digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

This article is about ruler of the kingdom of Ajmer. For Chief Minister of Maharashtra State, see Prithviraj Chavan. For more information, see Prithviraj Chauhan (disambiguation).
Prithviraj Chauhan
Prithvi Raj Chauhan (Edited).jpg
Statue of Prithviraj Chauhan at Ajmer
King of Ajmer and Delhi
Reign 1165-1192 AD
Predecessor Anangpal Tomar II
Successor Muhammad of Ghor
Spouse Rathore(Gaharwal) rani Samyukta
Issue Govindraj,Akshay and Rensi and Jodhlakhan[1]
Dynasty Chauhan
Father Someshwar Chauhan
Mother Karpuri Devi
Born 1149
Ajmer
Died 1192 (aged 43)
Taraori

Rai Pithora, commonly known as Prithviraj Chauhan (1149–1192 CE), was a Rajput king of the Chauhan dynasty,[2] who ruled the kingdoms of Ajmer and Delhi in northern India during the latter half of the 12th century.

Prithviraj Chauhan was the last independent Hindu king, before Hemu, to sit upon the throne of Delhi. He succeeded to the throne in 1179 CE at the age of 13, and ruled from the twin capitals of Ajmer and Delhi which he received from his maternal grandfather, Arkpal or Anangpal III of the Tomara dynasty in Delhi. He controlled much of present-day Rajasthan and Haryana, and unified the Rajputs against Turkic invasions. His elopement in 1175 with Samyukta (Sanyogita), the daughter of Jai Chandra Rathod, the Gahadvala king of Kannauj, is a popular romantic tale in India, and is one of the subjects of the Prithviraj Raso, an epic poem composed by Chauhan's court poet and friend, Chand Bardai.

Chauhan defeated Shahabuddin Muhammad Ghori in the First Battle of Tarain in 1191. Ghauri attacked for a second time the following year, whereupon Chauhan was defeated, captured at the Second Battle of Tarain (1192) and executed.

Biography[edit]

First Battle of Tarain, 1191[edit]

Main article: Battles of Tarain

In 1191, Shahabuddin Muhammad Ghori captured the fortress of Bhatinda in East Punjab, leaving a garrison of 1200 men, which was located on the frontier of Prithiviraj Chauhan's domains. Prithviraj marched to Bhatinda and met his enemy at a place called Tarain (also called Taraori) near the ancient town of Thanesar. The Ghurid army initiated battle by attacking with cavalry who launched arrows at the Rajput center. The forces of Prithviraj counter-attacked from three sides and dominated the battle, pressuring the Ghurid army into a withdrawal. Meanwhile, Mu'izz al-Din was wounded in personal combat with Prithviraj's brother, Govind Tai.[3] Prithviraj succeeded in stopping the Ghurid advance towards Hindustan in the first battle of Tarain. He did not pursue Ghori's army either not wanting to invade hostile territory or misjudging Ghori's ambition,[4] instead electing to retake the fortress of Bhatinda.[3]

Second Battle of Tarain, 1192[edit]

Second battle of Tarain

In 1192, Ghori reassembled an army of 120,000 men and returned to challenge Chauhan at the Second Battle of Tarain. When he reached Lahore, he sent his envoy to demand surrender but Chauhan refused to comply. Chauhan then appealed to his fellow Rajput rulers and the aristocracy to come to his aid against Ghori.[4]

Chauhan assembled a very large army with the aid of approximately 150 Rajput rulers and aristocrats. According to the Persian historian Firishta, it consisted of 3,000 elephants, 300,000 horsemen, and considerable infantry. The army was larger than that of Ghori. The armies met in Tarain, where Ghori delivered an ultimatum to Chauhan that he convert to Islam or be defeated. Chauhan countered with an offer that Ghori should consider a truce and be allowed to retreat with his army. Ghori decided to attack.[4]

