digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:


Applied sciences






















The Provisions of Oxford are often regarded as England's first written constitution (although the Magna Carta and earlier law codes such as that of King Æthelberht of Kent are also significant).

Installed in 1258 by a group of barons led by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, the provisions forced King Henry III of England to accept a new form of government. The power to decide the form of this government was placed in the hands of a council of twenty-four members, twelve selected by the crown, twelve by the barons. The twenty-four members selected were to pick two more men to oversee all decisions. The selected men were to supervise ministerial appointments, local administration and the custody of royal castles. Parliament, meanwhile, which was to meet three times a year, would monitor the performance of this council.

A written confirmation of the agreement was sent to the sheriffs of all the counties of England in Latin, French and, significantly, in Middle English. The use of the English language was symbolic of the Anglicisation of the government of England and an antidote to the Francization which had taken place in the decades immediately before. The Provisions were the first government documents to be published in English since the Norman Conquest two hundred years before.[1]

The Provisions of Oxford were replaced in 1259 by the Provisions of Westminster. These Provisions were overthrown by Henry, helped by a papal bull, in 1261, seeding the start of the Second Barons' War (1263–1267), which was won by the King and his royalist supporters. In 1266 it was annulled for the last time by the Dictum of Kenilworth.

The 1258 Provisions had a significant effect upon the development of the English Common Law system. In and after the reign of Henry II the number of available 'writs' (recognised causes for legal action in the common law courts in London) had grown. This expansion of jurisdiction by the royal courts aroused so much resentment that the 1258 Provisions of Oxford provided that no further expansion of the writ system would be allowed.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ English and its Historical Development, Part 20 (English was re-established in Britain)

External links[edit]

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provisions_of_Oxford — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
1671 videos foundNext > 

All About - Ordinances of 1311

What is Ordinances of 1311? A report all about Ordinances of 1311 for homework/assignment The Ordinances of 1311 were a series of regulations imposed upon Ki...

Edward I of England

Edward I , also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots , was King of England from 1272 to 1307. The first son of Henry III, Edward was involv...

Edward I of England

Edward I (17 June 1239 -- 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Latin: Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 ...

Hilke Oxford Black by Waldlaufer

Hilke Oxford Black by Waldlaufer.

Henni Oxford Blue Nubuck by Waldlaufer

Henni Oxford Blue Nubuck by Waldlaufer.

Henni Oxford Tan Nubuck by Waldlaufer

Henni Oxford Tan Nubuck by Waldlaufer.

Gelja Oxford Taupe/Combi by Waldlaufer

Gelja Oxford Taupe/Combi by Waldlaufer.

Gelja Oxford Blue/Sand by Waldlaufer

Gelja Oxford Blue/Sand by Waldlaufer.

Glee Oxford Brown/Beige Suede by Waldlaufer

Glee Oxford Brown/Beige Suede by Waldlaufer.

Due Oxford French Navy Canvas


1671 videos foundNext > 

We're sorry, but there's no news about "Provisions of Oxford" right now.


Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Provisions of Oxford

You can talk about Provisions of Oxford with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!