digplanet beta 1: Athena
Share digplanet:

Agriculture

Applied sciences

Arts

Belief

Business

Chronology

Culture

Education

Environment

Geography

Health

History

Humanities

Language

Law

Life

Mathematics

Nature

People

Politics

Science

Society

Technology

Aung San Suu Kyi was an Amnesty International-recognized prisoner of conscience from 1989 to 1995, from 2000 to 2002, and from 2003 to 2010.[1]

Prisoner of conscience (POC) is a term coined by Peter Benenson in a 28 May 1961 article ("The Forgotten Prisoners") for the London Observer newspaper. Most often associated with the human rights organisation Amnesty International, the term can refer to anyone imprisoned because of their race, sexual orientation, religion, or political views. It also refers to those who have been imprisoned and/or persecuted for the non-violent expression of their conscientiously held beliefs.

Definition[edit]

The article "The Forgotten Prisoners" by Peter Benenson, published in The Observer 28 May 1961, launched the campaign "Appeal for Amnesty 1961" and first defined a "prisoner of conscience".[2]

The primary goal for this year-long campaign, founded by the English lawyer Peter Benenson and a small group of writers, academics and lawyers including Quaker peace activist Eric Baker, was to identify individual prisoners of conscience around the world and then campaign for their release. In early 1962, the campaign had received enough public support to become a permanent organization and was renamed Amnesty International.

Under British law, Amnesty International was classed as a political organisation and therefore excluded from tax-free charity status.[3] To work around this, the "Fund for the Persecuted" was established in 1962 to receive donations to support prisoners and their families. The name was later changed to the "Prisoners of Conscience Appeal Fund" and is now a separate and independent charity which provides relief and rehabilitation grants to prisoners of conscience in the UK and around the world.[4]

Amnesty International has, since its founding, pressured governments to release those persons it considers to be prisoners of conscience.[5] Governments, conversely, tend to deny that the specific prisoners identified by Amnesty International are, in fact, being held on the grounds Amnesty claims; they allege that these prisoners pose genuine threats to the security of their countries.[6]

The phrase is now widely used in political discussions to describe a political prisoner, whether or not Amnesty International has specifically adopted the case, although the phrase has a different scope and definition than that of political prisoner.[7]

Current Amnesty International prisoners of conscience[edit]