Ghori divided his troops into five parts and attacked in the early morning hours, sending waves of mounted archers. They retreated as the Chauhan elephant phalanx advanced. Ghori deployed four parts to attack the Rajputs on four sides, keeping a fifth part of his army in reserve. General Khande Rao of the Chauhan forces was killed. At dusk, Ghori himself led a force of 12,000 heavily armored horsemen to the centre of the Rajput line, which collapsed into confusion. Chauhan attempted to escape but was captured. The Rajput army broke ranks and fled, thereby conceding victory to Ghori.[4] Chauhan was put to death.[5]

Legacy[edit]

It is an Afghan custom to vent anger by stamping on the grave of Chauhan because according to them Prithviraj had killed Ghori.[6][7] Hammir Dev Chauhan, the fifth desecendant of Prithviraj Chauhan ruled over Ranthambore. After his defeat in 1301 by Alauddin Khilji, his direct descendants ruled over Bhaddaiyan Raj and Mainpuri.[8][9]

Folklore[edit]

Prithviraj Raso, a folkloric poem written by Chand Bardai, says that the death of Ghori (also referred to as Mu'izz al-Din Muhammad) was caused by Prithviraj with the help of Chadravardai and that afterwards they killed each other,[10] which is not borne out by historical documents.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica
  3. ^ a b A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East, Vol. I, (ABC-CLIO, 2010), 263.
  4. ^ a b c d Satish Chandra, Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals (1206-1526), Part 1, (Har-Anand Publications, 2006), 25.
  5. ^ Barua, Pradeep (2005). The State at War in South Asia. University of Nebraska Press. p. 29. ISBN 9780803213449. 
  6. ^ ‘Prithviraj grave in Afghanistan’(Archived), (Original)
  7. ^ .Prithviraj Chauhan relics transfer sought
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ .[3]
  10. ^ Prithviraj, a valorous hero par excellence, has been depicted in the lofty style which has been a source of inspiration to and influence on the North-Indian people. Krishnadatt Paliwal (1988) "Epic (Hindi)" In Datta, Amaresh (1988) The Encyclopaedia Of Indian Literature: Volume Two: Devraj to Jyoti, Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi, India, page 1178, ISBN 81-260-1194-7
  11. ^ Kaviraj Syamaldas (1886) "The Antiquity, Authenticity and Genuineness of the epic called the Prithviraj Rasa and commonly ascribed to Chand Bardai" Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, vol. 55, pt.1,

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prithviraj_Chauhan — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
27050 videos foundNext > 

https://youtube.com/devicesupport

Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan - Animated Cartoon Movie For Kids Dubbed in Hindi

Subscribe for more kids content : http://goo.gl/a4wpCV For more nursery rhymes check : http://goo.gl/UY6TkM Prithviraj Chauhan, the Rajput ruler from Chauhan dynasty to sit on the throne of...

Samrat Prithviraj Chauhan (1959) - Classic Super Hit Full Bollywood Movie

Subscribe to our Movies Heritage: http://goo.gl/0Ygl1z Movie: Samrat Prithviraj Chauhan Year: 1959 Star Cast - Jairaj, Anita Guha, Ulhas, Sapru, Prem Adib Director: Harsukh Jagneshwar Bhatt...

DHARTI KA VEER YODHA - PRITHVIRAJ CHAUHAN Star Plus Title

Prithviraj Chauhan, the last ruler of Chauhan dynasty to sit on the throne of Delhi, was born in 1168 as the son of Someshwar Chauhan, the king of Ajmer. He was a brilliant child and very sharp...

Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan - Animated Children's Hindi Full Film

Having heard about the richness of India, Muhammad Ghori marches with his huge army to loot Delhi. He is beaten black and blue by the ruler of Delhi, the great Prithviraj Chauhan. But Ghori...

PRITHVIRAJ CHAUHAN HISTORY IN HINDI

http://thikanarajputana.in/prithviraj-chauhans-story-in-hindi/ prithviraj chauhan death, biography of prithviraj chauhan in hindi, prithviraj chauhan history in hindi free download, prithviraj...

