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"PIRG" redirects here. For the Albanian municipality, see Pirg.
Logo of U.S. PIRG
Motto Standing up to powerful interests
Formation 1971
Founder Ralph Nader[1]
Type Advocacy organization
Website uspirg.org

Public Interest Research Groups (PIRGs) refers to a federation of U.S. non-profit organizations that employ grassroots organizing and direct advocacy with the goal of effecting liberal political change.[2]


The PIRGs emerged in the early 1970s on U.S. college campuses. The PIRG model was proposed in the book Action for a Change by Ralph Nader and Donald Ross. Ross helped students across the country set up the first PIRG chapters, then became the director of the New York Public Interest Research Group in 1973.[3][4]

The Minnesota Public Interest Research Group, founded in 1971, was the first state PIRG to incorporate.[5] It was followed by Oregon (OSPIRG) and Massachusetts (MASSPIRG). The PIRGs were supportive of container deposit legislation in the United States, popularly called "bottle bills".[6]

In 1982, the PIRGs established the Fund for the Public Interest as its fundraising and canvassing arm.[4]

Funding model[edit]

PIRGs on college campuses have historically been funded with a portion of student activity fees in the form of a labor checkoff. Students may elect to have the fees refunded to them, although many students are unaware that this is the case. This system of PIRG funding has been met with controversy and with a number of legal challenges.[4] In 2014, students at Macalester College in Minnesota voted to end their relationship with MPIRG due to the group's revenue structure, which relied on MPIRG automatically receiving a cut of student activity fees.[5]

Policy positions[edit]

U.S. PIRG lobbied for the creation of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, an independent U.S. government agency which was founded as a result of the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act in the wake of the late-2000s recession and the financial crisis.[7]

The PIRGs have worked to make same-sex marriage legal, to increase the minimum wage, to enact increased environmental regulations, and to oppose Voter ID laws in the United States.[5]

Transparency rating[edit]

Charity Navigator rated the U.S. PIRG one out of four stars for accountability and transparency, and two out of four stars for financials.[8]

Affiliated nonprofits[edit]

The PIRGs are members of a larger network of non-profit organizations called the Public Interest Network.[9] In 1992, the U.S. PIRG launched Green Corps, an environmental organization that trains recent college graduates in a one-year post-graduate program.[10] On November 5, 2007, Environment America separated from the state PIRGs and announced its intention to take control of the organization's national environmental advocacy program.

State affiliates[edit]

State PIRGs include:


  1. ^ Rosiak, Luke (July 15, 2009). "The Liberal Sweatshop". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
  2. ^ Ali, Ambreen (September 15, 2011). "Liberal, Conservative Groups Join to Find Spending Cuts". Roll Call. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
  3. ^ Nader, Ralph; Donald Ross (1972). Action for a Change: A Student's Manual for Public Interest Organizing. New York: Grossman Publishers. ISBN 0-670-10319-5. 
  4. ^ a b c Mayer, Robert N. (2015). Watchdogs and Whistleblowers: A Reference Guide to Consumer Activism. ABC-CLIO. p. 389. ISBN 9781440830006. 
  5. ^ a b c Verges, Josh (November 19, 2014). "Macalester College students reject MPIRG on campus". Pioneer Press. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
  6. ^ Lanier Hickman, H. (2003). American Alchemy: The History of Solid Waste Management in the United States. ForesterPress. p. 386. ISBN 9780970768728. 
  7. ^ "The Hill: Top 10 Lobbying Victories of 2010". Retrieved October 8, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Charity Navigator Rating - U.S. PIRG Education Fund". Charity Navigator. 
  9. ^ "Public Interest Network". 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ "About Green Corps". Green Corps. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_Interest_Research_Group — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.

17751 news items

The Daily Freeman
Tue, 24 Nov 2015 14:52:30 -0800

New York Public Interest Research Group (NYPIRG) board representative David Cusack Johnson of SUNY Purchase, left, SUNY New Paltz Consumer Action Project Leader Marynis Lopez, center, and co-project leader Terence Gagstetter, right, hold a press ...


Tue, 24 Nov 2015 15:03:45 -0800

SPRINGFIELD, Mass. (WWLP) – The Massachusetts Public Interest Research Group explained the dangers of popular toys Tuesday at the city's YMCA. When we think about unsafe toys for kids we may think of choking hazards, but as the research group ...

CT Post

CT Post
Tue, 24 Nov 2015 11:27:10 -0800

Vtech's Go! Go! Smart Animals, made by Vtech Electronics was singled out by the Connecticut Public Interest Research Group Education Fund's 30th annual Trouble in Toyland report, a survey of potentially hazardous toys available for sale. Vtech's Go! Go!

Capital Public Radio News

San Mateo Daily Journal
Fri, 27 Nov 2015 01:00:00 -0800

California State Sen. Mark Leno and Assemblyman David Chiu joined health care professionals and a public interest research group this week to urge parents to be on the lookout for unsafe toys. In the California Public Interest Research Group (CALPIRG) ...


Fri, 27 Nov 2015 10:00:00 -0800

The MASSPIRG Education Fund, a public interest research group, and Transportation for Massachusetts, a public transportation advocacy group, recently released a study showing just how much money could be saved if people drove less. The study ...

Ashland Daily Tidings

Ashland Daily Tidings
Fri, 27 Nov 2015 20:52:30 -0800

In its 30th year of tracking down and exposing hazardous toys for children, Oregon Student Public Interest Research Group reports it no longer can find lead in toys, a big sign of progress, and it's been able to spearhead the recall of 150 dangerous ...

legal Insurrection (blog)

legal Insurrection (blog)
Sat, 28 Nov 2015 09:26:15 -0800

... in 2016 than they have been for years and years and will have a profound effect on consumers here. Some may start wondering if insurance is affordable or if it's worth the money,” Jesse Ellis O'Brien of the Oregon State Public Interest Research ...


Fri, 27 Nov 2015 08:30:00 -0800

The Public Interest Research Group's Education Fund says its “Trouble in Toyland” report, now in its 30th year, has led to more than 150 toy recalls and other enforcement actions over the years, according to a news release. More from Clearwater Patch.

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