Below is an incomplete list of individuals that Amnesty International considers to be prisoners of conscience, organized by country.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Burma releases pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi". BBC News. 13 November 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2010. 
  2. ^ Peter Berenson (28 May 1961). "The Forgotten Prisoners". The Observer. Retrieved 28 May 2011. 
  3. ^ Hopgood, Steven (2006). Keepers of the Flame: The Understanding Amnesty International. Cornell University Press. p. 70. 
  4. ^ "About Us". Prisoners of Conscience Appeal Fund. Retrieved 22 April 2011. 
  5. ^ "History of Organization". The Nobel Foundation. 1977. Retrieved 22 April 2011. 
  6. ^ Human Rights and the Dirty War in Mexico by Kate Doyle
  7. ^ "Freed China prisoner reaches US". BBC News. 18 March 2005. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  8. ^ a b c "Azerbaijan: Authorities determined to silence dissent to ensure successful Eurovision". Amnesty International. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 2 May 2012. 
  9. ^ "Azerbaijan: Opposition activist freed as pre-Eurovision hunger strike begins". Amnesty International. 16 May 2012. Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  10. ^ . Amnesty International http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/EUR55/004/2013/en/6d71bc54-ab1d-4040-a3af-890bb263633a/eur550042013en.pdf. Retrieved 20 March 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ "Activists Face 12 Years' Jail on New Charges". Amnesty International. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  12. ^ "Jalila al-Salman and Mahdi 'Issa Mahdi Abu Dheeb: Prisoners of Conscience". Amnesty International. 2012. Archived from the original on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012. 
  13. ^ "Bahrain activist arrested and charged". Amnesty International. 13 August 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013. 
  14. ^ "Bahrain must free prisoners of conscience after outrageous verdict". Amnesty International. 4 September 2012. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  15. ^ "Jailed Belarusian Activist Faces Review For 'Closed Regime'" (in Belarusian). Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 16 January 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  16. ^ "Amnesty International considered Ales Belyatsky prisoner of conscience". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  17. ^ a b c d e "Further information on UA 264/10 (21 December 2010) and follow-ups (23 December 2010, 12 January 2011, 31 January 2011, 7 March 2011)". Amnesty International. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
  18. ^ "Belarus urged to free remaining prisoners of conscience after two released". Amnesty International. 16 April 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2012. 
  19. ^ "Belarus urged to release 'teddy bear' free speech activist". Amnesty International. 24 July 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  20. ^ "Convictions of activists in Cambodia demonstrates dire state of justice". Amnesty International. 27 December 2012. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  21. ^ a b "Sharp rise in harassment and attacks against activists and journalists in Cuba". Amnesty International. 22 March 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  22. ^ a b c d "Eritrea: Prisoners of conscience held for a decade must be released". Amnesty International. 15 September 2011. Retrieved 26 December 2011. 
  23. ^ "Annual Report 2011". Amnesty International. 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2011. 
  24. ^ Amnesty International. "Eskinder Nega". Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  25. ^ "Ebrima Manneh". Amnesty International. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  26. ^ "Indian human rights activist Binayak Sen to be released on bail". Amnesty International. 15 April 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  27. ^ "India: Release Soni Sori on International Women's Day". Amnesty International. 7 March 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  28. ^ Chanu, Irom Sharmila. "India must release prisoner of conscience on prolonged hunger strike". Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  29. ^ "Iran: Further Information: Three Iranian Journalists Sentenced". Amnesty International. 8 July 2010. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  30. ^ a b "Iran must release prisoner of conscience Zhila Bani-Yaghoub". Amnesty International. 3 September 2012. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  31. ^ "Iran must immediately release prisoner of conscience Arzhang Davoodi". Amnesty International. 24 August 2012. Archived from the original on 24 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  32. ^ a b "Urgent Action: Increasing concerns for safety of Goudarzi". Amnesty International. 30 September 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  33. ^ "Iran: Free prisoner of conscience to visit ailing son". Amnesty International. 17 February 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2012. 
  34. ^ "Urgent Action: Human rights activist sentenced" (PDF). Amnesty International. 13 April 2012. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  35. ^ "Iran: Jailed Blogger Denied Medical Leave". Amnesty International. 17 May 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2012. 
  36. ^ "Urgent Action: human rights Defender imprisoned". Amnesty International. 30 April 2012. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  37. ^ "Prisoner at risk of torture and ill-treatment". Amnesty International. 14 September 2009. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 21 October 2012. 
  38. ^ "Urgent Action: Prisoner taken from cell at risk of torture". Amnesty International. 11 March 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  39. ^ "Mansour Ossanlu, Prisoner of Conscience". Amnesty International. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
  40. ^ "About the Prometheus Project". American Repertory Theater. 15 February 2011. Retrieved 16 May 2011. 
  41. ^ a b "Iran must release human rights defender Mohammad Ali Dadkhah". Amnesty International. 1 October 2012. Archived from the original on 1 October 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  42. ^ "Trade Unionist Given Six-Year Prison Sentence". Amnesty International. 9 May 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  43. ^ "Heshmatollah Tabarzadi (m), aged 53, journalist". Amnesty International. 6 April 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
