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"PIRG" redirects here. For the Albanian municipality, see Pirg.
Logo of U.S. PIRG
Motto Standing up to powerful interests
Formation 1971
Founder Ralph Nader[1]
Type Advocacy organization
Website uspirg.org

Public Interest Research Groups (PIRGs) refers to a federation of U.S. non-profit organizations that employ grassroots organizing and direct advocacy with the goal of effecting liberal political change.[2]


The PIRGs emerged in the early 1970s on U.S. college campuses. The PIRG model was proposed in the book Action for a Change by Ralph Nader and Donald Ross. Ross helped students across the country set up the first PIRG chapters, then became the director of the New York Public Interest Research Group in 1973.[3][4]

The Minnesota Public Interest Research Group, founded in 1971, was the first state PIRG to incorporate.[5] It was followed by Oregon (OSPIRG) and Massachusetts (MASSPIRG). The PIRGs were supportive of container deposit legislation in the United States, popularly called "bottle bills".[6]

In 1982, the PIRGs established the Fund for the Public Interest as its fundraising and canvassing arm.[4]

Funding model[edit]

PIRGs on college campuses have historically been funded with a portion of student activity fees in the form of a labor checkoff. Students may elect to have the fees refunded to them, although many students are unaware that this is the case. This system of PIRG funding has been met with controversy and with a number of legal challenges.[4] In 2014, students at Macalester College in Minnesota voted to end their relationship with MPIRG due to the group's revenue structure, which relied on MPIRG automatically receiving a cut of student activity fees.[5]

Policy positions[edit]

U.S. PIRG lobbied for the creation of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, an independent U.S. government agency which was founded as a result of the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act in the wake of the late-2000s recession and the financial crisis.[7]

The PIRGs have worked to make same-sex marriage legal, to increase the minimum wage, to enact increased environmental regulations, and to oppose Voter ID laws in the United States.[5]

Transparency rating[edit]

Charity Navigator rated the U.S. PIRG one out of four stars for accountability and transparency, and two out of four stars for financials.[8]

Affiliated nonprofits[edit]

Some PIRGs are members of a larger network of non-profit organizations called the Public Interest Network.[9] In the past, they have also helped to launch a number of other independent public interest non-profits, including Green Corps, the Toxics Action Center, Environment America, Environmental Action, and the National Environmental Law Center. In 1992, the U.S. PIRG launched Green Corps, an environmental organization that trains recent college graduates in a one-year post-graduate program.[10] On November 5, 2007, Environment America separated from the state PIRGs and announced its intention to take control of the organization's national environmental advocacy program.

State affiliates[edit]

State PIRGs include:


  1. ^ Rosiak, Luke (July 15, 2009). "The Liberal Sweatshop". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
  2. ^ Ali, Ambreen (September 15, 2011). "Liberal, Conservative Groups Join to Find Spending Cuts". Roll Call. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
  3. ^ Nader, Ralph; Donald Ross (1972). Action for a Change: A Student's Manual for Public Interest Organizing. New York: Grossman Publishers. ISBN 0-670-10319-5. 
  4. ^ a b c Mayer, Robert N. (2015). Watchdogs and Whistleblowers: A Reference Guide to Consumer Activism. ABC-CLIO. p. 389. ISBN 9781440830006. 
  5. ^ a b c Verges, Josh (November 19, 2014). "Macalester College students reject MPIRG on campus". Pioneer Press. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
  6. ^ Lanier Hickman, H. (2003). American Alchemy: The History of Solid Waste Management in the United States. ForesterPress. p. 386. ISBN 9780970768728. 
  7. ^ "The Hill: Top 10 Lobbying Victories of 2010". Retrieved October 8, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Charity Navigator Rating - U.S. PIRG Education Fund". Charity Navigator. 
  9. ^ "Public Interest Network". 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ "About Green Corps". Green Corps. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_Interest_Research_Group — Please support Wikipedia.
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12032 news items

The Hill

State PIRGs
Tue, 19 Jan 2016 07:22:30 -0800

A new study by the United States Public Interest Research Group (U.S. PIRG) Education Fund and Frontier Group identifies 12 of the most wasteful highway projects across the country, slated to collectively cost at least $24 billion. The study details ...

CBS Local

CBS Local
Wed, 20 Jan 2016 09:51:56 -0800

Connecticut's Public Interest Research Group contends adding lanes will only pave the way for more vehicles and more congestion. “The problem when you widen the highways is simple, more cars come onto the road,” ConnPIRG director Evan Preston told ...


Tue, 19 Jan 2016 16:05:46 -0800

DENVER- The Colorado Public Interest Research Group (CoPIRG) released a study this week in which they explain the Colorado Department of Transportation's I-70 improvement plan is a waste of $58 million. Phase one of the proposed project will cost an ...

Rochester Democrat and Chronicle

Rochester Democrat and Chronicle
Fri, 12 Feb 2016 08:30:00 -0800

Blair Horner, of the New York Public Interest Research Group, suggests including provisions in public contracts that prohibit the contractor and its principals from making political donations for certain periods before, during and after the contract ...

MSR News Online

MSR News Online
Fri, 12 Feb 2016 11:30:00 -0800

In addition to her work with Black Lives Matter, Long is currently “employed full time at the Minnesota Public Interest Research Group as a campus organizer, working with college students, interesting them in social justice issues and helping support ...
State PIRGs
Thu, 11 Feb 2016 07:45:00 -0800

SPRINGFIELD, IL - On Wednesday, February 10, President Obama delivered a speech to the Illinois General Assembly about what can be done to “build a better politics.” The president's speech highlighted the challenges facing American democracy, and ...
Glasgow Daily Times
Fri, 12 Feb 2016 16:22:30 -0800

"The vast majority of voters in Massachusetts cannot afford to write a $1,000 check to an individual candidate, it's just way beyond their reach," said Janet Domenitz, executive director of the Massachusetts Public Interest Research Group. "It's a ...
Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
Thu, 11 Feb 2016 20:30:00 -0800

The groups included the League of Women Voters, the U.S. Public Interest Research Group, Common Cause and the Wisconsin Democracy Campaign. A letter from groups critical of that part of the bill says that "No other state that has passed online voter ...

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