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Prime Minister of the
French Republic
Premier Ministre
Valls Toulouse 2012.JPG
Incumbent
Manuel Valls

since 31 March 2014
Style Excellency
Member of Cabinet
Council of State
Reports to President of the Republic
and to Parliament
Residence Hôtel Matignon
Seat Paris, France
Appointer President of the Republic
Term length No fixed term
Remains in office while commanding the confidence of the National Assembly and the President of the Republic
Constituting instrument Constitution of 4 October 1958
Precursor Several incarnations since the Ancien Régime
Formation 1958
First holder Michel Debré
Salary 14 910 euros/month
Website www.premier-ministre.gouv.fr
Armoiries république française.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
France
France portal

The Prime Minister of France (French: Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the head of government and of the Council of Ministers of France.[1] During the Third and Fourth Republics, the head of government position was called President of the Council of Ministers (French: Président du Conseil des Ministres), generally shortened to President of the Council (French: Président du Conseil).

The Prime Minister proposes the list of other ministers to the President of the Republic. Decrees and decisions of the Prime Minister, like almost all executive decisions, are subject to the oversight of the administrative court system. Few decrees are taken after advice from the Council of State (French: Conseil d'État).

All prime ministers defend the programs of their ministry, and make budgetary choices. The extent to which those decisions lie with the Prime Minister or President depends upon whether they are of the same party.

Nomination[edit]

The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of the Republic. The President can choose whomever he wants. While prime ministers are usually chosen from amongst the ranks of the National Assembly, on rare occasions the President has selected a non-officeholder because of their experience in bureaucracy or foreign service, or their success in business management — Dominique de Villepin, for example, served as Prime Minister from 2005 to 2007 without ever having held an elected office.

On the other hand, because the National Assembly does have the power to force the resignation of the government, the choice of prime minister must reflect the majority in the Assembly. For example, right after the legislative election of 1986, President François Mitterrand appointed Jacques Chirac prime minister. Chirac was a member of the RPR and a political opponent of Mitterrand's, and despite the fact the Mitterrand's own Socialist Party was still the largest party in the Assembly, the RPR had an ally in the UDF, which gave them a majority. Such a situation, where the President is forced to work with a prime minister who is an opponent, is called a cohabitation.

So far, Édith Cresson is the only woman to have ever held the position of prime minister.[2]

Role[edit]

According to article 21 of the Constitution,[3] the Prime Minister "shall direct the actions of the Government"; in addition, article 20[3] stipulates that the Government "shall determine and conduct the policy of the Nation". Other members of Government are appointed by the President "on the recommendation of the Prime Minister". In practice the Prime Minister acts on the impulse of the President to whom he is a subordinate, except when there is a cohabitation in which case his responsibilities are akin to those of a prime minister in a parliamentary system.

The Prime Minister can engage the responsibility of its Government before the National Assembly. In addition to ensuring that the Government still has support in the House, some bills that might prove controversial are able to be passed this way: either the Assembly overthrows the Government, or the bill is passed automatically (article 49[3]). The Prime Minister may also submit a bill that has not been yet signed into law to the Constitutional Council (article 61[3]).

Before he is allowed to dissolve the Assembly, the President has to consult the Prime Minister and the presidents of both Houses of Parliament (article 12[3]).

History[edit]

The prime minister, in its current form, dates from the formation of the French Third Republic. Under the French Constitutional Laws of 1875, he was imbued with the same powers as his British counterpart. In practice, however, the prime minister was a fairly weak figure, serving as little more than the cabinet's chairman. Most notably, the legislature had the power to force the entire cabinet out of office by a vote of censure. As a result, cabinets were often toppled twice a year, and there were long stretches where France was left without a government[citation needed].

The 1958 Constitution includes several provisions intended to strengthen the prime minister's position. For instance, restrictions were placed on votes of censure.

Present[edit]

The current Prime Minister, since March 2014, is Manuel Valls.

Fifth Republic Records[edit]

  • The only person to serve as Prime Minister more than once under the Fifth Republic was Jacques Chirac (1974-1976 and 1986-1988).
  • The youngest appointed Prime minister was Laurent Fabius, on 17 July 1984. He was 37 years old.
  • The oldest appointed Prime minister was Pierre Bérégovoy, on 2 April 1992. He was 66 years old.
  • The only woman who was appointed at the head of government is Edith Cresson, Prime minister from 1991 to 1992.
  • Two Prime ministers were mayor of Bordeaux, and in the same time, Jacques Chaban-Delmas (1969-1972) and Alain Juppé (1995-1997).
  • The longest-serving Prime minister was Georges Pompidou, 6 years, 2 months and 26 days, from 1962 to 1968.
  • The shortest-serving Prime minister was Edith Cresson, 10 months and 18 days, from 1991 to 1992.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prime_Minister_of_France — Please support Wikipedia.
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19 news items

 
Heritage Florida Jewish News
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 07:09:07 -0700

After all, while Benjamin Disraeli had to convert to become prime minister of England, Leon Blum, a publicly identified Jew, became prime minister of France. For years after I came to France I was awestruck to learn how many famous Jews had ...
 
World Jewish Congress
Wed, 30 Jul 2014 07:15:00 -0700

NEW YORK – The Prime Minister of France, Manuel Valls, is reiterating his determination to fight anti-Semitism and hate speech in the troubled republic. “You know my determination, and that of the government, to put an end to the rhetoric of hatred and ...

B92

B92
Tue, 05 Aug 2014 00:47:31 -0700

"We spoke without with our European friends and as you know, I had a chance to speak to Chancellor Merkel and also to the prime minister of France, Mr. Manuel Valls and discuss - we discussed these issues with Manuel Barroso and Stefan Fule, the ...
 
Middle East Eye
Sun, 27 Jul 2014 16:07:44 -0700

Manuel Valls, the ferociously pro-Israel Prime Minister of France, would argue otherwise. He has consistently claimed that bans on such protests are necessary to prevent 'a new form of anti-Semitism' – one which exists 'in working-class areas, among ...

The Independent

The Independent
Fri, 15 Aug 2014 07:03:45 -0700

Until recently a faded port, it has been transformed under its mayor Alain Juppé, the former prime minister of France, with its sleek trams running on grassed lines and the limestone of its once grey façades gleaming again, in what has been an ...
 
Middle East Forum
Wed, 13 Aug 2014 08:00:00 -0700

Manuel Valls, the socialist prime minister of France, whose private home is located in the same neighborhood, called Serge Benhaim, the synagogue's chairman, and urged him to keep the worshipers locked inside the building until substantial police ...
 
New York Times
Tue, 29 Jul 2014 04:15:00 -0700

Senior European military officials and politicians say that the threat of returning jihadists is, in the words of Manuel Valls, the prime minister of France, “the greatest danger that we must face in the coming years.” It is impossible to rule out new ...
 
NBA.com (blog)
Fri, 08 Aug 2014 22:52:46 -0700

When I was in Paris, I was sitting with the prime minister of France at a game. He said because it was the Bulls, could he go into the locker room? I thought, here it comes. Michael Jordan. He said, 'I'd like to meet Dennis Rodman.' It's always about ...
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