  44. ^ a b c d "Prisoners of Conscience". Amnesty International. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
  45. ^ "Amnesty: Leftist writer Qatamesh a prisoner of conscience". Amnesty International. 12 November 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  46. ^ "Israeli Authorities Must Release Palestinian Prisoner of Conscience in West Bank". Amnesty International. 1 November 2012. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2012. 
  47. ^ "Kuwaiti man sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment for ‘insulting’ Tweets". Amnesty International. 7 June 2012. Retrieved 8 June 2012. 
  48. ^ "Kyrgyzstan: Further Information: Prisoner of Conscience on Brink of Death: Azimzhan Askarov". Amnesty International. 12 November 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  49. ^ "Morocco holding independent editor over coverage of al-Qa’ida video". Amnesty International. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2013. 
  50. ^ "2.2. Shin Sook Ja and her daughters", North Korea: Summary of Amnesty International's concerns, Amnesty International, 1993, retrieved 8 May 2012 
  51. ^ Opinions adopted by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention at its sixty-third session, United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, 16 July 2012, retrieved 25 September 2012 
  52. ^ Gillian Wong (23 December 2011). "China sentences rights activist Chen Wei to nine years in jail". The Independent. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  53. ^ "China: Tibetan film-maker may face unfair trial, Dhondup Wangchen". Amnesty International. 17 July 2009. Retrieved 22 May 2011. 
  54. ^ "Uighur teacher extradited to China on politically motivated 'terror' charges". Amnesty International. 15 June 2011. Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  55. ^ "Amnesty International 'Shocked' Following Reports of Chinese Human Rights Lawyer Gao Zhisheng's Return to Prison". Amnesty International. 16 December 2011. Archived from the original on 7 December 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  56. ^ "Human rights defender at risk of torture". Amnesty International. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  57. ^ "Further Information on UA 257/10 (15 December 2010) - Prisoner of Conscience/ Risk of Torture". Amnesty International. 31 March 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
  58. ^ "End Repression of Expression: Free Liu Xiaobo". Amnesty International. 10 December 2010. Archived from the original on 5 December 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  59. ^ "MAO HENGFENG: HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDER". Amnesty International. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
  60. ^ a b Tan Shu Yan (2 June 2012). "Amnesty International Appeals for Urgent Action: Falun Gong Practitioners at Risk of Torture". The Epoch Times. Retrieved 2 June 2012. 
  61. ^ "Protestor Sent to Mental Institution". Amnesty International. 9 October 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  62. ^ "Saudi Arabia uses capital offence of 'apostasy' to stifle debate". Amnesty International. 24 December 2012. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  63. ^ "Amnesty joins calls to free Saudi 'hunger striker'". Agence France-Presse. 13 April 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  64. ^ "Saudi Arabia urged to allow prisoner of conscience to visit ill mother". Amnesty International. 19 October 2012. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 21 October 2012. 
  65. ^ "Saudi Arabia: Trial of Riyadh protester 'utterly unwarranted'". Amnesty International. 22 February 2012. Archived from the original on 24 February 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  66. ^ "Death penalty fear for Tweeter facing forcible return to Saudi Arabia from Malaysia". Amnesty International. 10 February 2012. Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  67. ^ "Saudi Arabia: Man might face death penalty for tweets: Hamza Kashgari". Amnesty International. 13 February 2012. Archived from the original on 24 February 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  68. ^ "Sudanese Youth Activist at Risk of Torture". Amnesty International. 11 July 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2012. 
  69. ^ "Sudan must end clampdown on media". Amnesty International. 15 May 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  70. ^ "Release Syrian prisoner of conscience ‘Ali al-‘Abdullah". Amnesty International. 4 February 2011. Retrieved 26 December 2011. 
  71. ^ "Syrian Activist Faces Secret Military Court". Amnesty International. 10 August 2012. Archived from the original on 17 August 2012. Retrieved 17 August 2012. 
  72. ^ "Urgent Action- Health Concerns for Detained Syrian Activist - Shibal Ibrahim". Amnesty International. 24 January 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 
  73. ^ "Syria: activists forced into hiding by threats". Amnesty International. 6 May 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  74. ^ "Somyot lese majeste judgement on Wednesday". The Bangkok Post. 22 January 2013. Archived from the original on 24 January 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2013. 
  75. ^ a b "Tunisia: Mounting attacks on freedom of expression". Amnesty International. 24 April 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2012. 
  76. ^ "US Urged to Press Tashkent on Political Prisoners". Institute for War and Peace Reporting. 21 August 2012. Archived from the original on 31 August 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2012. 
  77. ^ "Prominent Vietnamese activist jailed over democracy calls". Amnesty International. 5 April 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  78. ^ "Urgent Action : Le Cong Dinh, human rights lawyer: arrested". Retrieved 21 June 2009. 
  79. ^ "VIETNAMESE AUTHORITIES MUST RELEASE DR. NGUYEN DAN QUE". Amnesty International. 28 February 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  80. ^ "Vietnamese bloggers deny charges, third in leniency bid". BBC News. 16 April 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  81. ^ "Catholic Priest Risks Being Returned to Prison". Amnesty International. 9 February 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  82. ^ a b "Viet Nam: Halt crackdown on freedom of expression". Amnesty International. 7 August 2012. Archived from the original on 14 August 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  83. ^ "Viet Nam activist prison sentence condemned". Amnesty International. 26 January 2011. Retrieved 20 July 2012. 

