digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Veera Puran Appu
Born Veerahennedige Francisco Fernando
(1812-11-07)November 7, 1812[1]
Uyana, Moratuwa, Western Province, Kingdom of Kandy[2]
Died August 8, 1848(1848-08-08) (aged 35)[1]
Bogambara grounds, Kandy, Central Province, British Ceylon[2]
Cause of death
Executed by the British by firing squad
Residence Ratnapura, Sabaragamuwa Province
Nationality Sri Lankan
Other names Puran Appu
Francisco Fernando
Ethnicity Sinhalese
Occupation Political, Economic and Social revolutionary
Known for A leader in the Rebellion of 1848
Home town Moratuwa, Western Province, Sri Lanka
Height 5ft 7½ inches
Spouse(s) Bandaramenike (1847)[3]
Children One daughter[3]
Parents Kalistoru Fernando (Father)
Madam Helena (Mother)[2]
Relatives Marcellenus Fernando (Uncle)
Gunnepana Arachchi (Father in Law)

Weerahennadige Francisco Fernando alias Puran Appu (Sinhala:පුරන් අප්පු) is one of the notable personalities in Sri Lanka's history. He was born on November 1812 in the coastal town of Moratuwa. He left Moratuwa at the age of 13 and stayed in Ratnapura with his uncle, who was the first Sinhalese proctor, and moved to the Uva province. In early 1847, he met and married Bandara Menike, the daughter of Gunnepana Arachchi in Kandy. He was captured by the British after the failure of Matale Rebellion along with Gongalegoda Banda and Ven. Kudapola Thera. He was executed by a firing squad on August 8, 1848. His body barred in Matale.

The Hero[edit]

He is the only personality to emerge from Sri Lanka's history, clad in the garb of folk hero. He rose from among the common people And he dared to challenge the mightof British Imperialism at its peak of power and glory during the Victorian era[4] On 28.07.48 Puran Appu led an attack on Matale. This was successful. However, the other leaders who attacked Kurunegala and Wariyapola failed. Governor Torrinton in a letter to Earl Grey, the Colonial Secretary in London dated October 9, 1849 “I remind you of the last words of Puranappu. He held up his hands and said if there had been half a dozen such men as me to lead, there would not be a white man living in the Kandyan Province. This is true. If there had been such leaders without doubt for a time we should have lost the country.”[5]

His Legacy[edit]

Francisco (veera puran appu) attended the Wesleyan school in Moratuwa and was a very mischievous boy. After a fight and thrashing the village headman named Lakshapathiya, he fled from Moratuwa in 1825 at the age of 13.[3] He traveled about the country, mostly the hill country – Haldummulla to Badulla and other places. his uncle W. Marcellenus Franciscu Fernando,was the first Sinhala Proctor who had a flourishing practice at Ratnapura and in 1840 Francisco stayed with him[6]

It was at this stage of his career that he headed a band of outlaws and initiated a reign of terror against European planters and officials in Uva, much to the delight of the people. His daring exploits against the white men soon made him a legendary hero in the tradition of Robin Hood.[7]

He was now convinced of the necessity of driving away the British from the country in order to emancipate the people from the hardships and humiliations they suffered under the foreign yoke.[1]

With this end in view, he conferred with the Sangha of Mahiyangana and Muthiyangana who pledged him their support. This was in 1845. About this time he encountered romance and lost his heart to a highland lass, Bandara Menike of Harispattuwa whom he married in 1847. She bore him a daughter. Francisco was now called Purancisco or Puran Appo. (Puran Appu). He broke into House of Magistrate Dawson of Badulla and was imprisoned and then broke prison. He cursed Major Rodgers who brought a false charge against him and Major Rodgers was struck by lightning in Nuwara Eliya.

The Gazette notification by the Colonial Secretary, Sir Emmerson Tennent on January 1, 1847, offered 10 pounds for his apprehension and described him as follows

“Perangappo originally of Morette, lately of Kandy, trade – unknown, caste – fisher, aged 34 years, height 5ft 71/2 inches, hair – long and black, eyes – light hazel, complexion – light, well looking, make – well made, stout, marks of punishment on the back and 4 vaccination marks.[8]

James Alwis writing in 1876 of the events of 1848 in the “Ceylon overland Examiner” states that Puranappu or Veerahennedige Franciscu Fernando was of the Karawa caste “in whom a bold and daring disposition was combined with a strong and healthy constitution.”[9]

After three weeks of preparation in the early hours of July 28, 1848, a crowd of eight to ten thousand men under Puranappu’s leadership armed with guns, spears and knives set off for Kandy from Dambulla.

