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This article is about the plant genus. For further uses, see Protea (disambiguation).
Protea
Protea repens bush.jpg
The original South African "suikerbossie" (sugarbush) Protea repens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Proteales
Family: Proteaceae
Subfamily: Proteoideae
Genus: Protea
L.
Species

See text

Protea /ˈprtə/[1] is both the botanical name and the English common name of a genus of South African flowering plants, sometimes also called sugarbushes (Afrikaans: suikerbos).

Etymology[edit]

The genus Protea was named in 1735 by Carl Linnaeus after the Greek god Proteus, who could change his form at will, because they have such a wide variety of forms. Linnaeus's genus was formed by merging a number of genera previously published by Herman Boerhaave, although precisely which of Boerhaave's genera were included in Linnaeus's Protea varied with each of Linnaeus's publications.

Taxonomy[edit]

The Proteaceae family to which proteas belong is an ancient one. Its ancestors grew in Gondwana, 300 million years ago. Proteaceae is divided into two subfamilies: the Proteoideae, best represented in southern Africa, and the Grevilleoideae, concentrated in Australia and South America and the other smaller segments of Gondwana that are now part of eastern Asia. Africa shares only one genus with Madagascar, whereas South America and Australia share many common genera — this indicates they separated from Africa before they separated from each other.

Distribution[edit]

Most protea occur south of the Limpopo River. However, Protea kilimanjaro is found in the chaparral zone of Mount Kenya National Park. 92% of the species occur only in the Cape Floristic Region, a narrow belt of mountainous coastal land from Clanwilliam to Grahamstown, South Africa. The extraordinary richness and diversity of species characteristic of the Cape Flora is thought to be caused in part by the diverse landscape where populations can become isolated from each other and in time develop into separate species.

Botanical history[edit]

Proteas attracted the attention of botanists visiting the Cape of Good Hope in the 17th century. Many species were introduced to Europe in the 18th century, enjoying a unique popularity at the time amongst botanists.

Classification[edit]

Within the huge family Proteaceae, they are a member of the subfamily Proteoideae, which has Southern African and Australian members.

Species[edit]

Protea caffra, the Common protea

(listed by section: a sect. has a name in two parts, consisting of the genus name and an epithet).

Dried head of Protea madiensis, the Tall woodland sugarbush, shedding mature fruit

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Protea". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. 
    Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protea — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
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2432 news items

Hotelier Middle East

Gulf Business News
Wed, 20 Aug 2014 05:17:29 -0700

International hotel operator Marriott revealed that its April acquisition of the South African hotel chain, Protea, helped increase its RevPar (revenue per available room) by 3.9 per cent in the Middle East and Africa region during Q2 2014. The company ...
 
Books LIVE (blog)
Mon, 18 Aug 2014 07:03:45 -0700

This is the question asked in Karina M Szczurek's debut novel Invisible Others. The novel is the story of a relationship between a South African writer and a Polish historian who meet in Paris. She is trying to escape the aftermath of a turbulent affair.
 
Seeking Alpha (registration)
Sat, 02 Aug 2014 08:56:36 -0700

Protea is at the initial stages of the roll-out of its LAESI technology which is used with mass spectrometry and appears to have substantive advantages over traditional ionization methods. Seven units have been sold but expect the placement curve to ...

Breaking Travel News

Breaking Travel News
Sat, 16 Aug 2014 00:21:49 -0700

Nigeria's new 117-room Protea Hotel Select Ikeja opens its doors this week in the upmarket Lagos suburb of Ikeja. The internationally competitive hotel is just a stone's throw away from Ikeja City Mall & Lagos State Secretariat, and a mere 5.2 ...

South African Broadcasting Corporation

South African Broadcasting Corporation
Tue, 05 Aug 2014 08:00:00 -0700

'Cigarette' gang nabbed in Protea Glen. Tuesday 5 August 2014 16:12. SABC. Three suspects were travelling in a minibus taxi along Impala Road in Protea Glen when police pounced on them.(South African Police (SAPS)) ...
 
Nyasa Times
Mon, 04 Aug 2014 05:11:15 -0700

Former Lilongwe Golf Club captain Dr Neil Nyirongo was the hero at the club over the weekend, when he won the Protea Ryalls Hotel golf tournament played at the country's premier golf course. Nyirongo won the tournament after scoring 39 stable ford ...
 
Bizcommunity.com
Fri, 25 Jul 2014 00:38:44 -0700

Cape Town's Protea Hotel Fire & Ice! is currently undergoing a renovation. Unlike other construction sites that are an eye-sore, The Protea Hotel Fire & Ice! Cape Town team and our team at the Jupiter Drawing Room in Cape Town created a space that ...
 
Eyewitness News
Tue, 05 Aug 2014 03:36:37 -0700

The Proteas march off the field after winning the first Test against Sri Lanka in Galle. Picture: Official CSA Facebook Page. Email; Print. EWN/CSA | 3 days ago. CAPE TOWN - Rilee Rossouw of the Chevrolet Knights has been called up to replace retired ...
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