Prithviraj Chauhan | Animated Movie For Kids | English

Prithviraj Chauhan, the Rajput ruler from Chauhan dynasty to sit on the throne of Delhi, is the son of Someshwar Chauhan, King of Ajmer. Proficient in military skills, he succeeds to the throne...

Woh Hai Prithviraj Chauhan

Downloading Link: http://www.mediafire.com/download.php?lck3e316a5j7vzk.

Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan - Animated Marathi Movie With English Subtitles

Enjoy this wonderful animated biopic that narrates the tales of romance and chivalry of Prithviraj Chauhan. Prithiv was the king of the Chauhan dynasty, who ruled the kingdoms of Ajmer and...

"WHEN MOHD.GAURI WAS KILLED BY BLIND PRITHVIRAJ CHAUHAN'S SHABD BHEDI BAARN"

SAMRAAT PRITHVIRAJ CHAUHAN-1959,JAIRAJ,ANITA GUHA, ULLHAS,SAPRU,B.M VYAS,CHAND USMANI,SUNDER,LYRICS BY BHARAT VYAS,MUSIC BY VASANT DESAI.

27050 videos foundNext > 

791 news items

The New Indian Express

The New Indian Express
Tue, 28 Apr 2015 07:37:30 -0700

It all started back a year ago in a 'Koffee with Karan' program where Alia answered Prithviraj Chauhan as the President of India. After that show, the entire social media was flooded with trolls directed towards Alia Bhatt. Going by her reaction today ...

The Indian Express

The Indian Express
Mon, 30 Mar 2015 13:09:37 -0700

Darve wanted to know what steps the government was taking to bring back belongings and memorabilia of national figures such as Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Maharana Pratap, Prithviraj Chauhan, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, Veer ...

koimoi

koimoi
Mon, 29 Sep 2014 22:37:30 -0700

At the launch event of Alia By Jabong yesterday, the actress was very confident that Prithviraj Chauhan is the Chief Minister of Maharashtra. For some reason, she calls him Chauhan instead of Chavan. When informed about his resignation, she gasped, “He ...
 
Daily Bhaskar (press release) (registration) (blog)
Tue, 10 Feb 2015 10:43:23 -0800

We keep hearing and reading about Bollywood stars love life. But do you know how the love life of last Hindu king began? This is the story of Prithviraj Chauhan, the last Hindu ruler. He was not just a brave heart, but was ver romantic too. He was in ...

Mid-Day

Mid-Day
Sat, 11 Apr 2015 20:11:35 -0700

“Last year, we met and spoke to former Chief Minister of Maharashtra Prithviraj Chauhan and made a presentation (of the issues the industry has been facing) for one and a half hours. He was very keen and promised us the world. But eventually, nothing ...

Daily News & Analysis

Daily News & Analysis
Mon, 06 Apr 2015 17:39:57 -0700

From Prithviraj Chauhan, Jhansi Ki Rani to Maharana Pratap it's been the same story – the child actors have taken more screen time than the grown-up ones! Ssharad Malhora avers that he was sceptical about how he will be accepted as the warrior king ...

Indian Express

Indian Express
Sat, 24 May 2014 16:01:42 -0700

Comaparing Prime Minister-elect Narendra Modi to Rajput king Prithviraj Chauhan, Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) leader Ashok Singhal on Saturday said the new government will help restore “Hindutva's lost rule” by facilitating the construction of a Ram ...

Business of Cinema

Business of Cinema
Fri, 29 Aug 2014 01:58:24 -0700

Rani Mukerji has taken the industry by storm with her spectacular performance in Pradeep Sarkar's Mardaani. The movie is receiving very good response from the critics and also from the audience. To celebrate and spread the movie's message on a larger ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!

Searchlight Group

Digplanet also receives support from Searchlight Group. Visit Searchlight