The plan was for Puranappu, Gongalagoda Banda and Dingirala to go in three different directions then meet at Katugastota and attack Kandy on Sunday, 30 July.[10]

Puranappu’s army first attacked Fort McDowl in Matale. Government buildings and property were ransacked – kachcheries, jails, rest houses and court house records. The coffee stores of Lieutenant General Herbert Maddock, a key adviser to the Government in Kandy was set on fire. Puran Appu was successful in capturing Matale for a while and the people in another demonstration of popular fervor, proclaimed him King of Kandy.[11]

The memorial monument built for sri lankan hero puran appu.jpg

His success, however, was short-lived. An ill-trained army, equipped with primitive weapons was no match for the superior arms and organisation of the British Half-way between Matale and Kandy, the Sinhala forces, depleted by desertions and their movements betrayed by traitors, were intercepted by British troops and Puran Appu himself was captured and taken to Kandy. With his capture, the Rebellion fizzled out.

Brought to trial before a Court Martial, he was found guilty of having waged war against H.M. Queen Victoria and condemned to be shot.[12]

On August 8, 1848, on the banks of the Bogambara Wewa, Veera Puran Appu was excecuted.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

References[edit]



Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puran_Appu — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
940 videos foundNext > 

Puran appu kavi

Veera puran appu (Sri Lanka) - Nation's hero

Edited by : Nishan Rangana Sri Lanka - Nation's hero - Veera Puran Appu one of the best sinhalaya in Sri Lanka.

Veera Puranappu "Rebellion" by Torana Video Movies

A land of ancient civilization, Sri Lanka was first colonized in A D 1515 by the Portuguese. Then by the Dutch. In A D 1815 the British ruled supreme. But th...

Veera puran appu Sri Lanka

Batha Kaa Iwarai by Sunil Edirisinghe

Puran Appu Kavi.

Heroes of Sri Lanka-Tribute to SL army & all the heroes

All the Sinhalese,watch this & do something for your mother country.

Veediya Bandara Film

VEERA PURAN APPU/ PRAGEET PERERA

Veera Puran Appu Film_ Jaya Apatai Lankawe_ A&M Creations _ Dj AnUsH

Veera Puran Appu Drama / Black & White / 35 mm Released Date : 1978-08-08 ------------------------------------------------ Main Actor : Ravindra Randeniya Ma...

Puran appu Kavi

940 videos foundNext > 

56 news items

 
Daily Mirror
Wed, 08 Oct 2014 18:42:41 -0700

We are not judging Sri Lanka; our attempt is to evaluate the extent of Sri Lanka's compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), said UN Human Rights Committee chairman Sir Nigel Rodley yesterday, when concluding the ...

The Sunday Times Sri Lanka

The Sunday Times Sri Lanka
Sat, 07 Jun 2014 13:07:38 -0700

Moratuwa Arts Forum (MAF) together with the Mayor of Moratuwa Municipal Council, Samanlal Fernando will present 'Poson Bekthi Gee Saraniya' on June 12th, Poson Poya day. The event will be staged at the Weera Puran Appu Sqaure which is directly ...
 
The Island.lk (subscription)
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 13:03:11 -0700

The Kandyan Kingdom went under British rule in 1815 and by 1816 they wanted to return to Sinhala rule. From 1816 to 1848 there were at least a dozen attempts to get rid of British rule. These are well reported in the British documents. There was open ...

nation.lk - The Nation Newspaper

nation.lk - The Nation Newspaper
Sat, 01 Feb 2014 10:31:24 -0800

'Baila' is a form of music. Some who consider themselves connoisseurs would rate it as a lesser creature in the musical firmament. This is perhaps why it has often been used as a metaphor for things of lesser worth. This is why a song by Nanda Malini ...

Sunday Observer

Sunday Observer
Sat, 07 Sep 2013 12:40:36 -0700

For example, Keppetipola and Weera Puran Appu were recognised by the country as true freedom fighters of the nation. There was a certain stage when attempts were made to create world opinion through the LTTE diaspora and brand Prabhakaran as a ...
 
Sunday Leader
Sat, 30 Mar 2013 13:17:00 -0700

As a consolation, it could be pointed out that one of the newly discovered species has been named Veera Puran Appu (1812-1848) who is said to have led the Matale rebellion against the British. But whether descendants of Puran Appu who are 'Moratuwites' ...

Sunday Leader

Sunday Leader
Sat, 18 May 2013 13:09:44 -0700

When you look at history, heroes like Keppetipola and Weera Puran Appu have also attacked state assets. In 1988-89 transformers that powered military camps were destroyed but that cannot take away our right to speak of the CEB and the people's rights.
 
Groundviews
Tue, 23 Aug 2011 15:16:40 -0700

Basically the whole plethora and all variations in media, from print to electronic to the web, from Sinhala to Tamil and English including the “updates” via SMS in some instance, broke the news of PC 61006, Navaratne Bandara of the Puttlam police ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight