated object such as a poker. It is also known as pokerwork or wood burning.

The term means "writing with fire", from the Greek pur (fire) and graphos (writing).[1] It can be practiced using specialized modern pyrography tools, or using a metal implement heated in a fire, or even sunlight concentrated with a magnifying lens.

A large range of tones and shades can be achieved. Varying the type of tip used, the temperature, or the way the iron is applied to the material all create different effects. After the design is burned in, wooden objects are often coloured. Light-coloured hardwoods such as sycamore, basswood, beech and birch are most commonly used, as their fine grain is not obtrusive. However, other woods, such as pine or oak, are also used. Pyrography is also applied to leather items, using the same hot-iron technique. Leather lends itself to bold designs, and also allows very subtle shading to be achieved. Specialist vegetable-tanned leather must be used for pyrography (as modern tanning methods leave chemicals in the leather which are toxic when burned), typically in light colours for good contrast.

Pyrography is also popular among gourd crafters and artists, where designs are burned onto the exterior of a dried hard-shell gourd, usually with dramatic results[citation needed].

History[edit]

The process has been practiced by a number of cultures including the Egyptians and some African tribes since the dawn of recorded history. Pyrographer Robert Boyer hypothesises that the art form dates back to prehistory, when early humans created designs using the charred remains of their fires.[2] It was known in China from the time of the Han dynasty, where it was known as "Fire Needle Embroidery".[3] During the Victorian era, the invention of pyrography machines sparked a widespread interest in the craft, and it was at this time that the term "pyrography" was coined (previously the name "pokerwork" had been most widely used)[4] In the late 19th century, a Melbourne architect by the name of Alfred Smart discovered that water-based paint could be applied hot to wood by pumping benzoline fumes through a heated hollow platinum pencil.[5] This improved the pokerwork process by allowing the addition of tinting and shading that were previously impossible. In the early 20th century, the development of the electric pyrographic hot wire wood etching machine further automated the pokerwork process, and Art Nouveau pyrographic gloveboxes and other works were popular in that era. Pyrography is a traditional folk art in many parts of Europe, including Romania, Hungary and Flanders, as well as Argentina and other areas in South America.

Equipment[edit]

Traditional pyrography can be performed using any heated metal implement. Modern pyrography machines exist, and can be divided into three main categories.

Solid-point burners[edit]

Solid-point burners are similar in design to a soldering iron. They have a solid brass tip which is heated by an electrical element, and operate at a fixed temperature.

Wire-nib burners[edit]

Wire-nib burners have variable temperature controls. The writing nib is heated by an electrical current passing directly through it. Some models have interchangeable nibs to allow for different effects.[6]

Laser cutters[edit]

Laser cutters can be set to scorch the material instead of cutting all the way through it. Many laser cutters provide software facilities to import image files and transfer them onto a sheet of wood. Some laser systems are sufficiently sensitive to perform pyrography on thin card or even paper.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marianne Podgorski; Before You Pick Up That Nib: Wood Burning 101, p7 ISBN 978-0-557-05114-4
  2. ^ Boyer, R; The Amazing Art of Pyrography, Evanston 1993, ISBN 978-1-879260-12-2
  3. ^ China Culture - pyrography
  4. ^ Walkabout Crafts - pyrography
  5. ^ Carter, Julie; With Mellow Shades and Character Made: The Richness of Australian Pokerwork in Carter's Antiques and Collectables Magazine, Sept 2000
  6. ^ Walters, S; Pyrography Workbook: A Complete Guide to the Art of Woodburning Fox Chapel 2005 p13-14 ISBN 978-1-56523-258-7

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrography — Please support Wikipedia.
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119 news items

TriCities.com

TriCities.com
Sun, 28 Sep 2014 06:51:39 -0700

“The Art and Craft of Pyrography: Drawing with Fire on Leather, Gourds, Cloth, Paper and Wood” by Lora S. Irish, is a how-to book on the fascinating art of pyrography. Supplies include everything from a single-temperature solid-tip tool, variable ...

Irish Times

Irish Times
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 03:14:06 -0700

The process of burning images and designs onto wooden boards, Joe takes it upon himself to impart his pyrography speciality on anyone who may take an interest. “If a fella comes over and says 'give us a go of that', you get them involved. I get a kick ...
 
Kiama Independent-Lake Times
Tue, 28 Oct 2014 07:26:15 -0700

Shellharbour Woodcarvers members Frank O'Connor (second from left) and Ted Furlong, flanked by Shellharbour Hospital Auxiliary members Edna Harley (left) and Denise Pawson, donate the eight-piece pyrography mosaic. Picture: ELIZA WINKLER.

Manawatu Standard

Manawatu Standard
Tue, 28 Oct 2014 17:33:45 -0700

Together the two have created Mageo Woodcraft, combining George's woodworking skills with Mavis' fine detailed pyrography or pokerwork drawing. "Basically I spend ages getting a nice piece of wood beautiful and then Mavis comes along and burns it.
 
BusinessWorld Online Edition
Thu, 30 Oct 2014 08:09:07 -0700

While Mr. Jose stood in front of the small audience, he warned that pyrography allows for little error: one error with the blowtorch, and the whole work has to be made again. After the pyrography session, he sat down guests and gave them paint,brushes ...

Independent Online

Independent Online
Wed, 29 Oct 2014 01:48:45 -0700

Some like to produce large bowls and platters, some like to produce vases and closed forms, others produce very small items, some add colour or decoration or pyrography or carve on the item turned. “So you can either use the natural beauty of a piece ...

The Daily Iberian

The Daily Iberian
Sun, 26 Oct 2014 04:10:42 -0700

Nelson and Nelly Plaisance set up a stand showcasing the wooden carvings, boat replicas and pyrography from their Raceland business Bayouland Art. This was the first time they came to the Harvest Moon Festival and it proved to be a good way to make ...

RocketNews24

RocketNews24
Tue, 21 Oct 2014 02:00:49 -0700

This art form, technically called pyrography, and colloquially “fire art,” “heat painting,” “poker art” or “wood burning,” is actually a pretty broad category encompassing any art resulting from making burn marks on a base material, usually wood. That ...
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