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prisoner_of_conscience — Please support Wikipedia.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia.
46922 videos foundNext > 

Zameer Ke Bandi / Prisoners of Conscience (India, 1978)

June 26, 1975 is remembered as a black day for Indian democracy. On this day, 36 years back, the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, declared a stat...

Untold Stories - Prisoners of Conscience

The Prisoners of Conscience Appeal Fund are the only agency in the UK making grants specifically to prisoners of conscience - individuals who have been perse...

A Prisoner of Conscience

MacGyver feings madness to infiltrate a mental institution that holds a political prisoner.

Rep. Jim McGovern (D-MA) Discussing Bahrain Prisoner of Conscience Nabeel Rajab

Mr. Speaker, I rise to discuss a Bahraini prisoner of conscience, Nabeel Rajab, a prominent human rights activist and the president of the Bahrain Centre for...

Chinese Prisoner of Conscience Awarded by Slovakian University

A Chinese prisoner of conscience Fengying Zhang was awarded the Gold Medal of St. Elizabeth for defending human and religious rights, by the St. Elizabeth Un...

Paul Young Prisoner of Conscience

One of my favorite songs from 1986's album "Between Two Fires." The song runs to 4:33.

Seyoum Tsehaye is an Eritrean journalist and prisoner of conscience

Marek Migalski on recognizing Siarhiej Kavalenka as a prisoner of conscience

ECR MEP Marek Migalski is asking people to write to Amnesty international calling on them to recognise Siarhiej Kavalenka as a prisoner of conscience.

Unexplained Blood Testing of China's Prisoners of Conscience

We're concealing the identity of this former prisoner of conscience to protect her family in China. She recently arrived in the United States, after being pe...

Hultgren Highlights Chinese Prisoner of Conscience on Religious Freedom Day

Rep. Hultgren gives voice to Zhu Yufu, a Chinese Christian dissident, as part of Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission's Defending Freedoms hearing focusing on ...

46922 videos foundNext > 

581 news items

Times of India

Times of India
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 10:49:26 -0700

NEW DELHI: A Manipur court ruling directing the release of Prisoner of Conscience Irom Sharmila because there were no grounds for charging her with attempted suicide is a legal and moral victory for the activist and her 13 year-long hunger strike ...

The Guardian

Open Democracy
Tue, 02 Sep 2014 01:53:52 -0700

Maryam Alkhawaja, who was recently interviewed here at openDemocracy by David Wearing, has now been arrested in Bahrain after arriving to visit her father, a prisoner of conscience on hunger strike. All the while the UK maintains the fiction of ...

Foreign Policy (blog)

Foreign Policy (blog)
Tue, 19 Aug 2014 04:27:49 -0700

My Life Under House Arrest. One of China's best-known dissidents writes about life as a prisoner of conscience in Beijing. BY Hu Jia. Hu Jia is a Chinese human rights activist whose work has focused on democracy and HIV/AIDS. AUGUST 19, 2014. Share +.
 
Amnesty International
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 18:07:30 -0700

Amnesty International considers him to be a prisoner of conscience and calls for his immediate and unconditional release. ETHIOPIA. On 17 July 2014, seven members of the Zone 9 blogging collective and three independent journalists were formally charged ...

BBC News

BBC News
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 12:07:30 -0700

Both Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch describe him as a "prisoner of conscience". Inspired by the Arab Spring in Tunisia, Egypt and elsewhere, protests by Bahrain's Shia majority were crushed in 2011 by supporters and troops loyal to the ...

Irish Independent

Irish Independent
Sat, 30 Aug 2014 18:30:00 -0700

Amnesty International is campaigning on Ibrahim's behalf and has adopted the teen as a 'prisoner of conscience' throughout its global network. Amnesty is urging people around the world to support Ibrahim and voice their opposition to his continued ...
 
The Daily Star
Sun, 31 Aug 2014 15:00:07 -0700

Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International call Khawaja, 54, a “prisoner of conscience.” He is among seven defendants who have been handed down lengthy jail sentences for their role in the 2011 protests. Khawaja's daughter is co-director of the Gulf ...

International Business Times UK

International Business Times UK
Mon, 01 Sep 2014 02:22:30 -0700

She was travelling to the Bahrain to visit her jailed father, pro-democracy activist Abdulhadi al-Khawaja, who is on hunger strike in protest against his alleged unlawful detention for his role in protest against the al-Khalifa regime. Maryam Al ...
Loading

Oops, we seem to be having trouble contacting Twitter

Talk About Prisoner of conscience

You can talk about Prisoner of conscience with people all over the world in our discussions.

Support Wikipedia

A portion of the proceeds from advertising on Digplanet goes to supporting Wikipedia. Please add your support for Wikipedia!